National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 No 80



An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the establishment, preservation and management of national parks, historic sites and certain other areas and the protection of certain fauna, native plants and Aboriginal relics; to repeal the Wild Flowers and Native Plants Protection Act 1927, the Fauna Protection Act 1948, the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1967 and certain other enactments; to amend the Local Government Act 1919 and certain other Acts in certain respects; and for purposes connected therewith.
Part 1 Preliminary
1   Name of Act
This Act may be cited as the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.
2   Commencement
(1)  This section and section 1 shall commence on the date of assent to this Act.
(2)  Except as provided in subsection (1), this Act shall commence on such day as may be appointed by the Governor in respect thereof and as may be notified by proclamation published in the Gazette.
3   Act binds Crown
This Act binds the Crown, not only in right of New South Wales but also, so far as the legislative power of Parliament permits, the Crown in all its other capacities.
s 3: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 1 (1), 2 (1), 3 (1), 5 (1). Rep GG No 155 of 15.11.1985, p 6009. Ins 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (1).
4   Repeals, amendments, savings, transitional and other provisions
(1), (2)    (Repealed)
(3)  Schedule 3 has effect.
s 4: Am 1999 No 85, Sch 4.
5   Definitions
(1)  In this Act, except in so far as the context or subject-matter otherwise indicates or requires:
Aboriginal has the same meaning as in the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983.
Aboriginal area means lands dedicated as an Aboriginal area under this Act.
Aboriginal owner board members, in relation to lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A, means the Aboriginal owners who are members of the board of management for the lands.
Aboriginal owners has the same meaning as in the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983.
Note—
The term Aboriginal owners of land is defined in the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 to mean the Aboriginals named as persons having a cultural association with the land in the register of Aboriginal owners kept under Part 8A of that Act.
Aboriginal place means any place declared to be an Aboriginal place under section 84.
Aboriginal remains means the body or the remains of the body of a deceased Aboriginal, but does not include:
(a)  a body or the remains of a body buried in a cemetery in which non-Aboriginals are also buried, or
(b)  a body or the remains of a body dealt with or to be dealt with in accordance with a law of the State relating to medical treatment or the examination, for forensic or other purposes, of the bodies of deceased persons.
advisory committee means an advisory committee constituted under this Act.
amphibian means any frog or other member of the class amphibia that is native to Australia and includes the eggs and the young thereof and the skin or any other part thereof.
animal means any animal, whether vertebrate or invertebrate, and at whatever stage of development, but does not include fish within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994 other than amphibians or aquatic or amphibious mammals or aquatic or amphibious reptiles.
approval includes a consent, licence or permission and any form of authorisation.
bird means any bird that is native to, or is of a species that periodically or occasionally migrates to, Australia, and includes the eggs and the young thereof and the skin, feathers or any other part thereof.
board of management means a board of management established under Division 6 of Part 4A.
commencement day means the day appointed and notified under section 2 (2).
community service includes the supply, provision or maintenance of access roads, parking areas or mooring areas, an electricity, gas or water service and a sewerage or garbage disposal service.
conservation agreement means an agreement entered into under Division 7 of Part 4.
conservation area means land subject to a conservation agreement.
Council means the National Parks and Wildlife Advisory Council constituted under this Act.
critical habitat has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
Crown lands means:
(a)  Crown lands within the meaning of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, and
(b)  those parts of the seabed and of the waters beneath which it is submerged that are within the territorial jurisdiction of New South Wales and not within the Eastern Division described in the Second Schedule to the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913.
Director-General means the Director-General of National Parks and Wildlife holding office as such under Part 2 of the Public Sector Management Act 1988.
ecological community has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
egg includes any part of an egg or eggshell.
emu means any bird of the species Dromaius novaehollandiae.
emu breeder means a person who exercises or carries on the business of breeding emus (including the rearing of emu chicks lawfully taken in the wild) or dealing in live emus, whole emu eggs or other emu products.
emu products means products (such as eggs, meat, skin, feathers, claws and oil) derived from emus or from the processing of emu carcases.
endangered ecological community has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
endangered population has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
endangered species has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
ex-officio ranger means a person who, by the operation of section 16, is a ranger by virtue of the person’s office.
explosive means an explosive within the meaning of the Dangerous Goods Act 1975.
fauna means any mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian.
fauna dealer means a person who exercises or carries on the business of dealing in fauna, whether by buying or selling or by buying and selling, and whether on the person’s own behalf or on behalf of any other person, and whether or not the person deals in other things, and whether or not the person exercises or carries on any other business.
flora reserve means a flora reserve within the meaning of the Forestry Act 1916.
Forestry Commission means the Forestry Commission of New South Wales constituted under the Forestry Act 1916.
Fund means the National Parks and Wildlife Fund referred to in section 137.
game bird means a wild duck, wild goose or wild quail, or a bird of any other species that the Governor, by order, declares to be a species of game bird for the purposes of this Act.
harm an animal (including an animal of a threatened species, population or ecological community) includes hunt, shoot, poison, net, snare, spear, pursue, capture, trap, injure or kill, but does not include harm by changing the habitat of an animal.
historic site means lands reserved as a historic site under this Act.
honorary ranger means a person appointed as an honorary ranger under this Act.
interim protection order means an order made under Part 6A.
Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust means the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust established by this Act.
Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands means the lands dedicated under section 58U as the Abercrombie Karst Conservation Reserve, the Jenolan Karst Conservation Reserve and the Wombeyan Karst Conservation Reserve, and any other lands dedicated as, or as part of, a karst conservation reserve the care, control and management of which is vested in the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
karst conservation reserve means lands dedicated as a karst conservation reserve under this Act.
karst region means a region comprised substantially of soluble rocks such as limestone or dolomite and characterised by landforms produced by solution, abrasion or collapse or by underground drainage (or both). For this purpose, landforms includes surface features, caves and the decorative contents of caves whether or not deposited from solution.
lands of the Crown means lands vested in a Minister of the Crown or in a public authority.
local council means the council of a local government area.
mammal means any mammal, whether native, introduced or imported, and includes an aquatic or amphibious mammal, the eggs and the young of a mammal, and the skin or any other part of a mammal, but does not include any introduced or imported domestic mammal or any rat or mouse not native to Australia.
marine mammal means all animals of the orders of Cetacea, Sirenia and Pinnipedia.
member of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board means a person holding office under section 58ZA.
minerals includes coal, shale and petroleum.
motor vehicle means a motor car, motor carriage, motor cycle or other apparatus propelled on land, snow or ice wholly or partly by volatile spirit, steam, gas, oil or electricity.
national park means lands reserved as a national park under this Act.
National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust means the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust established under section 9 of the Forestry and National Park Estate Act 1998.
native plant means any tree, shrub, fern, creeper, vine, palm or plant that is native to Australia, and includes the flower and any other part thereof.
nature reserve means lands dedicated as a nature reserve under this Act.
officer of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust means a person referred to in section 58Y.
officer of the Service means a person referred to in section 6.
owner, in relation to lands, includes every person who jointly or severally, whether at law or in equity:
(a)  is entitled to the lands for any estate of freehold in possession,
(b)  is a person to whom the Crown has lawfully contracted to sell the lands under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or any other Act relating to the alienation of lands of the Crown, or
(c)  is entitled to receive, or is in receipt of, or if the lands were let to a tenant would be entitled to receive, the rents and profits thereof, whether as beneficial owner, trustee, mortgagee in possession or otherwise.
pick a native plant (including a threatened species, population or ecological community) means gather, pluck, cut, pull up, destroy, poison, take, dig up, remove or injure the plant or any part of the plant.
plan of management means a plan of management under Part 5.
population has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
premises includes building, store, shop, tent, hut or other structure, or place, whether built upon or not, or any part thereof.
prescribed means prescribed by this Act or the regulations.
prohibited weapon means:
(a)  a gun, rifle, weapon or other article:
(i)  from which a bullet, shot or other hurtful thing or material may be discharged, whether by an explosive or by any other means whatever, or
(ii)  that is designed to be used to discharge, whether by an explosive or by any other means whatever, a dart or other thing or material containing, coated or impregnated with a drug or other substance, for the purpose of tranquillising or immobilising an animal by means of the administration to the animal of the drug or other substance,
and any telescopic sight, silencer or other accessory attached to the gun, rifle, weapon or article,
(b)  any other weapon prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph, and
(c)  an article or device that, but for the absence of, or a defect in, some part thereof, or some obstruction therein, would be a gun, rifle, weapon or article referred to in paragraph (a) or a weapon prescribed for the purposes of paragraph (b).
prospect means search for any mineral by any means and carry out such works and remove such samples as may be necessary to test the mineral bearing qualities of land.
protected archaeological area means lands declared to be a protected archaeological area under this Act.
protected fauna means fauna of a species not named in Schedule 11.
protected native plant means a native plant of a species named in Schedule 13.
public authority means a public or local authority constituted by or under an Act, a Government Department or a statutory body representing the Crown.
regional park means land reserved as a regional park under this Act.
regional park trust means a regional park trust established under section 47S.
regulations means regulations under this Act.
relic means any deposit, object or material evidence (not being a handicraft made for sale) relating to indigenous and non-European habitation of the area that comprises New South Wales, being habitation both prior to and concurrent with the occupation of that area by persons of European extraction, and includes Aboriginal remains.
Relics Committee means the Aboriginal Relics Advisory Committee constituted under this Act.
reptile means a snake, lizard, crocodile, tortoise, turtle or other member of the class reptilia (whether native, introduced or imported), and includes the eggs and the young thereof and the skin or any other part thereof.
rural lands protection board means a rural lands protection board within the meaning of the Rural Lands Protection Act 1989.
sell includes:
(a)  auction, barter, exchange or supply,
(b)  offer, expose, supply or receive for sale,
(c)  send, forward or deliver for sale or on sale,
(d)  dispose of under a hire-purchase agreement,
(e)  cause, permit or suffer the doing of an act referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d),
(f)  offer or attempt to do an act so referred to,
(g)  cause, permit or suffer to be sold,
(h)  attempt to sell or offer to sell, or
(i)  have in possession for sale.
Service means the National Parks and Wildlife Service constituted by this Act.
skin, in relation to fauna, means the whole or part of the integument of any fauna, whether dressed or tanned or otherwise processed, but does not include any manufactured article.
skin dealer means a person who exercises or carries on:
(a)  the business of dealing in the skins of protected fauna, whether by buying or selling or by buying and selling, and whether or not the person deals in other things, or
(b)  the business of tanning the skins of protected fauna, whether or not the person tans other skins,
or both, and whether on the person’s own behalf or on behalf of any other person, and whether or not the person exercises or carries on any other business.
species has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
specified, in relation to a licence or other instrument under this Act, means specified in the licence or other instrument.
SRA trust means an SRA trust established under section 47GA in respect of the Arakoon, Bents Basin or Cape Byron state recreation area.
State forest means a State forest within the meaning of the Forestry Act 1916.
state game reserve means lands dedicated as a state game reserve under this Act.
state recreation area means lands reserved as a state recreation area under this Act.
threatened interstate fauna means protected fauna of a species named in Schedule 12.
threatened species, populations and ecological communities and threatened species, population or ecological community have the same meanings as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
timber reserve means a timber reserve within the meaning of the Forestry Act 1916.
trust board means a trust board established under:
(a)  section 47GB in respect of an SRA trust, or
(b)  section 47T in respect of a regional park trust.
Valuer-General means the valuer-general appointed under the Valuation of Land Act 1916.
vehicle includes:
(a)  a boat or other object that, while floating on water or submerged, whether wholly or partly, under water, is wholly or partly used for the conveyance of persons or things,
(b)  an apparatus that, while propelled, or directed or controlled, in the air by human or mechanical power or by the wind, is wholly or partly used for the conveyance of persons or things,
(c)  a motor vehicle,
(d)  an apparatus propelled, or directed or controlled, upon land, snow or ice by human or animal power or by the wind, and
(e)  a trailer or caravan, whether or not it is in the course of being towed.
vulnerable species has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
wild, in relation to any species of fauna, means not domesticated.
wild and scenic river means a river declared to be a wild and scenic river under this Act.
wilderness area means lands (including subterranean lands) declared to be a wilderness area under this Act.
wilderness protection agreement has the same meaning as it has in the Wilderness Act 1987.
wildlife means fauna and native plants.
wildlife district means lands declared to be a wildlife district under this Act.
wildlife management area means lands declared to be a wildlife management area under this Act.
wildlife refuge means lands declared to be a wildlife refuge under this Act.
(2)  In this Act, a reference to the Minister administering the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 is:
(a)  in relation to lands that are not within an irrigation area within the meaning of that Act—a reference to the minister for lands, or
(b)  in relation to lands that are within such an irrigation area—a reference to the Minister for the time being administering the Water Management Act 2000.
(2A)  In this Act, a reference to a person convicted of an offence includes a reference to a person in respect of whom an order under section 10 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 is made after the commencement of this subsection.
(3)  In this Act, a reference to a licence or certificate under Part 9 or a licence under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 is a reference to such a licence or certificate that is valid and in force.
(4)  Without affecting the generality of any of the definitions in subsection (1), a reference in this Act to protected fauna includes fauna in New South Wales that is of a species not named in Schedule 11 and that has been imported, or is being imported, into New South Wales.
(5)    (Repealed)
(6)  Nothing in this Act shall be construed as operating to affect the law from time to time in force with respect to the navigation of the waters referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in subsection (1).
(7)    (Repealed)
s 5: Am 1978 No 138, sec 3 (a); 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (1); 1980 No 196, Sch 1; 1983 No 183, Schs 1 (2), 2 (2), 5 (2), 6 (1); 1984 No 153, Sch 16; 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (1); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (1); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (1); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (1); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (1); 1989 No 89, Sch 1; 1990 No 71, Sch 1 (1); 1990 No 108, Sch 1; 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (1); 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (2); 1993 No 46, Sch 1; 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (1); 1994 No 38, Sch 8; 1995 No 36, Sch 6.8 [1]; 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [1]; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [1]–[7]; 1996 No 30, Sch 2.19 [1]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [1]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [1] [2]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [1]; 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [1]; 1998 No 54, Sch 2.25; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [1]; 1999 No 94, Sch 4.41; 2000 No 92, Sch 8.18 [1]; 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [9].
5A   Notes in text
Notes in the text of this Act do not form part of this Act.
s 5A: Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [2].
Part 2 Administration
Division 1 National Parks and Wildlife Service
6   The Service
There shall be a National Parks and Wildlife Service, which shall be constituted by:
(a)  the Director-General,
(b)  the officers and employees, referred to in section 10, for the time being wholly or principally engaged in the administration of this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, and
(c)  the persons in respect of whom any arrangements under section 11 are for the time being in force.
s 6: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (2); 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (3); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [8].
7   (Repealed)
s 7: Am 1989 No 105, Sch 1. Rep 1995 No 36, Sch 6.8 [2].
8   Miscellaneous powers and functions of Director-General
(1)  The Director-General shall consider and may investigate proposals for the addition of areas to any national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area or for the reservation of any new national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park or for the dedication of any new nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area.
(2)  For the purpose of any such proposals as are referred to in subsection (1), the Director-General shall have regard to the following principles:
(a)  the areas to be reserved as national parks are spacious areas containing unique or outstanding scenery or natural phenomena,
(b)  the areas to be reserved as historic sites are areas that are the sites of buildings, objects, monuments or events of national significance or areas in which relics, or Aboriginal places, of special significance are situated,
(b1)  the areas to be reserved as state recreation areas are areas containing features of regional recreational significance in a natural setting and which are capable of providing a range of recreational opportunities without detriment to the natural environment or cultural significance of the areas,
(b2)  the areas to be reserved as regional parks are areas that have been substantially modified since European occupation and that:
(i)  are capable of providing open space and recreational opportunities for major regional population centres, and
(ii)  are unsuitable for reservation or dedication as another category of land under this Act,
(c)  the areas to be dedicated as nature reserves are areas of special scientific interest containing wildlife or natural environments or natural phenomena,
(c1)  the areas to be dedicated as state game reserves are areas that are suitable for the hunting of fauna as game and the propagation of fauna for that purpose, and
(c2)  the areas to be dedicated as karst conservation reserves are areas of scientific, recreational, aesthetic or historical value within karst regions, and
(d)  the areas to be dedicated as Aboriginal areas are areas in which relics, or Aboriginal places, of significance are situated.
(2A)    (Repealed)
(3)  The Director-General shall in the case of every national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, karst conservation reserve and Aboriginal area:
(a)  promote such educational activities as the Director-General considers necessary in respect thereof,
(b)  arrange for the carrying out of such works as the Director-General considers necessary for or in connection with the management and maintenance thereof, and
(c)  undertake such scientific research as the Director-General considers necessary for or in connection with the preservation, protection, management and use thereof.
(4)  The Director-General may promote such educational activities, and undertake such scientific research, in respect of relics and Aboriginal places as the Director-General thinks fit, either separately or in conjunction with other persons or bodies.
(5)  As soon as practicable after a relic is discovered on any land reserved or dedicated under this Act, the Director-General, after such consultation with the Australian Museum Trust as appears necessary or expedient, is required to assess the scientific importance of the relic.
(6)  The Director-General may consider and investigate proposals in relation to existing or proposed Aboriginal places, wilderness areas, wild and scenic rivers, protected archaeological areas, wildlife districts, wildlife refuges, wildlife management areas and interim protection orders.
(6A)  The Director-General may:
(a)  consider and investigate proposals in relation to existing or proposed conservation areas,
(b)  enter into negotiations on behalf of the Minister in relation to existing or proposed conservation areas, and
(c)  in the case of every conservation area, but subject to the terms of the conservation agreement concerned:
(i)  promote such educational activities as the Director-General considers necessary in respect of the area,
(ii)  arrange for the carrying out of such works as the Director-General considers necessary for or in connection with the management and maintenance of the area,
(iii)  undertake such scientific research as the Director-General considers necessary for or in connection with the preservation, protection, management and use of the area, and
(iv)  take such other action as the Director-General considers necessary for or in connection with the carrying out of directions by the Minister relating to existing or proposed conservation agreements.
(7)  The Director-General:
(a)  may promote such educational activities as the Director-General considers necessary to awaken and maintain an appreciation of the value of and the need to conserve animal and plant life, including to conserve threatened species, populations and ecological communities, and their habitats,
(b)  may enter into arrangements for the carrying out of such works as the Director-General considers necessary for or in connection with the protection and care of fauna and the protection of native plants,
(c)  may undertake such scientific research as the Director-General considers necessary for or in connection with the preservation, protection and care of fauna and the protection of native plants and other flora, either separately or in conjunction with other persons or bodies, and
(d)  shall co-operate with the trustees of any lands dedicated or reserved under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, or the Closer Settlement Acts, in connection with:
(i)  the preservation of, the protection and care of, and the promotion of the study of, fauna, and
(ii)  the protection of, and the promotion of the study of, native plants and other flora,
and generally shall co-operate with any other persons or bodies in the establishment, care and development of areas of lands set apart for the conservation and preservation of wildlife.
(8)  The Director-General may promote such educational activities as the Director-General considers necessary for the instruction and training of ex-officio rangers, honorary rangers, prospective honorary rangers and (with the concurrence of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust) officers of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
(9)  Without affecting the generality of any other provision of this Act conferring powers on the Director-General, the Director-General may make and enter into contracts with any person for the carrying out of works or the performance of services or the supply of goods or materials in connection with the exercise or performance by the Director-General or the Service of the Director-General’s or its responsibilities, powers, authorities, duties or functions conferred or imposed by or under this or any other Act.
(10)  The Director-General shall, in the exercise and discharge of the powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed on the Director-General by or under this or any other Act, be subject to the control and direction of the Minister.
(11)  Despite subsections (3) and (9), the Director-General’s powers and duties under those subsections are, in relation to Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, to be exercised and discharged by the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust and not by the Director-General.
(12)  Accordingly, a reference to the Director-General in subsection (3) or (9) is, to the extent that the subsection relates to Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, taken to be a reference to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
s 8: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (3); 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (4), 3 (3), 6 (2); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (2); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (2); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (2); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [9] [10]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [2]–[6]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [3] [4].
9   Audit and compliance
(1)  The Minister is to establish an Audit and Compliance Committee to oversee the compliance of the Director-General with his or her obligations under this or any other Act.
(2)  The Minister may also request the Audit and Compliance Committee to oversee the investigation of any matter relating to the Director-General’s obligations under this or any other Act.
(3)  The Audit and Compliance Committee may request the Director-General to provide any document or information in the Director-General’s possession to assist the Committee in the exercise of its functions. The Director-General must, unless the Minister directs otherwise, provide such documents or information to the Committee.
(4)  The members of the Committee are to comprise the Director-General (or the Director-General’s delegate) and the following members appointed by the Minister:
(a)  1 member of the Council,
(b)  an officer of the New South Wales Audit Office,
(c)  1 member with expertise in the protection of natural or cultural heritage who is not a member of the Public Service,
(d)  1 member with scientific qualifications and expertise in nature conservation, not being an officer of the Service,
(e)  1 member with legal or financial experience and expertise, not being a member of the Public Service,
(f)  2 officers of the Service.
(5)  The members of the Committee referred to in subsection (2) (a), (c), (d) and (e) are entitled to be paid such remuneration (including travelling and subsistence allowances) as the Minister may from time to time determine in respect of the member.
(6)  An appointed member of the Committee holds office for such period, and on such terms, as are specified in the member’s instrument of appointment, but is eligible (if otherwise qualified) for re-appointment.
(7)  The Audit and Compliance Committee is to report to the Minister at least every 2 years from the commencement of this section.
s 9: Rep 1995 No 36, Sch 6.8 [3]. Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [24].
10   Officers and employees
Such officers and temporary employees as may be necessary for the administration of this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 may be appointed and employed under and subject to the Public Service Act 1979.
s 10: Subst 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (4). Am 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (5); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (3); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [11].
11   Use of services of personnel of public authorities
(1)  The Minister or the Director-General may, with the approval of the Minister administering the Department concerned, on such terms as may be arranged, make use of the services of any of the officers or employees of any Government Department.
(2)  The Minister or the Director-General may, with the approval of the statutory corporation or council concerned, on such terms as may be arranged, make use of the services of any of the officers, employees or servants of a statutory corporation or of a council or county council under the Local Government Act 1993.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  The Minister or the Director-General may, with the approval of the trustees of any state recreation area, on such terms as may be arranged, make use of the services of any of the officers, employees or servants of those trustees.
(5)  The services of any person may only be used under this section for the purposes of this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
s 11: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (5); 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (6), 3 (4); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (4); 1993 No 32, Sch 2; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [12].
12   Powers and functions of Service
The Service shall carry out such works and activities as the Minister may direct either generally or in any particular case, for the preservation and protection of national parks, historic sites, state recreation areas and regional parks, for the conservation and protection of nature reserves, state game reserves, karst conservation reserves and wildlife (including threatened species, populations and ecological communities, and their habitats), for the preservation and protection of, and prevention of damage to, karst regions, relics and Aboriginal places in national parks, historic sites, nature reserves, state game reserves, Aboriginal areas, protected archaeological areas, state recreation areas and regional parks, for the exploration of lands with the object of discovering relics and in relation to conservation agreements and conservation areas.
s 12: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (6); 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (5); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (3); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (3); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [13]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [7].
Division 2
13–15   (Repealed)
pt 2, div 2 (ss 13–15): Rep 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (6).
Division 3 Ex-officio and honorary rangers
16   Ex-officio rangers
(1)  Unless removed from office under this Division, each police officer and each fisheries officer within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994 shall, by virtue of his or her office, be a ranger.
(2)  Unless removed from office under this Division, each officer or employee of the Forestry Commission who belongs to a class or description prescribed for the purposes of this subsection shall, by virtue of his or her office, be a ranger.
s 16: Am 1994 No 38, Sch 8; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [2].
17   Honorary rangers
(1)  The Director-General may, by instrument in writing, appoint honorary rangers.
(2)  Where the term for which an honorary ranger is to hold office is specified in the instrument of the honorary ranger’s appointment, the honorary ranger shall, unless he or she is sooner removed from office under this Division, cease to hold office upon the expiration of that term.
(3)  An honorary ranger shall, unless the honorary ranger is sooner removed from office under this Division, cease to hold office if the honorary ranger resigns the office by instrument in writing addressed to the Director-General.
18   Removal or suspension of ex-officio and honorary rangers
(1)  The Director-General may, by instrument in writing, remove or suspend from office any ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger.
(2)  An ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger who is suspended from office under this section shall not exercise any of the powers, authorities, duties and functions of an ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger, as the case may be, during the period of his or her suspension.
(3)  The Director-General may, by instrument in writing, reinstate any ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger suspended from office under this section.
19   Powers and functions of ex-officio rangers
(1)  In addition to any other powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed upon an ex-officio ranger by or under this or any other Act, an ex-officio ranger shall have and may exercise and perform such of the powers, authorities, duties and functions as are conferred or imposed by or under this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 on officers of the Service and as are specified or described in the regulations for the purposes of this subsection, but subject to such limitations and restrictions (if any) as are specified or described therein.
(2)  Without affecting the generality of section 156 (2), a regulation made in relation to any matter referred to in subsection (1) may apply generally or to any ex-officio ranger or class of ex-officio rangers specified or described therein.
s 19: Am 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (2) (3); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [14].
20   Powers and functions of honorary rangers
In addition to any other powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed upon an honorary ranger by or under this or any other Act, an honorary ranger shall have and may exercise and perform such of the powers, authorities, duties and functions as are conferred or imposed by or under this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 on officers of the Service and as are specified or described in the instrument of his or her appointment, but subject to such limitations and restrictions (if any) as are specified or described therein.
s 20: Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [15].
Division 4 Delegation
21   Delegation
(1)  Subject to this section:
(a)  the Minister may, by instrument in writing, delegate to:
(i)  the Director-General,
(ii)  any other officer of the Service,
(iii)  the holder of any office in the Service, and
(b)  the Director-General, with the approval of the Minister, may, by instrument in writing, delegate to:
(i)  any officer of the Service, or
(ii)  the holder of any office in the Service,
any power (other than the power of delegation conferred by this section), authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on the Minister or the Director-General, as the case may require, by or under this or any other Act.
(2)  The exercise of any such delegation shall be subject to such limitations and conditions as may be specified in the instrument of delegation.
(3)  Any act or thing done or suffered by the delegate, when acting in the exercise of any such delegation and within the terms of the delegation, shall be as effective as if the act or thing had been done or suffered by the person making the delegation.
(4)  Any delegation under this section shall remain in force notwithstanding that the person who made or approved of the delegation has ceased to hold office as Minister or Director-General, as the case may be.
(5)  The person for the time being occupying the office of Minister or Director-General, as the case may be, may revoke either wholly or in part any such delegation of powers, authorities, duties or functions, whether made by that Minister or Director-General or by a predecessor in that office, but no act or thing done or suffered by the delegate within the terms of any such delegation during the period in which the delegation was in force shall be invalidated by reason of that revocation.
(6)  Subject to any stipulation to the contrary contained in the instrument, any instrument of delegation made under this section shall, so far as concerns any act or thing done or suffered thereunder in good faith, operate and continue in force until notice of the revocation thereof has been received by the delegate.
(7)  Every act or thing within the scope of the delegation done or suffered in good faith by the delegate after revocation of the delegation and before notice thereof has been received by the delegate shall be as effectual in all respects as if that revocation had not been made.
(8)  A statutory declaration by the delegate, stating that the delegate has not received notice of the revocation of the delegation at the time when any such act or thing was done or suffered or at any time after, shall be taken to be conclusive proof of non-revocation at the time when that act or thing was so done or suffered in favour of all persons dealing with the delegate in good faith and for valuable consideration without notice of revocation.
(9)  Notwithstanding any delegation made under this section, the Minister or the Director-General, as the case may require, may continue to exercise or perform all or any of the powers, authorities, duties or functions delegated.
s 21: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (7); 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (7); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (4); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [16]; 1996 No 30, Sch 2.19 [2].
Part 3 Council and committees
Division 1 National Parks and Wildlife Advisory Council
22   The Council
(1)  There shall be a National Parks and Wildlife Advisory Council.
(2)  Schedule 7 has effect.
23   Functions and duties of Council
(1)  The Council shall:
(a)  advise the Minister on matters relating to the care, control and management of national parks, historic sites, state recreation areas, regional parks, nature reserves, state game reserves and karst conservation reserves, to the preservation and protection of wildlife, to conservation agreements and conservation areas, to wilderness protection agreements and wilderness areas and to the terms of proposed leases under Part 4A, and on such other matters as the Minister may refer to the Council, and
(b)  have such other functions and duties as are conferred on it by or under this Act and the Wilderness Act 1987.
(2)  Subject to section 8 (10), the Director-General shall furnish to the Council full information in relation to any matters arising out of the administration of this Act which the Council may require.
(3)  Subject to section 58W (2), the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust is to furnish to the Council such information in relation to the care, control and management of Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands as the Council may require.
s 23: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (7); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (4); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (5); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (4); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [8]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [3] [4]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [5].
Division 2 Advisory committees
24   Advisory committees
(1)  An advisory committee may be constituted:
(a)  for one or more national parks, or
(b)  for one or more historic sites, or
(c)  for one or more state recreation areas, or
(d)  for one or more regional parks, or
(e)  for one or more nature reserves,
or for a combination of any of them.
(2)  Schedule 8 has effect.
s 24: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 1 (3); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [9].
25   Dissolution of advisory committees
Where a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park or nature reserve becomes part of some other national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park or nature reserve, an advisory committee:
(a)  for the firstmentioned park, site, area or reserve shall be deemed to have been dissolved, but a member thereof shall be eligible for appointment to any other advisory committee, or
(b)  for a combination of lands that includes that park, site, area or reserve shall be deemed, in relation only to that park, site, area or reserve, to have been dissolved.
s 25: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 1 (4). Am 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [10] [11].
26   Functions of advisory committees
An advisory committee may make recommendations to the Council or the Director-General or to the superintendent of any national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park or nature reserve for which the advisory committee was constituted in respect of measures to improve the care, control and management of the national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park or nature reserve.
s 26: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 1 (5); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [12].
Division 3 Aboriginal Cultural Heritage (Interim) Advisory Committee
pt 3, div 3, hdg: Subst 1992 No 34, Sch 1.
27   Aboriginal Cultural Heritage (Interim) Advisory Committee
(1)  There shall be an Aboriginal Cultural Heritage (Interim) Advisory Committee.
(2)  Schedule 9 has effect.
s 27: Am 1992 No 34, Sch 1.
28   Functions of Committee
The Aboriginal Cultural Heritage (Interim) Advisory Committee shall consider and furnish reports to and advise the Minister or the Director-General on any matter relating to the preservation, control of excavation, removal and custody of relics or Aboriginal places whether or not the matter is referred to the Committee by the Minister or the Director-General.
s 28: Am 1992 No 34, Sch 1.
Division 4
29, 30   (Repealed)
pt 3, div 4 (ss 29, 30): Rep 1983 No 183, Sch 1 (6).
Part 4 Reserved, dedicated and declared lands
Division 1 National parks and historic sites
31   Care, control and management of parks and sites
(1)  The Director-General has the care, control and management of all national parks and historic sites except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  On the establishment of a board of management for a national park or historic site reserved under Part 4A, the care, control and management of the park or site is vested in the board of management.
s 31: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (8); 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [5].
32   (Repealed)
s 32: Rep 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (8).
33   Reservation of parks and sites
(1)  In this section, prescribed lands means:
(a)  Crown lands,
(b)  lands of the Crown, or
(c)  lands acquired under section 145, 146 or 148.
(2)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, reserve, as a national park or historic site, any prescribed lands described in the proclamation.
(3)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, reserve, as part of a national park or historic site specified in the proclamation, any prescribed lands described in the proclamation.
(4)  Upon the publication of a proclamation under subsection (2) or (3):
(a)  the lands described in the proclamation become Crown lands to the extent to which they were not Crown lands immediately before that publication,
(b)  where a trustee of all or any part of the lands so described was holding office under any other Act immediately before that publication, the trustee shall cease to hold that office in respect of those lands or that part, as the case may be, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the lands so described shall vest in the Director-General.
(5)  Upon the publication of a proclamation under subsection (2) effecting the reservation, as a particular national park or historic site, of any lands described in the proclamation (which lands are in this subsection referred to as the described lands):
(a)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to all of the described lands and not to any other lands:
(i)  shall continue to apply to the described lands, and
(ii)  shall be deemed to be regulations made under this Act and may be amended or repealed accordingly, and
(b)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to:
(i)  part only of the described lands, or
(ii)  all of the described lands and also to any other lands,
shall cease to apply to the described lands.
(6)  Upon the publication of a proclamation under subsection (3) effecting the reservation as part of a particular national park or historic site, of any lands described in the proclamation (which lands are in this subsection referred to as the described lands):
(a)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to that national park or historic site shall apply to the described lands, and
(b)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to all or any part of the described lands shall cease to apply to the described lands.
(7)    (Repealed)
(8)  To the extent to which a dedication, reservation (other than a reservation under this Division), Crown grant or vesting affects lands described in a proclamation published under subsection (2) or (3), the publication revokes the dedication, reservation, grant or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) shall be surrendered for cancellation or notation, as the case may require.
(9)  A proclamation under subsection (2) or (3) may be made in relation to:
(a)  one or more national parks or one or more historic sites, or
(b)  one or more national parks and one or more historic sites.
(10)    (Repealed)
s 33: Am 1980 No 196, Sch 1; 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (9); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (5); 1987 No 48, Sch 32; 1993 No 46, Sch 1.
34   Limitations on power to reserve under sec 33
(1)  Notwithstanding section 33, no lands that are Crown lands within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in section 5 (1) shall be reserved under section 33 (2) or (3) without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994.
(2)  Notwithstanding section 33, no lands that are lands of the Crown shall be reserved under section 33 (2) or (3) without the concurrence in writing of the Minister or public authority in whom they were vested immediately before the reservation.
s 34: Am 1994 No 38, Sch 8.
35   Tabling of proclamation of reservation, and disallowance
(1)  In this section, prescribed time, in relation to a House of Parliament, means 14 sitting days of that House, whether or not they occur during the same session.
(2)  A copy of a proclamation published under section 33 (2) or (3) shall be laid before each House of Parliament within the prescribed time after publication thereof.
(3)  Where a House of Parliament passes a resolution of which notice has been given within 15 sitting days of that House after a copy of a proclamation has been laid before it under subsection (2) (whether or not those sitting days occur during the same session) and the resolution disallows the reservation effected by the proclamation of any lands as, or as part of, a particular national park or historic site:
(a)  the reservation thereupon ceases to have effect, and
(b)  those lands cease to be, or to be part of, a national park or historic site.
(4)  Where any lands cease to be, or to be part of, a national park or historic site by virtue of the disallowance of a reservation under this Division:
(a)  the Director-General shall cease to have the care, control and management of those lands,
(b)  any by-laws applicable thereto immediately before the disallowance shall cease to apply to those lands, and
(c)  those lands may be dealt with as if they had been acquired under Part 11.
(5)    (Repealed)
s 35: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 3 (10), 6 (3); 1987 No 48, Sch 32.
36   Name of park or site
The Governor:
(a)  by a proclamation published under section 33 (2) or (3) or by another proclamation published in the Gazette, may assign a name to a national park or historic site, and
(b)  by proclamation published in the Gazette, may from time to time alter the name of a national park or historic site.
s 36: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (11).
37   Revocation or compulsory acquisition of park or site
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in any Act:
(a)  the reservation of lands as, or as part of, a national park or historic site shall not be revoked, or
(b)  lands within a national park or historic site shall not be compulsorily acquired,
except by an Act of Parliament.
(1A)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the compulsory acquisition under this Act of lands within a national park or historic site if the reservation of the lands as, or as part of, the national park or historic site is not affected by the compulsory acquisition.
(2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the withdrawal of land from or the termination of any lease, licence or occupancy in accordance with the terms and conditions thereof.
s 37: Am 1994 No 45, Sch 1.
38   Limitation on use of name “national park”
The word “national” shall not be used either alone or in conjunction with other words as the name of a park within New South Wales unless the park is a national park under this Act.
39   Existing interests
(1)  In this section, existing interest means any authority, authorisation, permit, lease, licence or occupancy.
(2)  Except as provided in this Act, the reservation of lands as, or as part of, a national park or historic site does not affect:
(a)  the terms and conditions of any existing interest in respect of those lands from the Crown or the trustees, current and in force at the time of the reservation, or
(b)  the use permitted of those lands under the interest.
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), no such interest shall be renewed nor shall the term of any such interest be extended except with the approval of the Minister and subject to such conditions as the Minister determines.
(4)  The provisions of subsection (3) do not apply to any authority, lease or licence under the Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, the Fisheries Management Act 1994 or the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991, or any permit or licence under the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982.
(5)  Upon the termination, surrender, forfeiture or determination of any existing interest (otherwise than for the purpose of renewing it or extending its term) referred to in subsection (2), the lands the subject of the interest are, to the extent to which they would not, but for this subsection, be lands reserved as part of the national park or historic site within which they are situated, hereby so reserved.
s 39: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (4); 1992 No 29, Sch 5; 1994 No 38, Sch 8; 1998 No 5, Sch 2.2 [1]; 1999 No 42, Sch 3.12 [1].
40   Restrictions on disposal of or dealing with lands within parks or sites
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or any other Act, no lands within a national park or historic site shall be sold, leased or otherwise dealt with except as provided in this Act or in the Snowy Hydro Corporatisation Act 1997.
(2)  No permit to graze over any part of a travelling stock reserve or camping reserve under the care, control and management of a rural lands protection board, which reserve is situated within the external boundaries of a national park or historic site, shall be granted except with the concurrence in writing of the Minister.
(3)  A permit referred to in subsection (2) may be granted subject to such conditions as the Minister determines.
s 40: Am 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [2]; 1997 No 99, Sch 3.1 [1]; 1998 No 143, Sch 6.16 [1].
41   Mining
(1)  It is unlawful to prospect or mine for minerals in a national park or historic site, except as expressly authorised by an Act of Parliament.
(2)  The Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991 and the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 do not apply to or in respect of lands within a national park or historic site.
(3)  This section does not apply to or in respect of existing interests, or the renewal or extension of the term of any such interest, as referred to in section 39.
(4)  The Minister may, subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine from time to time, approve of prospecting for minerals being carried out on behalf of the Government in a national park or historic site by a person nominated by the Minister for Minerals and Energy.
(5)  Such an approval has no force unless, before the approval is granted, notice of intention to grant the approval is laid before both Houses of Parliament and:
(a)  no notice of motion that the approval not be granted is given in either House of Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the notice of intention was laid before it, or
(b)  if notice of such a motion is given, the motion is withdrawn, is defeated or lapses.
(6)  A certificate by the Minister to the effect that the requirements of this section have been complied with in respect of an approval specified in the certificate is conclusive evidence of compliance with those requirements.
(7)  Except as provided by this section, nothing in this section affects the right, title or interest of any person in respect of minerals in any lands within a national park or historic site.
s 41: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 3 (12), 6 (5). Subst 1990 No 71, Sch 1 (2). Am 1992 No 29, Sch 5; 1998 No 5, Sch 2.2 [2]; 1999 No 42, Sch 3.12 [2].
42   Application of Forestry Act 1916
(1)  The Forestry Act 1916 does not apply to or in respect of lands within a national park or historic site.
(2)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1), all licences and permits under the Forestry Act 1916 affecting lands within a national park or historic site shall, unless sooner cancelled under that Act, continue in force until the expiration of the respective terms for which they were granted, and that Act shall continue to apply to and in respect of those licences and permits until they respectively expire or are cancelled.
43   Application of Soil Conservation Act 1938
The Soil Conservation Act 1938 applies to and in respect of lands within a national park or historic site, but any experimental or research work conducted pursuant to section 6 of that Act upon those lands shall be undertaken only with the concurrence of the Director-General and subject to such conditions and restrictions as the Director-General may impose.
44   Application of Fisheries Management Act 1994
(1)  Subject to subsection (2), nothing in this Act affects the operation of the Fisheries Management Act 1994 in relation to lands within a national park or historic site.
(2)  A lease under the Fisheries Management Act 1994 shall not, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister, be granted in respect of lands within a national park or historic site or in respect of any waters beneath which those lands are submerged.
s 44: Am 1994 No 38, Sch 8.
45   Provisions respecting animals in parks and sites
(1)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any animal that is within a national park or historic site, or
(b)  discharge a prohibited weapon in a national park or historic site.
(2)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or both.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121 or a trapper’s licence under section 123, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act.
(4)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a national park or historic site, or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming of any animal (other than fauna or an animal of a threatened species) that is within those lands, other than fauna.
(5)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1).
(6)  This section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a national park or historic site are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from harming an animal within the park or site for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (other than an animal of a threatened species or an animal protected by the plan of management for the park or site).
s 45: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (6); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [17] [18]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [6].
46   Transfer of rights, liabilities and property
(1)  Where upon the taking effect of a proclamation under section 33 any persons cease to hold office as trustees of lands reserved as, or as part of, a national park or historic site and the care, control and management of the park or site are vested in the Director-General, the following provisions have effect:
(a)  all property and all right and interest therein (in this section referred to as the trust property) and all management and control of anything which immediately before that notification or proclamation took effect was vested in or belonged to the trustees and was held or used by them for or in connection with the park or site shall vest in and belong to the Director-General,
(b)  all money and liquidated and unliquidated claims that, immediately before that notification or proclamation took effect, were payable to or recoverable by the trustees or their predecessors in relation to the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof shall be money and liquidated and unliquidated claims payable to or recoverable by the Director-General,
(c)  all proceedings pending immediately before that notification or proclamation took effect at the suit of the trustees in relation to the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof shall be deemed to be proceedings pending at the suit of the Director-General and all proceedings so pending at the suit of any person against the trustees shall be deemed to be proceedings pending at the suit of that person against the Director-General,
(d)  all contracts, agreements, arrangements and undertakings entered into with, and all securities lawfully given to or by, the trustees or their predecessors in relation to the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof, and in force immediately before that notification or proclamation took effect, shall be deemed to be contracts, agreements, arrangements and undertakings entered into with, and securities given to or by, the Director-General,
(e)  the Director-General may, in addition to pursuing any other remedies or exercising any other powers that may be available to the Director-General, pursue the same remedies for the recovery of money and claims referred to in this subsection and for the prosecution of proceedings so referred to as the trustees or their predecessors might have done had they continued to be trustees of the park or site after that notification or proclamation took effect,
(f)  the Director-General may enforce and realise any security or charge existing immediately before that notification or proclamation took effect in favour of the trustees in connection with the care, control and management of the park or site, and may exercise any powers thereby conferred on the trustees as if the security or charge were a security or charge in favour of the Director-General,
(g)  all debts, money and claims, liquidated and unliquidated, that, immediately before that notification or proclamation took effect, were due or payable by, or recoverable against, the trustees or their predecessors in connection with the care, control and management of the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof shall be debts due and money payable by, and claims recoverable against, the Director-General, and
(h)  all liquidated and unliquidated claims in connection with the care, control and management of the park or site for which the trustees would, but for the notification or proclamation, have been liable shall be liquidated and unliquidated claims for which the Director-General shall be liable.
(2)  Where part only of the lands vested in trustees is, by a proclamation under section 33, reserved as, or as part of, a national park or historic site and the care, control and management of the park or site are vested in the Director-General, the Director-General and the trustees shall, as soon as practicable after publication of that proclamation, arrange and agree upon a division of the assets, debts and liabilities of the trustees, so that the assets, debts and liabilities appropriate to the park or site and to the lands retained by the trustees may be determined, and if any difference arises between the Director-General and the trustees, the difference shall be determined in such manner as the Minister may direct.
(3)    (Repealed)
s 46: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (13).
47   (Repealed)
s 47: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 3 (14), 6 (7). Rep 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [3].
Division 1A State recreation areas
pt 4, div 1A: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8).
47A   Definitions
In this Division:
prescribed lands means:
(a)  Crown lands,
(b)  lands of the Crown,
(c)  lands that are reserves within the meaning of Part 3B of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, or
(d)  lands acquired under section 145, 146 or 148,
but does not include:
(e)  any lands in respect of which any Act (other than the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or the Closer Settlement Acts) provides that the lands shall be used for a purpose referred to in the Act or shall not be used for any purpose other than that referred to in the Act, or
(f)  any lands within a state recreation area.
prescribed time, in relation to a House of Parliament, means 14 sitting days of that House, whether or not they occur during the same session.
s 47A: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Am 1993 No 46, Sch 1.
47B   Reservation of state recreation areas
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette:
(a)  reserve, as a state recreation area, any prescribed land described in the notice, or
(b)  reserve, as part of a state recreation area specified in the notice, any prescribed land described in the notice,
for the purpose of public recreation and enjoyment.
(2)  On the publication of a notice under subsection (1):
(a)  the land described in the notice becomes Crown land to the extent to which it was not Crown land immediately before that publication, and
(b)  if trustees of all or any of the land so described were holding office under any other Act in respect of the land immediately before that publication, those trustees cease to hold office in respect of that land, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the land so described vests:
(i)  in the Director-General, or
(ii)  if an SRA trust is established in respect of the land—in the SRA trust.
(3)  To the extent to which a dedication, reservation (other than a reservation under this Division) or vesting affects land described in a notice published under subsection (1), the publication revokes the dedication, reservation or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) are to be surrendered for cancellation or notation.
(4)  A notice under subsection (1) may be made in relation to one or more state recreation areas.
(5)  Schedule 9A (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
s 47B: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Am 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (6); 1987 No 48, Sch 32. Subst 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [13].
47BA   Care, control and management of state recreation areas reserved under Part 4A
(1)  Despite section 47B, on the publication of a proclamation under Part 4A reserving lands as a state recreation area, the Director-General has the care, control and management of the state recreation area until such time as a board of management is established for the state recreation area.
(2)  On the establishment of a board of management for the state recreation area, the board of management has the care, control and management of the state recreation area.
s 47BA: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [7].
47C   Limitation on power to reserve under section 47B
Lands shall not be reserved under section 47B:
(a)  where the lands are lands of the Crown—without the concurrence in writing of the Minister or public authority in whom they were vested immediately before the reservation,
(b)  where the lands are Crown lands within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in section 5 (1)—without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994, or
(c)  in any case—without the concurrence in writing of:
(i)  the Minister, or
(ii)  the Minister administering the Mining Act 1992 or the Minister administering the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, as the case requires.
s 47C: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Am 1992 No 29, Sch 5; 1994 No 38, Sch 8; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [14]; 1999 No 42, Sch 3.12 [3].
47D   Tabling of notification of reservation, and disallowance
(1)  A copy of a notice published under section 47B shall be laid before each House of Parliament within the prescribed time after publication thereof.
(2)  Where a House of Parliament passes a resolution of which notice has been given within 15 sitting days of that House after a copy of a notice has been laid before it under subsection (1) (whether or not those sitting days occur during the same session) and the resolution disallows the reservation effected by the notice of any lands as, or as part of, a particular state recreation area:
(a)  the reservation thereupon ceases to have effect, and
(b)  those lands cease to be, or to be part of, a state recreation area.
(3)  If any land ceases to be, or to be part of, a state recreation area by virtue of a disallowance of a reservation under this Division:
(a)  the Director-General, or any SRA trust appointed as trustee of the land, ceases to have the care, control and management of the land, and
(b)  the land may be dealt with as if it had been acquired by the Minister under Part 11.
(4)    (Repealed)
s 47D: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Am 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (7); 1987 No 48, Sch 32; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [15]–[17].
47E   (Repealed)
s 47E: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Rep 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [18].
47F   Name of state recreation area
The Minister:
(a)  by a notice published under section 47B or by another notice published in the Gazette, may assign a name to a state recreation area, and
(b)  by notice published in the Gazette, may from time to time alter the name of a state recreation area.
s 47F: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Am 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [19] [20].
47G   Limitation on use of expression “state recreation area”
The expression “state recreation area” shall not be used either alone or in conjunction with other words as the name of any lands used for the purpose of public recreation and enjoyment unless the lands are within a state recreation area reserved under this Division.
s 47G: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8).
47GA   SRA trusts for certain state recreation areas
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, establish and name an SRA trust and appoint it as trustee of any one or more of the following state recreation areas (or as trustee of any one or more parts of one or more of the following state recreation areas):
(a)  Arakoon state recreation area,
(b)  Bents Basin state recreation area,
(c)  Cape Byron state recreation area.
(2)  An SRA trust established under this section is constituted by this Act as a corporation having as its corporate name the name assigned to the trust in the notice of its establishment. The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, change the corporate name of an SRA trust.
(3)  An SRA trust:
(a)  has the care, control and management of any state recreation area (or part of a state recreation area) of which it is appointed trustee, and
(b)  has the powers and functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this or any other Act.
(4)  If the Director-General had the care, control and management of the state recreation area immediately before the establishment of the SRA trust, any thing done or entered into by the Director-General in connection with the state recreation area is taken to have been done or entered into by the SRA trust.
(5)  If an SRA trust is appointed as trustee of more than one state recreation area (or more than one part of a state recreation area), a reference in this Act to the state recreation area (or part of the area) in relation to the SRA trust includes a reference to any one or more of the state recreation areas (or any one or more of the parts of the state recreation area) of which the SRA trust has been appointed as trustee.
s 47GA: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [21].
47GB   SRA trust boards
(1)  There is to be a trust board established in respect of each SRA trust.
(2)  A trust board is to consist of:
(a)  at least 3, but no more than 7, members appointed by the Minister, and
(b)  the holder of any office, or the holders of any offices, that the Minister considers appropriate.
(3)  The affairs of an SRA trust are to be managed by the trust board.
(4)  A trust board is subject to the control and direction of the Director-General.
(5)  Schedule 10 has effect with respect to the members and procedure of a trust board.
s 47GB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [21]. Am 1997 No 147, Sch 1.16 [1].
47GC   Power to grant leases and licences and to purchase land
(1)  An SRA trust may, with the written consent of the Director-General (and subject to any conditions imposed in giving that consent):
(a)  grant leases of land in the state recreation area, and
(b)  grant licences to occupy or use land in the state recreation area, and
(c)  purchase or take a lease of any land (whether or not adjoining the state recreation area) required for use in connection with the area.
(2)  If the Director-General has the care, control and management of the state recreation area, the Director-General may grant any such leases or licences.
ss 47GC–47GG: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [21].
47GD   Reports by SRA trusts
(1)  An SRA trust must:
(a)  provide reports to the Director-General at such times, concerning such matters, and specifying such information, as may be required by the Director-General, and
(b)  keep such records as may be required by the Director-General.
(2)  An SRA trust must, at the request of the Director-General:
(a)  give the Director-General such information as the Director-General requires in relation to the operations of the trust, and
(b)  send to the Director-General such records kept by the SRA trust as the Director-General requires (including accounting records).
ss 47GC–47GG: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [21].
47GE   Inspection of SRA trust
(1)  The Director-General may appoint a person to inquire into, or carry out an audit of, any of the affairs of an SRA trust.
(2)  The appointed person may, for the purposes of the inquiry or audit:
(a)  inspect and take copies of or extracts from any records (including accounting records) of the trust, and
(b)  require any person concerned in the management of the SRA trust to give information and answer questions relating to the affairs of the SRA trust.
(3)  The power of the appointed person to inspect the records of an SRA trust includes the power to inspect the records of a lessee or licensee which the trust has power to inspect under the lease or licence.
(4)  A person must not:
(a)  without lawful excuse, refuse or fail to allow the appointed person access to records to which the appointed person is entitled, or
(b)  without lawful excuse, refuse or fail to give information or answer questions, as required by the appointed person, or
(c)  wilfully obstruct or delay the appointed person in the exercise of a power under this section.
Maximum penalty: 5 penalty units.
ss 47GC–47GG: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [21].
47GF   Removal of trust board members and appointment of administrator
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette:
(a)  remove any or all of the members of an SRA trust board from office, or
(b)  remove all the members of an SRA trust board from office and appoint a person as the administrator of the SRA trust concerned.
(2)  If an administrator is appointed:
(a)  the affairs of the SRA trust are to be managed by the administrator, and
(b)  the administrator has and may exercise all the functions of the SRA trust.
(3)  Subject to this Act, an administrator holds office for such period as may be specified in the administrator’s instrument of appointment.
(4)  The Minister may remove an administrator from office at any time.
(5)  An administrator is entitled to be paid such remuneration as the Minister may direct. The office of administrator is not, for the purposes of any Act, an office or place of profit under the Crown.
ss 47GC–47GG: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [21].
47GG   Dissolution of SRA trusts
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, dissolve an SRA trust. A notice takes effect on the date of publication or such later date as is specified in the notice.
(2)  Schedule 9A (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
ss 47GC–47GG: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [21].
47H   Existing interests
(1)  In this section, existing interest means any authority, authorisation, permit, lease, licence or occupancy.
(2)  Except as provided by this Act, the reservation of lands as, or as part of, a state recreation area does not affect:
(a)  the terms and conditions of any existing interest in respect of those lands from the Crown or the trustees, current and in force at the time of the reservation, or
(b)  the use permitted of those lands under the interest.
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), no such interest shall be renewed nor shall the term of any such interest be extended except with the approval of the Minister and subject to such conditions as the Minister determines.
(4)  The provisions of subsection (3) do not apply to any authority, lease or licence under the Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, the Fisheries Management Act 1994 or the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991, or to any permit or licence under the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982.
(5)  Upon the termination, surrender, forfeiture or determination of any existing interest (otherwise than for the purpose of renewing it or extending its term) referred to in subsection (2), the lands the subject of the interest are, to the extent to which they would not, but for this subsection, be lands reserved as part of the state recreation area within which they are situated, hereby so reserved.
s 47H: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Am 1992 No 29, Sch 5; 1994 No 38, Sch 8; 1998 No 5, Sch 2.2 [3]; 1999 No 42, Sch 3.12 [4].
47I   Restrictions on dealing with land in state recreation areas
(1)  Despite anything in this or any other Act, land within a state recreation area is not to be dealt with except as provided under this Act.
(2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), land within a state recreation area is not to be dedicated, reserved or otherwise dealt with under Part 5 of the Crown Lands Act 1989.
s 47I: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Subst 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [22].
47J   Provisions relating to mining
(1)  In this section, mining interest means:
(a)  any mining lease under the Mining Act 1992, or
(b)  any mining licence under the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, or
(c)  any lease under the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991.
(2)  Subject to this section, the Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991 and the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 apply, at any time, to lands within a state recreation area to the extent to which those Acts are in force at that time.
(3)  A mining interest shall not be granted in respect of lands within a state recreation area without the concurrence in writing of the Minister.
(4)  A renewal of, or extension of the term of, a mining interest in respect of lands within a state recreation area (other than an existing interest referred to in section 47H) shall not be granted under the Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999 or the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991 without the concurrence in writing of the Minister.
(5)  Except as provided in this section, nothing in this Division affects the right, title or interest of any person (other than a person who is or was trustee of the lands comprised in a state recreation area) in respect of minerals in any such lands.
(6)  A mineral claim must not be granted under the Mining Act 1992 over any lands within a state recreation area.
(7)  Where a provision of the Mining Act 1992 or the Offshore Minerals Act 1999 prevents, or has the effect of preventing, a person from exercising in lands within a state recreation area any of the rights conferred by either of those Acts or by an instrument under either of those Acts, except with the consent of the Minister for the time being administering the Mining Act 1992 or the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, as the case requires, that Minister shall not, in the case of any such lands, give consent under that provision without the approval of:
(a)  where the lands are not within an irrigation area or special land district as defined in the Crown Lands Act 1989—the Minister, or
(b)  where the lands are within such an irrigation area—the Minister for the time being administering the Water Management Act 2000, or
(c)  where the lands are within such a special land district—the Minister for the time being administering the Crown Lands Act 1989 obtained after consultation with the Minister administering the Water Management Act 2000.
s 47J: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Am 1992 No 29, Sch 5; 1994 No 41, Sch 3; 1996 No 137, Sch 2.8; 1998 No 5, Sch 2.2 [4]; 1999 No 42, Sch 3.12 [5]–[10]; 2000 No 92, Sch 8.18 [2] [3].
47K   Application of certain other provisions
The provisions of sections 42, 43 and 44 apply to and in respect of a state recreation area in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site.
s 47K: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8).
47L   Revocation or compulsory acquisition of state recreation area
(1)  Despite anything in this or any other Act:
(a)  the reservation of land as, or as part of, a state recreation area is not to be revoked, or
(b)  land within a state recreation area is not to be appropriated or resumed, except by an Act of Parliament.
(2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents:
(a)  the compulsory acquisition under this Act of land within a state recreation area if the reservation of the land as, or as part of, the state recreation area is not affected by the compulsory acquisition, or
(b)  the withdrawal of land from, or the termination of, any lease, licence or occupancy in accordance with its terms and conditions.
s 47L: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Subst 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [23].
47M   (Repealed)
s 47M: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Rep 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [24].
47N   Special provisions relating to certain state recreation areas
(1)  This section applies to the following state recreation areas:
Copeton,
Lake Keepit,
Burrendong,
Lake Glenbawn,
Wyangala,
Grabine,
Killalea,
Burrinjuck (but only in respect of such part of the Burrinjuck state recreation area as is specified by the Director-General by notice published in the Gazette on or before the commencement of this section).
(2)  On the commencement of this section:
(a)  the reservation under this Act of land as a state recreation area to which this section applies is, by this section, revoked, and
(b)  the land comprising each of those former state recreation areas is taken to be land dedicated for the purposes of public recreation under Part 5 of the Crown Lands Act 1989, and
(c)  a reserve trust is taken to be established under Part 5 of the Crown Lands Act 1989 in respect of the land so dedicated, and
(d)  the trustees (if any) of each of those former state recreation areas are taken to be appointed as the members of a trust board for the reserve trust.
(3)  This section has effect despite section 47L.
(4)  Schedule 9A (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
s 47N: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (8). Subst 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [25].
Division 1B Regional parks
pt 4, div 1B: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47O   Reservation of regional parks
(1)  In this section:
prescribed land means:
(a)  Crown land, or
(b)  land of the Crown, or
(c)  any land that is a reserve within the meaning of Part 5 of the Crown Lands Act 1989, or
(d)  any land acquired under section 145, 146 or 148,
but does not include any land that any Act (other than the Crown Lands Act 1989) provides is to be used for a purpose referred to in the Act or is not to be used for any purpose other than that referred to in the Act.
(2)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette:
(a)  reserve, as a regional park, any prescribed land described in the notice, or
(b)  reserve, as part of a regional park specified in the notice, any prescribed land described in the notice,
for the purpose of public recreation and enjoyment.
(3)  On the publication of a notice under subsection (2):
(a)  the land described in the notice becomes Crown land to the extent to which it was not Crown land immediately before that publication, and
(b)  if trustees of all or any of the land so described were holding office under any other Act in respect of the land immediately before that publication, those trustees cease to hold office in respect of that land, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the land so described vests:
(i)  in the Director-General, or
(ii)  if a regional park trust is established in respect of the land—in the regional park trust, or
(iii)  if a local council has, with the concurrence of the council, been nominated by the Minister in the notice—in the council.
(4)  To the extent to which a dedication, reservation (other than a reservation under this Division) or vesting affects land described in a notice published under subsection (2), the publication revokes the dedication, reservation or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) are to be surrendered for cancellation or notation.
(5)  A notice under subsection (2) may be made in relation to one or more regional parks.
(6)  Schedule 9A (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
(7)  A local council may not be nominated by the Minister under subsection (3) (c) (iii) in respect of a regional park if the regional park is wholly or partly within the area of another local council, except with the consent of the other council.
(8)  A local council nominated under subsection (3) (c) (iii) by the Minister:
(a)  has, subject to this Act, the care, control and management of the regional park concerned, and
(b)  has the powers and functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this Act, and
(c)  is, in the exercise of such powers and functions, subject to the control and direction of the Minister.
s 47O: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47OA   Care, control and management of regional parks reserved under Part 4A
(1)  Despite section 47O, on the publication of a proclamation under Part 4A reserving lands as a regional park, the Director-General has the care, control and management of the regional park until such time as a board of management is established for the regional park.
(2)  On the establishment of a board of management for the regional park, the board of management has the care, control and management of the regional park.
s 47OA: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [8].
47P   Name of regional park and limitation on use of term “regional park”
(1)  The Minister:
(a)  by a notice published under section 47O (2) or by another notice published in the Gazette, may assign a name to a regional park, and
(b)  by notice published in the Gazette, may from time to time change the name of a regional park.
(2)  The term regional park is not to be used either alone or in conjunction with other words as the name of any land used for the purpose of public recreation and enjoyment unless the land is within a regional park reserved under this Division.
ss 47P–47S: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47Q   Limitations on power to reserve land as regional park
Land is not to be reserved under section 47O:
(a)  if the land is land of the Crown—without the concurrence in writing of the Minister or public authority in which the land was vested immediately before the reservation, or
(b)  if the land is Crown land within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in section 5 (1)—without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994.
ss 47P–47S: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47R   Tabling of notice of reservation, and disallowance
(1)  A copy of a notice published under section 47O (2) must be laid before each House of Parliament within 14 sitting days (whether or not they occur in the same session) after publication of the notice.
(2)  If either House of Parliament passes a resolution of which notice has been given within 15 sitting days after such a copy has been laid before it (whether or not those sitting days occur in the same session) and the resolution disallows the reservation effected by the notice of any land as a particular regional park:
(a)  the reservation ceases to have effect, and
(b)  the land ceases to be, or ceases to be part of, a regional park.
(3)  If any land ceases to be, or to be part of, a regional park by virtue of the disallowance of a reservation under section 47O:
(a)  the Director-General, or any regional park trust appointed as trustee of the land, or any local council nominated by the Minister under section 47O, ceases to have the care, control and management of the land, and
(b)  the land may be dealt with as if it had been acquired under Part 11.
ss 47P–47S: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47S   Regional park trusts
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, establish and name a regional park trust and appoint it as trustee of any one or more specified regional parks or any one or more parts of a regional park.
(2)  A regional park trust established under this section is constituted by this Act as a corporation having as its corporate name the name assigned to the trust in the notice of its establishment. The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, change the corporate name of a regional park trust.
(3)  A regional park trust:
(a)  has the care, control and management of any regional park (or part of a regional park) of which it is appointed trustee, and
(b)  has the powers and functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this or any other Act.
(4)  If the Director-General had the care, control and management of the regional park immediately before the establishment of the regional park trust, any thing done or entered into by the Director-General in connection with the regional park is taken to have been done or entered into by the regional park trust.
(5)  If a regional park trust is appointed as trustee of more than one regional park (or more than one part of a regional park), a reference in this Act to the regional park (or part of the park) in relation to the regional park trust includes a reference to any one or more of the regional parks (or any one or more of the parts of the regional park) of which the trust has been appointed as trustee.
ss 47P–47S: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47T   Regional park trust boards
(1)  There is to be a trust board established in respect of each regional park trust.
(2)  A regional park trust board is to consist of:
(a)  at least 3, but no more than 7, members appointed by the Minister, and
(b)  the holder of any office, or the holders of any offices, that the Minister considers appropriate.
(3)  The affairs of a regional park trust are to be managed by the trust board.
(4)  A trust board is subject to the control and direction of the Director-General.
(5)  Schedule 10 has effect with respect to the members and procedure of a trust board.
s 47T: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26]. Am 1997 No 147, Sch 1.16 [2].
47U   Power to grant leases and licences and to purchase land
(1)  A regional park trust may, with the written consent of the Director-General (and subject to any conditions imposed in giving that consent):
(a)  grant leases of land in the regional park, and
(b)  grant licences to occupy or use land in the regional park, and
(c)  purchase or take a lease of any land (whether or not adjoining the regional park) required for use in connection with the area.
(2)  If the Director-General has the care, control and management of the regional park, the Director-General may grant any such leases or licences.
(3)  If a local council has the care, control and management of a regional park, the council may, with the written consent of the Minister (and subject to any conditions imposed in giving that consent) grant any such leases or licences.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47V   Reports
(1)  A regional park trust must:
(a)  provide reports to the Director-General at such times, concerning such matters, and specifying such information, as may be required by the Director-General, and
(b)  keep such records as may be required by the Director-General.
(2)  A regional park trust must, at the request of the Director-General:
(a)  give the Director-General such information as the Director-General requires in relation to the operations of the trust, and
(b)  send to the Director-General such records kept by the regional park trust as the Director-General requires (including accounting records).
(3)  If a local council has the care, control and management of a regional park, the council must:
(a)  provide reports to the Minister at such times, concerning such matters, and specifying such information, as may be required by the Minister, and
(b)  keep such records as may be required by the Minister, and
(c)  at the Minister’s request, give the Minister such information as the Minister requires in relation to the care, control and management of the park by the council, and
(d)  at the Minister’s request, send to the Minister such records kept by the council in relation to the care, control and management of the park as the Minister requires.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47W   Inspection and audit
(1)  The Director-General may appoint a person to inquire into, or carry out an audit of, any of the affairs of a regional park trust.
(2)  If a local council has the care, control and management of a regional park, the Minister may appoint a person to inquire into, or carry out an audit of, any of the affairs of the council in relation to the park.
(3)  The appointed person may, for the purposes of the inquiry or audit:
(a)  inspect and take copies of or extracts from any records (including accounting records) of the trust or the local council in respect of the regional park, and
(b)  require any person concerned in the management of the regional park trust or the local council to give information and answer questions relating to the affairs of the regional park trust or the local council in respect of the regional park.
(4)  The power of the appointed person to inspect the records of a regional park trust or local council includes the power to inspect the records of a lessee or licensee which the trust or council has power to inspect under the lease or licence.
(5)  A person must not:
(a)  without lawful excuse, refuse or fail to allow the appointed person access to records to which the appointed person is entitled, or
(b)  without lawful excuse, refuse or fail to give information or answer questions, as required by the appointed person, or
(c)  wilfully obstruct or delay the appointed person in the exercise of a power under this section.
Maximum penalty: 5 penalty units.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47X   Removal of trust board members or local council and appointment of administrator
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette:
(a)  remove any or all of the members of a regional park trust board from office, or
(b)  remove all the members of a regional park trust board from office and appoint a person as the administrator of the regional park trust concerned.
(2)  If an administrator is appointed:
(a)  the affairs of the regional park trust are to be managed by the administrator, and
(b)  the administrator has and may exercise all the functions of the regional park trust.
(3)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, appoint an administrator:
(a)  to have the care, control and management of a regional park instead of a local council as nominated by the Minister under section 47O (3) (c) (iii), and
(b)  to exercise any of the functions of the local council in respect of the regional park.
(4)  Subject to this Act, an administrator holds office for such period as may be specified in the administrator’s instrument of appointment.
(5)  The Minister may remove an administrator from office at any time.
(6)  An administrator is entitled to be paid such remuneration as the Minister may direct. The office of an administrator is not, for the purposes of any Act, an office or place of profit under the Crown.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47Y   Dissolution of regional park trusts and revocation of nomination of local councils
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, dissolve a regional park trust. A notice takes effect on the date of publication or such later date as is specified in the notice.
(2)  On such a notice taking effect, Schedule 9A (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
(3)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, revoke the nomination of a local council under section 47O (3) (c) (iii) and transfer the care, control and management of the regional park concerned to the Director-General. Any such notice takes effect on the date of publication or such later date as is specified in the notice.
(4)  On the date that a notice under subsection (3) takes effect, the care, control and management of the regional park concerned is vested in the Director-General and the following provisions have effect:
(a)  any act, matter or thing done or omitted to be done before that date by, to or in respect of the local council in relation to the park is (to the extent that that act, matter or thing has any force or effect) taken to have been done or omitted by, to or in respect of the Director-General, and
(b)  a reference in any instrument of any kind to the local council (in so far as it relates to the care, control and management of the park) is to be read as a reference to the Director-General.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47Z   Restrictions on dealing with land within regional parks
(1)  Despite anything in this or any other Act, land within a regional park is not to be dealt with except as provided under this Act.
(2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), land within a regional park is not to be dedicated, reserved or otherwise dealt with under Part 5 of the Crown Lands Act 1989.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47ZA   Application of certain provisions to regional parks
The provisions of sections 39, 41, 42, 43 and 44 apply to and in respect of a regional park in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
47ZB   Revocation of regional park
(1)  Despite anything in this or any other Act:
(a)  the reservation of land as (or as part of) a regional park is not to be revoked, and
(b)  land within a regional park is not to be appropriated or resumed,
except by an Act of Parliament.
(2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents:
(a)  the compulsory acquisition under this Act of land within a regional park if the reservation of the land as, or as part of, the regional park is not affected by the compulsory acquisition, or
(b)  the withdrawal of land from, or the termination of, any lease, licence or occupancy in accordance with its terms and conditions.
ss 47U–47ZB: Ins 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [26].
Division 2 Nature reserves
48   Care, control and management of nature reserves
(1)  The Director-General has the care, control and management of all nature reserves except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  On the establishment of a board of management for a nature reserve dedicated under Part 4A, the care, control and management of the reserve is vested in the board of management.
s 48: Subst 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [9].
49   Dedication of nature reserves
(1)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as a nature reserve:
(a)  any Crown lands, or
(b)  lands acquired under section 145, 146 or 148,
described in the proclamation.
(2)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as part of a nature reserve specified in the proclamation:
(a)  any Crown lands, or
(b)  lands acquired under section 145, 146 or 148,
described in the proclamation.
(3)  Lands within a nature reserve shall be deemed to be dedicated for the purposes of:
(a)  the care, propagation, preservation and conservation of wildlife,
(b)  the care, preservation and conservation of natural environments and natural phenomena,
(c)  the study of wildlife, natural environments and natural phenomena, and
(d)  the promotion of the appreciation and enjoyment of wildlife, natural environments and natural phenomena.
(4)  Upon the publication of a proclamation under subsection (1) or (2):
(a)  the lands described in the proclamation become Crown lands to the extent to which they were not Crown lands immediately before that publication,
(b)  where a trustee of all or any part of the lands so described was holding office under any other Act immediately before that publication, the trustee shall cease to hold that office in respect of those lands or that part, as the case may be, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the lands so described shall vest in the Director-General for the purposes of this Act.
(5)  To the extent to which a dedication (other than a dedication under this Division), reservation, Crown grant or vesting affects lands described in a proclamation published under subsection (1) or (2), the publication revokes the dedication, reservation, grant or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) shall be surrendered for cancellation or notation, as the case may require.
(6)  A proclamation under subsection (1) or (2) may be made in relation to one or more nature reserves.
s 49: Am 1980 No 196, Sch 1; 1993 No 46, Sch 1.
50   Limitation on power to dedicate under sec 49
Notwithstanding section 49, no lands that are Crown lands within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in section 5 (1) shall be dedicated under section 49 (1) or (2) without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994.
s 50: Am 1994 No 38, Sch 8.
51   Name of nature reserve
The Governor:
(a)  by a proclamation published under section 49 (1) or (2) or by another proclamation published in the Gazette, may assign a name to a nature reserve, and
(b)  by proclamation published in the Gazette, may, from time to time, alter the name of a nature reserve.
52   Revocation or compulsory acquisition of nature reserve
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in any Act:
(a)  the dedication of lands as, or as part of, a nature reserve shall not be revoked, or
(b)  lands within a nature reserve shall not be compulsorily acquired,
except by an Act of Parliament.
(1A)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the compulsory acquisition under this Act of lands within a nature reserve if the dedication of the lands as, or as part of, the nature reserve is not affected by the compulsory acquisition.
(2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the withdrawal of land from or the termination of any lease, licence or occupancy in accordance with the terms and conditions thereof.
s 52: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (15); 1994 No 45, Sch 1.
53   Restrictions on disposal of or dealing with lands within nature reserves
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or any other Act, no lands within a nature reserve shall be sold, leased or otherwise dealt with except as provided in this Act or in the Snowy Hydro Corporatisation Act 1997.
(2)  No permit to graze over any part of a travelling stock reserve or camping reserve under the control of a rural lands protection board, which reserve is situated within the external boundaries of a nature reserve, shall be granted except with the concurrence in writing of the Director-General.
(3)  A permit referred to in subsection (2) may be granted subject to such conditions as the Director-General determines.
s 53: Am 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [2]; 1997 No 99, Sch 3.1 [1].
54   Mining
The provisions of section 41 apply to and in respect of a nature reserve in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site.
s 54: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (16); 1990 No 71, Sch 1 (3).
55   Application of Forestry Act 1916
(1)  The Forestry Act 1916 does not apply to or in respect of lands within a nature reserve.
(2)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1), all licences and permits under the Forestry Act 1916 affecting lands within a nature reserve shall, unless sooner cancelled under that Act, continue in force until the expiration of the respective terms for which they were granted, and that Act shall continue to apply to and in respect of those licences and permits until they respectively expire or are cancelled.
56   Provisions respecting animals in nature reserves
(1)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any animal that is within a nature reserve,
(b)  use any animal, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device or instrument or means whatever for the purpose of harming any animal that is within a nature reserve,
(c)  carry, discharge or have in the person’s possession any prohibited weapon in a nature reserve,
(d)  carry or have in the person’s possession any explosive, net, trap or hunting device in a nature reserve, or
(e)  be accompanied by a dog in a nature reserve.
(2)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or both.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or that the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121 or a trapper’s licence under section 123, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the carrying or having in the person’s possession of a net if the person proves that the net was carried or in the person’s possession for the purpose only of taking, or attempting to take, fish from any waters.
(5)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a nature reserve, or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming of an animal that is within those lands (other than fauna or an animal of a threatened species).
(6)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1).
(7)  Without limiting subsection (6), this section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a nature reserve are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from harming an animal within the reserve for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (other than an animal of a threatened species or an animal protected by the plan of management for the reserve).
s 56: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (6); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [19]–[21]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [10].
57   Restrictions as to timber, vegetation, plants etc in nature reserves
(1)  Subject to section 55 (2), a person shall not fell, cut, destroy, injure, pick, remove or set fire to any tree, timber, plant, flower or vegetation in a nature reserve.
(2)  A person shall not have in the person’s possession any native plant within a nature reserve.
(3)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or both.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence issued under Division 3 of Part 9, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act.
(5)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a nature reserve, or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) in respect of the felling, cutting, destroying, injuring, picking, removing of, or setting fire to any tree, timber, plant, flower or vegetation, or the possession of a native plant (not being a plant of a threatened species), that is or was growing within those lands.
(6)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1) or (2) or both.
(7)  Without limiting subsection (6), this section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a nature reserve are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from picking within the reserve any tree, timber, plant (including a native plant), flower or vegetation for food for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (including a protected native plant but not including a plant of a threatened species or a plant protected by the plan of management for the reserve).
s 57: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (6); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [22]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [11].
58   Application of certain provisions to nature reserves
The provisions of:
(a)  section 33 (5) and (6),
(b)  section 35,
(c)  section 39,
(d)  sections 43 and 44,
(e)  section 46, and
(f)  section 47,
apply to and in respect of a nature reserve in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site, and so apply as if a reference in those provisions to:
(g)  a proclamation under section 33 (2) or (3) were a reference to a proclamation under section 49 (1) or (2), and
(h)  a reservation under Division 1 were a reference to a dedication under this Division.
s 58: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (17); 1992 No 34, Sch 1.
Division 2A State game reserves
pt 4, div 2A: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18).
58A   Dedication of state game reserves
(1)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as a state game reserve:
(a)  any Crown lands, or
(b)  lands acquired under section 145, 147 or 148,
described in the proclamation.
(2)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as part of a state game reserve specified in the proclamation:
(a)  any Crown lands, or
(b)  lands acquired under section 145, 147 or 148,
described in the proclamation.
(3)  Lands within a state game reserve shall be deemed to be dedicated for the purposes of:
(a)  the care, preservation and conservation of natural environments and natural phenomena,
(b)  the study of wildlife, natural environments and natural phenomena,
(c)  the promotion of the appreciation and enjoyment of wildlife, natural environments and natural phenomena,
(d)  the propagation of fauna for hunting as game, and
(e)  the provision of suitable land for the hunting of fauna as game.
(4)  Upon the publication of a proclamation under subsection (1) or (2):
(a)  the lands described in the proclamation become Crown lands to the extent to which they were not Crown lands immediately before that publication,
(b)  where a trustee of all or any part of the lands so described was holding office under any other Act immediately before that publication, the trustee shall cease to hold that office in respect of those lands or that part, as the case may be, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the lands so described shall vest in the Director-General for the purposes of this Act except as provided by subsection (4A).
(4A)  On the establishment of a board of management for a state game reserve dedicated under Part 4A, the care, control and management of the reserve is vested in the board of management.
(5)  To the extent to which a dedication (other than a dedication under this Division), reservation or vesting affects lands described in a proclamation published under subsection (1) or (2), the publication revokes the dedication, reservation or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) shall be surrendered for cancellation or notation, as the case may require.
(6)  The Governor, by proclamation published in the Gazette, may, for the purposes of section 122, specify the species of fauna that may be hunted within a state game reserve either generally or within specified periods and may prescribe conditions or restrictions subject to which any such fauna may be hunted within the reserve.
(7)  The Governor, by proclamation published in the Gazette, may amend or revoke a proclamation under subsection (6).
(8)  A proclamation under this section may be made in relation to one or more state game reserves.
s 58A: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [23] [24]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [12] [13].
58B   Limitation on power to dedicate under sec 58A
Notwithstanding section 58A, no lands that are Crown lands within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in section 5 (1) shall be dedicated under section 58A (1) or (2) without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994.
s 58B: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Am 1994 No 38, Sch 8.
58C   Name of state game reserve
The Governor:
(a)  by a proclamation published under section 58A (1) or (2) or by another proclamation published in the Gazette, may assign a name to a state game reserve, and
(b)  by proclamation published in the Gazette, may, from time to time, alter the name of a state game reserve.
s 58C: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18).
58D   Revocation or compulsory acquisition of state game reserve
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in any Act:
(a)  the dedication of lands as, or as part of, a state game reserve shall not be revoked, or
(b)  lands within a state game reserve shall not be compulsorily acquired,
except by an Act of Parliament.
(1A)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the compulsory acquisition under this Act of lands within a state game reserve if the dedication of the lands as, or as part of, the state game reserve is not affected by the compulsory acquisition.
(2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the withdrawal of land from or the termination of any lease, licence or occupancy in accordance with the terms and conditions thereof.
s 58D: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Am 1994 No 45, Sch 1.
58E   Restrictions on disposal of or dealing with lands within state game reserves
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or any other Act, no lands within a state game reserve shall be sold, leased or otherwise dealt with except as provided in this Act or in the Snowy Hydro Corporatisation Act 1997.
(2)  No permit to graze over any part of a travelling stock reserve or camping reserve under the control of a rural lands protection board, which reserve is situated within the external boundaries of a state game reserve, shall be granted except with the concurrence in writing of the Director-General.
(3)  A permit referred to in subsection (2) may be granted subject to such conditions as the Director-General determines.
s 58E: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Am 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [2]; 1997 No 99, Sch 3.1 [1].
58F   Mining
The provisions of section 41 apply to and in respect of a state game reserve in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site.
s 58F: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Subst 1990 No 71, Sch 1 (4).
58G   Application of Forestry Act 1916
(1)  The Forestry Act 1916 does not apply to or in respect of lands within a state game reserve.
(2)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1), all licences and permits under the Forestry Act 1916 affecting lands within a state game reserve shall, unless sooner cancelled under that Act, continue in force until the expiration of the respective terms for which they were granted, and that Act shall continue to apply to and in respect of those licences and permits until they respectively expire or are cancelled.
s 58G: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18).
58H   Provisions respecting animals in state game reserves
(1)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any animal that is within a state game reserve,
(b)  use any animal, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device or instrument or means whatever for the purpose of harming any animal that is within a state game reserve,
(c)  carry, discharge or be in possession of any prohibited weapon in a state game reserve,
(d)  carry or be in possession of any explosive, net, trap or hunting device in a state game reserve, or
(e)  be accompanied by a dog in a state game reserve.
(2)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or both.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or that the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121, a game licence under section 122 or a trapper’s licence under section 123, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed by or under any Act.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the carrying or being in possession of a net if the person proves that the net was carried or was in the person’s possession for the purpose only of taking, or attempting to take, fish from any waters.
(5)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a state game reserve, or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming of an animal that is within those lands (other than fauna or an animal of a threatened species).
(6)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1).
(7)  Without limiting subsection (6), this section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a state game reserve are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from harming an animal within the reserve for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (other than an animal of a threatened species or an animal protected by the plan of management for the reserve).
s 58H: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [25]–[27]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [14].
58I   Restrictions as to timber, vegetation, plants etc in state game reserves
(1)  Subject to section 58G (2), a person shall not fell, cut, destroy, injure, pick, remove or set fire to any tree, timber, plant, flower or vegetation in a state game reserve.
(2)  A person shall not be in possession of any native plant within a state game reserve.
(3)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or both.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence issued under Division 3 of Part 9, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed by or under any Act.
(5)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a state game reserve or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) in respect of the felling, cutting, destroying, injuring, picking, removing of or setting fire to any tree, timber, plant, flower or vegetation, or the possession of a native plant (not being a plant of a threatened species), that is or was growing within those lands.
(6)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1) or (2) or both.
(7)  Without limiting subsection (6), this section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a state game reserve are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from picking within the reserve any tree, timber, plant (including a native plant), flower or vegetation for food for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (including a protected native plant but not including a plant of a threatened species or a plant protected by the plan of management for the reserve).
s 58I: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [28]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [15].
58J   Application of certain provisions to state game reserves
The provisions of:
(a)  section 33 (5) and (6),
(b)  section 35,
(c)  section 39,
(d)  sections 43 and 44, and
(e)  sections 46 and 47,
apply to and in respect of a state game reserve in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site, and so apply as if a reference in those provisions to:
(f)  a proclamation under section 33 (2) or (3) were a reference to a proclamation under section 58A (1) or (2), and
(g)  a reservation under Division 1 were a reference to a dedication under this Division.
s 58J: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (18). Am 1992 No 34, Sch 1.
Division 2B Karst conservation reserves
pt 4, div 2B: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5).
58K   Dedication of karst conservation reserves
(1)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as a karst conservation reserve:
(a)  any Crown lands, or
(b)  lands acquired under section 145, 147 or 148,
which are described in the proclamation.
(2)  Subject to this Act, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as part of a karst conservation reserve specified in the proclamation:
(a)  any Crown lands, or
(b)  lands acquired under section 145, 147 or 148,
which are described in the proclamation.
(3)  Lands within a karst conservation reserve are taken to be dedicated for the purposes of:
(a)  the care, preservation and conservation of natural environments and natural phenomena, and
(b)  the study of natural environments and natural phenomena, and
(c)  the promotion of the appreciation and enjoyment of natural environments and natural phenomena, and
(d)  the care, propagation, preservation and conservation of wildlife.
(4)  On the publication of a proclamation under subsection (1) or (2):
(a)  the lands described in the proclamation become Crown lands to the extent to which they were not Crown lands immediately before that publication, and
(b)  if a trustee of all or any part of the lands so described was holding office under any other Act immediately before that publication, the trustee ceases to hold that office in respect of those lands or that part, as the case may be, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the lands so described vests in the Director-General for the purposes of this Act except as provided by subsection (4A).
(4A)  On the establishment of a board of management for a karst conservation reserve dedicated under Part 4A, the care, control and management of the reserve is vested in the board of management.
(5)  A proclamation under subsection (1) or (2) may, but need not be, restricted to lands that are wholly or predominantly subterranean lands.
(6)  To the extent to which a dedication (other than a dedication under this Division), reservation or vesting affects lands described in a proclamation published under subsection (1) or (2), the publication (unless the proclamation otherwise provides) revokes the dedication, reservation or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) must be surrendered for cancellation or notation, as the case may require.
s 58K: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5). Am 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [16] [17].
58L   Name of karst conservation reserve
The Governor:
(a)  by proclamation published under section 58K (1) or (2) or by another proclamation published in the Gazette, may assign a name to a karst conservation reserve, and
(b)  by proclamation published in the Gazette, may, from time to time, alter the name of a karst conservation reserve.
s 58L: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5).
58M   Revocation or compulsory acquisition of karst conservation reserve
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in any Act:
(a)  the dedication of lands as, or as part of, a karst conservation reserve shall not be revoked, or
(b)  lands within a karst conservation reserve shall not be compulsorily acquired,
except by an Act of Parliament.
(1A)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the compulsory acquisition under this Act of lands within a karst conservation reserve if the dedication of the lands as, or as part of, the karst conservation reserve is not affected by the compulsory acquisition.
(2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the withdrawal of land from or the termination of any lease, licence or occupancy in accordance with the terms and conditions thereof.
s 58M: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5). Am 1994 No 45, Sch 1.
58N   Restriction on disposal of or dealing with lands within karst conservation reserves
Notwithstanding anything in the Crown Lands Act 1989 or any other Act, no lands within a karst conservation reserve shall be sold, leased or otherwise dealt with except as provided in this Act or in the Snowy Hydro Corporatisation Act 1997.
s 58N: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5). Am 1997 No 99, Sch 3.1 [1].
58O   Mining
The provisions of section 41 apply to and in respect of a karst conservation reserve in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site.
s 58O: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5).
58P   Application of Forestry Act 1916
(1)  The Forestry Act 1916 does not apply to or in respect of lands within a karst conservation reserve.
(2)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1), all licences and permits under the Forestry Act 1916 affecting lands within a karst conservation reserve shall, unless sooner cancelled under that Act, continue in force until the expiration of the respective terms for which they were granted, and that Act shall continue to apply to and in respect of those licences and permits until they respectively expire or are cancelled.
s 58P: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5).
58Q   Provisions respecting animals in karst conservation reserves
(1)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any animal that is within a karst conservation reserve, or
(b)  use any animal, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device or instrument or means whatever for the purpose of harming any animal that is within a karst conservation reserve, or
(c)  carry, discharge or be in possession of any prohibited weapon in a karst conservation reserve, or
(d)  carry or be in possession of any explosive, net, trap or hunting device in a karst conservation reserve, or
(e)  be accompanied by a dog in a karst conservation reserve.
(2)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, or both.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or that the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121, a game licence under section 122 or a trapper’s licence under section 123, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed by or under any Act.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the carrying or being in possession of a net if the person proves that the net was carried or was in the person’s possession for the purpose only of taking, or attempting to take, fish from any waters.
(5)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a karst conservation reserve, or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming of an animal that is within those lands (other than fauna or an animal of a threatened species).
(6)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1).
(7)  Without limiting subsection (6), this section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a karst conservation reserve are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from harming within the reserve an animal for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (other than an animal of a threatened species or an animal protected by the plan of management for the reserve).
s 58Q: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [29]–[31]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [18].
58R   Restrictions as to timber, vegetation, plants etc in karst conservation reserves
(1)  Subject to section 58P (2), a person shall not fell, cut, destroy, injure, pick, remove or set fire to any tree, timber, plant, flower or vegetation in a karst conservation reserve.
(2)  A person shall not be in possession of any native plant within a karst conservation reserve.
(3)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, or both.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or that the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence issued under Division 3 of Part 9, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed by or under any Act.
(5)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a karst conservation reserve, or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) in respect of the felling, cutting, destroying, injuring, picking or removing of or setting fire to any tree, timber, plant, flower or vegetation, or the possession of a native plant (not being a plant of a threatened species), that is or was growing within those lands.
(6)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1) or (2), or both.
(7)  Without limiting subsection (6), this section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a karst conservation reserve are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from picking within the reserve any tree, timber, plant (including a native plant), flower or vegetation for food for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (including a protected native plant but not including a plant of a threatened species or a plant protected by the plan of management for the reserve).
s 58R: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [32]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [19].
58S   Application of certain provisions to karst conservation reserves
(1)  The provisions of:
(a)  section 33 (5) and (6),
(b)  section 35,
(c)  section 39,
(d)  sections 43 and 44, and
(e)  sections 46 and 47,
apply to and in respect of a karst conservation reserve in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site, and so apply as if a reference in those provisions to:
(f)  a proclamation under section 33 (2) or (3) were a reference to a proclamation under section 58K (1) or (2), and
(g)  a reservation under Division 1 were a reference to a dedication under this Division.
(2)  However, in the application of section 43 to and in respect of Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, the reference to the Director-General in that section is taken to be a reference to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
s 58S: Ins 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (5). Am 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [6].
Division 2C Abercrombie, Jenolan and Wombeyan Karst Conservation Reserves
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58T   Definitions
In this Division:
Trust means the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
Trust Board means the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board established under section 58ZA.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58U   Dedication of lands as Abercrombie, Jenolan and Wombeyan Karst Conservation Reserves
(1)  The lands described in Schedule 4:
(a)  are dedicated as karst conservation reserves, and
(b)  are assigned the names specified in that Schedule.
(2)  The lands concerned are taken, on the commencement of this section, to have been so dedicated and named by proclamations published under section 58K.
(3)  A reference in this Act to the publication of a proclamation under section 58K is, in relation to a dedication under this section, taken to be a reference to the commencement of this section.
(4)  Sections 35, 46, 47 and 58K (4) (c) do not apply to or in respect of a karst conservation reserve dedicated under this section.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58V   Establishment of Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust
(1)  There is established by this Act a karst conservation reserve trust constituted as a body corporate with the corporate name “Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust”.
(2)  The Trust is appointed as trustee of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, and the care, control and management of those lands is vested in the Trust.
(3)  However, subject to this Act, the responsibilities, powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed on the Director-General by or under this or any other Act may be exercised by the Director-General in relation to those lands.
(4)  The Minister may delegate to:
(a)  the Trust, or
(b)  a member of the Trust Board, or
(c)  an officer of the Trust,
any power (other than the power of delegation conferred by this section), authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on the Minister by or under this or any other Act, but only to the extent that the power, authority, duty or function concerned relates to Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands.
(5)  Any such delegation takes effect as a delegation under section 21.
(6)  Schedule 5 (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58W   Functions of Trust
(1)  The Trust has the responsibilities, powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this or any other Act.
(2)  The Trust is subject to the control and direction of the Minister.
(3)  The principal function of the Trust is the care, control and management of Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands.
(4)  The Governor may:
(a)  in a proclamation under section 58K (1) dedicating as a karst conservation reserve the whole or any part of the lands referred to in subsection (5), or
(b)  in a proclamation under section 58K (2) dedicating as part of a karst conservation reserve land in the vicinity of Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands,
specify that the care, control and management of the land so dedicated is to vest in the Trust.
(5)  The lands for the purposes of subsection (4) (a) are the lands situate at the Borenore Caves in the local government area of Cabonne, Parish of Barton and County of Ashburnham, that were, under section 28 of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, added to the land in Reserve No 81412 (notified 20 February 1959) by notifications in the following Gazettes:
(a)  Gazette No 49 of 30 March 1984 at page 1833,
(b)  Gazette No 31 of 1 February 1985 at page 536,
(c)  Gazette No 121 of 15 December 1989 at page 10956.
(6)  If land is dedicated by a proclamation referred to in subsection (4):
(a)  section 46 (if applicable) applies to and in respect of that land as if a reference in that section to the Director-General were a reference to the Trust, and
(b)  section 58K (4) (c) does not apply to or in respect of that land.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58X   Funds of Trust
(1)  The Trust is to open and maintain an account with any one or more banks, building societies or credit unions.
(2)  Money received by the Trust in connection with Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands is to be paid into that account or dealt with in such other manner as the Minister may from time to time approve.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58Y   Staff of Trust
(1)  The Trust may employ such persons as are necessary to enable it to exercise its responsibilities, powers, authorities, duties and functions.
(2)  Part 2 of the Public Sector Management Act 1988 does not apply to or in respect of persons employed under subsection (1).
(3)  The Trust may arrange for the use of the services of any staff (by secondment or otherwise) or facilities of a government department or a public or local authority.
(4)  Schedule 5A (Provisions relating to staff of Trust) has effect.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58Z   Committees
(1)  The Trust may establish committees to assist it in connection with the exercise of any of its responsibilities, powers, authorities, duties and functions.
(2)  It does not matter that any or all of the members of a committee are not members of the Trust Board.
(3)  The procedure for the calling of meetings of a committee and for the conduct of business at those meetings is to be as determined by the Trust or, if the Trust makes no such determination in respect of a particular committee, by the committee concerned.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58ZA   Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board
(1)  There is to be established a Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board.
(2)  The Trust Board is to consist of the following 11 members appointed by the Minister:
(a)  one member selected by the Minister, the person selected being a person who has expertise in karst conservation and management or in nature conservation (or in both), and
(b)  2 members nominated by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, each of the persons nominated being:
(i)  a person who is a member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council in an area in which any of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands is located, or
(ii)  a person who is, in the opinion of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, a traditional custodian in such an area, and
(c)  one member nominated by the Director-General, and
(d)  one member nominated by the General Manager of Tourism New South Wales, and
(e)  one member nominated by the Minister for Urban Affairs and Planning, the person nominated being a person who has expertise in environmental planning, and
(f)  one member nominated by the National Parks Association of NSW Incorporated, and
(g)  one member nominated by the Minister for Local Government, and
(h)  one member nominated by the Australian Speleological Federation Incorporated, and
(i)  one member nominated by the National Trust of Australia (New South Wales), and
(j)  one member nominated by the Nature Conservation Council.
(3)  The affairs of the Trust are to be managed by the Trust Board.
(4)  Schedule 6 (Provisions relating to Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board) has effect with respect to the members and procedure of the Trust Board.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58ZB   Power to grant leases, licences and easements and to purchase land
(1)  The Trust may, with the written consent of the Minister (and subject to any conditions imposed in giving that consent):
(a)  grant leases of any Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, and
(b)  grant licences to occupy or use any land in any of those Reserves, and
(c)  purchase or take a lease of any land (whether or not adjoining any of those Reserves) required for use in connection with any of those Reserves.
(2)  However, the Trust must not grant a lease or licence under this section in respect of land that is within a wilderness area.
(3)  Easements or rights of way through, on or in any Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands may be granted only by the Minister under section 153.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58ZC   Reports by Trust
(1)  The Trust must:
(a)  provide reports to the Minister at such times, concerning such matters, and specifying such information relating to the functions of the Trust, as may be required by the Minister, and
(b)  keep such records as may be required by the Minister.
(2)  The Trust must, at the request of the Minister:
(a)  give the Minister such information as the Minister requires in relation to the operations of the Trust, and
(b)  send to the Minister such records kept by the Trust as the Minister requires (including accounting records).
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58ZD   Inspection of Trust
(1)  The Minister may appoint a person to inquire into, or carry out an audit of, any of the affairs of the Trust.
(2)  The appointed person may, for the purposes of the inquiry or audit:
(a)  inspect and take copies of or extracts from any records (including accounting records) of the Trust, and
(b)  require any person concerned in the management of the Trust to give information and answer questions relating to the affairs of the Trust.
(3)  The power of the appointed person to inspect the records of the Trust includes the power to inspect the records of a lessee or licensee which the Trust has power to inspect under the lease or licence concerned.
(4)  A person must not:
(a)  without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail to allow the appointed person access to records to which the appointed person is entitled, or
(b)  without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail to give information or answer questions, as required by the appointed person, or
(c)  wilfully obstruct or delay the appointed person in the exercise of a power under this section.
Maximum penalty: 5 penalty units.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
58ZE   Removal of Trust Board members and appointment of administrator
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette:
(a)  remove any or all of the members of the Trust Board from office, or
(b)  remove all the members of the Trust Board from office and appoint a person as the administrator of the Trust.
(2)  If the Minister removes any or all of the members of the Trust Board under subsection (1), the Minister is to appoint new members to the Trust Board to fill the positions of the members so removed as soon as practicable and, in any case, within 6 months after removing the members.
(3)  If an administrator is appointed:
(a)  the affairs of the Trust are to be managed by the administrator, and
(b)  the administrator has all the responsibilities, powers, authorities, duties and functions of the Trust.
(4)  Subject to this Act, an administrator holds office for such period as may be specified in the administrator’s instrument of appointment.
(5)  The Minister may remove an administrator from office at any time.
(6)  An administrator is entitled to be paid, out of the funds of the Trust, such remuneration as the Minister may direct. The office of administrator is not, for the purposes of any Act, an office or place of profit under the Crown.
pt 4, div 2C (ss 58T–58ZE): Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [7].
Division 3 Wilderness areas and wild and scenic rivers
pt 4, div 3, hdg: Subst 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (6).
59   Declaration of wilderness areas
(1)  The Minister may, by notification published in the Gazette, declare any lands (including subterranean lands) reserved or dedicated under this Act to be a wilderness area.
(2)  The Minister shall not declare lands to be a wilderness area unless the Director-General has identified those lands as wilderness in accordance with the Wilderness Act 1987.
(3)  A declaration may be varied by a further notification by the Minister published in the Gazette but shall not be revoked except by an Act of Parliament.
(4)  A declaration of a wilderness area made under this Act and in force immediately before the commencement of this section shall be deemed to have been made under this section and may be varied or revoked in accordance with this section.
s 59: Subst 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (7). Am 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (6).
60   Effect of declaration of wilderness area
(1)  Where a plan of management is in force with respect to any lands reserved or dedicated under this Act, a declaration shall not be made under section 59 with respect to those lands except in accordance with the plan.
(2)  Lands declared to be a wilderness area under section 59 shall be managed in accordance with the objects of the Wilderness Act 1987 and the principles set out in section 9 of that Act.
s 60: Am 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (8).
61   Declaration of wild and scenic rivers
(1)  Subject to section 61A, the Director-General may, by notification published in the Gazette, declare any river or part of a river (when within lands reserved or dedicated under this Act) to be a wild and scenic river.
(2)  The Director-General may, by further notification published in the Gazette, vary or revoke any such declaration.
s 61: Subst 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (9).
61A   Effect of declaration of wild and scenic river
(1)  Where a plan of management is in force with respect to any river or part of a river within lands reserved or dedicated under this Act, a declaration shall not be made under section 61 with respect to that river or part of that river except in accordance with the plan.
(2)  A statutory authority shall not carry out development in relation to a wild and scenic river unless it has consulted with, and considered any advice given by, the Minister in relation to the development.
(3)  In this section, statutory authority and development have the same meanings as they have in Division 7.
s 61A: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (9).
Division 4 Aboriginal areas
62   Dedication of Aboriginal areas
(1)  The Governor may, with the concurrence of the Minister administering the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as an Aboriginal area, any unoccupied Crown lands described in the proclamation.
(2)  The Governor may, with the like concurrence, by proclamation published in the Gazette, dedicate, as a part of an Aboriginal area specified in the proclamation, any unoccupied Crown lands described in the proclamation.
(3)  The Governor may, with the like concurrence, by a proclamation published in the Gazette, revoke wholly or in part a dedication under this section.
(4)  Lands within an Aboriginal area shall be deemed to be dedicated for the purpose of preserving, protecting and preventing damage to relics or Aboriginal places therein.
63   Care, control and management of Aboriginal areas
(1)  The Director-General has the care, control and management of all Aboriginal areas except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  On the establishment of a board of management for an Aboriginal area dedicated under Part 4A, the care, control and management of the area is vested in the board of management.
s 63: Subst 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [20].
64   Mining
The provisions of sections 41 and 42 apply to and in respect of an Aboriginal area in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a national park or historic site.
s 64: Subst 1990 No 71, Sch 1 (5).
Division 5 Protected archaeological areas
65   Declaration of protected archaeological areas
(1)  Subject to this section, the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, declare any lands described in the order, being lands on which a relic or Aboriginal place is situated, to be a protected archaeological area.
(2)  An order under subsection (1):
(a)  shall not be made in respect of unoccupied Crown lands,
(b)  shall not be made:
(i)  where the lands are Crown lands—without the consent of the Minister administering the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, the holder and the occupier, or
(ii)  where the lands are not Crown lands—without the consent of the owner and the occupier, and
(c)  may be revoked at any time, and shall be revoked at the request of any person whose consent would, if the lands were, for the time being, not a protected archaeological area, be required for their declaration as such an area.
(3)  The Director-General shall forward to the Valuer-General:
(a)  a copy of an order under subsection (1) as soon as practicable after the order is published in the Gazette, and
(b)  notice of the revocation, pursuant to subsection (2) (c), of an order under subsection (1) as soon as practicable after the revocation is made.
s 65: Am 1978 No 138, sec 3 (b).
66   Control of protected archaeological areas
(1)  Subject to this section, the Director-General may, in relation to lands declared to be a protected archaeological area, give directions prohibiting or regulating the entry on and use of the lands by specified persons or classes of persons or all persons other than specified persons or classes of persons.
(2)  The Director-General:
(a)  shall not exercise the powers conferred on the Director-General by subsection (1) without the consent of the person whose consent would, if the lands were, for the time being, not a protected archaeological area, be required for their declaration as such an area, and
(b)  may, with the like consent, and shall, upon the request of that person, revoke or vary any such direction.
(3)  A person shall not enter, remain on or use, contrary to a direction given under this section, lands to which the direction relates.
Division 6 Wildlife districts, wildlife refuges and wildlife management areas
pt 4, div 6, hdg: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (19).
67   Wildlife districts
(1)  The Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, declare:
(a)  any lands described in the proclamation to be a wildlife district, or
(b)  any lands described in the proclamation to be part of a wildlife district specified in the proclamation.
(2)  The Governor, by a proclamation under subsection (1) or by another proclamation published in the Gazette, may, for the purposes of section 122, specify the species of fauna that may be harmed within a wildlife district either generally or within specified periods and may prescribe conditions or restrictions subject to which any such fauna may be harmed within the district.
(3)  A proclamation under this section may be made so as:
(a)  to relate to one or more wildlife districts specified therein, and
(b)  to apply differently according to such factors as may be specified therein.
(4)  The Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, vary, amend or revoke a proclamation under this section.
(5)  A proclamation shall not be made under this section with respect to any lands within a State forest, timber reserve or flora reserve without the consent of the Forestry Commission.
(6)  The Director-General shall forward a copy of a proclamation under this section to the Valuer-General as soon as practicable after the proclamation is published in the Gazette.
s 67: Am 1978 No 138, sec 3 (c); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [33].
68   Wildlife refuges
(1)  Subject to this section, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, declare any lands described in the proclamation to be a wildlife refuge.
(2)  Lands within a wildlife refuge shall be deemed to be dedicated for the purposes of:
(a)  preserving, conserving, propagating and studying wildlife,
(b)  conserving and studying natural environments, and
(c)  creating simulated natural environments.
(3)  A proclamation under subsection (1):
(a)  shall not be made:
(i)  where the lands are unoccupied Crown lands—without the consent of the Minister administering the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913,
(ii)  where the lands are occupied Crown lands—without the consent of that Minister, the holder and the occupier,
(iii)  where the lands are not Crown lands and are not within a State forest—without the consent of the owner and the occupier, or
(iv)  where the lands are within a State forest—without the consent of the Forestry Commission, and
(b)  may be revoked at any time, and may be varied or amended with the consent of, and shall be revoked at the request of, any person whose consent would, if the lands were, for the time being, not a wildlife refuge, be required for their declaration as such a refuge.
(4)  A person who is a holder or occupier of Crown lands shall be deemed, for the purposes of this section, to have given his or her consent, referred to in subsection (3), if, within thirty days of being given notice that his or her consent is sought, the person does not inform the Minister or Director-General that the person gives or withholds his or her consent.
(5)  A proclamation under this section may be made so as:
(a)  to relate to one or more wildlife refuges specified therein, and
(b)  to apply differently according to such factors as may be specified therein.
(6)  A revocation, variation or amendment referred to in subsection (3) (b) shall be effected by proclamation of the Governor published in the Gazette.
(7)  Where the consent of the Forestry Commission is required under this section, the consent shall not be given without the approval of the Minister administering the Forestry Act 1916.
(8)  The Director-General shall forward a copy of a proclamation under this section to the Valuer-General as soon as practicable after the proclamation is published in the Gazette.
s 68: Am 1978 No 138, sec 3 (d).
69   Wildlife management areas
(1)  Subject to this section, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, declare any lands described in the proclamation to be a wildlife management area.
(2)  Lands within a wildlife management area shall be deemed to be dedicated for the purposes of:
(a)  propagating fauna for game,
(b)  providing suitable land for hunting fauna as game,
(c)  conserving and studying natural environments, and
(d)  creating simulated natural environments.
(3)  The Governor, by a proclamation under subsection (1) or by another proclamation published in the Gazette, may, for the purposes of section 122, specify the species of fauna that may be hunted within a wildlife management area either generally or within specified periods and may prescribe conditions or restrictions subject to which any such fauna may be hunted within the area.
(4)  A proclamation under subsection (1) or (3):
(a)  shall not be made:
(i)  where the lands are unoccupied Crown lands—without the consent of the Minister administering the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913,
(ii)  where the lands are occupied Crown lands—without the consent of that Minister, the holder and the occupier,
(iii)  where the lands are not Crown lands and are not within a State forest—without the consent of the owner and the occupier, or
(iv)  where the lands are within a State forest—without the consent of the Forestry Commission, and
(b)  may be revoked at any time, and may be varied or amended with the consent of, and shall be revoked at the request of, any person whose consent would, if the lands were, for the time being, not a wildlife management area, be required for their declaration as such an area.
(5)  A proclamation under this section may be made so as:
(a)  to relate to one or more wildlife management areas specified therein, and
(b)  to apply differently according to such factors as may be specified therein.
(6)  A revocation, variation or amendment referred to in subsection (4) (b) shall be effected by proclamation of the Governor published in the Gazette.
(7)  Where the consent of the Forestry Commission is required under this section, the consent shall not be given without the approval of the Minister administering the Forestry Act 1916.
(8)  The Director-General shall forward a copy of a proclamation under this section to the Valuer-General as soon as practicable after the proclamation is published in the Gazette.
s 69: Am 1978 No 138, sec 3 (e); 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (20); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [34]–[36].
Division 12 Conservation agreements
pt 4, div 12, hdg (previously Part 4, Div 7, heading): Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5). Subst 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [46].
pt 4, div 12 (previously Part 4, Div 7): Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5). Renumbered 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [46].
69A   Definitions
(1)  In this Division:
development, in relation to a conservation area, means:
(a)  the erection of a building in that area,
(b)  the carrying out of a work in, on, over or under that area,
(c)  the use of that area or of a building or work in that area,
(d)  the subdivision of that area, and
(e)  the clearing of vegetation in that area.
owner, in relation to land, includes a person who leases land under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, the Closer Settlement Acts or the Western Lands Act 1901.
statutory authority means any of the following:
(a)  a government department,
(b)  an Administrative Office within the meaning of the Public Sector Management Act 1988,
(c)  a council or a county council within the meaning of the Local Government Act 1993,
(d)  any other body constituted by or under an Act.
(2)  A reference in this Division to the carrying out of development includes a reference to the erection of a building, the carrying out of a work, the use of land or of a building or work, the subdivision of land or the clearing of vegetation.
(3)  A reference in this section:
(a)  to the erection of a building includes a reference to the rebuilding of, the making of structural alterations to, or the enlargement or extension of a building or the placing or relocating of a building on land,
(b)  to the carrying out of a work includes a reference to the rebuilding of, the making of alterations to, or the enlargement or extension of, a work, and
(c)  to the subdivision of land is a reference to the subdivision of land as defined by section 4B of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.
(4)  If a conservation agreement is entered into under section 69B (1C) by a public authority that is not the owner of the conservation area concerned:
(a)  the agreement is taken to have been entered into on behalf of the owner of the conservation area, and
(b)  a reference in this Act to the owner of the conservation area (however expressed) includes, while a public authority has the control and management of the conservation area, a reference to the public authority that has that control and management.
s 69A: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5). Am 1995 No 11, Sch 1.84 [1]; 1996 No 139, Sch 2.23 (am 1997 No 55, Sch 2.18 [1]); 1997 No 152, Sch 4.24 [1]; 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [47].
69B   Conservation agreements
(1)  The Minister may enter into a conservation agreement relating to land with the owner of the land.
(1C)  The Minister may enter into a conservation agreement relating to land that is Crown lands or lands of the Crown with:
(a)  a public authority (not being a Government Department) that owns or has the control and management of the land, or
(b)  if the land is under the control and management of a Government Department, the responsible Minister.
(1D)  The Minister must not enter into a conservation agreement relating to Crown-timber lands within the meaning of the Forestry Act 1916 except with the consent of the Minister administering that Act.
(2)  The Minister shall not enter into a conservation agreement for land leased under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, the Closer Settlement Acts or the Western Lands Act 1901, except with the consent of the Minister administering the relevant Act.
(3)  The Minister shall not enter into a conservation agreement relating to land unless:
(a)  all the owners of the land are parties to the agreement or have consented in writing to the agreement,
(b)  where the land (not being land referred to in subsection (2)) is subject to a residential tenancy agreement or other lease, the tenant or the lessee has consented in writing to the conservation agreement, and
(c)  where the land is subject to a mortgage, charge or positive covenant, the mortgagee, chargee or person entitled to the benefit of the covenant has consented in writing to the agreement.
s 69B: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5). Am 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [48].
69C   Purpose and content of agreements
(1)  A conservation agreement may be entered into:
(a)  in relation to areas containing scenery, natural environments or natural phenomena worthy of preservation,
(b)  in relation to areas of special scientific interest,
(c)  in relation to areas that are the sites of buildings, objects, monuments or events of national significance,
(d)  in relation to areas in which relics, or Aboriginal places, of special significance are situated,
(e)  for the purpose of the study, preservation, protection, care or propagation of fauna or native plants or other flora,
(e1)  for the purpose of the study, preservation, protection or care of karst regions,
(e2)  for the purpose of the conservation of critical habitat or the conservation of threatened species, populations or ecological communities, or their habitats, or
(f)  for any purpose connected with an area or purpose referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (e1) or (e2).
(2)  A conservation agreement may contain terms, binding on the owner from time to time of the conservation area:
(a)  restricting the use of the area,
(b)  requiring the owner to refrain from or not to permit specified activities in the area,
(c)  requiring the owner to carry out specified activities or do specified things,
(d)  requiring the owner to permit access to the area by specified persons,
(e)  requiring the owner to contribute towards costs incurred which relate to the area or the agreement,
(f)  specifying the manner in which any money provided to the owner under the agreement shall be applied by the owner,
(g)  requiring the owner to repay money paid to the owner under the agreement if a specified breach of the agreement occurs, or
(h)  providing for any other matter relating to the conservation or enhancement of the area, including the implementation of any plan of management for the area.
(3)  A conservation agreement may contain terms, binding on the Minister:
(a)  requiring the Minister to provide financial assistance,
(b)  requiring the Minister to provide technical advice,
(c)  requiring the Minister to provide other assistance,
(d)  requiring the Minister to carry out specified activities or do specified things, or
(e)  providing for any other matter relating to the conservation or enhancement of the conservation area, including the implementation of any plan of management for the area.
s 69C: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5). Am 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (7); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [37]–[39].
69D   Duration and variation of conservation agreements
(1)  A conservation agreement shall have effect from a day, or on the happening of an event, specified in the agreement.
(2)  An agreement may be varied by a subsequent agreement between the Minister and the owner of the conservation area.
(3)  An agreement shall have effect until it is terminated by consent of both the Minister and the owner of the conservation area or in any such other manner or in such circumstances as may be set out in the agreement.
(4)  An agreement may be varied or terminated by the Minister, by order published in the Gazette, without the consent of the owner of the conservation area, if the Minister is of the opinion that the area is no longer needed for, or is no longer capable of being used to achieve, any purpose for which the agreement was entered into.
(5)  A copy of the order shall be laid before each House of Parliament within the prescribed time after publication of the order.
(5A)  The Minister is not to vary or terminate an agreement under subsection (4) unless:
(a)  written notice of the Minister’s intention to vary or terminate the agreement has been given to the owner of the conservation area stating that the owner may make submissions to the Minister within the period specified in the notice (being a period of not less than 28 days), and
(b)  the Minister has considered any submissions made by the owner of the conservation area, being submissions made within that specified period.
(6)  If an agreement is varied by the Minister under subsection (4), the owner of the conservation area may, by written notice given to the Minister, terminate the agreement.
(7)  The owner of a conservation area is not entitled to any compensation as a result of any variation or termination of an agreement by the Minister under subsection (4).
s 69D: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5). Am 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [49].
69E   Agreements to run with land
(1)  A conservation agreement which has been registered by the Registrar-General and which is in force is binding on, and enforceable by and against, the successors in title to the owner who entered into the agreement and those successors in title shall be deemed to have notice of the agreement.
(2)  In this section:
successors in title includes a mortgagee, chargee, covenant chargee or other person, in possession of a conservation area pursuant to a mortgage, charge, positive covenant or other encumbrance entered into before the registration of the conservation agreement.
ss 69E–69H: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5).
69F   Registration of agreements
(1)  On being notified by the Minister that a conservation agreement has been entered into, or that any such agreement has been varied or terminated, the Registrar-General shall:
(a)  register the agreement, variation or termination in the General Register of Deeds, and
(b)  if appropriate, make an entry:
(i)  in any folio of the Register kept under the Real Property Act 1900, or
(ii)  in any official record relating to Crown land,
which relates to the conservation area.
(2)  A conservation agreement relating to land under the Real Property Act 1900 about which an entry is made in a folio and which is in force is an interest recorded in the folio for the purposes of section 42 of that Act.
ss 69E–69H: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5).
69G   Enforcement of agreements
(1)  Proceedings relating to the enforcement of conservation agreements shall be taken in the Land and Environment Court.
(2)  Damages shall not be awarded against the owner of a conservation area for breach of a conservation agreement unless the breach arose from an intentional or reckless act or omission by the owner or a previous owner of the land (being an act or omission of which the owner had notice).
(3)  In assessing damages for breach of a conservation agreement by an owner, the Court may have regard to:
(a)  any detriment to the public interest arising from the breach,
(b)  any financial or other benefit that the owner sought to gain by committing the breach, and
(c)  any other matter that it considers relevant.
(4)  Except as provided by subsection (2), nothing in this section limits the remedies of a party under a conservation agreement.
ss 69E–69H: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5).
69H   Register of agreements
(1)  The Director-General shall keep a register containing copies of conservation agreements as in force from time to time.
(2)  The register shall be open for public inspection during ordinary business hours, and copies of or extracts from the register shall be available, on payment of the fee fixed by the Director-General.
ss 69E–69H: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5).
69I   Proposals by statutory authorities affecting conservation areas
(1)  A statutory authority shall not carry out development in a conservation area unless:
(a)  it has given written notice of the proposed development to the Minister and the owner of the area, and
(b)  it has received written notice from the Minister consenting to the development.
(2)  The Minister may consent to the development only if the Minister is of the opinion that the proposed development will not adversely affect the area or the Minister is satisfied that:
(a)  there is no practicable alternative to the carrying out of the proposed development, or
(b)  the area is required for an essential public purpose or for a purpose of special significance to the State.
(3)  For the purpose of enabling a statutory authority to carry out development in a conservation area, the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, vary or terminate a conservation agreement without the consent of the owner of the conservation area.
(4)  A copy of the order shall be laid before each House of Parliament within the prescribed time after publication of the order.
(4A)  The Minister is not to vary or terminate an agreement under subsection (3) unless:
(a)  written notice of the Minister’s intention to vary or terminate the agreement has been given to the owner of the conservation area stating that the owner may make submissions to the Minister within the period specified in the notice (being a period of not less than 28 days), and
(b)  the Minister has considered any submissions made by the owner of the conservation area, being submissions made within that specified period.
(5)  If an agreement is varied by the Minister under this section, the owner of the conservation area may, by written notice given to the Minister, terminate the agreement.
(6)  The owner of a conservation area is not entitled to any compensation as a result of any variation or termination of an agreement by the Minister under this section.
(7)  In this section, statutory authority does not include the Soil Conservation Service.
(8)  This section does not apply to any part of a conservation area that is a wilderness area within the meaning of the Wilderness Act 1987.
s 69I: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5). Am 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (10); 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [50].
69J   Resolution of certain disputes
(1)  If:
(a)  a statutory authority proposes to carry out development in a conservation area, and
(b)  in relation to the proposal, a dispute arises between the Minister and the Minister responsible for the authority or the Minister administering the Act by or under which the authority is constituted,
a party to the dispute may submit that dispute to the Premier for settlement.
(2)  On the submission of a dispute to the Premier, the Premier may:
(a)  appoint a Commissioner of Inquiry to hold an inquiry and make a report to the Premier, or
(b)  hold an inquiry into the dispute.
(3)  After the completion of the inquiry, and after considering any report, the Premier may make such order with respect to the dispute, having regard to the public interest and to the circumstances of the case, as the Premier thinks fit.
(4)  An order made by the Premier may direct the payment of any costs or expenses of or incidental to the holding of the inquiry.
(5)  A Minister or statutory authority shall comply with an order given under this section and shall, despite the provisions of any Act, be empowered to comply with any such order.
s 69J: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (5).
69K   Exhibition of proposed agreements
(1)  When a draft conservation agreement between the Minister and a statutory authority or another Minister, or which applies to Crown lands or lands of the Crown, has been prepared, the Minister must, before entering into the agreement:
(a)  give public notice, in a form and manner determined by the Director-General, of the places at which, the dates on which, and the times during which, the draft agreement may be inspected by the public, and
(b)  publicly exhibit the draft agreement at the places, on the dates and during the times set out in the notice, and
(c)  specify, in the notice, the period during which submissions concerning the draft agreement may be made to the Minister.
(2)  The Minister must cause a copy of the draft conservation agreement to be forwarded to the Council.
(3)  Any person may, during the period referred to in subsection (1) (c), make written submissions to the Minister about the draft agreement.
(4)  The Minister must, before entering into the agreement, consider any submissions made under subsection (3) or by the Council.
(5)  This section does not apply to land leased by a person (other than a statutory authority or a Minister) if the lease is made under the Crown Lands Act 1989, the Crown Lands (Continued Tenures) Act 1989 or the Western Lands Act 1901.
(6)  This section applies to a draft amendment to a conservation agreement in the same way as it applies to a draft conservation agreement.
s 69K: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [51].
Division 8 Offences relating to wildlife districts, wildlife refuges, wildlife management areas and conservation areas
pt 4, div 8, hdg: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (6).
70   Fauna in wildlife districts, wildlife refuges, wildlife management areas, conservation areas and certain wilderness areas
(1)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any fauna, or
(b)  use any animal, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device or instrument or means whatever for the purpose of harming any fauna,
being fauna within a wildlife district, wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement.
(2)  A person shall not:
(a)  carry, discharge or have in the person’s possession any prohibited weapon,
(b)  carry or have in the person’s possession any explosive, net, trap or hunting device, or
(c)  be accompanied by a dog,
in a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or that the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121, a game licence under section 122, a trapper’s licence under section 123 or a licence under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (2) in respect of the carrying or having in the person’s possession of a net in a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement if the person proves that the net was carried or in the person’s possession for the purpose only of taking, or attempting to take, fish from any waters.
(5)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming of any fauna in a wildlife district, being fauna that is not native to Australia and that is either:
(a)  not protected fauna, or
(b)  locally unprotected fauna under section 96.
(6)  A person, being an owner, lessee or occupier of any lands within a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement, or a person authorised by such an owner, lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of:
(a)  an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming of any fauna within those lands, being fauna that is not native to Australia and that is either:
(i)  not protected fauna, or
(ii)  locally unprotected fauna under section 96, or
(b)  an offence arising under subsection (2) in relation to those lands.
(6AA)  Subsections (5) and (6) do not apply to the harming for sporting or recreational purposes of game birds that are locally unprotected fauna.
(6A)  Subject to subsection (6B), a person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under this section if:
(a)  the offence occurred with respect to a conservation area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement, and
(b)  the act or the state of affairs constituting the offence did not contravene the conservation agreement or wilderness protection agreement relating to the area.
(6B)  Subsection (6A) does not extend to the damaging of critical habitat or the harming of threatened species, populations or ecological communities.
(7)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1) or (2) or both.
s 70: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (21); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (7); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (11); 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [2]; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [40]–[46].
71   Native plants in wildlife refuges, wildlife management areas, conservation areas and certain wilderness areas
(1)  A person shall not pick or have in the person’s possession any native plant within a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement.
(2)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or the state of affairs constituting the offence existed:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence issued under Division 3 of Part 9, a licence under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or a licence issued under the Forestry Act 1916, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act.
(3)  A person, being an owner, lessee or occupier of any lands within a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement, or a person authorised by such an owner, lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the picking or the possession of a native plant (not being a plant of a threatened species) that is or was growing within those lands.
(3A)  Subject to subsection (3B), a person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under this section if:
(a)  the offence occurred with respect to a conservation area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement, and
(b)  the act or the state of affairs constituting the offence did not contravene the conservation agreement or wilderness protection agreement relating to the area.
(3B)  Subsection (3A) does not extend to the damaging of critical habitat or the harming of threatened species, populations or ecological communities.
(4)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1).
s 71: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (22); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (8); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (12); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [47]–[50].
Part 4A Aboriginal land
pt 4A: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Division 1 Preliminary
pt 4A, div 1 (ss 71B–71D): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71B   Definitions
In this Part:
Aboriginal Land Council, Local Aboriginal Land Council and New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council have the same meanings as in the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983.
Aboriginal negotiating panel means a panel appointed in accordance with section 71G or 71H of Division 2.
Aboriginal owner board members—see section 5 (1).
Aboriginal owners—see section 5 (1).
ALR Act lands means lands to which section 36A of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 applies that are granted to one or more Aboriginal Land Councils under that Act.
Note—
Part 6 of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 makes provision as to land rights and the grant of claims to Crown lands. Section 36A, within that Part, makes provision for the grant of certain land claims, despite the fact that the lands involved are needed, or likely to be needed, for the essential public purpose of nature conservation, if the claimant Aboriginal Land Councils are prepared to lease the lands to the Minister administering this Act and are agreeable to the reservation or dedication of the lands under this Act and in accordance with the requirements of this Part.
board of management—see section 5 (1).
native title or native title rights and interests has the same meaning as it has in the Native Title Act 1993 of the Commonwealth.
Registrar means the Registrar appointed under section 49 of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983.
Schedule 14 lands means lands reserved or dedicated under this Act that are listed in Schedule 14.
pt 4A, div 1 (ss 71B–71D): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71C   Purpose of Part
(1)  The purpose of this Part is to make provision as to the lease to the Minister, and the reservation or dedication, under this Act of Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands.
(2)  So far as Schedule 14 lands are concerned, this Part provides for the recognition of the cultural significance of those lands to Aboriginals and the revocation of their reservation or dedication under this Act to enable them:
(a)  to be vested, on behalf of the Aboriginal owners, in one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils or the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, and
(b)  to be leased by the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils to the Minister, and
(c)  to be then reserved or dedicated under this Act in accordance with this Part.
(3)  So far as ALR Act lands are concerned, this Part provides for the lease of the lands by the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which they are vested to the Minister and the reservation or dedication of the lands under this Act in accordance with this Part.
(4)  The taking of any action referred to in this section in relation to Schedule 14 lands or ALR Act lands is subject to any native title rights and interests existing in relation to the lands immediately before the taking of the action and does not extinguish or impair such rights and interests.
pt 4A, div 1 (ss 71B–71D): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71D   Recognition of cultural significance of certain lands to Aboriginals
(1)  Parliament recognises that certain lands reserved or dedicated under this Act are of cultural significance to Aboriginals. Land is of cultural significance to Aboriginals if the land is significant in terms of the traditions, observances, customs, beliefs or history of Aboriginals.
(2)  The lands listed in Schedule 14 are identified as being of cultural significance to Aboriginals.
pt 4A, div 1 (ss 71B–71D): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Division 2 Negotiations for lease
pt 4A, div 2: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71E   Application of Division
This Division applies to and in respect of Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands.
ss 71E–71G: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71F   Purpose of negotiations
(1)  Negotiations under this Division are to be conducted for 2 purposes.
(2)  Firstly, so far as Schedule 14 lands are concerned, negotiations are to be conducted to determine whether one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils or the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council wishes to have the present reservation or dedication of lands revoked so that the lands may be vested, subject to native title, in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in return for:
(a)  a lease of the lands from the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils to the Minister, and
(b)  the reservation or dedication of the lands in accordance with this Part.
(3)  So far as lands that are the subject of a claim referred to in section 36A of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 are concerned, negotiations are to be conducted with the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils that have claimed the lands under that Act to determine whether the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils are agreeable, if the claim is granted, to the lease of the lands to the Minister and the reservation or dedication of the lands in accordance with this Part.
(4)  Secondly, if negotiations under subsection (2) or (3) result in an affirmative response, the negotiations are to continue with a view to settling the provisions of the proposed lease between the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerned and the Minister.
ss 71E–71G: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71G   Selection of representatives for negotiations before Aboriginal owners identified
(1)  This section applies if, at the time negotiations under this Division commence, Aboriginal owners of the lands that are the subject of the negotiations have not been identified.
(2)  The Minister administering the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 may, for the purposes of the conduct of negotiations under this Division in circumstances referred to in subsection (1), appoint a negotiating panel from Aboriginals to represent Aboriginals who, in the Minister’s opinion, have a cultural association with the lands concerned.
(3)  The Minister may, for the purposes of making appointments to the panel, consult with any other person or body (including any group formed by Aboriginals) that may, in the Minister’s opinion, assist the Minister to ensure that the panel is appropriately constituted.
ss 71E–71G: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71H   Selection of representatives for negotiations after Aboriginal owners identified
(1)  This section applies if, at the time negotiations under this Division commence, the Minister administering the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 is, after consulting the Registrar, satisfied a sufficient number of Aboriginal owners of the lands concerned has been identified to enable that Minister to select a negotiating panel from their number that will adequately represent the wishes of Aboriginals who have a cultural association with the lands.
(2)  The Minister administering the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 may, for the purposes of the conduct of negotiations under this Division in circumstances referred to in subsection (1), and after consulting the Aboriginal owners of the lands concerned or any group representing them concerning nominees to the negotiating panel, appoint a negotiating panel from the Aboriginal owners to represent Aboriginals who have a cultural association with the lands concerned.
(3)  The Minister may, for the purposes of making appointments to the panel, consult with any other person or body (including any group formed by Aboriginals) that, in the Minister’s opinion, may assist the Minister to ensure that the panel is appropriately constituted.
s 71H: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21]. Am 1997 No 147, Sch 2.18 [1].
71I   Role of Aboriginal negotiating panel
The role of an Aboriginal negotiating panel is:
(a)  to participate in negotiations with the Minister and one or more Aboriginal Land Councils for the purposes of this Division, and
(b)  to provide the Minister with advice as to the cultural significance to Aboriginals of any ALR Act lands that are the subject of negotiations under this Part, and
(c)  to recommend a name for any lands to be reserved or dedicated pursuant to this Part as a result of the negotiations.
ss 71I–71L: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71J   Minister may negotiate with Aboriginal negotiating panel and Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  The Minister may enter into negotiations for the purposes of this Division with an Aboriginal negotiating panel appointed in accordance with this Division and:
(a)  one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils whose members have a cultural association with Schedule 14 lands, or
(b)  the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council on behalf of one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils referred to in paragraph (a), or
(c)  the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council on its own behalf, or
(d)  one or more Aboriginal Land Councils that have made a claim for lands to which section 36A of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 applies.
(2)  The Minister may enter into negotiations with one Local Aboriginal Land Council whose members have a cultural association with Schedule 14 lands with which members of one or more other Local Aboriginal Land Councils also have a cultural association only if:
(a)  the members of each of those Councils, and
(b)  the Aboriginal negotiating panel,
consent to the Minister negotiating with that Local Aboriginal Land Council.
ss 71I–71L: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71K   Referral of disagreements between Aboriginal negotiating panel and Aboriginal Land Councils to mediation
(1)  Any disagreement between an Aboriginal negotiating panel and an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerning negotiations under this Division that cannot be resolved otherwise is to be referred to a mediator selected by, and acceptable to, the Aboriginal negotiating panel and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils for resolution.
(2)  The Minister may decline to proceed with the negotiations until the disagreement has been resolved.
(3)  The Aboriginal negotiating panel and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerned are to be jointly responsible for payment of the costs of the mediation.
(4)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to the mediation of disagreements under this section including the exoneration of mediators from liability.
ss 71I–71L: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71L   Preference to vesting in Local Aboriginal Land Council—Schedule 14 lands
If both a Local Aboriginal Land Council or Councils and the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council on its own behalf indicate that they wish Schedule 14 lands to be vested in them, the Minister is to give preference with respect to the vesting:
(a)  if the Minister is satisfied, after consulting the Registrar, that sufficient Aboriginal owners of the lands have been identified to adequately represent the wishes of Aboriginals who have a cultural association with the lands—to the wishes of the Aboriginal owners, or
(b)  if Aboriginal owners of the lands have not been so identified—to the wishes of the Local Aboriginal Land Council or Councils.
ss 71I–71L: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Division 3 Vesting and reservation or dedication of Schedule 14 lands
pt 4A, div 3: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71M   Application of Division
This Division applies to and in respect of Schedule 14 lands only unless this Act otherwise expressly provides.
Note—
See Division 4 as to the application of sections 71R–71U to ALR Act lands and Division 8 as to the application of sections 71R–71T to lands added to national parks or other areas reserved or dedicated under this Part.
ss 71M–71Q: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71N   Tabling of proposal if change of land classification involved
(1)  This section applies if, as a result of negotiations concerning Schedule 14 lands, it is proposed that the classification of the lands concerned under this Act, as listed in Schedule 14, be changed to another classification (such as, for example, from a nature reserve to a national park) when the lands are vested in an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils under this Part.
(2)  The Minister is to cause a notification of such a proposal to be laid before each House of Parliament as soon as practicable after the parties to the negotiations decide that the classification of the lands should be changed.
(3)  If a House of Parliament passes a resolution of which notice has been given within 15 sitting days of that House after a notification has been laid before it (whether or not those sitting days occur during the same session) and the resolution disallows the notification, no further action is to be taken in the matter.
(4)  Nothing in this section prevents the Minister, at some later time, causing to be laid before each House of Parliament in accordance with this Division a notification that has previously been tabled, either with or without amendments.
ss 71M–71Q: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71O   Vesting and reservation or dedication of Schedule 14 lands
(1)  This section applies if:
(a)  no change in the classification of the Schedule 14 lands to which negotiations relate is proposed, or
(b)  no resolution disallowing a notification concerning a change in the classification of the Schedule 14 lands is or can be passed.
(2)  On completion of negotiations concerning the Schedule 14 lands and preparation of a draft lease in respect of those lands that is acceptable to, and has been executed in escrow by, the Minister and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerned, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette:
(a)  revoke the existing reservation or the dedication under this Act of the lands that are the subject of the proposed lease, and
(b)  vest those lands in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils that are to lease the lands to the Minister (and, if more than one, as joint tenants (without the benefit of survivorship)), subject to the following:
(i)  any native title rights and interests that exist in relation to the lands concerned,
(ii)  any existing interest within the meaning of section 39,
(iii)  any licence issued under Part 9,
(iv)  any lease, licence, franchise or easement granted under Part 12,
(v)  any authority or consent issued under this Act or the regulations, and
(c)  reserve or dedicate those lands, with the appropriate classification, under this Act, subject to any matter referred to in paragraph (b) (i)–(v).
ss 71M–71Q: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71P   Effect of publication of proclamation
(1)  On publication of the proclamation, the existing reservation or dedication under this Act of the lands described in the proclamation is revoked. This subsection has effect despite anything else in this Act.
(2)  On publication of the proclamation, the lands described in the proclamation vest, by virtue of the proclamation and the operation of this section, in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils (and, if more than one, as joint tenants (without the benefit of survivorship)) named as lessor or lessors in the lease for an estate in fee simple without the necessity for any further assurance, but subject to the following:
(a)  any native title rights and interests that exist in relation to the lands concerned,
(b)  any existing interest within the meaning of section 39,
(c)  any licence issued under Part 9,
(d)  any lease, licence, franchise or easement granted under Part 12,
(e)  any authority or consent issued under this Act or the regulations.
(3)  On publication of the proclamation, the lease takes effect and is taken to have been executed on, and its term commences to run from, the date of publication of the proclamation.
(4)  On publication of the proclamation, the lands described in the proclamation are, despite the fact that the lands are vested in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils, reserved or dedicated, with the appropriate classification, under this Act in accordance with this Part, subject to any matter referred to in subsection (2) (a)–(e).
ss 71M–71Q: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71Q   Certain other consequences of publication of proclamation
On publication of the proclamation:
(a)  the Director-General continues, until the establishment of a board of management for the lands, to have the care, control and management of the lands and may exercise on and with respect to those lands any power, authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on the Director-General by or under this or any other Act, and
(b)  the Service and the officers, employees and contractors of the Minister, the Director-General and the Service may (subject to any plan of management in force with respect to the lands and to any directions given and supervision and oversight exercised by the board of management for the lands) exercise on and with respect to those lands any power, authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on any one or more of them by or under this or any other Act, and
(c)  any regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to the lands continue to apply to the lands and may be amended and repealed accordingly, and
(d)  any plan of management that, immediately before that publication, applied to the lands continues, subject to this Act, to apply to the lands and may be amended, altered or cancelled accordingly, and
(e)  any existing interest (within the meaning of section 39), any licence issued under Part 9, any lease, licence, franchise or easement granted under Part 12 and any authority or consent issued under this Act or the regulations that affect the lands, or any part of the lands, and that are current at the date of the proclamation continue to have effect and may be terminated or otherwise dealt with in accordance with this Act or the instrument under which they were granted, and
(f)  any fee, rent or other sum that is payable under or with respect to any matter referred to in paragraph (e) is, despite any other requirement to the contrary, to be paid as required by section 138, and
(g)  any declaration made under Division 3 of Part 4 or under the Wilderness Act 1987 with respect to the lands, or any part of the lands, continues in force and may be varied or revoked accordingly.
ss 71M–71Q: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71R   Certain provisions not to apply to lands reserved or dedicated under Division
(1)  Division 2 of Part 3 (Advisory committees) and sections 33–36, 46, 47, 47B–47D, 47F (as amended by the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 1996), 49 (1), (2) and (4)–(6), 50, 51, 58, 58A (1), (2), (4), (5) and (8), 58B, 58C, 58J, 58K (1), (2) and (4)–(6), 58L, 58S and 62 do not apply to or in respect of lands reserved or dedicated under this Division.
(2)  Sections 47GA–47GG, 47O, 47P (1) and 47Q–47Y (as inserted by the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 1996) do not apply to or in respect of a state recreation area or a regional park reserved under this Part.
(3)  Subsection (1) does not limit section 71Q.
s 71R: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21]. Am 1996 No 142, Sch 4 [1].
71S   Application of certain provisions to lands reserved under Division
(1)  Sections 37–44, 47G, 47H, 47I (as substituted by the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 1996), 47J, 47K and 47L (as substituted by the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 1996) apply to and in respect of lands reserved under this Division in the same way as they apply to and in respect of lands reserved under Part 4.
(2)  Sections 47P (2), 47Z, 47ZA and 47ZB (as inserted by the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 1996) apply to and in respect of lands reserved under this Division in the same way as they apply to and in respect of lands reserved under Part 4.
s 71S: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21]. Am 1996 No 142, Sch 4 [2].
71T   Application of certain provisions to lands dedicated under Division
(1)  Sections 39, 43, 44, 58F, 58O and 64 apply to and in respect of lands dedicated under this Division in the same way as they apply to and in respect of lands reserved under Part 4.
(2)  Sections 49 (3), 52–55, 58A (3), (6) and (7), 58D, 58E, 58G, 58K (3), 58M, 58N and 58P apply to lands dedicated under this Division in the same way as they apply to lands dedicated under Part 4.
ss 71T–71W: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71U   Name of Schedule 14 lands
(1)  The proclamation laid before Parliament under this Division must assign a name to the Schedule 14 lands (or the part or parts of Schedule 14 lands) proposed to be reserved or dedicated under this Division.
(2)  The name so assigned must be the name recommended by the Aboriginal negotiating panel involved in the negotiations for the vesting and leasing of the lands, and may be the same name as, or a different name from, that listed in Schedule 14.
(3)  The Governor may, on the recommendation of the Aboriginal owner board members for lands reserved or dedicated under this Division, by proclamation published in the Gazette:
(a)  alter the name of the lands, and
(b)  amend Schedule 14 by omitting the former name, and by inserting instead the new name, of the lands.
(4)  If a part or parts only of Schedule 14 lands are reserved or dedicated under this Division, the Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, assign a new name for the part or parts of the Schedule 14 lands that are not reserved or dedicated under this Division.
(5)  Section 12 (1) of the Geographical Names Act 1966 does not apply to a name assigned under this Division (or that name as altered or amended). The name so assigned, or the name as so altered or amended, is, for the purposes of the Geographical Names Act 1966, the geographical name of the place to which it relates.
(6)  If, before the reservation or dedication under this Division of Schedule 14 lands, the name of the lands is altered pursuant to the publication of a proclamation under Part 4 of this Act, that proclamation or another proclamation published in the Gazette may amend Schedule 14 by omitting the former name, and by inserting instead the new name, of the lands.
ss 71T–71W: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71V   No consideration payable by Aboriginal Land Council on vesting of lands
(1)  No consideration is payable to the Crown by an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in relation to the vesting in the Council or Councils of lands pursuant to the publication of a proclamation under this Division.
(2)  No stamp duty under the Stamp Duties Act 1920 is payable by an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in relation to any such vesting.
ss 71T–71W: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71W   Reservation or dedication of part only of Schedule 14 lands
(1)  Nothing in this Part prevents the negotiation of a lease and the reservation or dedication under this Part of a part or parts only of Schedule 14 lands.
(2)  In that event:
(a)  on the establishment of a board of management for the part or parts of the Schedule 14 lands that are the subject of the lease, the care, control and management of that part or those parts only of the Schedule 14 lands vest in the board of management, and
(b)  the provisions of this Act relating to the harming of animals and the picking of timber, vegetation, plants and similar things by Aboriginals apply to and in respect of the part or parts only of the Schedule 14 lands that are the subject of the lease, and
(c)  the provisions of this Part relating to Schedule 14 lands that are leased and reserved or dedicated under this Part apply to and in respect of the part or parts only of the Schedule 14 lands that are the subject of the lease.
Note—
See sections 31, 47BA, 47OA, 48, 58 (4A), 58K (4A) and 63 as to the vesting of reserved or dedicated lands on the establishment of a board of management under this Part and sections 45 (6), 56 (7), 57 (7), 58H (7), 58I (7), 58Q (7) and 58R (7) as to the harming of animals and the picking of timber, vegetation, plants and similar things by Aboriginals.
ss 71T–71W: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Division 4 Reservation or dedication of ALR Act lands
pt 4A, div 4: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71X   Application of Division
(1)  This Division applies to and in respect of lands to which section 36A of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 applies and to ALR Act lands only.
(2)  This Division applies to lands only if:
(a)  the Minister is satisfied that the lands proposed to be reserved or dedicated under this Act are of sufficient natural conservation value to justify such reservation or dedication, and
(b)  negotiations under Division 2 concerning the preparation of a draft lease in respect of the lands have been concluded and a lease, prepared as the result of the negotiations, has been executed in escrow by the Minister and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerned.
Note—
Section 36A of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 applies to certain Crown lands having nature conservation value that are the subject of a claim under that Act.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71Y   Reservation or dedication of ALR Act lands
The Governor may, on the grant under the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 of ALR Act lands that are referred to in section 71X (2), by proclamation published in the Gazette:
(a)  reserve, as a national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park, or
(b)  dedicate, as a nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area,
the lands under this Act in accordance with this Part.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71Z   Effect of publication of proclamation
(1)  On publication of the proclamation, the lease of the lands takes effect and is taken to have been executed on, and its term commences to run from, the date of publication of the proclamation.
(2)  On publication of the proclamation, the lands described in the proclamation are, despite the fact that the lands are vested in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils, reserved or dedicated under this Act according to the tenor of the proclamation.
(3)  The leasing and vesting of ALR Act lands under this section is subject to the following:
(a)  any native title rights and interests that exist in relation to the lands concerned,
(b)  any existing interest within the meaning of section 39.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AA   Certain other consequences of publication of proclamation
On publication of a proclamation under this Division:
(a)  the Director-General has, until the establishment of a board of management for the lands, the care, control and management of the lands and may exercise on and with respect to those lands any power, authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on the Director-General by or under this or any other Act, and
(b)  the Service and the officers, employees and contractors of the Minister, the Director-General and the Service may (subject to any plan of management in force with respect to the lands and to any directions given and supervision and oversight exercised by the board of management for the lands) exercise on and with respect to those lands any power, authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on any one or more of them by or under this or any other Act.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AB   Applications of certain provisions to ALR Act lands
(1)  Sections 71R, 71S and 71T apply to and in respect of ALR Act lands in the same way that they apply to and in respect of Schedule 14 lands.
(2)  Section 71U (1)–(4) applies to and in respect of ALR Act lands in the same way that it applies to and in respect of Schedule 14 lands except that:
(a)  references in those subsections to a proclamation under Division 3 are to be read as references to a proclamation under this Division, and
(b)  references in those subsections to Schedule 14 lands are to be read as references to ALR Act lands.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Division 5 Provisions as to leases
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AC   Application of Division
This Division applies to and in respect of Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AD   Matters to be covered in lease between Aboriginal Land Council and Minister
(1)  A lease of lands under this Part must make provision for the following:
(a)  the leasing of the whole of the lands vested in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils to the Minister, subject to native title,
(b)  a term of at least 30 years,
(c)  the renewal of the lease for a further term of at least 30 years, with no limitation on the number of times the lease may be so renewed, provided that each party consents to the renewal,
(d)  the manner in which the lease is to be renewed,
(e)  the replacement of the lease, in accordance with this Part, with a new lease,
(f)  an acknowledgement that the care, control and management of the lands is to be vested in a board of management established under this Part,
(g)  an acknowledgement that the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands are vested hold the lands on behalf of the Aboriginal owners of the lands,
(h)  an acknowledgement that the Service and the officers, employees and contractors of the Minister, the Director-General and the Service are (subject to any plan of management in force with respect to the lands and to any directions given and supervision and oversight exercised by the board of management for the lands) entitled to exercise on and with respect to the lands any power, authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on any one or more of them by or under this or any other Act,
(i)  an acknowledgement that the Aboriginal owners of the lands, and any other Aboriginals who have the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members, are entitled (subject to this and any other Act applying to the lands and any plan of management in force with respect to the lands) to enter and use the lands for hunting or fishing for, or the gathering of, traditional foods for domestic purposes and for ceremonial and cultural purposes to the extent that that entry or use is in accordance with the tradition of the Aboriginal owners,
(j)  an acknowledgement that the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands are vested and their employees, contractors and agents must comply with the provisions of this and any other Act applying to the lands, the regulations and any plan of management in force with respect to the lands, including provisions concerning the protection of animals, trees, timber, plants, flowers and vegetation,
(k)  an acknowledgement that the lease is subject to any existing interest within the meaning of section 39, any licence issued under Part 9, any lease, licence, franchise or easement granted under Part 12 and any authority or consent issued under this Act or the regulations affecting the lands, or any part of the lands, that is current on the date on which the lands are vested in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils,
(l)  the grant, extension or extinguishment of any interest, licence, lease, franchise, easement, authority or consent of a kind referred to in paragraph (k) subject to the requirements of this Act and, in the case of an extension or extinguishment, to any instrument under which the interest, licence, lease, franchise, easement, authority or consent was granted,
(m)  an acknowledgement that the public generally has (subject to any plan of management in force with respect to the lands) a right of access to the lands in accordance with this Act and the regulations,
(n)  a term acknowledging that the lands, or any part of the lands, may not be the subject of any sale, exchange, disposal or mortgage and providing that, to the extent to which the lands may otherwise be dealt with, any such dealing must be only with the prior written consent of the Minister.
(2)  A lease under this Part must also make provision for the following:
(a)  a requirement that the Minister consult with the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands are vested before the making, amending or repealing of any regulations in respect of the lands,
(b)  a requirement that consultations concerning the operation of the lease are to involve the Director-General and the board of management for the lands,
(c)  the compliance by the parties to the lease with any requirements that arise because the lands are, or a part of the lands is, situated in an area listed as an item of cultural heritage or natural heritage of outstanding universal value in accordance with:
(i)  the World Heritage Properties Conservation Act 1983 of the Commonwealth, and
(ii)  the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, being the convention a copy of the English text of which is set out in the Schedule to the Commonwealth Act referred to in subparagraph (i).
(3)  As a condition of a lease under this Part, the Minister must undertake to use the Minister’s best endeavours to implement the Aboriginal Employment and Training Plan 1991–1996 published by the National Parks and Wildlife Service in October 1991 or any plan replacing that Plan and, in particular, any timetable set out in such a plan. The Minister must report to Parliament from time to time on progress achieved in implementing any such plan.
(4)  The lease may make provision for such other matters, not inconsistent with this Act or the regulations, as the Minister and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils consider appropriate.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AE   Rent payable under lease
(1)  The Minister is to pay rent under any lease entered into with an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils under this Part.
(2)  All rent payable by virtue of this section is payable out of the Consolidated Fund, which, to the necessary extent, is appropriated accordingly.
(3)  The rent is to be an amount, negotiated by the parties or otherwise fixed in accordance with this section, that compensates the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils for the fact that it or they do not have the full use and enjoyment of the lands the subject of the lease.
(4)  In negotiating the rent, the parties are to have regard to the following matters:
(a)  the nature, size and location of the lands concerned and the nature of the infrastructure and improvements, if any, on the lands,
(b)  the nature of the ownership rights in the lands that the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils possess,
(c)  the provisions of this Act and the lease relating to the lands,
(d)  the extent to which the cultural significance of the lands to Aboriginal persons restricts the use that may be made of the lands under the lease,
(e)  the arrangements contained in this Act and the lease for the care, control, management and development of the lands,
(f)  the amount of rent payable under leases of lands adjoining or in the vicinity of the lands the subject of the lease,
(g)  the amounts realised on recent sales of freehold or leasehold land adjoining or in the vicinity of the lands the subject of the lease.
(5)  If the parties are unable to agree on the rent to be paid, the matter is to be referred to a mediator, experienced in valuation matters, selected by, and acceptable to, the Minister and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils.
(6)  The regulations may make provision for and with respect to the mediation of a matter under this section including the remuneration of mediators and the exoneration of mediators from liability.
(7)  If the mediator is unable to resolve the matter within a reasonable period, the Minister may request the Valuer-General to fix the rent to be paid.
(8)  The Valuer-General, in fixing the rent, is to have regard to the matters referred to in subsection (4) and any other matters that the Valuer-General notifies to the parties and considers to be relevant. The decision of the Valuer-General as to the rent is final.
(9)  The rent is payable by the Minister, on annual rests, to the credit of the separate account in the Fund referred to in section 138 (1B) for payment out in accordance with section 139 (5).
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AF   Dating of lease
On publication of a proclamation under Division 3 or 4, the Minister must cause the date of publication of the proclamation to be inserted in the lease as:
(a)  the date of execution of the lease, and
(b)  the date of the commencement of the term of the lease.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AG   Registrar-General to enter particulars of vesting and lease in register
(1)  On publication of a proclamation under Division 3 or 4, there must be lodged at the Land Titles Office:
(a)  all title documents held by the Minister or the Director-General (in the case of Schedule 14 lands) or by the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerned (in the case of ALR Act lands) in relation to the lands referred to in the proclamation, and
(b)  the lease, completed with the date of execution and commencement of the term.
(2)  On lodgment of those documents, the Registrar-General must enter in the appropriate register particulars of:
(a)  in the case of Schedule 14 land—the vesting of the lands in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerned, and
(b)  in the case of Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands—of the lease of those lands to the Minister.
(3)  Following entry of the particulars, the Registrar-General must deliver the title documents to the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AH   Regular review of lease required
(1)  At least once every 5 years during the term of a lease under this Part:
(a)  the Director-General, on behalf of the Minister, and
(b)  the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands are vested, and
(c)  the Aboriginal owner board members for the lands concerned,
must consider whether or not any one or more of the provisions of the lease (including provisions relating to rent and the term of the lease) require amendment.
(2)  The review must include a consideration of the adequacy of the then existing arrangements for management of the lands concerned and whether a recommendation should be made for amendments to this Act to meet specific requirements relating to the management of those lands.
(3)  If a party to the lease or the Aboriginal owner board members fail to agree to an amendment proposed by another party, the disagreement is to be arbitrated in accordance with this Part.
(4)  A lease may be amended by agreement of the parties and the Aboriginal owner board members as a result of the consultations despite any other provision of this or any other Act or law or of the lease.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AI   Re-negotiation of lease before expiry of lease term
(1)  At least 5 years before the expiry of each term of a lease under this Part:
(a)  the Director-General, on behalf of the Minister, and
(b)  the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands are vested, and
(c)  the Aboriginal owner board members for the lands concerned,
must consider whether or not any one or more of the provisions of the lease should be amended to enable the lease to operate more effectively.
(2)  If it is agreed that a provision does require amendment, the Director-General, the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils and the Aboriginal owner board members must negotiate on and prepare the required amendment at least 2 years before the expiry of the then current term of the lease.
(3)  Any amendment prepared in accordance with subsection (2) and agreed to by the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils must be presented to the Minister for approval at least 18 months before the expiry of the then current term of the lease.
(4)  If an amendment is approved by the Minister, a new lease must be prepared incorporating the amended provision.
(5)  At least 6 months before the expiry of the then current term of the lease, the new lease should, if at all possible, be executed in escrow by the Minister and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands are vested.
(6)  A lease executed under subsection (5) takes effect, in substitution for the previous lease between the Minister and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils, on the expiration of the term of the previous lease.
(7)  If the Director-General and the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils agree that no provisions of the lease require amendment, the lease between the parties operates for a further term of 30 years, commencing on the expiration of the current term of the lease, in accordance with its provisions and the requirements of this Part.
(8)  The times specified by this section for the consideration of the provisions of the lease, the negotiation and preparation of amendments, the presentation of the amendments to the Minister and the execution of the lease may be varied by the agreement of the parties.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AJ   Dating and registration of re-negotiated lease
(1)  The Minister must cause the date on which a re-negotiated lease takes effect under this Division to be inserted in the lease as:
(a)  the date of execution of the lease, and
(b)  the date of the commencement of the term of the lease.
(2)  The Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands are vested must cause all title documents held by the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in relation to the lands referred to in the re-negotiated lease to be lodged at the Land Titles Office to enable the lease to be lodged for registration and the Registrar-General to enter in the appropriate register particulars of the lease.
(3)  Following entry of the particulars, the Registrar-General must return the title documents to the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AK   Variation of lease
A lease under this Part may be varied only by the agreement of the parties, not inconsistent with this Act, or by an Act of Parliament.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AL   Holding over under lease
(1)  A lease under this Part does not expire by effluxion of time except as otherwise provided by this Part.
(2)  On the expiry of the then current term of a lease under this Part, the Minister holds over under the lease until such time as the lease is renewed or replaced.
(3)  The term of a lease that renews or replaces a lease whose term has expired runs from the date of execution of the new lease by the Minister.
pt 4A, div 5 (ss 71X–71AL): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Division 6 Boards of management
pt 4A, div 6: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AM   Application of Division
This Division applies to and in respect of Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands.
ss 71AM–71AP: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AN   Boards of management
(1)  There is to be a board of management for each area of Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands leased and reserved or dedicated under this Part. A board of management is to be established as soon as practicable after the lands are leased and reserved or dedicated.
(2)  A board of management is to consist of at least 11, but no more than 13, members appointed by the Minister with the concurrence of the Minister administering the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983.
(3)  Of the members:
(a)  the majority are to be Aboriginal owners of the lands concerned nominated by themselves or by another Aboriginal owner of the lands with the consent of the nominee, and
(b)  one is to be a person appointed from nominees of a Local Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in whose area or areas the whole or part of the lands are located, and
(c)  one is to be a person appointed to represent the local council or councils (if any) whose area or areas comprise, or adjoin, the lands, and
(d)  one is to be an officer of the Service for the time being nominated by the Director-General, and
(e)  one is to be a person appointed from a panel of persons nominated by a group concerned in the conservation of the region in which the lands are located to represent conservation interests, and
(f)  one is to be a person appointed on the nomination of owners, lessees and occupiers of land adjoining or in the vicinity of the lands to represent those owners, lessees and occupiers.
(4)  The Minister, in appointing Aboriginal owners under subsection (3) (a), is to have regard to such matters as the gender of the nominees and their cultural affiliations and family groupings in an endeavour to ensure that a representative group of members is appointed.
(5)  The members of the board of management are to appoint one of the persons referred to in subsection (3) (a) as the chairperson of the board of management.
(6)  A meeting of a board of management has a quorum only if a majority of the members present are persons referred to in subsection (3) (a).
(7)  The regulations may make provision with respect to the constitution and procedure of a board of management including the declaration of pecuniary interests by members.
ss 71AM–71AP: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AO   Functions of boards of management
(1)  A board of management for lands to which this Division applies has the following functions:
(a)  the care, control and management of the lands,
(b)  the preparation of plans of management for the lands,
(c)  the supervision of payments from the Fund with respect to the lands.
(2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a board of management has the function of considering proposals for the carrying out, by Aboriginal owners or other Aboriginal persons, of cultural activities (such as hunting and gathering) within the lands and of approving, or refusing to approve, the carrying out of those activities.
(3)  A board of management must exercise its functions in accordance with any plan of management in force with respect to the lands for which it is established.
(4)  In the exercise of its functions, a board of management is subject to the control and direction of the Minister.
(5)  Despite subsection (4), the Minister may not give directions to a board of management in relation to:
(a)  the contents of any report, advice, information or recommendation that is to be or may be made or given by the board, or
(b)  any decision of the board, that is not inconsistent with this Act and the plan of management for the lands for which it was established, relating to the care, control and management of Aboriginal heritage and culture within the lands.
(6)  In the exercise of its functions with respect to the care, control and management of lands for which no plan of management is in force, a board of management is to consult with and have regard to the advice of the Director-General.
(7)  In this section:
exercise a function includes perform a duty.
function includes a power, authority or duty.
ss 71AM–71AP: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AP   Term of office of board members
Subject to the regulations, a member of a board of management holds office for such period (being not less than 4 years and not more than 6 years) as may be specified in the instrument of appointment of the member, but is eligible (if otherwise qualified) for re-appointment.
ss 71AM–71AP: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AQ   Board of management to keep accounts
(1)  A board of management must cause proper accounts and records to be kept in relation to all of its operations.
(2)  A board of management must prepare financial statements for each financial year in accordance with section 41B (1) of the Public Finance and Audit Act 1983.
(3)  The financial statements must be submitted for verification and certification to an auditor who is a registered company auditor within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
(4)  The financial statements must be prepared and submitted to the auditor not later than 6 weeks after the end of the financial year to which they relate.
(5)  A board of management must furnish to the Minister the audited financial statements and a certificate of the auditor, in a form prescribed by the regulations, not later than 4 months after the end of each financial year.
s 71AQ: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21]. Am 2001 No 34, Sch 4.38.
Division 7 Addition of lands to Schedule 14
pt 4A, div 7: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AR   Application of Division
This Division applies to and in respect of lands proposed for addition to Schedule 14 only.
71AS   Proposals for additions to Schedule 14
(1)  Any person or body (including a statutory authority) may submit to the Director-General a written proposal that lands reserved or dedicated under this Act be identified as having cultural significance to Aboriginals and listed in Schedule 14.
(2)  A copy of the proposal is to be given to the Registrar who must notify the following persons and bodies of the proposal:
(a)  the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, and
(b)  the Local Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in whose area or areas the lands the subject of the proposal are located, and
(c)  the Aboriginal owners of the lands concerned (if they have been identified), and
(d)  any body representing Aboriginals that the Registrar considers to be relevant.
(3)  The Registrar is to provide the Director-General with the names of the persons and bodies that the Registrar has notified of the proposal.
71AT   Assessment of proposals
(1)  The Director-General must, after receiving a proposal, make an assessment of the cultural significance to Aboriginals of the lands referred to in the proposal and make a report to the Minister in relation to the proposal.
(2)  The Director-General is to consult with:
(a)  the person or body that submitted the proposal, and
(b)  the persons and bodies notified of the proposal by the Registrar, and
(c)  any other person or body that the Director-General considers should be consulted,
in relation to the making of the assessment and report.
71AU   Report to Minister
(1)  In preparing a report for the Minister, the Director-General is to consider the following:
(a)  whether the lands concerned contain places of spiritual or mythological importance in accordance with Aboriginal custom or lore,
(b)  whether the lands contain places used for the conduct of ceremonial activities by Aboriginals, including areas recognised for gender specific cultural activities,
(c)  whether the lands contain areas that are significant for their association with Aboriginal life after occupation of the area in which the lands are situated by persons of European extraction.
(2)  The Director-General’s report is to make comment on the following matters in relation to the lands concerned:
(a)  whether Aboriginal burials or remains, or both, are present,
(b)  the rarity of types of Aboriginal sites and objects on the lands in the context of the cultural area in which the lands are located,
(c)  the diversity of Aboriginal sites and objects on the lands,
(d)  the antiquity of Aboriginal sites and objects on the lands,
(e)  whether the lands have been listed:
(i)  in the Register of the National Estate kept in pursuance of the Australian Heritage Commission Act 1975 of the Commonwealth, or
(ii)  as an item of cultural heritage of outstanding universal value in accordance with the World Heritage Properties Conservation Act 1983 of the Commonwealth and the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage that is referred to in section 71AD (2) (c) (ii),
on the basis, or partly on the basis, of their cultural significance to Aboriginals.
(3)  The Director-General must also indicate in the report whether any disagreement exists among the persons or bodies consulted by the Director-General regarding the proposal as to whether the lands are of cultural significance to Aboriginals or should be listed in Schedule 14, or both.
(4)  The Director-General may include any other matters in the report that the Director-General considers to be relevant.
71AV   Consideration of report by Minister
(1)  On receiving a report from the Director-General, the Minister is to consider whether the lands concerned are of cultural significance to Aboriginals and, if so, whether the Minister should recommend to the Governor that the lands be listed in Schedule 14.
(2)  The Minister is not to make a recommendation that the lands be listed in Schedule 14 unless the Minister is satisfied that the cultural significance of the lands to Aboriginals is at least equivalent to that of the lands already listed in the Schedule.
71AW   Listing of additional lands in Schedule 14
(1)  Additional lands may be listed in Schedule 14 only by an Act of Parliament.
(2)  If Parliament approves of the listing of lands in Schedule 14 following the making of a recommendation by the Minister to the Governor that the lands be so listed, the lands may be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of this Part that apply to Schedule 14 lands and, in particular, with the provisions of Divisions 2, 3, 5 and 6.
Division 8 Addition of lands to Schedule 14 lands or ALR Act lands leased under Part
pt 4A, div 8: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AX   Application of Division
This Division applies to and in respect of Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands that are leased and reserved or dedicated under this Part.
s 71AX: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71AY   Definition of “area”
In this Division, area means lands reserved under this Part as a national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park or dedicated under this Part as a nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area.
s 71AY: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21]. Am 1996 No 142, Sch 4 [3].
71AZ   Additions may be made to reserved or dedicated lands leased under Part
(1)  Nothing in this Act prevents the reservation or dedication of lands, in accordance with this Division, as part of an area that has been leased and reserved or dedicated in accordance with this Part.
(2)  Lands may be reserved or dedicated as part of an area referred to in this section only with the consent of:
(a)  the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which they are vested, and
(b)  the board of management for the area.
ss 71AZ–71BC: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BA   Addition of lands already reserved or dedicated under Act
(1)  Lands that are reserved or dedicated under this Act may be added as part of an area that is leased under this Part only if the lands are listed in Schedule 14.
(2)  The Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, declare that the whole or part of lands listed in Schedule 14, be taken to be reserved or dedicated as part of an area reserved or dedicated under this Part.
(3)  On the publication of the proclamation:
(a)  the lands are reserved or dedicated as part of the area, and
(b)  the lands are vested in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the area is vested, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the lands is to be exercised:
(i)  by the board of management for the area, or
(ii)  if a board of management has not been established for the area, by the Director-General until a board of management is established for the area, and
(d)  the lease over the area negotiated under this Part is taken to extend and apply to the lands in the same way that the lease applies to the area, and
(e)  the provisions of this Act and any instrument made under this Act (including any plan of management or regulations) apply to the lands in the same way that they apply to the area.
(4)  Subsections (2) and (3) apply, in relation to the lands added to the area, subject to the following:
(a)  any native title rights and interests that exist in relation to the lands,
(b)  any existing interest within the meaning of section 39,
(c)  any licence issued under Part 9,
(d)  any lease, licence, franchise or easement granted under Part 12,
(e)  any authority or consent issued under this Act or the regulations.
ss 71AZ–71BC: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BB   Tabling of proclamation to add lands if change of land classification involved
(1)  A copy of a proclamation published under section 71BA is to be laid before each House of Parliament within 14 sitting days of that House after the publication of the proclamation if the classification of the lands specified in the proclamation is changed from the classification that the lands have in Schedule 14.
(2)  If a House of Parliament passes a resolution of which notice has been given within 15 sitting days of that House after a copy of a proclamation has been laid before it under this section (whether or not those sitting days occur during the same session) and the resolution disallows the reservation or dedication taken to be effected by the proclamation of any lands:
(a)  the reservation or dedication of the lands as part of the area leased under this Part ceases to have effect on the disallowance, and
(b)  the lands cease to be part of the area concerned and revert to the classification, as lands reserved or dedicated under this Act and listed in Schedule 14, that they had before the publication of the proclamation, and
(c)  the vesting of the lands in an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils is of no effect, and
(d)  the care, control and management of the lands is to be exercised by the person or body that had the care, control and management of the lands before the publication of the proclamation, and
(e)  the lease of the lands does not operate in respect of the lands, and
(f)  the provisions of this Act and any instrument made under this Act that applied to the lands by reason only of the publication of the proclamation cease to apply to the lands.
ss 71AZ–71BC: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BC   Addition of lands not already reserved or dedicated under Act
(1)  The Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, reserve or dedicate, as part of an area leased under this Part any of the following:
(a)  Crown lands,
(b)  lands of the Crown,
(c)  lands acquired under section 145, 146 or 148,
(d)  Aboriginal lands.
(2)  On the publication of the proclamation:
(a)  the lands described in the proclamation become Crown lands to the extent to which they were not Crown lands immediately before that publication, and
(b)  if a trustee of all or any part of the lands so described was holding office under any this or any other Act immediately before that publication, the trustee ceases to hold that office in respect of those lands, and
(c)  any by-laws or regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to the lands cease to apply so far as they relate to the lands, and
(d)  the lands are reserved or dedicated as part of the area, and
(e)  the lands are vested, or in the case of Aboriginal lands, remain vested, in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the area is vested, and
(f)  the care, control and management of the lands is to be exercised:
(i)  by the board of management for the area, or
(ii)  if a board of management has not been established for the area, by the Director-General until a board of management is established for the area, and
(g)  the lease over the area is taken to extend and apply to the lands in the same way that it applies to the area, and
(h)  the provisions of this Act and any instrument made under this Act (including any plan of management or regulations) apply to the lands in the same way that they apply to the area.
(3)  Subsection (2) applies, in relation to the lands added to the area, subject to the following:
(a)  any native title rights and interests in relation to the lands,
(b)  any existing interest within the meaning of section 39.
(4)  To the extent to which a dedication or reservation (other than a dedication or reservation under Division 4 or this Division), Crown grant or vesting affects lands described in a proclamation published under this section, the publication revokes the dedication, reservation, grant or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) must be surrendered for cancellation or notation.
(5)  In this section, Aboriginal lands, in relation to an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils that are the lessors of an area leased under this Part, means:
(a)  lands owned in fee simple by the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils (other than lands referred to in paragraph (b)), or
(b)  lands granted to the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils under Part 6 of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983, whether or not subject to conditions of the kind referred to in section 36A (2) of that Act,
that the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils have requested, by written notice served on the Minister, be reserved or dedicated as part of the area vested in the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils.
ss 71AZ–71BC: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BD   Application of certain provisions to additional lands
(1)  Sections 71R, 71S and 71T apply to and in respect of lands added to an area reserved or dedicated under this Part in the same way that they apply to and in respect of lands reserved or dedicated under Division 3 or 4 except as provided in this section.
(2)  Despite subsection (1), sections 34, 47C, 47I (as substituted by the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 1996), 47Q (as inserted by the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment Act 1996), 47Z (as inserted by that Act), 49, 50, 58B and 58N apply to and in respect of lands reserved or dedicated under this Part.
s 71BD: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21]. Am 1996 No 142, Sch 4 [4].
71BE   Review of lease after addition of lands
(1)  A party to a lease under this Part may request a review of the provisions of the lease if:
(a)  lands are added to the lands originally leased, and
(b)  the next regular review of the lease in accordance with the requirements of Division 5 is not due within the 2 years next following the date of publication of the proclamation by which lands are added to the lands originally leased.
(2)  Section 71AH applies to and in respect of the review of a lease under this section in the same way that it applies to and in respect of a lease referred to in that section.
s 71BE: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Division 9 Miscellaneous
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BF   Application of Division
This Division applies to and with respect to Schedule 14 lands and ALR Act lands.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BG   Aboriginal Land Councils to act with agreement of Aboriginal owner board members
An Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which reserved or dedicated lands are vested must, when exercising any power, authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on it or them under this Act or under the lease of the lands made under this Part (but subject to the requirements of this Act and any instrument, including the lease, made under this Act), act only with the agreement of the Aboriginal owner board members for the lands.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BH   Regard to be had to interests of Aboriginal owners
The Director-General and the National Parks and Wildlife Service must, when exercising any power, authority, duty or function conferred or imposed on them under this Act in relation to management of the lands to which this Part applies (but subject to the requirements of this Act and any instrument, including the lease, made under this Act), have regard to the interests of the Aboriginal owners of the lands concerned.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BI   Land management activities subject to native title
(1)  Despite any other provision of this Act:
(a)  the exercise of functions by a board of management, and
(b)  the exercise of powers, authorities, duties and functions by the Director-General and the National Parks and Wildlife Service,
in relation to the management of the lands to which this Part applies is subject to the preservation of native title rights and interests (if any) that exist in relation to the lands.
(2)  If at any time an approved determination of native title is made that native title exists in relation to lands to which this Part applies, the Minister, the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils in which the lands concerned are vested and the board of management for the lands are authorised to enter into arrangements with the common law native title holders or their representatives (or both) to ensure that the native title rights and interests in relation to the lands are preserved.
(3)  An arrangement of the kind referred to in subsection (2) may be entered into despite any provision of this or any other Act or law and despite the fact that the entry into of the arrangement may involve the breach of another previously concluded arrangement.
(4)  No compensation is payable in respect of the breach of an arrangement because of the operation of this section.
Note—
Approved determination of native title is defined in section 253 of the Native Title Act 1993 of the Commonwealth.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BJ   Arbitration of disputes
(1)  Any dispute between:
(a)  the Director-General and a board of management, or
(b)  the Minister or Director-General and an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils,
concerning matters arising under this Part (other than matters in respect of which a direction has been given to the Director-General by a board of management in accordance with this Part) is to be arbitrated by a panel of 3 arbitrators.
(2)  One of the 3 arbitrators is to be appointed by the Director-General, one by the board of management for the lands concerned and the third by agreement between the first 2 arbitrators or, failing such agreement, by the Chief Judge of the Land and Environment Court.
(3)  The procedures to apply to an arbitration are to be determined by the panel of arbitrators.
(4)  In conducting an arbitration, the arbitrators are to have regard to:
(a)  the preservation of the rights and interests of native title holders, and
(b)  the views on the subject of the dispute expressed by the Aboriginal owner board members,
in relation to the lands concerned.
(5)  The regulations may make provision with respect to the arbitration of disputes under this section including as to the fixing and payment of the remuneration and expenses of the arbitrators.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BK   Dissolution of Local Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  If lands to which this Part applies are vested:
(a)  in one Local Aboriginal Land Council and that Council is dissolved, or
(b)  in more than one Local Aboriginal Land Council and each of the Councils in which the lands are vested is dissolved,
the lands are on and from the date of dissolution vested in the Aboriginal owners of the lands recorded in the register of Aboriginal owners until a new Aboriginal Land Council or Councils are constituted for the area or areas that constituted or included the area or areas of the dissolved Aboriginal Land Council or Councils.
(2)  On the constitution of the new Aboriginal Land Council or Councils, the lands vest in that Council or those Councils.
(3)  If lands to which this Part applies are vested in more than one Aboriginal Land Council and one or more but not all of the Councils in which the lands are vested are dissolved, on constitution of a new Aboriginal Land Council or Councils to replace the dissolved Council or Councils, the lands vest in that new Council or those new Councils for the interest held immediately before the dissolution by the dissolved Council or Councils.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BL   Status of leased lands and board of management
(1)  A lease of lands to the Minister under this Part is taken, for the purposes of any Act or law, not to be a lease of lands for private purposes.
(2)  Each board of management is taken, for the purposes of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 and any regulation or planning instrument made under that Act, to be a public authority and, for all purposes under that Act and any such regulation or planning instrument, to occupy in respect of the lands of which it has care, control and management under this Part, the same position that the Director-General occupies in respect of lands of which the Director-General has care, control and management under this Act.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BM   Omission of land from Schedule 14
Schedule 14 may be amended by the omission of lands only by Act of Parliament.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
71BN   Review of Part
(1)  The Minister is to review the operation of this Part to determine whether the policy objectives of the Part remain valid and whether the terms of the Part remain appropriate for securing those objectives.
(2)  The review is to be undertaken as soon as possible after the period of 5 years from the date of assent to the National Parks and Wildlife Amendment (Aboriginal Ownership) Act 1996.
(3)  A report on the outcome of the review is to be tabled in each House of Parliament within 12 months after the end of the period of 5 years.
pt 4A, div 9 (ss 71BF–71BN): Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [21].
Part 5 Plans of management
72   Plans of management
(1)  The Director-General:
(a)  shall cause a plan of management to be prepared for each national park and historic site in existence on the commencement day, as soon as practicable after that day, unless a plan of management was adopted with respect thereto under the Act of 1967,
(b)  shall cause a plan of management to be prepared for each nature reserve in existence on the commencement day, as soon as practicable after that day, unless a scheme of operations was approved with respect thereto under the Fauna Protection Act 1948,
(c)  shall cause a plan of management to be prepared for each national park or historic site reserved, or nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve dedicated, after the commencement day, as soon as practicable after the reservation or dedication, as the case may require,
(d)  may from time to time cause a plan of management to be prepared for any Aboriginal area, wildlife refuge or wildlife management area, and
(e)  may from time to time, after consulting with the owner, cause a plan of management to be prepared for a conservation area.
(1A)  The Director-General is to cause a plan of management to be prepared for each state recreation area, and for each regional park (other than a park that is under the care, control and management of a local council), as soon as practicable after the reservation of the land concerned.
(1B)  If a local council is nominated by the Minister to have the care, control and management of a regional park, the council is to cause a plan of management to be prepared for the regional park as soon as practicable after the reservation of the land concerned.
(1C)  A plan of management for lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A is to be prepared by the board of management for the lands concerned in consultation with the Director-General.
(1D)  If a part or parts only of lands listed in Schedule 14 are reserved or dedicated under Part 4A:
(a)  the Director-General may prepare a separate plan of management for the part or parts of the lands that are not so reserved or dedicated in accordance with this Part, or
(b)  the Director-General and the board of management may agree that the plan of management prepared for the lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A should extend and apply to the lands that are not so reserved or dedicated in which event the provisions of this Part applying to the preparation of plans of management by boards of management apply to the plan.
(1E)  Subsections (1C) and (1D) do not require a plan of management to be prepared if an existing plan of management is in force when the lands are reserved or dedicated under Part 4A. However, any such existing plan, in so far as it relates to lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A, must be reviewed by the board of management for the lands concerned within 2 years after the lands are so reserved or dedicated and may be amended, altered or cancelled in accordance with this section.
(1F)  Without limiting subsection (1) (c), in the case of lands for which a plan of management is not in force when the lands are reserved or dedicated under Part 4A, a plan of management is to be prepared by the board of management for the lands within 2 years after that reservation or dedication.
(1G)  After a plan of management has been prepared by a board of management, the board must give notice in a form approved by the Minister that the plan of management has been prepared and must, in that notice:
(a)  specify the address where copies of the plan of management may be inspected, and
(b)  specify the address to which representations in connection with the plan of management may be forwarded.
(1H)  Any person interested may, within 1 month or such longer period as may be specified in the notice, make representations to the board of management in connection with the plan of management.
(1I)  The board of management must, on the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (1H), refer the plan of management, and any representations forwarded to the board of management, to the Council for its consideration and advice.
(1J)  The board of management must then submit the plan of management to the Minister together with any comments or suggestions of the Council.
(1K)  The Minister is to consider the comments and suggestions of the Council before adopting the plan of management.
(1L)  The Minister may adopt the plan of management without alteration or with such alterations as the Minister thinks fit or may refer it back to the board of management and the Council for further consideration.
(1M)  The Minister may, on the recommendation of the board of management for lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A:
(a)  amend or alter the plan of management for the lands from time to time, or
(b)  cancel the plan, or
(c)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan.
(1N)  The provisions of subsections (2) and (4) and section 74 apply to and in respect of an amendment or alteration referred to in subsection (1M) in the same way as they apply to or in respect of the plan of management for lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A and as if the reference in section 74 (2) to the Director-General was a reference to the board of management.
(2)  The plan of management for a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, wildlife refuge or wildlife management area shall contain a written scheme of the operations which it is proposed to undertake therein or in relation thereto to carry out the purpose and objects of this Act.
(2AA)  Without limiting subsection (2), a plan of management for lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A may provide for the use of the lands for any community development purpose prescribed by the regulations.
(2AB)  Without limiting subsection (2), a plan of management for lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A may provide for the conduct of studies concerning the threat, if any, to threatened species of animals or plants posed by the exercise of rights to hunt or fish, or to gather traditional foods, by the Aboriginal owners or other Aboriginal persons before any such rights are exercised, and for the regular monitoring of the exercise of those rights.
(2A)  Without affecting the generality of subsection (2) in so far as it applies to state recreation areas, a plan of management for such an area may specify any activity proposed to be permitted in any part of the area and the nature of any development proposed to be carried out to encourage the use of that part for the activity so specified.
(3)  The plan of management for a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve may relate to lands acquired or occupied, or proposed to be acquired or occupied, pursuant to Part 11.
(3A)  The plan of management for a conservation area shall contain a written scheme of the operations which it is proposed to undertake in relation to the area to carry out the purpose and objects of the conservation agreement.
(4)  In the preparation of a plan of management referred to in this section, regard shall be had to the following objectives:
(a)  the conservation of wildlife (including the conservation of critical habitat and threatened species, populations and ecological communities, and their habitats),
(b)  the preservation of each national park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, wildlife refuge or wildlife management area and the protection of the special features of the park, reserve, refuge or area,
(c)  the prohibition of the execution of any works adversely affecting the natural condition or special features of each national park, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve,
(d)  the preservation of each historic site and the preservation of any historic structure or object or any relic or Aboriginal place on each national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, wildlife refuge or wildlife management area,
(e)  the encouragement and regulation of the appropriate use, understanding and enjoyment of each national park, historic site, state recreation area and regional park by the public,
(e1)  the preservation of any conservation values in respect of each regional park, and the restoration and regeneration (where appropriate) of the land concerned,
(f)  the regulation of the appropriate use of each nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve and Aboriginal area,
(g)  the appropriate use of each national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve by any lessee, licensee or occupant of land therein,
(h)  the preservation of each national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve as a catchment area,
(i)  the protection of each national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area against fire and erosion,
(j)  the setting apart of the whole or part of a national park or nature reserve as a wilderness area,
(j1)  the setting apart of the whole or part of a karst conservation reserve as a wilderness area,
(k)  the utilisation of land acquired or occupied, or proposed to be acquired or occupied, pursuant to Part 11, and
(l)  in the case of lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A, the need to maintain its national or international significance and to comply with the provisions of any relevant national or international agreement by which the State is bound.
(5)  This section does not apply to or in respect of a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area or conservation area that is comprised wholly or partly of lands within a State forest.
s 72: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (9), 3 (23); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (9); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (2); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (8); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [51]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [27]–[30]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [22]–[26].
72A   Plans of management for combined areas and areas adjoining State borders
(1)  A single plan of management may be prepared under this Part for a combination of contiguous or related areas for which separate plans of management may be prepared under this Part or under the Wilderness Act 1987.
(2)  With the consent or on the request of the Minister, the Director-General may, together with the relevant authority of another State or a Territory, cause a joint plan of management to be prepared for an area comprising an area within that other State or Territory and an area for which a plan of management may be prepared under this Part or under the Wilderness Act 1987.
(3)  The provisions of this Act or the Wilderness Act 1987 with respect to a plan of management for a particular area apply to:
(a)  a single plan of management referred to in subsection (1), or
(b)  a joint plan of management referred to in subsection (2),
in so far as any such plan relates to any such area.
(4)  A plan of management prepared in accordance with this section may include provisions relating to any lands acquired or occupied or proposed to be acquired or occupied under Part 11.
s 72A: Ins 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (3).
73   State forests
(1)  The Director-General may, from time to time, with the concurrence in writing of the Forestry Commission, cause a plan of management to be prepared for any State forest.
(2)  The plan of management for a State forest shall contain a written scheme of operations which it is proposed to undertake in or in relation to that forest, consistent with the purpose and objects of this Act and the Forestry Act 1916.
(3)  This section applies to and in respect of a State forest that is comprised wholly or partly of lands within a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area or conservation area or that is not comprised of any such lands.
s 73: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (24); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (10).
74   Catchment areas and special areas
(1)  This section applies where:
(a)  any lands reserved as a national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park or dedicated as a nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area or that comprise a wilderness area within the meaning of the Wilderness Act 1987 are wholly or partly within a catchment area or special area of a water authority, or
(b)  the waters from any lands so reserved or dedicated drain into a catchment area, special area or structure of a water authority.
(2)  The Director-General (or, if a regional park is under the care, control and management of a local council, the council) must, before submitting to the Minister a plan of management for the national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area or wilderness area:
(a)  refer the plan to the relevant water authority for its information, and
(b)  also refer the plan to the Director-General of the Department of Land and Water Conservation if the relevant water authority is the Hunter Water Corporation.
(3)  The Minister must, before adopting the plan of management, consider any representations made by the relevant water authority and (in a case involving the Hunter Water Corporation) the Director-General of the Department of Land and Water Conservation.
(4)  In this section, water authority means the Sydney Water Corporation, the Sydney Catchment Authority, the Hunter Water Corporation or a water supply authority within the meaning of the Water Management Act 2000.
s 74: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (25); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (13); 1991 No 53, Sch 1; 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (9). Subst 1994 No 88, Sch 7. Am 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [31]–[33]; 1998 No 145, Sch 5.11 [1] [2]; 2000 No 102, Sch 3.6; 2001 No 130, Sch 5 [2] [3].
75   Adoption of plan of management for national park or historic site
(1)  Where a plan of management has been prepared for a national park or historic site (other than a national park or historic site reserved under Part 4A), the Director-General shall give notice as prescribed that the plan of management has been prepared and shall, in that notice:
(a)  specify the address of the place at which copies of the plan of management may be inspected, and
(b)  specify the address to which representations in connection with the plan of management may be forwarded.
(2)  Any person interested may, within one month or such longer period as may be specified in the notice, make representations to the Director-General in connection with the plan of management.
(3)  The Director-General shall, upon the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (2), refer the plan of management, and any representations forwarded to the Director-General, to the Council for its consideration and advice.
(4)  The Director-General shall thereupon submit the plan of management to the Minister together with any comments or suggestions of the Council.
(5)  The Minister shall, before adopting the plan of management, consider the comments and suggestions of the Council.
(6)  The Minister may adopt the plan of management without alteration or with such alterations as the Minister may think fit or may refer it back to the Director-General and the Council for further consideration.
(7)  The Minister may:
(a)  amend or alter a plan of management for a national park or historic site from time to time, or
(b)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan.
(8)  Where the Minister proposes to amend or alter a plan of management for a national park or historic site or to cancel a plan of management for a national park or historic site and substitute a new plan of management, the Minister shall instruct the Director-General to cause the amendment or alteration or the new plan of management to be prepared, and the Director-General shall proceed to do so as soon as practicable after being so instructed.
(9)  The provisions of sections 72 (2), (3) and (4) and 74 and subsections (1) to (6), inclusive, apply to and in respect of an amendment or alteration referred to in subsection (8) in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a plan of management for a national park or historic site, as the case may require.
s 75: Am 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [27].
75A   Adoption of plan of management for state recreation area or regional park
(1)  If a plan of management has been prepared for a state recreation area or regional park (including a regional park that is under the care, control and management of a local council but not including a state recreation area or a regional park reserved under Part 4A), the Director-General, or the local council concerned, must give notice as prescribed by the regulations that the plan of management has been prepared and must, in that notice:
(a)  specify the address of the place at which copies of the plan of management may be inspected, and
(b)  specify the address to which representations in connection with the plan of management may be sent.
(2)  Any person interested (including the relevant SRA trust or regional park trust, if any) may, within one month or such longer period as may be specified in the notice, make representations in connection with the plan to the Director-General, or to the local council if the plan relates to a regional park under the council’s care, control and management.
(3)  After the end of the period referred to in subsection (2), the Director-General, or the local council, must refer the plan of management, and any representations sent in accordance with that subsection, to the National Parks and Wildlife Advisory Council for its consideration and advice.
(3A)  The Director-General, or the local council, must then submit the plan of management to the Minister together with any comments or suggestions of the Advisory Council.
(3B)  The Minister is to consider the comments and suggestions of the Advisory Council before adopting the plan of management.
(4)  The Minister may adopt the plan of management without alteration or with such alterations as the Minister thinks fit, or may refer it back to the Director-General, local council or Advisory Council for further consideration.
(5)    (Repealed)
(6)  The Minister may, from time to time, amend or alter a plan of management that has been adopted under subsection (4) or may cancel such a plan of management.
(7)  Where the Minister cancels a plan of management for any state recreation area or regional park under subsection (6), the Minister may, at the same time or subsequently, adopt a new plan of management in accordance with subsection (4).
(8)  The provisions of section 72 (2), (2A) and (4) and subsection (1) to (4), inclusive, apply to and in respect of an amendment or alteration under subsection (6) in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a plan of management.
(9)    (Repealed)
s 75A: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 2 (10). Am 1989 No 132, Sch 2; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [34] [35]; 1996 No 142, Schs 1 [28], 4 [5] (am 1997 No 147, Sch 2.19 [2]).
75B   Plans of management for Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands
(1)  This Part applies, in relation to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, as if a reference in the Part to the Director-General were a reference to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
(2)  When a plan of management has been prepared for any Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust is to give notice as prescribed that the plan of management has been prepared.
(3)  A notice under subsection (2) is to specify:
(a)  the address of the place at which copies of the plan of management may be inspected, and
(b)  the address to which representations in connection with the plan of management may be forwarded.
(4)  Any person may, within one month or such longer period as may be specified in the notice, make representations to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust in connection with the plan of management.
s 75B: Ins 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [8].
76   Adoption etc of plan of management for nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve
(1)  Where a plan of management has been prepared for a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve (other than a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve dedicated under Part 4A), the Director-General shall refer the plan to the Council for its consideration and advice.
(1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply, in relation to Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, until after the expiration of the period referred to in section 75B (4).
(1B)  When referring the plan of management to the Council under subsection (1), the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust is also to refer any representations made to it under section 75B (4).
Note—
Because of section 75B (1), a reference in subsection (1) to the Director-General is, in certain circumstances, taken to be a reference to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
(2)  The Director-General shall thereupon submit the plan of management to the Minister together with any comments or suggestions of the Council.
(3)  The Minister shall, before adopting the plan of management, consider the comments and suggestions of the Council.
(4)  The Minister may adopt the plan of management without alteration or with such alterations as the Minister may think fit or may refer it back to the Director-General and the Council for further consideration.
(5)  Where the Minister refers a plan of management for a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve back to the Director-General and the Council for further consideration, the Director-General shall resubmit the plan to the Minister together with any further comments and suggestions of the Council.
(6)  The Minister may:
(a)  amend or alter a plan of management for a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve from time to time, or
(b)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan.
(7)  The provisions of sections 72 (2), (3) and (4) and 74 and subsections (1) to (5), inclusive, apply to and in respect of an amendment or alteration referred to in subsection (6) in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a plan of management for a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve.
s 76: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (26); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (10); 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [29]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [9].
77   Adoption of plan of management for Aboriginal area
(1)  Where a plan of management has been prepared for an Aboriginal area (other than an Aboriginal area dedicated under Part 4A), the Minister may, on the recommendation of the Director-General, adopt the plan of management.
(2)  The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Director-General:
(a)  amend or alter a plan of management for an Aboriginal area from time to time,
(b)  cancel the plan, or
(c)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan.
(3)  The provisions of sections 72 (2) and (4) and 74 apply to and in respect of an amendment or alteration referred to in subsection (2) in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a plan of management for an Aboriginal area.
s 77: Am 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [30] (am 1997 No 147, Sch 2.19 [1]).
78   Adoption etc of plan of management for wildlife refuge or wildlife management area
(1)  Where a plan of management for a wildlife refuge or wildlife management area has been prepared, the Minister may, on the recommendation of the Director-General and with the consent of the owner or holder, and the occupier, of the lands to which the plan of management relates, adopt the plan of management.
(2)  The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Director-General and with the consent of the owner or holder, and the occupier, of the lands to which a plan of management for a wildlife refuge or wildlife management area relates:
(a)  amend or alter the plan from time to time,
(b)  cancel the plan, or
(c)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan.
(3)  The provisions of section 72 (2) and (4) apply to and in respect of an amendment or alteration referred to in subsection (2) in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a plan of management for a wildlife refuge or wildlife management area, as the case may require.
s 78: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (27).
78A   Adoption etc of plan of management for conservation area
(1)  Where a plan of management for a conservation area or proposed conservation area has been prepared, the Minister may, on the recommendation of the Director-General and with the consent of the owner of the area to which the plan relates, adopt the plan.
(2)  The Minister may, on the recommendation of the Director-General and with the consent of the owner of the land to which a plan of management relates:
(a)  amend or alter the plan from time to time,
(b)  cancel the plan, or
(c)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan.
(3)  The provisions of section 72 (3A) apply to an amendment or alteration of any such plan of management.
(4)  In this section, owner has the same meaning as it has in Division 7 of Part 4.
s 78A: Ins 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (11).
79   Adoption etc of plan of management for State forest
(1)  Where the Director-General has prepared a plan of management for a State forest, the Minister may, on the recommendation of the Director-General and with the concurrence in writing of the Forestry Commission, adopt the plan of management.
(2)  The Minister:
(a)  may, on the recommendation of the Director-General and with the concurrence in writing of the Forestry Commission:
(i)  amend or alter a plan of management for a State forest from time to time,
(ii)  cancel the plan, or
(iii)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan, or
(b)  shall, at the request in writing of the Forestry Commission, cancel the plan.
79A   Lapsing of plans of management
(1)  A plan of management for lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A expires on the tenth anniversary of the date on which it was adopted unless it is sooner cancelled under this Part.
(2)  Not less than 6 months before a plan of management expires, the board of management for the lands concerned must prepare a new plan of management to replace it.
(3)  The board of management is to have regard to a plan of management that has expired until the new plan of management comes into effect.
s 79A: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [31].
80   Lands submerged by water
(1)  Where lands submerged by water are lands that are the subject of any part of a plan of management for a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area, the plan, before being made or adopted by the Minister, shall be referred to the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994.
(2)  A plan of management referred to in subsection (1):
(a)  shall not be adopted, amended, altered or cancelled by the Minister in so far as it relates to Crown lands within the meaning of paragraph (a) of the definition of Crown lands in section 5 (1), until the Minister has considered any representations made with respect to the plan of management by the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994, and
(b)  shall not be adopted, amended, altered or cancelled by the Minister in so far as it relates to Crown lands within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in section 5 (1), without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994.
s 80: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (11), 3 (28); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (4); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (11); 1994 No 38, Sch 8; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [36].
81   Operations under plan of management
(1)  Where the Minister has adopted a plan of management for a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, wildlife refuge or wildlife management area, it shall, subject to subsections (5) and (6), be carried out and given effect to by the Director-General.
(2)  Where the Minister has adopted a plan of management for a conservation area, it shall be carried out and given effect to by the Director-General, the owner (within the meaning of Division 7 of Part 4) of the area and any successors in title (within the meaning of section 69E) to the owner.
(3)  Where the Minister has adopted a plan of management for a State forest, it shall be carried out and given effect to by the Director-General by arrangement with the Forestry Commission.
(3A)  If the Minister has adopted a plan of management for a state recreation area or a regional park, it is to be carried out and given effect to:
(a)  by the Director-General, or
(b)  by the relevant SRA trust or regional park, trust, or
(c)  by the local council (if any) that has the care, control and management of the regional park.
(4)  Despite anything in this or any other Act or in any instrument made under this or any other Act, if the Minister has adopted a plan of management under this Part, no operations shall be undertaken in relation to the lands to which the plan relates unless the operations are in accordance with that plan.
(5)  Where any lands to which a plan of management relates are:
(a)  lands acquired or proposed to be acquired under Part 11 for any purpose referred to in section 145—operations under the plan shall not be undertaken on or in relation to the lands until they have been reserved or dedicated as, or as part of, the park, site or reserve, as the case may require, to which the plan relates, or
(b)  lands proposed to be acquired or occupied under Part 11 for any purpose referred to in section 146—operations under the plan shall not be undertaken on or in relation to the lands until they have been so acquired or occupied.
(6)  If the Minister has adopted a plan of management for lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A, it is to be carried out and given effect to by the board of management for the lands.
s 81: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 3 (29), 5 (3); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (12); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (5); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (12); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [37]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [32] [33].
81A   Leases, licences and easements subject to plan of management
Without limiting the generality of this Part, this Part has effect:
(a)  in respect of any part of a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve that is the subject of a lease, licence or easement granted under Part 12, and
(b)  in respect of any part of a state recreation area or regional park that is the subject of a lease or licence granted under section 47GC or 47U or a lease, licence or easement granted under Part 12.
s 81A: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (4). Am 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (13). Subst 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [38]. Am 2001 No 92, Sch 1 [1]; 2002 No 53, Sch 1.20 [1].
82   Concurrence of Forestry Commission
Where the concurrence of the Forestry Commission is required under this Part, the concurrence shall not be given without the approval of the Minister administering the Forestry Act 1916.
Part 6 Relics and Aboriginal places
83   Certain relics to be Crown property
(1)  Subject to this section:
(a)  a relic that was, immediately before the commencement day, deemed to be the property of the Crown by virtue of section 33D of the Act of 1967, and
(b)  a relic that is abandoned on or after that day by a person other than the Crown,
shall be, and shall be deemed always to have been, the property of the Crown.
(2)  Nothing in this section shall be construed as restricting the lawful use of land or as authorising the disturbance or excavation of any land.
(3)  No compensation is payable in respect of the vesting of a relic by this section or section 33D of the Act of 1967.
84   Aboriginal places
The Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, declare any place specified or described in the order, being a place that, in the opinion of the Minister, is or was of special significance with respect to Aboriginal culture, to be an Aboriginal place for the purposes of this Act.
85   Director-General’s responsibilities as to relics and Aboriginal places
(1)  The Director-General shall be the authority for the protection of relics and Aboriginal places in New South Wales.
(2)  In particular, the Director-General shall be responsible:
(a)  for the proper care, preservation and protection of any relic or Aboriginal place on any land reserved or dedicated under this Act, and
(b)  subject to section 87, for the proper restoration of any such land that has been disturbed or excavated for the purpose of discovering a relic.
s 85: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (8); 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (30). Subst 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (6).
85A   Transfer of relics
(1)  The Director-General may, despite any other provision of this Act, dispose of relics that are the property of the Crown:
(a)  by returning the relics to an Aboriginal owner or Aboriginal owners entitled to, and willing to accept possession, custody or control of the relics in accordance with Aboriginal tradition, or
(b)  by otherwise dealing with the relics in accordance with any reasonable directions of an Aboriginal owner or Aboriginal owners referred to in paragraph (a), or
(c)  if there is or are no such Aboriginal owner or Aboriginal owners—by transferring the relics to a person, or a person of a class, prescribed by the regulations for safekeeping.
(2)  Nothing in this section is taken to limit the right of an Aboriginal owner or Aboriginal owners accepting possession, custody or control of any relic pursuant to this section to deal with the relic in accordance with Aboriginal tradition.
(3)  The regulations may make provision as to the manner in which any dispute concerning the entitlement of an Aboriginal owner or Aboriginal owners to possession, custody or control of relics for the purposes of this section is to be resolved.
s 85A: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [34].
86   Offences relating to relics
A person, other than the Director-General or a person authorised by the Director-General in that behalf, who:
(a)  disturbs or excavates any land, or causes any land to be disturbed or excavated, for the purpose of discovering a relic,
(b)  disturbs or moves on any land a relic that is the property of the Crown, other than a relic that is in the custody or under the control of the Australian Museum Trust,
(c)  takes possession of a relic that is in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area,
(d)  removes a relic from a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area, or
(e)  erects or maintains, in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area, a building or structure for the safe custody, storage or exhibition of any relic,
except in accordance with the terms and conditions of an unrevoked permit issued to the person under section 87, being terms and conditions having force and effect at the time the act or thing to which the permit relates is done, is guilty of an offence against this Act.
s 86: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (12), 3 (31), 6 (2); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (14); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [39].
87   Permits relating to relics
(1)  Subject to section 88, the Director-General may, upon such terms and conditions as the Director-General thinks fit, issue a permit to do any act or thing referred to in section 86 (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).
(2)  Terms and conditions imposed by the Director-General under subsection (1) may include terms and conditions relating to the proper restoration of land disturbed or excavated.
(3)  A failure to comply with a term or condition authorised by subsection (2) shall be deemed to be a contravention of section 86.
(4)  The Director-General may, at any time:
(a)  revoke a permit issued under this section, or
(b)  vary the terms and conditions of such a permit.
88   Australian Museum Trust to have custody of certain relics
(1)  Nothing in section 87 shall be construed as authorising the Director-General to permit a relic to be removed from a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park to the custody or control of a person other than the Australian Museum Trust, except where:
(a)  the relic remains in the custody or under the control of the Director-General, or
(b)  the relic is being moved from a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park to any or any other national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park.
(2)  A relic that is the property of the Crown, other than a relic:
(a)  in a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park,
(b)  being moved from a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park to any or any other national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park,
(c)  in the custody or under the control of the Director-General, or
(d)  acquired by the Minister or the Director-General pursuant to section 89 or by the Minister pursuant to Part 11,
shall be deemed not to be in the possession of the Crown unless it is in the custody or under the control of the Australian Museum Trust.
(3)  The Director-General may arrange with the Australian Museum Trust for the deposit or exhibition of a relic in a building or structure in a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park and, where a relic is so deposited or exhibited, section 86 does not apply to the Australian Museum Trust in relation to that relic.
(4)  Nothing in this Act shall be construed as affecting the powers, authorities, duties or functions conferred or imposed on the Australian Museum Trust by the Australian Museum Trust Act 1975.
s 88: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (9); 1983 No 183, Schs 3 (32), 6 (2) (8); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (15); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [40].
89   Preservation or exhibition of certain relics
(1)  Subject to this section, the Minister or the Director-General may, by agreement with a person having the ownership or possession of:
(a)  a relic that is not the property of the Crown, or
(b)  an Aboriginal place,
acquire the relic or take such other action as the Minister or the Director-General thinks is practicable for the preservation or exhibition of the relic or Aboriginal place.
(2)  A relic acquired under this section shall be the property of the Crown.
(3)  A relic that is real property shall not be acquired under this section, but nothing in this section affects anything contained in Part 11.
(4)  Any relic acquired by the Minister or the Director-General prior to the commencement day shall be deemed to have been acquired under this section.
90   Destruction etc of relics or Aboriginal places
(1)  A person who, without first obtaining the consent of the Director-General, knowingly destroys, defaces or damages, or knowingly causes or permits the destruction or defacement of or damage to, a relic or Aboriginal place is guilty of an offence against this Act.
Maximum penalty: 50 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both (or 200 penalty units in the case of a corporation).
(1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply with respect to a relic that is dealt with in accordance with Aboriginal tradition pursuant to section 85A.
(2)  The Director-General may give consent for the purposes of subsection (1) subject to such conditions and restrictions as are specified therein.
(3)  A person whose application for consent is refused, or who is dissatisfied with any condition or restriction subject to which the consent is given, may appeal to the Minister.
(4)  The Minister:
(a)  may refuse to grant the appeal, or
(b)  may grant the appeal wholly or in part, and may give such directions in the matter as seem proper.
(5)  The decision of the Minister on the appeal is final and is binding on the Director-General and the appellant, and shall be carried into effect accordingly.
(6)  Where the regulations prescribe:
(a)  the manner in which an appeal is to be made under this section—the appeal shall be made in that manner, or
(b)  the period within which an appeal is to be made under this section—the appeal shall be made within that period.
(7)  Where the Director-General fails to grant an application (other than an application for approval in respect of integrated development within the meaning of section 91 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979) for consent, the application shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be refused upon the expiration of:
(a)  subject to paragraph (b)—7 days after the application was received by the Director-General, or
(b)  where the regulations prescribe some other period—that other period.
s 90: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (6) (9); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (7); 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [35]; 1997 No 152, Sch 4.24 [2].
91   Notification of sites of relics
A person who is aware of the location of a relic that is the property of the Crown or, not being the property of the Crown, is real property, and does not, in the prescribed manner, notify the Director-General thereof within a reasonable time after the person first becomes aware of that location is guilty of an offence against this Act unless the person believes on reasonable grounds that the Director-General is aware of the location of that relic.
Part 6A Stop work orders and interim protection orders
pt 6A, hdg: Subst 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
pt 6A: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14).
Division 1 Stop work orders
pt 6A, div 1: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
91AA   Director-General may make stop work order
(1)  If the Director-General is of the opinion that any action is being, or is about to be, carried out that is likely to significantly affect:
(a)  protected fauna or native plants or their environment, or
(b)  an Aboriginal object or Aboriginal place, or
(c)  any other item of cultural heritage situated on land reserved under this Act,
the Director-General may order that the action is to cease and that no action, other than such action as may be specified in the order, is to be carried out with respect to that environment or in the vicinity of those items within a period of 40 days after the date of the order.
(2)  An order takes effect on and from the date on which:
(a)  a copy of the order is affixed in a conspicuous place in the environment or place the subject of the order, or
(b)  the person performing or about to perform the action is notified that the order has been made,
whichever is the sooner.
(3)  This section does not apply in relation to anything authorised to be done by or under:
(a)  a licence granted under this Act or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(b)  the State Emergency and Rescue Management Act 1989 that is reasonably necessary in order to avoid a threat to life or property.
(3A)  This section does not apply in relation to any thing authorised to be done by or under the Rural Fires Act 1997 in relation to any emergency fire fighting act within the meaning of that Act.
(4)  This section does not apply in relation to anything that is essential for the carrying out of:
(a)  development in accordance with a development consent within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(b)  an activity whether by a determining authority or pursuant to an approval of a determining authority, within the meaning of Part 5 of that Act if the determining authority has complied with that Part.
(5)  In this Division, a reference to action being, or about to be, carried out includes a reference to action that should be, but is not being, carried out and an order under this Division may be modified accordingly.
(6)  A person must not contravene or fail to comply with an order under this section.
Maximum penalty (subsection (6)):
(a)  in the case of a corporation—10,000 penalty units and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of 1,000 penalty units for each day the offence continues, or
(b)  in the case of an individual—1,000 penalty units and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of 100 penalty units for each day the offence continues.
s 91AA: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52]. Am 1996 No 30, Sch 2.19 [3]; 1997 No 65, Sch 4.18 [1]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [10] [11]; 2002 No 67, Sch 5.6 [1] [2].
91BB   Prior notification of making of stop work order not required
The Director-General is not required, before making an order under this Division, to notify any person who may be affected by the order.
ss 91BB–91FF: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
91CC   Appeal to Minister
(1)  A person against whom an order is made under this Division may appeal to the Minister against the making of the order.
(2)  After hearing an appeal, the Minister may:
(a)  confirm the order, or
(b)  modify or rescind the order, but only if this is consistent with the principles of ecologically sustainable development (as described in section 6 (2) of the Protection of the Environment Administration Act 1991).
ss 91BB–91FF: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
91DD   Extension of stop work order
The Director-General may extend an order under this Division for such further period or periods of 40 days as the Director-General thinks fit.
ss 91BB–91FF: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
91EE   Consultation about modification of proposed detrimental action
(1)  After making an order under this Division, the Director-General must immediately consult with the person proposing to perform the action to determine whether any modification of the action may be sufficient to protect the environment of any protected fauna or native plants.
(2)  If, in the opinion of the Director-General, satisfactory arrangements cannot be made to protect the environment that is the subject of an order under this Division, the Director-General must recommend the making of an interim protection order under Division 2.
(3)  The Director-General must not recommend the making of an interim protection order in relation to anything that is authorised to be done by or under an authority referred to in section 91AA (3) or that is essential for a purpose referred to in section 91AA (4).
ss 91BB–91FF: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
91FF   Order prevails over other instruments
(1)  If an order under this Division is in force in relation to an environment, an approval, notice or order (whether made or issued before or after the order pursuant to this Division) under any other Act that requires or permits the environment to be significantly affected is inoperative to the extent of the inconsistency with the order.
(2)  This section has effect whether the approval, notice, order or other instrument concerned was made before or after the making of the order under this Division.
ss 91BB–91FF: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
Division 2 Interim protection orders
pt 6A, div 2, hdg: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [52].
91A   Interim protection of areas having significant values
The Director-General may recommend to the Minister the making of an interim protection order in respect of an area of land:
(a)  which has, in the Director-General’s opinion, natural, scientific or cultural significance, or
(b)  on which the Director-General intends to exercise any of the Director-General’s powers, authorities, duties or functions under this Act or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 relating to fauna, native plants, threatened species, populations or ecological communities or critical habitat of endangered species, populations or ecological communities, or
(c)  that is critical habitat or the habitat of a threatened species, population or ecological community.
s 91A: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [53]–[55].
91B   Interim protection orders
(1)  The Minister may, after considering a recommendation made under section 91A, make an interim protection order in respect of the area of land the subject of the recommendation.
(2)  An interim protection order shall take effect on the date of its publication in the Gazette or on a later date specified in the order.
(3)  An interim protection order may contain terms of a kind set out in the regulations, being terms relating to the preservation, protection and maintenance of the area of land, its fauna, plants, threatened species, populations and ecological communities and critical habitat of endangered species, populations and ecological communities and any relic or place subject to the order.
s 91B: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [56].
91C   Notice of intention to make order not required
The Minister is not required, before making an interim protection order, to notify any person who will be affected by the order of the intention to make the order.
s 91C: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14).
91D   Duration of interim protection order
(1)  An interim protection order has effect for such period, being not longer than 2 years, as is specified in the order.
(2)  An order ceases to have effect if the area of land subject to the order is reserved or dedicated under this Act or the order is revoked.
(3)    (Repealed)
s 91D: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [57] (am 1996 No 30, Sch 2) [58].
91E   Revocation of interim protection order
(1)  The Minister may revoke an interim protection order by notice of revocation.
(2)  A notice of revocation shall take effect on the date of its publication in the Gazette or on a later date specified in the notice.
s 91E: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14).
91F   Notice of making of interim protection order
The Minister shall cause notice of an interim protection order and its terms or of the revocation of such an order to be given, as soon as practicable after its publication in the Gazette, to:
(a)  any person who appears to the Minister to be an owner or occupier of the area of land subject to the order,
(b)  the Council,
(c)  the council in whose area (within the meaning of the Local Government Act 1993) the area of land subject to the order is situated, and
(d)  any other person the Minister thinks fit,
and shall consider any advice given by the Council relating to the order.
s 91F: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14). Am 1995 No 11, Sch 1.84 [2].
91G   Failure to comply with interim protection order
A person who is given notice of an interim protection order under section 91F must not contravene or fail to comply with its terms.
Maximum penalty:
(a)  in the case of a corporation—10,000 penalty units and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of 1,000 penalty units for each day the offence continues, or
(b)  in the case of an individual—1,000 penalty units and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of 100 penalty units for each day the offence continues.
s 91G: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14). Am 1992 No 112, Sch 1. Subst 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [12].
91H   Appeal against order
(1)  An owner or occupier of the whole of any part of an area or land subject to an interim protection order may appeal to the Land and Environment Court against the imposition of the order or any of its terms.
(2)  Such an appeal shall be made within the time and in the manner provided by the rules of the Court.
(3)  In deciding an appeal, the Court may have regard to:
(a)  any hardship caused to the owner or occupier by the imposition of the order or any of its terms, and
(b)  the purposes of the order.
(4)  In deciding such an appeal, the Court has all the functions and discretions of the Minister under this Part and may make such order as it thinks fit.
(5)  A decision of the Court on an appeal is final and shall be given effect to as if it were the decision of the Minister.
s 91H: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14).
91I   Register of orders
(1)  The Director-General shall keep a register containing copies of interim protection orders as in force from time to time.
(2)  The register shall be open for public inspection during ordinary business hours, and copies of or extracts from the register shall be available, on payment of the fee fixed by the Director-General.
s 91I: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (14).
Part 7 Fauna
92   Director-General’s responsibilities as to fauna
The Director-General shall be the authority for the protection and care of fauna.
92A–92E   (Repealed)
ss 92A–92E: Ins 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (3). Rep 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [59].
93   Amendment of Schedule 11 (unprotected fauna)
The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, amend Schedule 11 at any time by adding or omitting the name of any species of fauna.
s 93: Subst 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (4). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [60].
94   Amendment of Schedule 12 (threatened interstate fauna)
The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, amend Schedule 12 at any time by adding or omitting the name of any species of protected fauna.
s 94: Subst 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (5). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [61].
94A, 95   (Repealed)
s 94A: Ins 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (5). Rep 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (6).
s 95: Rep 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [3].
96   Locally unprotected fauna
(1)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, declare any protected fauna within a locality specified or described in the order, being fauna of a species named in the order, to be fauna to which this section applies.
Editorial note—
For orders under this subsection, see Gazettes No 61 of 7.5.1976, p 2013; No 147 of 19.10.1984, p 5146 and No 159 of 21.10.1988, p 5499.
(2)  An order under subsection (1) does not apply, and shall be expressed so as not to apply, with respect to any lands within a national park, historic site or nature reserve.
(3)  Any protected fauna declared to be fauna to which this section applies are, for the purposes of sections 70 (5) and (6) and 98, locally unprotected fauna.
(4)  An order under subsection (1) does not apply to, and must not be expressed to apply to, any threatened species, population or ecological community.
(5)  Without affecting subsections (2) and (4), an order under subsection (1) may be subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be specified in the order.
s 96: Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [62]; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [4].
97   Certain protected fauna to be property of the Crown
(1)  In this section, prescribed fauna means:
(a)  an animal that is protected fauna and that is, at the time of birth, in the lawful possession of any person other than the Crown,
(b)  protected fauna, being fauna imported into New South Wales,
(b1)    (Repealed)
(c)  protected fauna that was, before the commencement day, lawfully taken or in the lawful possession of any person other than the Crown and that had not been liberated before that day, or
(d)  any protected fauna of a class or description prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph.
(2)  Any protected fauna, other than prescribed fauna, shall, until captured or killed in accordance with this Act, be deemed to be the property of the Crown.
(3)  Any prescribed fauna shall, when liberated in New South Wales, be deemed to be the property of the Crown.
(4)  Protected fauna which is deemed by this section to be the property of the Crown does not cease to be the property of the Crown merely because a person other than the Crown:
(a)  takes possession of it because it is incapable of fending for itself in its natural habitat, or
(b)  takes or obtains it under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120 (being a general licence which declares that any animal so taken or obtained remains the property of the Crown).
(5)  The progeny of any protected fauna which was born at a time when the protected fauna was in the possession of a person in the circumstances referred to in subsection 4 (a) or (b) shall, at the time of birth, be deemed to be in the lawful possession of the Crown instead of that person.
s 97: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (6); 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (2); 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (7).
98   Harming protected fauna, other than threatened species, populations or ecological communities
(1)  In this section, protected fauna does not include threatened interstate fauna, threatened species, populations or ecological communities, or locally unprotected fauna under section 96.
(2)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any protected fauna, or
(a1)  harm for sporting or recreational purposes game birds that are locally unprotected fauna, or
(b)  use any substance, animal, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device or instrument or means whatever for the purpose of harming any protected fauna.
Maximum penalty:
(a)  100 penalty units and, in a case where protected fauna is harmed, an additional 10 penalty units in respect of each animal that is harmed, or
(b)  imprisonment for 6 months,
or both.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (2) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121, a game licence under section 122, a trapper’s licence under section 123 or an emu licence under section 125A or a licence under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act.
(4)    (Repealed)
(5)  Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to things which are essential for the carrying out of:
(a)  development in accordance with a development consent within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(b)  an activity, whether by a determining authority or pursuant to an approval of a determining authority, within the meaning of Part 5 of that Act if the determining authority has complied with that Part.
s 98: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 4 (1), 5 (7); 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (8); 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (2); 1993 No 108, Sch 2; 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [4]; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [63]–[69]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [13].
99   Harming threatened interstate fauna
(1)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any threatened interstate fauna, or
(b)  use any substance, animal, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device or instrument or means whatever for the purpose of harming any such fauna, or
(c)    (Repealed)
Maximum penalty:
(a)  1000 penalty units and, in a case where threatened interstate fauna is harmed, an additional 100 penalty units in respect of each animal that is harmed, or
(b)  imprisonment for 1 year,
or both.
(1A)    (Repealed)
(2)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120.
(3)  Where the provisions of any other Act or instrument under any other Act authorise or require anything to be done that would constitute an offence arising under subsection (1):
(a)  the provisions of this section prevail, except where the other Act is the Rural Fires Act 1997, and
(b)  a person shall not be convicted of an offence against that other Act or instrument by reason of the person’s failure to comply therewith in so far as compliance therewith would constitute an offence arising under subsection (1).
(4)–(6)    (Repealed)
s 99: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (2); 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (3); 1989 No 21, sec 3; 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (9); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [70]–[74]; 1997 No 65, Sch 4.18 [2]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [14]; 2002 No 53, Sch 1.20 [2].
99A   Directions relating to protected fauna
(1)  An officer of the Service may give a direction to a person to stop feeding protected fauna.
(2)  An officer of the Service may give a direction to a person to stop any activity that is causing, or is likely to cause, distress to protected fauna.
(3)  A person must not fail to comply with a direction given to the person under this section.
Maximum penalty: 25 penalty units.
(4)  A direction under this section has effect only for a period of 24 hours after the time at which it was given.
(5)  However, nothing in subsection (4) prevents a further direction being given under this section.
(6)  A direction may not be issued under this section:
(a)  in relation to anything done in accordance with a licence or certificate issued under this Act or under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(b)  in relation to anything essential for the carrying out of development in accordance with a development consent within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(c)  in relation to anything essential for the carrying out of an activity, whether by a determining authority or pursuant to an approval of a determining authority, within the meaning of Part 5 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(d)  in relation to anything done for the purposes of the Rural Fires Act 1997, or
(e)  in such circumstances as are prescribed by the regulations.
s 99A: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [15].
100   Further provisions respecting harming protected fauna (including threatened interstate fauna)
(1)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under section 98 (2), 99 (1), 112G or 118A if the person proves:
(a)  that the animal concerned was in some person’s lawful possession and that the act constituting the offence was, having regard to the circumstances of the case, reasonably necessary for promoting the welfare of the animal, or
(b)  that the animal concerned had strayed or escaped from some person’s lawful possession and that the act constituting the offence was, having regard to the circumstances of the case, reasonably necessary for securing the return of the animal.
(2)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to conditions and restrictions (if any) prescribed by the regulations, any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of section 98 (2).
s 100: Am 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (10); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [75] [76].
101   Buying, selling or possessing protected fauna
(1)  A person shall not buy, sell or have in the person’s possession or control any protected fauna.
Penalty:
(a)  in respect of any protected fauna other than threatened interstate fauna—100 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months or both,
(b)  in respect of any threatened interstate fauna—1,000 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year or both.
(2)    (Repealed)
(3)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, exempt from subsection (1) protected fauna of a species named in the order, subject to such conditions and restrictions relating to the buying, selling or having in possession of any such protected fauna as may be prescribed in the order.
Editorial note—
For orders under this subsection, see Gazettes No 54 of 11.4.1975, p 1393 (revoked GG No 148 of 16.10.1998, p 8395); No 147 of 19.10.1984, p 5146; No 138 of 4.10.1985, p 5240 and No 95 of 20.8.1999, p 6321.
(4)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the buying or selling of any protected fauna if the person satisfies the court that the person believed, on reasonable grounds, that the act constituting the offence was done, or that the state of affairs constituting the offence existed, under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence under Division 2 of Part 9 or an aviary registration certificate under section 128.
(5)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the possession of any protected fauna, if the person satisfies the court:
(a)  that the person believed, on reasonable grounds, that the state of affairs constituting the offence existed under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence under Division 2 of Part 9 or that the person otherwise obtained the fauna lawfully,
(b)  that the fauna is the progeny of any fauna which the person believed, on reasonable grounds, had been lawfully obtained by the person, being progeny born after the lastmentioned fauna was so obtained, or
(c)  that:
(i)  the animal concerned was incapable of fending for itself in its natural habitat,
(ii)  the person notified the Director-General, in the prescribed manner and within the prescribed time, that the animal came into the person’s possession, and
(iii)  the person complied with any direction given to the person with respect to the animal by the Director-General.
(6)  A reference in this section to a person’s having protected fauna in the person’s possession includes a reference to the person’s having protected fauna in a vehicle, building, lodging, apartment, field or other place whether belonging to or occupied by the person, and whether the fauna is then had or placed for the person’s own use or the use of another.
(7)    (Repealed)
s 101: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (3); 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (4); 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (11); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [77].
102   Directions respecting protected fauna in confinement
(1)  The Director-General, or an officer of the Service duly authorised by the Director-General in that behalf, may, by notice given to a person who keeps protected fauna in confinement or in a domesticated state, give such directions respecting food, drink and shelter for, and the welfare of, the fauna as appear to the Director-General or officer to be proper.
(2)  A person shall not fail to comply with any direction given to the person under subsection (1).
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (2) in respect of a failure to comply with a direction if the person satisfies the court that the person so failed with reasonable excuse.
103   Harming fauna for sale
(1)  A person shall not harm fauna for the purpose of sale.
(2)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done under and in accordance with the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121, a trapper’s licence under section 123 or an emu licence under section 125A.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming for the purposes of sale of any dingo, ferret, fox, hare or rabbit or any fauna of a species named in an order under subsection (4).
(4)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, declare that subsection (1) does not apply to or in respect of any fauna of a species named in the order, not being threatened interstate fauna or threatened species, populations or ecological communities.
s 103: Am 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (3); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [78]–[80].
104   Fauna dealers
(1)  A person must not:
(a)  exercise or carry on, or
(b)  advertise, notify or state that he or she exercises or carries on or is willing to exercise or carry on, or
(c)  in any way hold himself or herself out to the public as ready to exercise or carry on,
the business of a fauna dealer, unless the person does so under and in accordance with the authority conferred by a licence under Division 2 of Part 9.
(1A)  A person is not to be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the sale by retail of meat from a game animal (within the meaning of the Meat Industry Act 1978), but only if the meat was lawfully acquired from the holder of a licence under Division 2 of Part 9.
(2)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of any dingo, ferret, fox, hare or rabbit or any fauna of a species named in an order under subsection (3).
(3)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, declare that subsection (1) does not apply to or in respect of any fauna of a species named in the order.
Editorial note—
For orders under this subsection, see Gazettes No 147 of 19.10.1984, p 5146; No 138 of 4.10.1985, p 5240 and No 95 of 20.8.1999, p 6319.
s 104: Am 1992 No 85, Sch 2; 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (4).
105   Skin dealers
A person must not:
(a)  exercise or carry on, or
(b)  advertise, notify or state that he or she exercises or carries on or is willing to exercise or carry on, or
(c)  in any way hold himself or herself out to the public as ready to exercise or carry on,
the business of a skin dealer, unless the person does so under and in accordance with the authority conferred by a licence under Division 2 of Part 9.
s 105: Subst 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (5).
105A   Emu Breeders
(1)  A person must not:
(a)  exercise or carry on, or
(b)  advertise, notify or state that he or she exercises or carries on or is willing to exercise or carry on, or
(c)  in any way hold himself or herself out to the public as ready to exercise or carry on,
the business of an emu breeder, unless the person does so under and in accordance with the authority conferred by a licence under Division 2 of Part 9.
(2)  A person is not to be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the sale by retail of an emu product, but only if the product was lawfully acquired from:
(a)  the holder of a licence under Division 2 of Part 9, or
(b)  a person who is authorised to sell emu products under the fauna protection legislation of another State or Territory.
s 105A: Ins 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (6).
106   Importing or exporting protected fauna
(1)  A person shall not import into or export from New South Wales any protected fauna.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to any protected fauna of a species prescribed for the purposes of this subsection or to any emu product.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by an import licence or an export licence under section 126.
s 106: Am 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (7).
107   Exhibiting protected fauna
A person shall not exhibit any protected fauna, unless the person does so under and in accordance with the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120.
108   Possessing 20 or more birds
A person shall not have more than 19 birds, being protected fauna, in the person’s possession or under the person’s control in or upon a structure, building, store, shop or other premises, unless:
(a)  an aviary registration certificate under section 128 is in force with respect to that structure, building, store, shop or other premises, or
(b)  that person is a fauna dealer licensed under section 124 and the structure, building, store or shop is, or the other premises are, registered under section 124, or
(c)  that person does so under and in accordance with the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, or
(d)  that person is the holder of an emu licence under section 125A.
s 108: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (10); 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (8); 1997 No 147, Sch 1.16 [3]; 1999 No 31, Sch 2.24.
109   Unlawful liberation of animals
(1)  A person shall not liberate, anywhere in New South Wales, any animal (other than a homing pigeon or a captured animal which is native to New South Wales) unless under and in accordance with a licence under section 127.
(2)  A person shall not liberate, elsewhere than in the locality of capture, any captured animal which is native to New South Wales unless under and in accordance with a licence under section 127.
s 109: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (8); 1989 No 89, Sch 1.
110   Use of certain substances for harming fauna
(1)  A person shall not, without the consent in writing of the Director-General, use any prescribed substance for the harming, or attempted harming, of any protected fauna (other than birds).
Maximum penalty: 30 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months or both.
(2)  A person shall not, without the consent in writing of the Director-General, use any prescribed substance for the harming, or attempted harming, of any bird (whether or not protected fauna and whether or not native to, or of a species that periodically or occasionally migrates to, Australia).
Maximum penalty: 30 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months or both.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) or (2) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done under and in accordance with the regulations.
(4)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1) or (2) or both.
(5)  In this section, substance includes mixture or preparation.
s 110: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 4 (4), 6 (6); 1989 No 226, Sch 1; 1992 No 112, Sch 1; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [81].
111   Method of shooting fauna
A person shall not, for the purpose of harming any protected fauna, use any firearm of a kind other than the kind habitually raised at arm’s length and fired from the shoulder without other support.
Maximum penalty: 5 penalty units.
s 111: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (5); 1992 No 112, Sch 1; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [82].
112   Harming snakes
A person shall not be convicted of an offence against this Act in respect of the harming of a snake unless it is proved that there were no grounds on which the person could reasonably have believed at any relevant time that the snake was endangering, or was likely to endanger, any person or property.
s 112: Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [83].
Part 7A Marine mammals—special provisions
pt 7A: Ins 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (5).
112A   Constitution of Marine Mammals Advisory Committee
(1)  There is constituted by this Act the Marine Mammals Advisory Committee.
(2)  The Committee shall consist of:
(a)  the Chairperson of the Committee who shall be the Director-General or an officer of the Service nominated by the Director-General, and
(b)  5 other persons appointed by the Minister.
(3)  Of the members appointed by the Minister:
(a)  one shall be a person nominated by the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994,
(b)  one shall be a person nominated by the Australian Museum Trust,
(c)  one shall be a person nominated by the Zoological Parks Board of New South Wales, and
(d)  2 shall be persons representing conservation organisations.
(4)  Schedule 8A has effect with respect to the members and procedure of the Committee.
s 112A: Ins 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (5). Am 1994 No 38, Sch 8.
112B   Functions of the Marine Mammals Advisory Committee
The Marine Mammals Advisory Committee shall have the following functions:
(a)  to advise the Minister on the conservation and protection of marine mammals,
(b)  to advise the Minister in relation to plans for dealing with strandings of marine mammals,
(c)  to advise the Minister on plans of management referred to it under this Part,
(d)  to advise and make recommendations on such matters relating to the administration of this Act with respect to marine mammals as are referred to it by the Minister.
ss 112B–112E: Ins 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (5).
112C   Preparation of plans of management for marine mammals
(1)  The Director-General may cause plans of management to be prepared for the management of populations of marine mammals.
(2)  A plan of management may deal with the following matters:
(a)  population distribution and abundance of marine mammals,
(b)  threats to the survival of species of marine mammals, populations of species of marine mammals or individual marine mammals,
(c)  research and strategies related to the conservation and protection of marine mammals,
(d)  educational activities which promote an appreciation of the value of marine mammal life or which relate to the conservation and protection of marine mammals,
(e)  international agreements or agreements between the States and the Commonwealth relating to marine mammals.
ss 112B–112E: Ins 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (5).
112D   Adoption etc of plan of management for marine mammals
(1)  Where a plan of management has been prepared for marine mammals under section 112C, the Director-General shall give notice as prescribed that the plan of management has been prepared and shall, in that notice:
(a)  specify the address of the place at which copies of the plan of management may be inspected, and
(b)  specify the address to which representations in connection with the plan of management may be forwarded.
(2)  Any person interested may, within one month or such longer period as may be specified in the notice, make representations to the Director-General in connection with the plan of management.
(3)  The Director-General shall, upon the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (2), refer the plan of management, and any representations forwarded to the Director-General, to the Marine Mammals Advisory Committee for its consideration and advice.
(4)  The Director-General shall thereupon submit the plan of management to the Minister together with any comments or suggestions of the Marine Mammals Advisory Committee.
(5)  The Minister shall, before adopting the plan of management, consider the comments and suggestions of the Marine Mammals Advisory Committee.
(6)  The Minister may adopt the plan of management without alteration or with such alterations as the Minister may think fit or may refer it back to the Director-General and the Marine Mammals Advisory Committee for further consideration.
(7)  The Minister may:
(a)  amend or alter a plan of management from time to time, or
(b)  cancel the plan and substitute a new plan.
(8)  Where the Minister proposes to amend or alter a plan of management or to cancel a plan of management and substitute a new plan of management, the Minister shall instruct the Director-General to cause the amendment or alteration or the new plan of management to be prepared, and the Director-General shall proceed to do so as soon as practicable after being so instructed.
(9)  Subsections (1) to (6), inclusive, apply to and in respect of an amendment or alteration referred to in subsection (8) in the same way as they apply to and in respect of a plan of management.
ss 112B–112E: Ins 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (5).
112E   Carrying out of plan of management
Where the Minister has adopted a plan of management, it shall be carried out and given effect to by the Director-General.
ss 112B–112E: Ins 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (5).
112F   Restriction on issue of licences to take marine mammals for exhibition etc
A general licence shall not be issued under section 120 to authorise a person to harm or obtain a marine mammal for exhibition or other purposes unless the authorised officer who issues the licence is satisfied that the marine mammal is required for genuine scientific or educational purposes or any other purpose connected with the conservation or protection of marine mammals.
s 112F: Ins 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (5). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [84].
112G   Approaching marine mammal
(1)  A person must not approach a marine mammal any closer than such distance as may be prescribed by the regulations or interfere with a marine mammal.
Penalty: 1,000 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both.
(2)  If:
(a)  a person is convicted by the Land and Environment Court of an offence arising under this section, and
(b)  the Court is satisfied that the person committed the offence in the course of commercial operations relating to the killing of marine mammals,
the maximum penalty that the Court may impose in respect of the offence is 2,000 penalty units.
(3)  A person must not be convicted of an offence under this section if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120 or a licence under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
(4)  If the provisions of any other Act or instrument made under any other Act authorise or require anything to be done that would constitute an offence under this section:
(a)  the provisions of this section prevail, except if the other Act is the Rural Fires Act 1997 or the State Emergency and Rescue Management Act 1989, and
(b)  a person must not to be convicted of an offence against the other Act or instrument because of the person’s failure to comply with the other Act or instrument if compliance with the other Act or instrument would constitute an offence under this section.
(5)  A reference in section 112F, 120, 129 or 171 to harming any fauna includes, so far as is applicable in relation to a marine mammal, approaching or interfering with the marine mammal as referred to in subsection (1).
(6)  In this section, interfere with includes harass, chase, herd, tag, mark and brand.
s 112G: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [85]. Am 1997 No 65, Sch 4.18 [2].
Part 8 Native plants
113   Definitions
In this Part:
Christmas Bush means the native plant named Ceratopetalum gummiferum.
private land includes land leased from the Crown, or which is in the course of alienation by the Crown under any Act.
114   Director-General’s responsibilities as to native plants
The Director-General shall be the authority for the protection of native plants.
115   Amendment of Schedule 13 (protected native plants)
(1)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, amend Schedule 13:
(a)  by omitting therefrom the name of any species of native plant, or
(b)  by inserting therein the name of any species of native plant, or
(c)  by inserting a new part or group, or removing a part or group, or combining any parts or groups.
(2)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, amend this Act by omitting Schedule 13 and by inserting instead a Schedule containing the names of species of native plants.
s 115: Am 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [17].
115A   Management plans for protected native plants
(1)  The Director-General may cause a flora plan of management to be prepared for any commercial activity relating to a species or group of species of protected native plant if the Director-General is of the opinion that the activity has the potential to affect adversely the conservation of the species or group.
(2)  The Director-General may require consultation with the Scientific Committee established under Part 8 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 in the preparation of a flora plan of management.
(3)  In the preparation of a flora plan of management for a species of protected native plant the following matters are to be considered:
(a)  the ecology of the species,
(b)  the sustainability of the proposed management regime,
(c)  Aboriginal cultural practices,
(d)  standards to be adhered to in the picking or growing of plants,
(e)  whether limits need to be imposed on the number of licences that may be issued for a commercial activity if a licence is required to carry out the activity,
(f)  protocols for the extraction of plant material from the wild,
(g)  consistency with any threat abatement plan, or recovery plan, within the meaning of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995,
(h)  monitoring of the activity,
(i)  any other matters that the Director-General considers relevant.
(4)  Before a flora plan of management is adopted by the Director-General, the Director-General is to ensure that a draft of the plan is publicly exhibited and that a period of at least 30 days is given for the making of representations on the draft plan.
(5)  The Director-General is to consider any representations made within that period before adopting the flora plan of management.
(6)  The Director-General may amend or revoke a flora plan of management.
(7)  Subsections (2)–(5) apply to an amendment of a flora plan of management in the same way as they apply to the preparation and adoption of a flora plan of management.
(8)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to treating flora plans of management (however described) prepared for the purposes of other legislation, including legislation of the Commonwealth, as flora plans of management for the purposes of this Act.
s 115A: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [18].
116   Restriction as to licences under Forestry Act 1916
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act or the Forestry Act 1916, but subject to subsection (2):
(a)  the Forestry Commission shall not issue a licence for the removal of any protected native plant from any State forest, timber reserve or Crown land, and
(b)  any such licence shall cease to be operative while it relates to any protected native plant.
(2)  The Forestry Commission may, in accordance with the Forestry Act 1916, authorise the removal of any protected native plant from a State forest, timber reserve or Crown land if:
(a)  the authorisation is subject to a condition that the removal is to be undertaken in accordance with any relevant flora plan of management in force under section 115A of this Act, or
(b)  the Forestry Commission is of the opinion that the plant would be damaged or destroyed in the taking of timber, products or forest materials under, or in the carrying out of any activity authorised by, the Forestry Act 1916.
s 116: Am 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [19].
117   Restriction on picking or possession of native plant
(1)  A person shall not pick or have in the person’s possession a protected native plant.
Maximum penalty:
(a)  100 penalty units and an additional 10 penalty units in respect of each whole plant that was affected by or concerned in the action that constituted the offence, or
(b)  imprisonment for 6 months,
or both.
(2)  Without affecting the operation of section 57 or 71, subsection (1) does not apply in relation to the picking or possession of a protected native plant in a nature reserve or wildlife refuge or in lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A by an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands are vested in an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils under that Part or any other Aboriginal person who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members for the lands for purposes referred to in section 57 (7).
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that:
(a)  the protected native plant was grown upon private land and was picked by or with the consent of the owner, lessee or occupier of that land, or
(b)  the protected native plant was picked by the person:
(i)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence issued under section 131 or a licence issued under the Forestry Act 1916, or
(ia)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a licence issued under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(ii)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act,
or was in the person’s possession after having been so picked, or
(c)  the protected native plant was in the person’s possession in accordance with a licence issued under section 132A, or
(d)  the protected native plant that was picked or in the person’s possession was cultivated by the person as a hobby and not for commercial purposes or was cultivated by another person as a hobby and not for commercial purposes, or
(e)  the protected native plant was obtained from a person who was authorised to grow and sell it by a licence issued under section 132.
(4)  In any prosecution for an offence arising under subsection (1), proof that a protected native plant was found in the possession of the defendant shall be prima facie evidence that the defendant picked the native plant or had the native plant in the defendant’s possession in contravention of this section and the onus of proof to the contrary shall be upon the defendant.
(5)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1).
(6)  A reference in this section to a person’s having a protected native plant in the person’s possession includes a reference to the person’s having a protected native plant in a vehicle, building, lodging, apartment, field or other place whether belonging to or occupied by the person, and whether the plant is then had or placed for the person’s own use or the use of another.
s 117: Am 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [36]; 1998 No 163, Sch 10 [1]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [20] [21].
118   Restriction on selling of native plant
(1)  A person shall not sell a protected native plant.
Maximum penalty:
(a)  100 penalty units and an additional 10 penalty units in respect of each whole plant that was affected by or concerned in the action that constituted the offence, or
(b)  imprisonment for 6 months,
or both.
(2)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of:
(a)  any protected native plant that is of a class exempted from the operation of this section by the regulations, or
(b)  any protected native plant that has been picked for commercial purposes in pursuance of a licence issued under section 131, or
(c)  any protected native plant that has been grown in pursuance of a licence issued under section 132 and picked by or with the consent of the holder of the licence, or
(d)  the sale of any protected native plant in accordance with a licence under section 132A.
s 118: Am 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [22]–[24].
Part 8A Threatened species, populations and ecological communities, and their habitats, and critical habitat
pt 8A: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [86].
118A   Harming or picking threatened species, populations or ecological communities
(1)  A person must not:
(a)  harm any threatened species, population or ecological community, being an animal, or
(b)  use any substance, animal, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device or instrument or means whatever for the purpose of harming any such species, population or ecological community, being an animal.
Penalty:
(a)  in respect of any endangered species, population or ecological community—2,000 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both, and, in a case where an animal of any endangered species, population or ecological community is harmed, an additional 100 penalty units in respect of each animal that is harmed,
(b)  in respect of any vulnerable species—500 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year or both, and, in a case where an animal of any vulnerable species is harmed, an additional 50 penalty units in respect of each animal that is harmed.
(2)  A person must not pick any threatened species, population or ecological community, being a plant.
Penalty:
(a)  in respect of any endangered species, population or ecological community—2,000 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both, and an additional 100 penalty units in respect of each whole plant that was affected by or concerned in the action that constituted the offence,
(b)  in respect of any vulnerable species—500 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year or both, and an additional 50 penalty units in respect of each whole plant that was affected by or concerned in the action that constituted the offence.
(3)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against this section if the accused proves that the act constituting the alleged offence:
(a)  was authorised to be done, and was done in accordance with, a general licence under section 120, a licence under section 131, 132 or 132A or a licence granted under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(a1)  was the subject of a certificate issued under section 95 (2) of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(b)  was essential for the carrying out of:
(i)  development in accordance with a development consent within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(ii)  an activity, whether by a determining authority or pursuant to an approval of a determining authority within the meaning of Part 5 of that Act if the determining authority has complied with that Part, or
(c)  was authorised to be done by or under the State Emergency and Rescue Management Act 1989 or the State Emergency Service Act 1989 and was reasonably necessary in order to avoid a threat to life or property, or
(d)  was not done for commercial purposes and was done in relation to a plant that was cultivated by the person as a hobby or was cultivated by another person as a hobby, or
(e)  was done in relation to a plant that was obtained from a person who was authorised to grow and sell it by a licence issued under section 132.
(3A)  This section does not apply in relation to any thing authorised to be done by or under the Rural Fires Act 1997 in relation to any emergency fire fighting act within the meaning of that Act.
(4)  If the provisions of any other Act or law or of any instrument made under any other Act or law authorise or require anything to be done that would constitute an offence under this section:
(a)  this section prevails (except in relation to a matter referred to in subsection (3) (b) or (c)), and
(b)  a person is not to be convicted of an offence against the other Act, law or instrument because of the person’s failure to comply with the other Act, law or instrument if compliance with the other Act, law or instrument would constitute an offence under this section.
s 118A: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [86]. Am 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [3] [4]; 1997 No 65, Sch 4.18 [1]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [25]–[30]; 2002 No 67, Sch 5.6 [3] [4].
118B   Buying, selling or possessing threatened species or endangered population
(1)  A person must not buy, sell or have in possession or control any threatened species or endangered population.
Penalty:
(a)  in respect of any endangered species or endangered population—2,000 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both,
(b)  in respect of any vulnerable species—500 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year or both.
(2)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, exempt from subsection (1) threatened species named in the order, subject to such conditions and restrictions relating to the buying, selling or having in possession of any such threatened species as may be prescribed in the order.
(3)  A person must not to be convicted of an offence against this section of having in the person’s possession or control a plant of any threatened species if the plant is naturally occurring on land that the person owns or of which the person is the lessee or lawful owner.
(4)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against this section if the accused proves that the act constituting the alleged offence was authorised to be done, and was done in accordance with, a general licence under section 120, or a licence under section 131, 132 or 132A or a licence granted under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
(5)  A person must not be convicted of an offence under this section in respect of the possession of any threatened species if the person satisfies the court that:
(a)  the species, being an animal, is the progeny of any animal lawfully in the possession of the person pursuant to a licence granted under this Act or under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 and that progeny is less than 6 months old, or
(b)  the species, being an animal:
(i)  was incapable of fending for itself in its natural habitat, and
(ii)  the person notified the Director-General, in the manner and within the time prescribed by the regulations, that the animal came into the person’s possession, and
(iii)  the person complied with any direction given to the person about the animal by the Director-General, or
(c)  the species, being a plant, was propagated from a plant lawfully in the possession of a person pursuant to a licence granted under this Act or under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(d)  the act constituting the alleged offence was not done for commercial purposes and was done in relation to a plant that was cultivated by the person as a hobby or was cultivated by another person as a hobby, or
(e)  the act constituting the alleged offence was done in relation to a plant that was obtained from a person who was authorised to grow and sell it by a licence issued under section 132.
(6)  A reference in this section to a person’s having threatened species in the person’s possession includes a reference to the person having threatened species in a vehicle, building, lodging, apartment, field or other place whether belonging to or occupied by the person, and whether the species is then had or placed for the person’s own use or the use of another person.
s 118B: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [86]. Am 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [31]–[33].
118C   Damage critical habitat
(1)  A person must not, by an act or an omission, do anything that causes damage to any critical habitat.
Maximum penalty: 2,000 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both.
(2)  If a map of the critical habitat was published in the Gazette before the act constituting the offence was done or omitted to be done, it is not necessary for the prosecution to prove that the person knew that the habitat was declared as critical habitat or that the person knew that it was habitat of an endangered species, population or ecological community.
(3)  If a map of the critical habitat was not published in the Gazette before the act constituting the offence was done or omitted to be done, the prosecution must prove that the person knew that the habitat was declared as critical habitat or that the person knew, or ought to have known, that it was critical habitat.
(4)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against this section in relation to an area of critical habitat that the Director-General has declined to publicly notify under section 146 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 that the accused did not know and could not reasonably be expected to have known that the area was critical habitat.
(5)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against this section if the accused proves that the act constituting the offence:
(a)  was authorised to be done, and was done in accordance with, a licence granted under this Act or under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(a1)  was the subject of a certificate issued under section 95 (2) of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(b)  was essential for the carrying out of:
(i)  development in accordance with a development consent within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(ii)  an activity, whether by a determining authority or pursuant to an approval of a determining authority within the meaning of Part 5 of that Act if the determining authority has complied with the Part, or
(c)  was authorised to be done by or under Part 2 of the Rural Fires Act 1997, the State Emergency and Rescue Management Act 1989 or the State Emergency Service Act 1989 and was reasonably necessary in order to avoid a threat to life or property.
(6)  If the provisions of any other Act or law or of any instrument made under any other Act or law authorise or require anything to be done that would constitute an offence under this section:
(a)  this section prevails (except in relation to a matter referred to in subsection (5) (b) or (c), and
(b)  a person is not to be convicted of an offence against the other Act, law or instrument because of the person’s failure to comply with the other Act, law or instrument if compliance with the other Act, law or instrument would constitute an offence under this section.
s 118C: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [86]. Am 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [3] [4]; 1997 No 65, Sch 4.18 [1].
118D   Damage habitat of threatened species, populations or ecological communities
(1)  A person must not, by an act or an omission, do anything that causes damage to any habitat (other than a critical habitat) of a threatened species, population or ecological community if the person knows that the land concerned is habitat of that kind.
Penalty: 1,000 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year or both.
(2)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against this section if the accused proves that the act constituting the offence:
(a)  was authorised to be done, and was done in accordance with, a licence granted under this Act or under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(a1)  was the subject of a certificate issued under section 95 (2) of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(b)  was essential for the carrying out of:
(i)  development in accordance with a development consent within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(ii)  an activity, whether by a determining authority or pursuant to an approval of a determining authority within the meaning of Part 5 of that Act if the determining authority has complied with the Part, or
(c)  was authorised to be done by or under the State Emergency and Rescue Management Act 1989 or the State Emergency Service Act 1989 and was reasonably necessary in order to avoid a threat to life or property.
(2A)  This section does not apply in relation to any thing authorised to be done by or under the Rural Fires Act 1997 in relation to any emergency fire fighting act within the meaning of that Act.
(3)  If the provisions of any other Act or law or of any instrument made under any other Act or law authorise or require anything to be done that would constitute an offence under this section:
(a)  this section prevails (except in relation to a matter referred to in subsection (2) (b) or (c)), and
(b)  a person is not to be convicted of an offence against the other Act, law or instrument because of the person’s failure to comply with the other Act, law or instrument if compliance with the other Act, law or instrument would constitute an offence under this section.
s 118D: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [86]. Am 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [3] [4]; 1997 No 65, Sch 4.18 [1]; 2002 No 67, Sch 5.6 [5] [6].
118E   Court may order offender to restore critical habitat or habitat of threatened species, populations or ecological communities
(1)  If a court convicts a person of an offence under this Part involving damage to any critical habitat or habitat of a threatened species, population or ecological community, the court may, in addition to or in substitution for any pecuniary penalty for the offence, direct the person to take any action to mitigate the damage or to restore that critical habitat or habitat of a threatened species, population or ecological community.
(2)  The court may specify the actions to be taken to mitigate the damage or restore the habitat and may order the person to maintain the habitat until the actions ordered to be done to mitigate the damage or restore the habitat have been fully performed.
(3)  The court may order the person to provide security for the performance of any obligation imposed under this section.
(4)  For the purposes of this section, a conviction includes the making of an order under section 10 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999.
s 118E: Ins 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [86]. Am 1999 No 94, Sch 4.41.
Part 9 Licensing etc in respect of fauna and native plants
Division 1 Preliminary
119   Definitions
In this Part:
authorised officer means:
(a)  the Director-General, or
(b)  in relation to a provision of this Part:
(i)  an officer of the Service, or any other person, duly authorised by the Director-General, or
(ii)  any person holding an office, position or rank prescribed,
for the purposes of that provision.
private land includes land leased from the Crown, or which is in the course of alienation by the Crown under any Act.
Division 2 Fauna
120   General licence
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as a general licence), authorising a person to do any or all of the following:
(a)  to harm or obtain any protected fauna:
(i)  for the purpose of providing specimens of natural history for any scientific institution or museum,
(ii)  for the purpose of carrying on any scientific investigation,
(iii)  for the purpose of exhibiting the fauna, or
(iv)  for any other specified purpose,
(a1)  to hold or to keep in possession or under control any protected fauna for any purpose mentioned in subparagraphs (i)–(iv) of paragraph (a),
(b)  to exhibit protected fauna,
(c)  to dispose of, whether by sale or otherwise, any fauna harmed, obtained, held, kept or exhibited under the authority of the licence,
(d)  to sell any fauna in the person’s lawful possession, otherwise than as a fauna dealer or skin dealer,
(e)  to harm any protected fauna (other than a threatened species, population or ecological community) in the course of carrying out specified development or specified activities.
(2)  A general licence does not, except in so far as the terms of the licence otherwise expressly provide, authorise the harming of fauna in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, wildlife district, wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement.
(2A)  A general licence does not authorise the harming of game birds for sporting or recreational purposes. However, a licence can authorise a sporting or recreational shooter to harm game birds for any other specified lawful purpose.
(3)  A general licence may be issued without conditions or limitations or may be issued subject to specified conditions or limitations.
(4)  Without affecting the generality of subsection (3):
(a)  a general licence may but need not specify the species of protected fauna that may be harmed under its authority, and
(b)  a general licence may but need not be limited to specified areas.
(5)  A general licence may authorise any specified persons in addition to the person to whom the licence is issued to do the things authorised by the licence. In any such case, the specified persons are taken to be holders of the licence for the purposes of this Act.
(6)  To avoid doubt, the Director-General is not a determining authority for the purposes of Part 5 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 when issuing a general licence.
s 120: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (33); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (13); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (15); 1989 No 89, Sch 1; 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (16); 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (12); 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [5]; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [87]–[92]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [41].
121   Occupier’s licence
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as an occupier’s licence), authorising an owner or occupier of specified lands:
(a)  to harm, or
(b)  to permit a person, holding a general licence issued to the person under section 120 or a trapper’s licence issued to the person under section 123, to harm,
a specified number of fauna of a specified class found on those lands and the licence may authorise the disposal, whether by sale or otherwise, of fauna harmed under the authority of the licence.
(2)  If an occupier’s licence is proposed to be subject to a condition requiring labels, tags, slips or other objects to be affixed or attached to the skin or carcase of fauna harmed under the authority of the licence, the licence must not be issued unless the licensee has been supplied by the Service with sufficient labels, tags, slips or other objects to enable the licensee to comply with the relevant condition.
(3)  An occupier’s licence shall not be issued with respect to threatened species, populations or ecological communities or to authorise game birds to be harmed for sporting or recreational purposes. However, a licence can authorise a sporting or recreational shooter to harm game birds for any other specified lawful purpose.
s 121: Am 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [6]; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [93]–[97]; 1996 No 121, Sch 1.12 [1].
122   Game licences
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as a game licence), authorising a person:
(a)    (Repealed)
(b)  to harm any fauna of the species specified in a proclamation under section 58A, 67 or 69 in a wildlife district, state game reserve or wildlife management area to which the proclamation relates, subject to the conditions and restrictions (if any) prescribed in the proclamation.
(2)  A game licence does not authorise a person:
(a)  to harm any threatened species, population or ecological community,
(b)  to harm any fauna in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, karst conservation reserve or wildlife refuge, or
(c)  to harm any fauna for the purpose of sale, or
(d)  to harm game birds for sporting or recreational purposes.
s 122: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (34); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (17); 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [7] [8]; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [98] (am 1996 No 30, Sch 2) [99] [100]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [41].
123   Trapper’s licence
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as a trapper’s licence), authorising a person to harm fauna of a species named therein for the purposes of sale.
(2)  A trapper’s licence does not, except in so far as the terms of the licence otherwise expressly provide, authorise the harming of fauna in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, wildlife district, wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area, wilderness area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement.
(3)  A trapper’s licence must not be issued with respect to threatened species, populations or ecological communities.
s 123: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (35); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (14); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (16); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (18); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [101]–[103]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [41].
124   Fauna dealer’s licence
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as a fauna dealer’s licence), authorising a person to buy or sell fauna as a fauna dealer and otherwise to exercise or carry on the business of a fauna dealer.
(2)  A person licensed under subsection (1) shall not exercise or carry on business as a fauna dealer in New South Wales at or on any premises that are not registered under this section.
(3)  An authorised officer may issue registration certificates in respect of each of the premises at or on which a person licensed under subsection (1) exercises or carries on business as a fauna dealer in New South Wales.
125   Skin dealer’s licence
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as a skin dealer’s licence), authorising a person to buy or sell skins as a skin dealer and otherwise to exercise or carry on the business of a skin dealer.
(2)  A person licensed under subsection (1) shall not exercise or carry on business as a skin dealer in New South Wales at or on any premises that are not registered under this section.
(3)  An authorised officer may issue registration certificates in respect of each of the premises at or on which a person licensed under subsection (1) exercises or carries on business as a skin dealer in New South Wales.
125A   Emu licence
An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as an emu licence), authorising a person to do any one or more of the following:
(a)  to buy or sell live emus, whole emu eggs or other emu products,
(b)  to kill emus reared or bred under and in accordance with the authority conferred by such a licence,
(c)  otherwise to exercise or carry on the business of an emu breeder.
s 125A: Ins 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (9).
126   Import and export licences
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as an import licence), authorising a person to import protected fauna into New South Wales.
(2)  An authorised officer may issue a licence (in this Act referred to as an export licence), authorising a person to export protected fauna from New South Wales.
(3)  Where an application for an import licence or an export licence has been made in accordance with the regulations, the application shall not be refused except on one or more of such grounds (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.
127   Licence to liberate animals
An authorised officer may issue a licence authorising a person to liberate an animal anywhere, or in a specified locality or specified localities, within New South Wales.
s 127: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (9). Subst 1989 No 89, Sch 1.
128   Aviary registration certificates
(1)  An authorised officer may issue to any person a certificate (in this Act referred to as an aviary registration certificate) in respect of specified premises.
(2)  An aviary registration certificate authorises the person to whom it is issued:
(a)  to sell any bird, being protected fauna, to a prescribed person, or
(b)  to buy any bird, being protected fauna, from a prescribed person.
(3)  In subsection (2), prescribed person means a person who:
(a)  is licensed to exercise or carry on the business of a fauna dealer under section 124, or
(b)  is the holder of an aviary registration certificate issued to the person under this section, or
(c)  is licensed to sell or buy birds under the fauna protection legislation of another State or a Territory, or
(d)  is the holder of a written approval from the Director-General for the purposes of this section.
s 128: Am 1989 No 226, Sch 1.
129   Certain licences authorising shooting etc in national parks etc
Except in so far as the conditions and restrictions attaching thereto otherwise provide:
(a)  a licence, being a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121 or a trapper’s licence under section 123, that authorises a person to harm any animal in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve, also authorises that person to do, in connection with the harming of any such animal, any act referred to in section 45 (1) or 56 (1), and
(b)  a licence, being a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121, a game licence under section 122 or a trapper’s licence under section 123, that authorises a person to harm any fauna in a wildlife district, wildlife refuge, wildlife management area, conservation area or area subject to a wilderness protection agreement, also authorises that person to do, in connection with the harming of any such fauna, any act referred to in section 70 (1) or (2).
s 129: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (36); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (15); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (17); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (19); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [104] [105]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [41].
130   Certain licences and certificates deemed to authorise possession
Except in so far as the licence or certificate otherwise provides, a licence or certificate under this Division that authorises a person to harm or to obtain any fauna also authorises the person to keep and have the fauna in the person’s possession.
s 130: Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [106].
Division 3 Native plants
131   Licence to pick native plants
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence authorising a person to pick the protected native plants specified therein.
(2)  Despite subsection (1), a licence must not be issued under this section that authorises the picking of a plant of a threatened species unless the plant has been grown in accordance with a licence issued in under section 132.
s 131: Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [107]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [34].
132   Licence to grow native plants for sale
An authorised officer may issue a licence authorising an owner or occupier of private land to grow upon that private land, or part thereof specified in the licence, protected native plants for the purposes of sale.
s 132: Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [108]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [35].
132A   Import and export licences for protected native plants
(1)  An authorised officer may issue a licence authorising a person to import protected native plants into New South Wales.
(2)  An authorised officer may issue a licence authorising a person to export protected native plants from New South Wales.
(3)  If an application for a licence under this section has been made in accordance with the regulations, the application must not be refused except on one or more of such grounds (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.
s 132A: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [36].
132B   Classes of licences
(1)  The regulations may provide for different classes of licences to be issued under section 131, 132 or 132A.
(2)  Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations may provide for different classes of licences under section 131, 132 or 132A to be issued in respect of different groupings of protected native plants within Schedule 13.
s 132B: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [36].
Division 4 General
133   Conditions and restrictions attaching to licences and certificates and variation of licences and certificates
(1)  A licence or certificate issued under this Part shall be subject to such conditions and restrictions (if any) as are for the time being prescribed in relation to licences or certificates of the class to which the licence or certificate belongs.
(1A)  It is a condition of a licence issued under section 131 authorising the picking of a protected native plant in the wild that the picking be carried out in accordance with any relevant flora plan of management for the protected native plant adopted under section 115A.
(2)  An authorised officer may, if the authorised officer thinks fit, attach any conditions or restrictions to a licence or certificate upon its issue.
(3)  An authorised officer may, by notice in writing served on the holder of a licence or certificate:
(a)  attach any conditions or restrictions to the licence or certificate after its issue,
(b)  vary or remove any conditions or restrictions attached by any authorised officer to the licence or certificate, or
(c)  otherwise vary the licence or certificate.
(4)  The holder of a licence or certificate shall not contravene or fail to comply with any condition or restriction attached to the licence or certificate under this Act or Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
(5)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply to an import licence or export licence under section 126.
s 133: Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [109]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [37].
134   Cancellation of licence or certificate
(1)  Subject to subsection (2), a licence or certificate issued under this Part may be cancelled by the Minister or the Director-General.
(2)  An import licence or export licence under section 126 shall not be cancelled under this section except on one or more of such grounds (if any) as are prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.
135   Appeal
(1)  A person whose application for a licence or certificate under this Part is refused, or whose licence or certificate has been cancelled by the Director-General, or who is dissatisfied with any condition or restriction which an authorised officer has attached to the person’s licence or certificate, may appeal to the Minister.
(2)  The Minister:
(a)  may refuse to grant the appeal, or
(b)  may grant the appeal wholly or in part, and may give such directions in the matter as seem proper.
(3)  The decision of the Minister on the appeal is final and is binding on the Director-General and the appellant, and shall be carried into effect accordingly.
(4)  Where the regulations prescribe:
(a)  the manner in which an appeal is to be made under this section—the appeal shall be made in that manner, or
(b)  the period within which an appeal is to be made under this section—the appeal shall be made within that period.
(5)  Where the Director-General fails to grant an application for a licence or certificate under this Part, the application shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be refused upon the expiration of:
(a)  subject to paragraph (b)—1 month after the application was received by the Director-General, or
(b)  where the regulations prescribe some other period—that other period.
s 135: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (11).
136   Licences do not authorise entry etc
Where, had this Act not been enacted:
(a)  the consent or permission of any person would have been required for entering any lands or doing any act on or in respect of any lands, the issue of a licence under this Part does not authorise the entering of those lands, or the doing of that act on those lands, without that consent or permission, or
(b)  the doing of an act on or in respect of any lands would have been unlawful, the issue of a licence under this Part does not authorise the doing of that act.
Part 10 Finance
137   National Parks and Wildlife Fund
The National Parks and Wildlife Fund established under the Act of 1967 shall continue in existence and shall be kept at the Treasury in the Special Deposits Account.
138   Payments into Fund
(1)  There shall be paid into the Fund:
(a)  all money provided by Parliament for the purposes of this Act (including money provided for the expenses incurred or likely to be incurred by boards of management in connection with the preparation of plans of management for, and the care, control and management of, lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A), the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995,
(a1)  all money provided by Parliament for the management of any land for which the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust is trustee,
(b)  all money received in respect of:
(i)  leases, licences, permits or occupancies within a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area,
(ii)  leases and licences granted under section 151 (2),
(iii)  royalties, fees and charges under this Act or the regulations, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the regulations made under those Acts,
(iiia)  despite the provisions of any other Act, royalties, fees and charges in respect of land for which the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust is trustee,
(iv)  franchises granted under section 152,
(v)  easements or rights of way granted under section 153,
(vi)  community service contributions,
(vii)  penalties recovered pursuant to this Act or the regulations, or (despite the provisions of any other Act) under another Act in respect of land for which the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust is trustee,
(viii)  property forfeited pursuant to this Act or the regulations,
(ix)  costs paid pursuant to an order under section 176 (3),
(x)  amounts paid pursuant to an order under section 177, and
(xi)  policies of insurance under which money is paid to the Minister or the Director-General with respect to any national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area, or any property in the custody or under the control of the Director-General,
(b1)  all money received in respect of:
(i)  rent paid by the Minister in respect of lands leased under Part 4A, and
(ii)  matters of a kind referred to in paragraph (b) in respect of those lands,
(c)  any money acquired by the Minister pursuant to section 148,
(d)  any money received by the Minister pursuant to section 149,
(e)  any other money received in connection with any national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area or any proposed national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area,
(e1)  any money received from the Sydney Catchment Authority in connection with carrying out and giving effect to a plan of management adopted under the Sydney Water Catchment Management Act 1998,
(f)  any money received in connection with any wildlife refuge, wildlife management area or conservation area, and
(g)  any other money received in connection with the administration of this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, other than money received in the prescribed circumstances (if any).
(1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to money received by the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust in connection with Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands.
(1B)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3), any money paid into the Fund, including rent paid by the Minister, in respect of lands leased under Part 4A is to be carried into a separate account in the Fund.
(1C)  Any money referred to in subsection (1B) may, pending its application in accordance with this Act, be invested by the Minister with the Treasurer or in any manner in which trustees are for the time being authorised to invest trust funds.
(2)  Where any money acquired by the Minister pursuant to section 148 is subject to any condition to which the Minister has agreed, the money shall be carried to a separate account in the Fund and shall be applied in accordance with the condition.
(3)  Any money referred to in subsection (2) may, pending application in accordance with the condition so referred to, be invested by the Minister with the Treasurer or in any manner in which trustees are for the time being authorised to invest trust funds.
(4)  A reference in subsection (1) (b) (i) or (e) to a regional park does not include a reference to a regional park that is, or is proposed to be, under the care, control and management of a local council.
s 138: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (10); 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (13), 3 (37); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (16); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (20); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [110] [111]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [42]–[44]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [37]–[39]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [10]; 2001 No 92, Sch 1 [2]; 2001 No 130, Sch 4 [3] [5] [6].
139   Payments out of Fund
(1)  No money shall be paid out of the Fund except under the authority of this Act or in accordance with section 34A of the Fire Brigades Act 1909.
(2)  There may be paid out of the Fund:
(a)  all charges, costs and expenses incurred by the Minister or the Director-General in exercising and performing the Minister’s or the Director-General’s powers, authorities, duties and functions under this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995,
(b)  all money allocated by the Minister for expenditure by an SRA trust in connection with a state recreation area or by a regional park trust in connection with a regional park,
(b1)  all charges, costs and expenses incurred by the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust in exercising its functions in relation to land for which it is trustee,
(c)  the fees and travelling and other expenses payable to the members of the Council or any committee under this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995,
(d)  the cost of acquiring land for the purposes of this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995,
(e)  the cost of improvement of any land adjoining or in the vicinity of a national park, historic site, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area or state recreation area, where in the opinion of the Minister this is desirable to provide or improve access to the park, site, reserve or area, or to provide or improve facilities or amenities for persons visiting the park, site, reserve or area,
(f)  all money which the Minister directs shall be set aside to provide a reserve for insurance,
(g)  all money allocated by the Minister for expenditure on Aboriginal areas,
(h)  the cost of acquiring relics or land in which relics or Aboriginal places are situated,
(i)  the cost of erecting and maintaining buildings or structures for the safe custody, storage or exhibition of any relic,
(j)  the cost of entering into, and giving effect to, agreements under sections 145 and 146,
(k)  the cost of carrying out the purposes for which land is acquired or occupied under section 146,
(l)  all costs incurred under sections 147 and 149,
(m1)  charges, costs and expenses incurred in the administration of the Marine Parks Act 1997,
(m2)  the cost of carrying out and giving effect to a plan of management adopted under the Sydney Water Catchment Management Act 1998,
(m)  all money allocated by the Minister for use in connection with a wildlife refuge, wildlife management area or conservation area, and
(n)  all money to be paid to a rural lands protection board under section 141.
(3)  Any money set aside, as referred to in subsection (2) (f), may be invested by the Minister with the Treasurer or in any manner in which trustees are for the time being authorised to invest trust funds.
(4)  Where:
(a)  any lands are acquired under Part 11 out of money wholly or partly provided by Parliament, and
(b)  those lands, or any part thereof, are sold under section 149,
there shall be paid from the Fund to the Treasurer, out of the proceeds of the sale referred to in paragraph (b), such amount as the Treasurer may determine.
(5)  Any money in a separate account kept under section 138 (1B) in respect of lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A must be applied:
(a)  for the management of the lands (including the preparation of a plan of management for the lands), and
(b)  in accordance with the provisions of any plan of management for the lands.
s 139: Am 1980 No 80, Sch 1 (11); 1983 No 60, sec 2; 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (14), 3 (38); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (17); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (21); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [112]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [45] [46]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [40]; 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [2]; 1997 No 64, Sch 4.3; 1997 No 147, Sch 2.18 [2]; 2001 No 92, Sch 1 [3]; 2001 No 130, Sch 4 [7].
140   Community service contribution
(1)  The Director-General shall from time to time assess the amount of the contribution to be paid by the holder of a lease of or licence to occupy or use lands within a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve for the cost of providing or maintaining any community service in the park, site, area or reserve.
(2)  The amount of the contribution shall be due and payable to and recoverable by the Director-General on the expiration of three months from the service of a notice of the amount of the contribution on the holder of the lease or licence.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  The Minister, on the recommendation of the Director-General, may for any reason which to the Minister seems sufficient exempt any such holder from the payment of such a contribution or part thereof.
(5)  This section applies, in relation to Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, as if references in subsections (1), (2) and (4) to the Director-General were references to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
s 140: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (39); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (8); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (22); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [47] [48]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [11].
141   Payment of rates to rural lands protection boards in Western Division
(1)  In this section, board means a rural lands protection board for a rural lands protection district within the meaning of the Rural Lands Protection Act 1998.
(2)  There shall, subject to this section, be payable to a board an amount equal to the amount that would have been payable to the board under Part 7 of the Rural Lands Protection Act 1998 by way of rates for any period, in respect of all lands within its district reserved as national parks or historic sites or dedicated as nature reserves, state game reserves or karst conservation reserves, had those lands been ratable lands under that Act at all relevant times after they were so reserved or dedicated.
(3)  No amount is payable under subsection (2) except upon an application:
(a)  made to the Director-General in the prescribed manner and within the prescribed time, and
(b)  containing the prescribed particulars.
(4)  Any dispute between the Director-General and a board with respect to the particulars contained in an application or the amount payable under this section shall be determined in accordance with such directions as the Minister, after consultation with the Minister for Agriculture, may give.
(5)  Nothing in this section requires or authorises the payment of an amount in relation to any period before the commencement day.
s 141: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (40); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (23); 1998 No 143, Sch 6.16 [2] [3].
142   Royalty
(1)  Royalty shall, in accordance with the regulations, be payable to the Crown at the prescribed rates upon such species of fauna and the skins of such species of fauna as may be prescribed.
(2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), royalty shall not be payable under this section in respect of a skin or carcase to which there has been affixed or attached in compliance with a condition of a licence issued under Division 2 of Part 9 a label, tag, slip or other object for which a charge or fee has been paid pursuant to regulations made under section 154 (e).
143   Charges and fees
(1)  Where the Minister, the Director-General or an officer of the Service:
(a)  supplies any service, product or commodity,
(b)  grants any licence to carry on a trade, business or occupation,
(c)  gives any permission, consent or approval or issues any licence, registration certificate or permit, or
(d)  furnishes any information,
under this Act or the regulations, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the regulations under those Acts or in connection with any national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area, the Director-General or an officer of the Service may make, demand, levy and recover such charges and fees as may be prescribed or where no charge or fee is prescribed such charges and fees as may be fixed by the Director-General, subject to the maximum (if any) prescribed.
(2)  If the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust or any of its officers:
(a)  supplies any service, product or commodity, or
(b)  gives any permission, consent or approval, or
(c)  furnishes any information,
in connection with any Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, the Trust may make, demand, levy and recover such charges and fees as may be prescribed or, if no charge or fee is prescribed, such charges and fees as may be fixed by the Trust, subject to the maximum (if any) prescribed.
s 143: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 3 (41), 5 (10); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1989 No 226, Sch 1; 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (24); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [113]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [49]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [12].
144   (Repealed)
s 144: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (42); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (25). Rep 1993 No 32, Sch 2.
144A   Overdue community service contributions, charges, fees and other money
(1)  Interest on overdue money payable in respect of:
(a)  leases, licences, permits or occupancies within reserved or dedicated lands, and
(b)  leases and licences granted under section 151 (2), and
(c)  royalties, fees and charges under this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, and
(d)  franchises granted under section 152, and
(e)  easements or rights of way granted under section 153, and
(f)  community service contributions under section 140,
shall be payable in accordance with this section.
(2)  If payment of the whole or any part of an amount payable in respect of a matter referred to in subsection (1) has not been made at the date when the amount was due, the balance due from time to time after that date is to attract interest:
(a)  except as provided by paragraph (b)—calculated at the prescribed rate, or
(b)  in the case of interest payable under a lease, agreement or other instrument the terms of which fix a rate of interest that is higher than the prescribed rate—calculated at that higher rate.
(3)  If the Minister, on the recommendation of the Director-General (or, in the case of money payable to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust, that Trust), is satisfied that circumstances warrant it, the Minister may:
(a)  direct that an amount due shall not attract interest in accordance with this section, or
(b)  grant an extension of time after the due date during which the amount payable or due for the time being will not attract interest, or
(c)  remit the payment of the whole or any part of any interest payable under this section.
(4)  No refund shall be made as a consequence of a remission under subsection (3) (c).
(5)  This section applies to overdue money payable before, as well as on or after, the commencement of this section, in so far as it is due on and after that commencement, and so applies notwithstanding the terms of any lease, agreement or other instrument under which the money is payable.
(6)  Interest payable under this section may be recovered in the same way as the money in respect of which it is payable.
s 144A: Ins 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (9). Am 1990 No 46, Sch 1; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [114]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [13].
144B   Annual report
The Service is to include a statement of its operations and expenditure in connection with lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A in each report it makes under the Annual Reports (Departments) Act 1985.
s 144B: Ins 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [41].
Part 11 Acquisition and disposal of property
145   Acquisition of land for reservation or other purposes
The Minister may, for the purpose of obtaining land for reservation or dedication under Part 4 or Part 4A, of conserving threatened species, populations or ecological communities, or their habitats or of preserving, protecting and preventing damage to relics or Aboriginal places:
(a)  on behalf of Her Majesty, enter into and give effect to an agreement for the vesting in, or surrender to, Her Majesty of any land, or
(b)  acquire land by agreement or by compulsory process in accordance with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991.
s 145: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (43). Am 1992 No 34, Sch 1; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [115]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [42].
146   Acquisition or occupation of lands for certain purposes
(1)  For the purpose of:
(a)  improving access to any land reserved or dedicated or acquired under this Act,
(b)  the management, maintenance or improvement of any such land, or
(c)  carrying out works for any of those purposes,
the Minister may:
(d)  on behalf of Her Majesty, enter into, and give effect to, an agreement for the vesting in, surrender to, or leasing to, Her Majesty, or for the occupation under licence, of any land adjoining or in the vicinity of the land so reserved or dedicated, or
(e)  acquire any land (including an interest in land) adjoining or in the vicinity of the land so reserved or dedicated by agreement or by compulsory process in accordance with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991.
(2)  For the purpose of obtaining lands for use in connection with the administration of this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, the Minister may:
(a)  on behalf of Her Majesty, enter into, and give effect to, an agreement for the vesting in, surrender to, or leasing to, Her Majesty, or for the occupation under licence, of any land, or
(b)  acquire land (including an interest in land) by agreement or by compulsory process in accordance with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991.
(2A)  The Minister may, on behalf of the Crown, acquire land (including an interest in land) for the purpose of a future lease grant or dealing by agreement or by compulsory process in accordance with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991.
(2B)  An acquisition for a future lease grant or dealing is an acquisition:
(a)  to enable the reservation or dedication of land under this Act and the exercise of powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed by or under this Act in relation to the land, or
(b)  to enable the exercise of powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed by or under this Act in relation to land already reserved or dedicated under this Act.
(2C)  The publication in the Gazette of an acquisition notice under section 19 of the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 for a purpose that is described as a future lease grant or dealing does not:
(a)  to the extent to which the land referred to in the acquisition notice was Crown land immediately before the publication of the acquisition notice, affect the status of the land as Crown land, or
(b)  operate to revoke any reservation as national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park or any dedication as nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve of the land referred to in the acquisition notice.
(2D)  Nothing in this section is taken to mean that the Minister cannot exercise functions in relation to land under this Act unless the Minister first compulsorily acquires the land concerned.
(2E)  Subsection (2A) does not limit the purposes for which land may be acquired under section 145 or any other provision of this Act.
(3)  The Minister or Director-General may, for the purpose of the management, maintenance or improvement of any land reserved or dedicated under this Act, enter into and give effect to an agreement with the owner or lessee of the land, as the case requires, concerning the management or care of any land adjoining or in the vicinity of land so reserved or dedicated.
(4)  Subsection (3) applies, in relation to the management, maintenance or improvement of Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, as if the reference in the subsection to the Director-General were a reference to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
s 146: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (43). Am 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (10); 1992 No 34, Sch 1; 1994 No 45, Sch 1; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [116] [117]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [50]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [14].
147   Application of Public Works Act 1912
(1)  For the purposes of the Public Works Act 1912, any acquisition of land under section 145 or 146 is taken to be for an authorised work and the Minister is, in relation to that authorised work, taken to be the Constructing Authority.
(2)  Sections 34, 35, 36 and 37 of the Public Works Act 1912 do not apply in respect of works constructed under this Act.
s 147: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (43); 1992 No 34, Sch 1.
148   Power of Minister to accept gifts
(1)  The Minister may acquire, by gift inter vivos, devise or bequest, any property for the purposes of this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 and may agree to the condition of any such gift, devise or bequest.
(2)  The rule of law against remoteness of vesting shall not apply to any such condition to which the Minister has agreed.
(3)  Where the Minister acquires property under subsection (1):
(a)  neither an instrument that effects the acquisition nor any agreement pursuant to which the property is acquired is chargeable with duty under the Stamp Duties Act 1920, and
(b)  the property, or the value of property, shall not be included in the dutiable estate of the donor or testator for the purposes of assessing death duty under that Act.
(4)  Notwithstanding anything in Part 4 or Part 4A, lands acquired under this section shall not be:
(a)  reserved as, or as part of, a national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park, or
(b)  dedicated as, or as part of, a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve,
in contravention of any such condition to which the Minister has agreed.
s 148: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (44); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (18); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (26); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [118]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [51]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [43].
149   Disposal of property
(1)  Subject to any conditions of a gift or an agreement by or under which any such property may have been acquired, the Minister may sell, grant leases of, dispose of or otherwise deal with any lands or other property:
(a)  acquired by the Minister, otherwise than on behalf of Her Majesty, under this Part, or
(b)  acquired by the Minister on behalf of Her Majesty for the purposes of this Act or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 by purchase with money from the Fund, by exchange of any property so purchased or by gift,
or any interest in any such lands or other property.
(2)  Nothing in this section applies to or in respect of lands while:
(a)  reserved as, or as part of, a national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park, or
(b)  dedicated as, or as part of, a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve.
(3)  Nothing in this section affects the operation of Part 4A.
s 149: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (45). Am 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (27); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [119]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [52]; 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [44].
150   Minister to be corporation sole for certain purposes
(1)  For the purposes of the exercise and performance of the Minister’s authorities, duties and functions under Part 4A and this Part and under any other provisions of this or any other Act that are identified (by those provisions) for the purposes of this section, the Minister is hereby constituted a corporation sole under the name of “Minister administering the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974”.
(2)  The corporation sole constituted by this section:
(a)  has perpetual succession,
(b)  shall have an official seal,
(c)  may take proceedings and be proceeded against in the corporate name,
(d)  may, in accordance with this Act (or with such provisions of any other Act as are identified as referred to in subsection (1)), purchase, exchange, hold, dispose of and otherwise deal with property, and
(e)  may do and suffer all other things that a body corporate generally may, by law, do and suffer and that are necessary for or incidental to the purposes for which the corporation sole is constituted.
(3)  The seal of the corporation sole so constituted shall not be affixed to any instrument or document except in the presence of the Minister, and the Minister shall attest by the Minister’s signature the fact and date of the affixing of the seal.
(4)  All courts and persons acting judicially:
(a)  shall take judicial notice of the seal of the corporation sole so constituted that has been affixed to any instrument or document, and
(b)  shall until the contrary is proved presume that seal was properly affixed.
s 150: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (46); 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [45]; 1998 No 92, Sch 3 [1] [2].
Part 12 Leases, licences, easements etc
151   Leases of and licences over reserved or dedicated lands
(1)  The Minister may:
(a)  grant leases of land within a national park or historic site for the purpose of:
(i)  the erection thereon of accommodation hotels or accommodation houses, or
(ii)  the provision thereon of facilities and amenities for tourists and visitors,
(b)  grant leases of lands within a national park or historic site on which accommodation hotels or accommodation houses have been erected or facilities and amenities for tourists and visitors have been provided,
(c)  grant leases of lands within a national park or historic site for:
(i)  the erection of buildings thereon, or
(ii)  the occupation or the use of buildings erected thereon,
for use in connection with:
(iii)  the protection or preservation of the park or site from fire,
(iv)  the provision of services relating to the work of rendering first aid to, and the transport of, sick and injured persons,
(v)  a surf life-saving club, or
(vi)  any purpose of a like nature,
(d)  grant leases of lands within a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve for:
(i)  the erection of buildings thereon, or
(ii)  the occupation or the use of buildings erected thereon,
for any of the purposes specified in section 49, 58A or 58K, as the case may be,
(e)  grant leases of lands within a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve on which buildings have been erected for residential occupation, or
(f)  grant licences to occupy or use lands within a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve.
(2)  The Minister may:
(a)  for any purpose specified in section 146 (1) (a), (b) or (c) grant a lease of, or a licence with respect to, lands acquired or occupied under section 146 (1), or
(b)  for use in connection with administration of this Act grant a lease of, or a licence with respect to, lands referred to in section 146 (2).
(3)  Nothing in this section affects the powers of the Minister under section 149 with respect to lands referred to in that section.
(4)  Subject to this Act, any lease or licence granted under this section or section 149 or 151A shall be subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine.
(5)  Nothing in this section affects the operation of Part 4A.
s 151: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 3 (47), 5 (11); 1990 No 106, Sch 1 (1); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (28); 1996 No 142, Sch 1 [46].
151A   New head leases for certain lands
(1)  The Minister may grant leases (in this section referred to as head leases) in respect of the lands the subject of any or all of the leases mentioned in Schedule 15, whether or not those lands are still the subject of the leases so mentioned.
(2)  On the granting of a head lease, the following provisions have effect with respect to such of the leases mentioned in Schedule 15 as apply to the land the subject of the head lease:
(a)  the lease is taken to be varied by substituting the name of the head lessee for that of the lessor,
(b)  the lease is taken to become a sublease (in this section referred to as a statutory sublease) of the head lease,
(c)  except as otherwise provided by the regulations—the lease continues to have effect according to its tenor,
(d)  any proceedings under the lease in relation to any matter arising before the head lease was granted are to be commenced or maintained by or against the lessor as if the lease had not been varied as referred to in paragraph (a).
(3)  If a head lease is granted to a person in respect of land the subject of a lease mentioned in Schedule 15 of which the person is the sole lessee, the lease so mentioned is, by virtue of the granting of the head lease, extinguished.
(4)  A head lease is taken to include a condition to the effect that the head lessee must not:
(a)  assign or mortgage the head lessee’s interest in the lease to any other person, or
(b)  exercise any right of forfeiture or termination in respect of any statutory sublease of the lease, or
(c)  vary any rent payable under any statutory sublease of the lease,
except with the prior consent in writing of the Minister, and that any purported assignment, mortgage, forfeiture, termination or variation of rent that does not have such consent is void.
(5)  A head lease is not affected merely because a lease mentioned in Schedule 15 ceases to have effect (whether by reason of expiry, surrender, termination, forfeiture or otherwise) while the head lease is in force.
(6)  If a head lease ceases to have effect (whether by reason of expiry, surrender, termination, forfeiture or otherwise) the following provisions have effect with respect to any statutory sublease of the head lease:
(a)  the sublease is taken to be varied by substituting the title of the Minister for the name of the head lessee,
(b)  the sublease is taken to cease to be a statutory sublease and to become a lease granted under section 151,
(c)  the lease continues to have effect according to its tenor,
(d)  any proceedings under the sublease in relation to any matter arising before the head lease ceased to have effect are to be commenced or maintained against the head lessee as if the lease had not been varied as referred to in paragraph (a).
(7)  No duty is payable under the Stamp Duties Act 1920 in respect of a variation referred to in subsection (2) (a) or (6) (a).
(8)  The operation of this section is not to be regarded:
(a)  as a breach of contract or confidence or otherwise as a civil wrong, or
(b)  as a breach of a contractual provision prohibiting, restricting or regulating the assignment or transfer of a lease or statutory sublease, or
(c)  as giving rise to any remedy by a party to an instrument, or as causing or permitting the termination of any instrument, because of a variation referred to in subsection (2) (a) or (6) (a).
(9)  No attornment to a head lessee by a statutory sublessee is required.
(10)  The regulations may amend Schedule 15:
(a)  by omitting the matter relating to any lease mentioned in that Schedule, or
(b)  by varying the matter relating to any lease mentioned in that Schedule, or
(c)  by inserting matter relating to any other lease (not being a head lease) in relation to land in, or in the vicinity of, Perisher Valley, Smiggin Holes or Guthega.
(11)  A head lease granted in respect of land the subject of a lease mentioned in Schedule 15 is not affected merely because the matter relating to the lease so mentioned is omitted from that Schedule, or is varied, while the head lease is in force.
s 151A: Ins 1990 No 106, Sch 1 (2).
152   Trade within a national park or historic site
(1)  The Director-General may grant licences to carry on trades, businesses or occupations within a national park or historic site.
(2)  Subject to any regulations, the Minister may prohibit the carrying on of any trade, business or occupation within a national park or historic site otherwise than by some person licensed by the Director-General.
(3)  The Minister may grant a franchise to any person, on such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine, for the sale of goods and services, the provision of public transportation or the supply of other facilities and amenities within a national park or historic site.
(4)  Any franchise granted by the trustees of the whole or part of lands reserved after the commencement day as a national park or historic site, and in force immediately before the lands were so reserved, shall be deemed to be a franchise granted by the Minister under this section and to be as valid and effectual as it would have been if this Act had been in force when the franchise was granted.
s 152: Am 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (9).
153   Easements
(1)  The Minister may upon such terms and conditions as the Minister thinks fit grant for joint or several use easements or rights of way through, upon or in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve for the purpose of providing access to any area included in any lease or licence within the park, site, area or reserve, or for the construction of pipelines, or for the erection of standards, posts, wires and appliances for the conveyance or transmission of electricity, or for any other purpose deemed necessary.
(2)  The Minister may from time to time revoke or vary any grant under this section.
(3)  Any easement or right of way over lands in a national park, historic site, state recreation area or regional park reserved under this Act, which was in force immediately before the lands were reserved as, or as part of, the park, site or area, as the case may be, shall continue in force and shall be deemed to have been granted under this section.
(4)  Any easement or right of way over lands in a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve dedicated under this Act, which was in force immediately before the land was dedicated as, or as part of, the nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve shall continue in force and shall be deemed to have been granted under this section.
s 153: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (15), 3 (48); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (29); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [53] [54].
153A   Leases etc relating to wilderness areas
The Minister or Director-General shall not:
(a)  grant a lease or licence under section 151 (1), or
(b)  grant a licence or franchise under section 152,
in respect of land that is within a wilderness area.
s 153A: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (19).
153B   Granting of interests in respect of reserved or dedicated lands that are also water catchment special areas
(1)  This section applies to lands reserved or dedicated under this Act that are also within a special area within the meaning of the Sydney Water Catchment Management Act 1998 or the Hunter Water Act 1991.
(2)  The Minister may grant leases of, or licences to occupy or use, or easements or rights of way through, on or in, lands to which this section applies for the purpose of enabling the Sydney Catchment Authority, the Sydney Water Corporation or the Hunter Water Corporation to exercise its functions in relation to water or wastewater infrastructure on the lands concerned.
(3)  Subsection (2) does not authorise the granting of a lease, licence, easement or right of way for the purpose of enabling any of the following functions to be exercised in relation to the land concerned:
(a)  the impoundment of water on the land,
(b)  the permanent inundation of the land,
(c)  the construction of flood mitigation structures on the land.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (3) (b), permanent inundation includes any flooding additional to the temporary flooding that already occurs due to natural rainfall.
(5)  The Minister must not grant a lease, licence, easement or right of way under subsection (2) unless a plan of management for the lands concerned identifies:
(a)  the person to whom, and
(b)  the lands in respect of which, and
(c)  the purpose and term for which,
the lease, licence, easement or right of way is to be granted.
(6)  Subsection (5) does not limit the operation of Part 5.
(7)  A lease, licence, easement or right of way under subsection (2) may be granted subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine.
(8)  The Minister may from time to time revoke or vary any grant under subsection (2) of an easement or right of way.
(9)  Subsection (2) does not authorise the granting of a lease or licence in relation to land that is within a wilderness area.
(10)  The Minister must cause a register to be kept of each lease, licence, easement or right of way that is granted under subsection (2).
(11)  The register must be kept available for inspection by the public free of charge, during ordinary office hours, at the Head Office of the Service.
s 153B: Ins 2001 No 92, Sch 1 [4].
Part 13 Regulations
pt 13, hdg: Am 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (10).
154   Regulations
The Governor may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, for or with respect to any matter that, by this Act, is required or permitted to be prescribed by regulations or that is necessary or convenient to be prescribed by regulations for carrying out or giving effect to this Act and, in particular, for or with respect to:
(a)  the powers, authorities, duties and functions of the Director-General, the officers of the Service, ex-officio rangers, honorary rangers, the Council, advisory committees or the Relics Committee,
(b)  the procedure for the calling of meetings of the Council, advisory committees or the Relics Committee and the conduct of business at those meetings,
(c)  licences and registration certificates under Part 9, including the classification thereof, applications therefor and the issue and expiry thereof,
(d)  the records to be kept and returns to be furnished by persons holding licences or registration certificates under Part 9 and the inspection of those records by officers of the Service,
(d1)  the records to be kept and returns to be furnished by persons engaged in the sale by retail of meat from a game animal (within the meaning of the Meat Industry Act 1978), as referred to in section 104 (1A), and the inspection of those records by officers of the Service,
(d2)  the records to be kept and returns to be furnished by persons engaged in the sale by retail of emu products, as referred to in section 105A (2), and the inspection of those records by officers of the Service,
(e)  the issuing and the making of a charge or fee for supplying a label, tag, slip or object for affixing or attaching to the skin or carcase of any fauna in compliance with any condition of a licence under Part 9,
(f)  the issuing and the making of a charge for supplying a label, tag, slip or object for affixing or attaching to any protected native plant or packages or bundles thereof in compliance with any condition of a licence under Part 9,
(g)  the protection, care, preservation and propagation of any fauna or native plants,
(h)  prescribing the conditions under which any fauna, whether protected or unprotected, may be consigned or offered for sale or transported or caged or housed,
(i)  the inspection of premises registered under section 124, 125 or 128 and the inspection of premises in which fauna are housed or caged in pursuance of a licence issued under section 120 or 125A,
(j)  the entry upon and inspection of any lands upon which protected native plants are grown by a person in pursuance of a licence issued under section 132 and the requiring of the doing of any thing or things designed to prevent the lands from being stripped of protected native plants,
(k)  the records to be kept and returns to be furnished by persons holding permits issued under section 87,
(l)  tendering for leases and licences under Part 11 or 12,
(m)  the form and design of signs, symbols, emblems, insignia and uniforms for use in connection with the administration of this Act and the regulations, and the regulation, control or prohibition of the making, reproducing or using of those signs, symbols, emblems, insignia and uniforms, and
(n)  the forms or other documents to be used for the purposes of this Act and the regulations.
s 154: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 1 (7), 5 (12); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (11); 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (10).
155   Regulations relating to parks
(1)  In this section, park means national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area.
(2)  The Governor may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, for or with respect to any matter that, by this Act, is required or permitted to be prescribed by regulations or that is necessary or convenient to be prescribed by regulations for carrying out or giving effect to this Act and, in particular, for or with respect to:
(a)  the regulation of the use and enjoyment of parks,
(b)  the securing of decency and order in parks,
(c)  the removal of trespassers and other persons causing annoyance or inconvenience in parks,
(d)  the regulation or prevention of the taking of intoxicants into, and the consuming thereof in, parks,
(e)  the regulation, control or prohibition of the taking of animals on or into parks and public and other roads traversing parks or the permitting or suffering of animals to be on or in parks and any such roads,
(f)  the regulation, control or prohibition of mooring, parking, camping or residing in parks, the making of charges for mooring, parking, camping or residing in parks and the collecting and receiving of those charges by the Minister or by other persons,
(g)  the preservation or protection of, or prevention of damage to, trees, shrubs, ferns, creepers, vines, palms, plants, flowers, herbage or other vegetative cover in parks,
(h)  the conditions under which trees or timber may be cut or removed from parks and the amount of royalties, fees and charges payable in respect thereof,
(i)  the preservation or protection of any rocks, soil, sand, stone, or other similar substance on or under or comprising part of a park, or the removal of any such substance from a park and the amount of royalties, fees and charges payable in respect thereof,
(j)  the preservation or protection of any animals in parks,
(k)  the preservation or protection of, or prevention of damage to, any relic or Aboriginal place in a park,
(l)  the regulation, control or prohibition of the use of any relic or Aboriginal place for commercial purposes in a park,
(m)  the making of charges or entrance fees for persons, clubs or associations or for vehicles using or entering a park, or any specified part of a park, or any public or other road traversing or bounding a park or such a part, and the collecting, receiving and waiving of those charges and fees by the Director-General or by other persons,
(n)  the reservation of any portion of a park for such separate or exclusive use as the regulations may prescribe,
(o)  the closing of, or the regulation, control or prohibition of the entry of any person or class of persons into, a park or parts of a park and the conditions to be observed with regard thereto,
(p)  the regulation, control or prohibition of private trading in a park,
(q)  the use of roads, tracks, trails and other ways within a park and the circumstances under which roads, tracks, trails and other ways therein shall be open or may be closed to public traffic or use,
(r)  the powers and duties of any officer of the Service appointed in respect of a park,
(s)  the regulation of the use of vehicles and the conditions under which they may be used in a park,
(t)  the regulation of the speed of vehicles in a park,
(u)  the regulation of the use of chair lifts, surface tows and ski jumps and the conditions under which they may be used in a park,
(v)  the regulation, control or prohibition of the erection of buildings, marinas, structures, signs or other improvements in a park,
(w)  the protection of buildings, marinas, structures, signs and other improvements in parks,
(x)  the regulation, control or prohibition of exotic plants in parks,
(y)  the collection of scientific specimens, the preservation or protection of marine life (other than fish within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994), and the pursuit of research in parks,
(z)  the regulation, control or prohibition of the use of firearms or other weapons and the carrying of firearms or other weapons in parks,
(aa)  the management and maintenance of pounds within a park,
(bb)  the procedure for the impounding of cattle, horses, asses, mules, sheep, goats, swine and dogs within a park and for their subsequent disposal, sale or destruction,
(cc)  the damage fees, driving charges, sustenance charges, deterrent fees and pound fees chargeable in respect of the impounding of cattle, horses, asses, mules, sheep, goats, swine and dogs within a park,
(dd)  the fees chargeable in respect of the sale or offering for sale and in respect of the destruction of cattle, horses, asses, mules, sheep, goats, swine and dogs impounded within a park, and
(ee)    (Repealed)
(2A)  Without affecting the generality of subsection (2), a regulation made in pursuance of subsection (2) (v):
(a)  may include provisions for or with respect to site, design, methods of construction and any matters which a council under the Local Government Act 1993 may take into consideration in exercising its functions under that Act.
(b)    (Repealed)
(2B)  Where any lands, not being a park or part of a park, are acquired or occupied by the Minister under Part 11, the Governor may, in relation to any such lands, make regulations not inconsistent with this Act or with any reservation or condition subject to which the lands were acquired or occupied, for or with respect to any matter specified in subsection (2) in relation to a park.
(2C)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (2), the Governor may, in relation to any state recreation area or regional park, make regulations for or with respect to any matter for or with respect to which a by-law might be made under the Crown Lands Act 1989 in relation to a reserve within the meaning of Part 5 of that Act.
(2D)  If an agreement under section 146 relates to land adjoining or in the vicinity of lands reserved or dedicated under this Act, the Governor may make regulations for or with respect to that land, not inconsistent with this Act or with any Act affecting the land:
(a)  for the purpose of giving effect to the agreement, and
(b)  for or in respect of a matter (not relating to the imposition of fees, charges or royalties) for which regulations may be made under subsection (2) in relation to a park.
(3)  Without affecting the generality of section 156 (2) or (3), regulations:
(a)  made under subsection (2) for or with respect to parks, or
(b)  made under subsection (2B) for or with respect to other lands acquired or occupied by the Minister,
may be made to apply generally to all parks or to all such other lands so acquired or occupied or may be limited to any park or any particular lands so acquired or occupied, or any specified part of any such park or other lands, and unless so limited shall be taken to apply generally to all parks or to all such other lands, as the case may be.
(4)  Where any provision of a regulation made to apply to any specified park or any particular lands acquired or occupied by the Minister, or any part thereof, is inconsistent with a provision of any regulation relating to parks or to any such lands generally, the firstmentioned provision shall prevail.
s 155: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (16), 3 (49); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (9) (12); 1987 No 48, Sch 32; 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (11); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (30); 1994 No 38, Sch 8; 1995 No 11, Sch 1.84 [3]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [55]–[57].
155A   Kosciuszko National Park
The regulations may confer or impose on the Director-General, with any necessary modifications, any function relating to the health of the public in Kosciuszko National Park that is, or but for being modified would be, the same as a function conferred or imposed on a council constituted by the Local Government Act 1993 in relation to the health of the public in its area.
s 155A: Ins 1990 No 123, Sch 2. Am 1993 No 32, Sch 2.
156   General provisions
(1)  A regulation may:
(a)  impose a penalty for any breach thereof and also distinct penalties in case of successive breaches thereof but no such penalty shall exceed 50 penalty units, and
(b)  impose also a daily penalty for any continuing breach thereof not exceeding 2 penalty units per day.
(2)  A regulation may be made so as to apply differently according to such factors as may be specified therein.
(3)  A regulation may be made so as to apply to or in respect of:
(a)  any matter, or all matters, or any class of matters specified or described therein, or
(b)  all matters, or any class of matters, so specified or described other than:
(i)  any matter so specified or described that is expressed to be excluded, or
(ii)  any class of matters so specified or described that is expressed to be excluded.
(4)  A regulation may authorise any matter or thing to be from time to time determined, applied or regulated by any person or body specified therein.
s 156: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (6); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (3); 1992 No 34, Sch 1; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [38] [39].
Part 14 Miscellaneous
156A   Offence of damaging reserved land
(1)  A person must not, on or in land reserved under this Act or acquired under Part 11:
(a)  remove any water other than for purposes authorised by or under any Act or for the purposes of personal use on the land, or
(b)  damage or remove any vegetation, rock, soil, sand, stone or similar substance, or
(c)  damage any object or place of cultural value.
Maximum penalty:
(a)  in the case of a corporation—10,000 penalty units, or
(b)  in the case of an individual—1,000 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment, or both.
(2)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence under subsection (1) if the accused proves that the act constituting the alleged offence:
(a)  was done in accordance with the consent of the Director-General or of a person or body that has the care, control and management of the land concerned under this Act, or
(b)  was authorised to be done, and was done in accordance with, a licence under this Act or a licence granted under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(c)  was essential for the carrying out of:
(i)  development in accordance with a development consent within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(ii)  an activity, whether by a determining authority or pursuant to an approval of a determining authority within the meaning of Part 5 of that Act if the determining authority has complied with that Part, or
(d)  was authorised to be done by or under Part 2 of the Rural Fires Act 1997, the State Emergency and Rescue Management Act 1989 or the State Emergency Service Act 1989 and was reasonably necessary in order to avoid a threat to life or property.
(3)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence under subsection (1) if the act constituting the alleged offence is referred to in subsection (1) (c) and the accused proves that he or she did not know, and could not reasonably have known, that the object or place concerned had cultural value.
(4)  If a court finds a person guilty of an offence under subsection (1), the court may, in addition to or in substitution for any pecuniary penalty for the offence, direct the person to take any action to mitigate the damage to, or to restore, the land or object concerned or to take such other action in relation to the land or object as the court considers appropriate in the circumstances.
(5)  The court may specify the actions to be taken to mitigate the damage to or to restore the land or object under subsection (4) and may order the person to provide security for the performance of any obligation imposed under that subsection.
s 156A: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [40].
157   Requirement to state name and address
(1)  The Director-General or any officer of the Service, or any person duly authorised by the Minister in that behalf, may require a person whom he or she suspects on reasonable grounds to be offending against this Act or the regulations to state the person’s full name and residential address.
(2)  The Director-General, any officer of the Service duly authorised by the Director-General in that behalf or any person duly authorised by the Minister in that behalf may require the driver of a motor vehicle in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve or Aboriginal area to produce his or her driver licence and to state his or her full name and residential address.
(3)  A person shall not:
(a)  fail or refuse to comply with a requirement under subsection (1) or (2), or
(b)  in purported compliance with such a requirement, state a name that is not the person’s name or an address that is not the person’s residential address.
Penalty for an offence against this subsection: 10 penalty units.
s 157: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (17), 3 (50), 4 (7); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1992 No 34, Sch 1; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [58]; 1996 No 121, Sch 1.12 [2] [3]; 1998 No 99, Sch 1.8.
158   Requirement for owner of motor vehicle and others to give information
(1)  Where the driver of a motor vehicle is alleged to be guilty of an offence against this Act or the regulations, the Director-General or any other officer of the Service, or any person duly authorised by the Minister in that behalf, may:
(a)  require the owner of the vehicle, or the person in whose name it is registered, or the person having the custody of the vehicle, to give forthwith information (which shall, if so required, be given in the form of a statement in writing, signed by that owner or person) as to the name and residential address of the driver, or
(b)  require any other person to give any information which it is in that other person’s power to give and which may lead to the identification of the driver.
(2)  A person shall not:
(a)  fail or refuse to comply with a requirement under subsection (1), or
(b)  in purported compliance with such a requirement, give any information that is false or misleading in a material particular.
Penalty: 10 penalty units.
(3)  In a prosecution for an offence in respect of a failure or refusal to comply with a requirement under subsection (1) (a), it is a defence if the defendant proves to the satisfaction of the court that the defendant did not know and could not with reasonable diligence have ascertained the name or residential address of the driver concerned or both, as the case may require.
(4)  Where a statement in writing purporting to be furnished under subsection (1) (a) and to contain particulars of the name and residential address of the driver of a motor vehicle at the time of commission of an alleged offence against this Act or the regulations is produced in any court in proceedings against the person named therein as the driver for the offence, the statement shall, if that person does not appear before the court, be evidence without proof of signature that the person was the driver of the vehicle at that time.
s 158: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (18), 4 (8); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1992 No 34, Sch 1; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [5].
159   Liability of vehicle owner for parking offences
(1)  In this section:
owner of a vehicle includes the responsible person for the vehicle within the meaning of the Road Transport (General) Act 1999.
parking offence means the offence committed by a person who, in contravention of the regulations made under this Act:
(a)  moors or parks a vehicle, or
(b)  causes or permits a vehicle to be moored or parked or to stand or wait.
(2)  Where a parking offence occurs, the person who, at the time of the occurrence of the offence, is the owner of the vehicle to which the offence relates is, by virtue of this section, guilty of an offence under the regulation relating to the parking offence in all respects as if the owner were the actual offender guilty of the parking offence unless:
(a)  in any case where the parking offence is dealt with under section 160, the owner satisfies the prescribed person referred to in that section that the vehicle was, at the relevant time, a stolen vehicle or a vehicle illegally taken or used, or
(b)  in any other case, the court is satisfied that the vehicle was, at the relevant time, a stolen vehicle or a vehicle illegally taken or used.
(3)  Nothing in this section affects the liability of an actual offender in respect of a parking offence but, where a penalty has been imposed on, or recovered from, any person in relation to any parking offence, no further penalty shall be imposed on or recovered from any other person in relation thereto.
(4)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (2) or (3), no owner of a vehicle is, by virtue of this section, guilty of an offence if:
(a)  in any case where the offence is dealt with under section 160, the owner:
(i)  within 21 days after service on the owner of a notice under that section alleging that the owner has been guilty of that offence, supplies by statutory declaration to the prescribed person referred to in that section the name and address of the person who was in charge of the vehicle at all relevant times relating to the parking offence concerned, or
(ii)  satisfies the prescribed person so referred to that the owner does not know, and cannot with reasonable diligence ascertain, that name and address, or
(b)  in any other case, the owner:
(i)  within 21 days after service on the owner of a summons in respect of that offence, supplies by statutory declaration to the informant the name and address of the person who was in charge of the vehicle at all relevant times relating to the parking offence concerned, or
(ii)  satisfies the court that the owner did not know and could not with reasonable diligence have ascertained that name and address.
(5)  A statutory declaration that relates to more than one parking offence shall be deemed not to be a statutory declaration supplying a name and address for the purposes of subsection (4).
(6)  Where a statutory declaration supplying the name and address of a person for the purposes of subsection (4) is produced in any proceedings against that person in respect of the parking offence to which the statutory declaration relates, the statutory declaration is prima facie evidence that that person was, at all relevant times relating to that parking offence, in charge of the vehicle to which the parking offence relates.
(7)  The provisions of this section shall be construed as supplementing, and not as derogating from, any other provision of this Act or the regulations or any other Act or regulation, by-law or ordinance under any other Act.
s 159: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (12); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (3) (8) (13); 1997 No 119, Sch 2.17 (am 1998 No 26, Sch 1 [13]); 1999 No 19, Sch 2.28.
160   Penalty notice for certain offences
Editorial note—
See also Part 3 of the Fines Act 1996.
(1)  In this section:
owner has the same meaning as in section 159.
prescribed offence means an offence prescribed for the purposes of this section and includes a parking offence within the meaning of section 159.
prescribed person means:
(a)  a police officer, or
(b)  an officer of the Service, or
(c)  a person, or a person belonging to a class of persons, prescribed for the purposes of this section.
(2)  Where it appears to a prescribed person that any other person has committed any prescribed offence against this Act or the regulations or is, by virtue of section 159, guilty of such an offence, the prescribed person may serve a notice on that other person to the effect that, if that other person does not desire to have the matter determined by a court, he or she may pay to a person specified in the notice at the place and within the time so specified the amount of the penalty prescribed for the offence if dealt with under this section.
(3)  A notice under subsection (2) may be served:
(a)  where the offence is a parking offence within the meaning of section 159 or an offence of which a person is guilty by virtue of that section:
(i)  in the manner provided by section 174, or
(ii)  by addressing the notice to the owner of the vehicle to which the offence relates, without naming that owner or stating his or her address, and leaving it on, or attaching it to, the vehicle, or
(b)  in any other case—in the manner provided by section 174.
(4)  Where the amount of penalty prescribed for an alleged offence is paid pursuant to this section, no person shall be liable for any further proceedings for the alleged offence.
(5)  Payment of a penalty pursuant to this section is not an admission of liability for the purpose of any action or proceedings and does not in any way affect or prejudice any civil claim, action or proceedings arising out of the same occurrence.
(6)  The regulations may:
(a)  prescribe an offence as a prescribed offence for the purposes of this section by specifying the offence or by reference to the provision creating the offence,
(b)  prescribe the amount (not exceeding 5 penalty units) of penalty payable under this section for each prescribed offence, and
(c)  for the purposes of this section, prescribe different amounts of penalties for different offences or classes of offences, or for offences or classes of offences having regard to the circumstances thereof.
(7)  No amount of penalty prescribed under this section for any offence shall exceed any maximum amount of penalty which could be imposed for the offence by a court.
(8)  The provisions of this section are supplemental to, and do not derogate from, any other provisions of this or any other Act in relation to proceedings that may be taken in respect of prescribed offences.
s 160: Subst 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (9). Am 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 2; 1991 No 17, Sch 1; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [6].
160A   Removal of unauthorised structures and occupiers
(1)  In sections 160A–160F:
prescribed land means:
(a)  a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, state recreation area or regional park, or
(b)  land acquired or occupied under Part 11.
structure includes a part of a structure.
(2)  The Minister may cause any structure that is on prescribed land without lawful authority and its contents (if any) to be removed from the land or to another place on prescribed land.
(3)  The Minister may cause any person making use without lawful authority of a structure that is on prescribed land to be removed from the structure or from the immediate vicinity of the structure.
(4)  For the purpose of removing a person under this section:
(a)  reasonable force may be used, and
(b)  the assistance of the police may be requested.
(5)  This section does not affect any other power to remove structures or persons from prescribed land.
(6)  It is not necessary for a notice under section 160D, 160E or 160F to have been served, displayed or published before the Minister causes a structure or person to be removed under this section.
s 160A: Ins 1989 No 22, Sch 1 (1). Am 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (31); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [59].
160B   Forfeiture of unauthorised structures and their contents
(1)  Any property removed under section 160A is forfeited to the Crown on its being so removed.
(2)  The Minister may cause anything so forfeited:
(a)  to be destroyed, sold or stored, or
(b)  to be returned to any person considered by the Minister to have been entitled to possess it immediately before it was forfeited.
ss 160B–160F: Ins 1989 No 22, Sch 1 (1).
160C   Cost of removing structures and contents
The Minister may recover as a debt due to the Crown any expense incurred under section 160A or 160B:
(a)  from any person who without lawful authority erected or placed or was, immediately before its removal, maintaining the structure concerned on prescribed land or who caused it to be so erected, placed or maintained, or
(b)  from any person who has made use of the structure after the expiration of the period specified in a notice prohibiting use of the structure:
(i)  served on the person under section 160F, or
(ii)  displayed on or adjacent to the structure under that section (but, in such a case, only if it is proved that the person knew, or ought reasonably to have known, about the notice).
ss 160B–160F: Ins 1989 No 22, Sch 1 (1).
160D   Notice to state interest in structure or contents
(1)  The Minister may cause to be displayed or published a notice requiring any person:
(a)  who claims to have been authorised to erect, place or maintain a structure that is on prescribed land, or
(b)  who claims any other interest in such a structure or an interest in its contents,
to deliver to the Minister a written statement signed by the person setting out by what authority the person erected or placed, or is entitled to maintain, the structure or by what authority the person claims any other interest in the structure, or an interest in its contents.
(2)  Any such notice shall be:
(a)  displayed on or adjacent to the structure, or
(b)  published in a local newspaper or such other newspaper (if any) as the Minister may determine.
(3)  A person who has not delivered such a statement to the Minister within one month after display or publication of the notice has no claim against the Minister or any other person if the structure and its contents (if any) are dealt with under section 160A or 160B.
ss 160B–160F: Ins 1989 No 22, Sch 1 (1).
160E   Notice to remove structure
(1)  If the Minister believes on reasonable grounds that a person, without lawful authority, has erected or placed, or is maintaining, a structure that is on prescribed land, the Minister may cause a notice:
(a)  to be served on the person, or
(b)  to be displayed on or adjacent to the structure,
requiring the person to remove the structure and its contents (if any) and to rehabilitate within a specified period the land on which the structure is situated.
(2)  A notice relating to a structure may be served or displayed under this section whether or not a notice under section 160D relating to the same structure has been displayed or published.
(3)  A notice under this section may be served:
(a)  in any case, personally on the person to whom it is directed, or
(b)  if that person has delivered a statement under section 160D relating to the structure, by post to any address for contacting the person that is provided in the statement.
(4)  The person to whom a notice served or displayed under this section is directed shall, unless the structure to which the notice relates was erected or placed, or is being maintained, with lawful authority by the person:
(a)  remove the structure and its contents (if any), and
(b)  rehabilitate the land on which the structure is situated,
within such period and in such manner (if any) as are specified in the notice.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(5)  The defendant has the onus of establishing the existence of lawful authority in any proceedings for an offence against this section.
ss 160B–160F: Ins 1989 No 22, Sch 1 (1).
160F   Notice prohibiting use of structure
(1)  If the Minister believes on reasonable grounds that a structure that is on prescribed land is being used without lawful authority, the Minister may cause a notice:
(a)  to be served on the person, prohibiting use after a specified period of the structure by the person, or
(b)  to be displayed on or adjacent to the structure, prohibiting use after a specified period of the structure by any person.
(2)  Any such notice may be served:
(a)  in any case, personally on the person to whom it is directed, or
(b)  if that person has delivered a statement under section 160D relating to the structure, by post to any address for contacting the person that is provided in the statement.
(3)  A person who is prohibited from using a structure by a notice that has been served or displayed under this section shall not, without lawful authority, use the structure after the expiration of the period specified in the notice.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(4)  The defendant has the onus of establishing the existence of lawful authority in any proceedings for an offence against this section.
ss 160B–160F: Ins 1989 No 22, Sch 1 (1).
161–162   (Repealed)
s 161: Subst 1982 No 156, Sch 1. Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (51); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (32); 1993 No 46, Sch 1. Rep 1993 No 31, sec 52.
s 161A: Ins 1982 No 156, Sch 1. Am 1993 No 46, Sch 1. Rep 1993 No 31, sec 52.
s 161B: Ins 1982 No 156, Sch 1. Rep 1993 No 31, sec 52.
s 162: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (19), 3 (52); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (9); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (33). Rep 1993 No 31, sec 52.
163   Application of Companion Animals Act 1998
Part 7 (Procedures for dealing with seized animals) of the Companion Animals Act 1998 does not apply in respect of an animal seized in a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area by an officer of the Service unless the officer causes the animal to be delivered as provided by section 62 (Seized animals to be returned to owner or taken to council pound) of that Act.
s 163: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (53); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (34); 1995 No 11, Sch 1.84 [4]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [60]. Subst 1998 No 87, Sch 4.3.
163A   (Repealed)
s 163A: Ins 1990 No 106, Sch 1 (3). Subst 1993 No 32, Sch 2. Am 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [15]. Rep 1997 No 152, Sch 4.24 [3].
163B   Application of certain Acts
Division 2A (Orders) of Part 6 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 and Chapter 7 (What are the regulatory functions of councils?) of the Local Government Act 1993 do not apply to lands reserved or dedicated (other than lands dedicated under section 58U) under this Act.
s 163B: Ins 1993 No 32, Sch 2. Am 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [16]; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [7] [8].
164   Powers of entry and seizure
(1)  The Director-General or any person duly authorised by the Director-General in that behalf:
(a)  may at all times, if he or she suspects on reasonable grounds that an offence against any of the provisions of this Act or the regulations has been or is being committed and that any animal, native plant, relic or article in respect of which the suspected offence has been or is being committed or which has been or is being used in connection with the suspected offence is likely to be in or upon any premises or vehicle, on production of the prescribed evidence of his or her authority:
(i)  stop any such vehicle,
(ii)  enter and search any such premises or vehicle, and
(iii)  subject to his or her giving a receipt in the prescribed form seize any such animal, native plant, relic (not being real property) or article found therein or thereon together with any books, papers or records relating to the suspected offence and make copies of, or take extracts from, any such papers, books or records,
(b)  may at all times, on production of the prescribed evidence of his or her authority, enter any premises or vehicle for the purpose of:
(i)  inspecting any premises registered under section 124, 125 or 128,
(ii)  inspecting any premises in which fauna are housed or caged under the authority of a licence under section 120 or 125A,
(iii)  inspecting any lands on which protected native plants are grown under the authority of a licence under section 132, or
(iv)  searching for and inspecting any articles that are being or could be used in contravention of this Act or the regulations, and
(b1)  may, at all times, on production of the prescribed evidence of authority, enter any premises for the purposes of:
(i)  identifying and mapping critical habitat, and
(ii)  inspecting any lands that are the subject of an application for a licence under Part 6 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, and
(iii)  inspecting any lands that are the subject of proposed development or an activity (within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979) and in respect of the grant of development consent or approval to which the Minister or the Director-General has been consulted or is (or is acting as) a concurrence authority in accordance with that Act, and
(iv)  inspecting any lands for the purpose of investigating the presence or condition of threatened species, populations or ecological communities, and their habitats, for the purposes of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or this Act,
(c)  may, for the enforcement of the provisions of this Act or the regulations, exercise the powers and authority of a constable.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not:
(a)  apply in relation to an offence of a class or description prescribed for the purposes of this subsection,
(b)  authorise the seizure of a vehicle within the meaning of paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (e) of the definition of vehicle in section 5 (1) or any prescribed article, or
(c)  authorise any person to enter in or upon that portion of a building that is used for residential purposes except under the authority of a search warrant issued under this section.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  The power of seizure under subsection (1) (a) may be exercised without exercising any of the other powers under subsection (1) (a).
(5)  The Director-General, a police officer or any person duly authorised by the Director-General may apply to an authorised justice for a search warrant if the Director-General, police officer or person has reasonable grounds for believing:
(a)  that an offence against a provision of this Act or the regulations has been committed, and
(b)  that there may be an animal, native plant, relic or article in respect of which any such offence has been committed, or which has been used in connection with any such offence, on any premises or vehicle.
(6)  An authorised justice to whom an application is made under subsection (5) may, if satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for doing so, issue a search warrant authorising the applicant to enter and search the premises or vehicle.
(7)  A person executing a search warrant issued under this section may exercise the power of seizure under subsection (1) (a).
(8)  Part 3 of the Search Warrants Act 1985 applies to a search warrant issued under this section.
(9)  In this section, authorised justice has the same meaning as in the Search Warrants Act 1985.
s 164: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (13); 1985 No 38, Sch 1; 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (12); 1991 No 92, Sch 2; 1993 No 78, Sch 1 (11); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [120] [121]; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [9] [10].
165   Persons to deliver up fauna etc when required
(1)  Where the Director-General, or any person duly authorised by the Director-General in that behalf, suspects on reasonable grounds any person to be committing an offence against any of the provisions of this Act or the regulations, he or she may, on production of the prescribed evidence of his or her authority, require that person to deliver up:
(a)  any animal, native plant, relic (not being real property) or article in that person’s possession, or which it is within that person’s power to deliver up, in respect of which the suspected offence is being committed or which is being used in connection with the suspected offence, or
(b)  any books, papers or records in that person’s possession, or which it is within that person’s power to deliver up, relating to the suspected offence.
(2)  Any such person after being so required shall not fail to deliver up forthwith any animal, native plant, relic (not being real property), article, books, papers or records to the Director-General or person requiring him or her so to do.
s 165: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (13); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (13).
166   Definition of “article” for secs 164 and 165
In sections 164 and 165, article means prohibited weapon, firearm, explosive, net, trap, hunting device, substance, mixture, preparation, instrument, implement or any other thing.
167   Disposal of fauna and perishable goods when seized or delivered up
(1)  Where any property seized under section 164 or delivered up under section 165 is fauna or is perishable, it may forthwith be disposed of, by way of sale or otherwise, by the Director-General or an officer of the Service duly authorised by the Director-General in that behalf.
(2)  The proceeds of any sale under subsection (1) shall be paid into the Fund.
(3)  The payment to a person from the Fund of an amount equal to the proceeds of the sale of any property under subsection (1) operates as a discharge of any obligation to deliver up that property to that person and such a payment in discharge of any such obligation imposed by an order of the court prescribed in relation to the property under section 168 is hereby authorised.
(4)  Without affecting the generality of subsection (1), fauna may be disposed of under subsection (1) by being destroyed or returned to its natural environment.
s 167: Am 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (6).
168   Disposal of property seized or delivered up
(1)  Subject to this section, where:
(a)  a person is convicted of an offence against this Act or the regulations,
(b)  property relating to the offence, or in the possession of the offender at the time of the commission of the offence, has been seized under section 164 or delivered up under section 165, and
(c)  any person applies to the court prescribed in relation to the property for an order that the property be delivered to a specified person,
that court may, whether or not it is the court making the conviction, make such an order.
(2)  Subject to this section, where:
(a)  property has been seized under section 164 or delivered up under section 165, and
(b)  proceedings for an offence (being an offence on or after a conviction for which an order could be made under subsection (1) in respect of the property):
(i)  have not been commenced within 2 years after the seizure or delivering up of the property, or
(ii)  have been dismissed by a court,
the court prescribed in relation to the property (whether or not it is the court dismissing the proceedings in the case of property relating to proceedings referred to in paragraph (b) (ii)) may, on the application of any person, order that the property be delivered to a specified person.
(3)  An application for an order under subsection (1) may be made at the time of the conviction referred to in that subsection if the court making the conviction is the court prescribed in relation to the property to which the application relates.
(4)  An application for an order under subsection (1) or (2) may not be made:
(a)  in the case of an application for an order under subsection (1)—later than 1 month after the conviction referred to in that subsection, or
(b)  in the case of an application for an order under subsection (2) (b) (i)—later than 3 months after the expiration of the period of 2 years referred to in that subparagraph, or
(c)  in the case of an application for an order under subsection (2) (b) (ii)—later than 1 month after the date on which the proceedings were dismissed.
(5)  Where property has been seized under section 164 or delivered up under section 165 and:
(a)  no application for an order under subsection (1) or (2) has been duly made, or
(b)  such an application has been duly made and such an order has been refused,
the property the subject of the application and, where the property has been sold under section 167, the proceeds of the sale, shall be deemed to have been forfeited.
(6)  For the purposes of this section:
(a)  the value of any property sold under section 167 is an amount equal to the amount of the net proceeds of sale, and
(b)  the court prescribed in relation to any property is such court as would, if the value of the property were the amount of a debt, be a court of competent jurisdiction for the recovery of that debt.
(7)  An order shall not be made by a court under this section in relation to fauna seized or delivered up in connection with an offence under section 102 unless the court is satisfied that the fauna will be adequately cared for by the person to whom the fauna is to be delivered under the order.
(8)  An order shall not be made by a court under this section in relation to fauna that has been destroyed or returned to its natural environment under section 167, but if the order is nevertheless made, it does not have any effect.
s 168: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 5 (14), 6 (6) (14); 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (7); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1989 No 226, Sch 1; 1993 No 108, Sch 2; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [11]–[15].
169   Impersonating, assaulting, resisting or obstructing an officer etc
(1)  A person shall not impersonate the Director-General, any other officer of the Service, an ex-officio ranger, honorary ranger, member of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board or officer of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
(2)  A person shall not:
(a)  assault, threaten, resist, delay, hinder, obstruct or use abusive language to, or
(b)  incite or encourage any other person to assault, threaten, resist, delay, hinder, obstruct or use abusive language to,
the Director-General, any other officer of the Service, an ex-officio ranger, honorary ranger, member of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board or officer of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust, in the exercise of any of his or her powers, authorities, duties or functions under this Act or the regulations, the Wilderness Act 1987 or regulations under that Act or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the regulations under that Act.
Maximum penalty: 200 penalty units or 3 months imprisonment, or both.
(3)  Without affecting the generality of subsection (2) (a), a person shall not, upon a request for information or other reasonable assistance being made by the Director-General, any other officer of the Service, an ex-officio ranger, honorary ranger, member of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board or officer of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust in the exercise of any powers, authorities, duties or functions under this Act or the regulations, the Wilderness Act 1987 or regulations under that Act or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the regulations under that Act, refuse to give the information or other assistance requested or knowingly give any information that is false or misleading in a material particular.
(4)  A person shall not incite or encourage another person to contravene subsection (3).
s 169: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (15); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (20); 1992 No 34, Sch 1; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [122]; 1996 No 30, Sch 2.19 [4]; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [17]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [41].
170   Corruption
A person shall not, without lawful authority, offer, make or give to an officer of the Service, an ex-officio ranger, honorary ranger, member of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust Board or officer of the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust any payment, gratuity or present in consideration that the officer, ranger or member will do or omit to do any act or thing pertaining to his or her powers, authorities, duties or functions as such an officer, ranger or member.
Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year or both.
s 170: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (10); 1992 No 112, Sch 1; 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [18] [19].
171   Authority to harm or pick
(1)  The Director-General may authorise any person:
(a)  to harm:
(i)  animals within a national park, historic site, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, state recreation area, regional park, Aboriginal area, protected archaeological area, wildlife district, wildlife refuge, wildlife management area or conservation area, or
(ii)  protected fauna outside a park, site, reserve, area, district or refuge referred to in subparagraph (i), other than fauna that are not the property of the Crown,
(b)  to fell, cut, destroy, injure, remove or set fire to any tree, timber or vegetation within a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve, or
(c)  to pick or have in the person’s possession any native plant within a nature reserve, state game reserve or karst conservation reserve.
(1A)  The Director-General may, in an authority given under subsection (1) or in another instrument served on the person to whom the authority is given, limit the kinds or numbers of animals, trees, timber, vegetation or native plants with respect to which an authority has effect.
(1B)  An authority under subsection (1) authorising game birds to be harmed does not extend to the harming of game birds for sporting or recreational purposes. However, an authority can authorise a sporting or recreational shooter to harm game birds for any other specified lawful purpose.
(2)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence against this Act if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done, or the state of affairs constituting the offence existed, under the authority of the Director-General under this section.
(3)  For the purposes of this Act, the Director-General shall be deemed to be authorised under subsection (1) with respect to all animals, and all trees, timber, vegetation and native plants, to which that subsection relates or may relate.
(4)  Except in so far as the Director-General otherwise directs, the Director-General’s authorisation of a person under subsection (1) also authorises that person to do, in connection with the authorised activity, any act referred to in section 45 (1) or 56 (1).
(5)  Subsection (1) (a) (i) does not apply with respect to an animal that is not the property of the Crown unless the animal apparently has no owner and is not under control or unless an officer of the Service believes on reasonable grounds that the animal is endangering, or likely to endanger, any other animals or any persons or property within the park, site, reserve, area, district or refuge referred to in subsection (1) (a) (i).
(6)  Nothing in this section affects the provisions of section 155 (2) (bb).
s 171: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (54); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (18); 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (14); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (35); 1995 No 60, Sch 1 [9]; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [123] [124]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [61]; 1996 No 121, Sch 1.12 [4] [5]; 2002 No 53, Sch 1.20 [3].
172   Police officers
A police officer shall not be convicted of an offence against this Act in respect of an act done in pursuance of or as part of his or her duties as a police officer.
s 172: Am 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [16] [17].
173   (Repealed)
s 173: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (20), 3 (55). Rep 1989 No 22, Sch 1 (2).
174   Service of notices
Any notice given under or for the purposes of this Act or the regulations may, unless otherwise specially provided, be given in any one of the following ways:
(a)  personally to the person to whom the notice is addressed, or
(b)  by letter sent through the post by mail and directed to the last known residential or business address in New South Wales of the person to whom the notice is addressed.
s 174: Am 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [18].
175   General offence and penalties
(1)  A person who:
(a)  does that which by this Act (Parts 2, 3 and 5 excepted) the person is forbidden to do, or
(b)  fails or neglects to do that which by this Act (Parts 2, 3 and 5 excepted) the person is required or directed to do,
is guilty of an offence against this Act.
(2)  A person guilty of an offence against this Act, whether pursuant to subsection (1) or otherwise, is, where no other penalty is prescribed, liable to a penalty not exceeding 100 penalty units, in the case of an individual, or 200 penalty units in the case of a corporation.
s 175: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (11); 1992 No 34, Sch 1; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [42].
175A   Offences by directors or managers of corporations
(1)  If a person contravenes any provision of this Act or the regulations:
(a)  while acting in the capacity of a director, a person concerned in the management, or an employee or an agent, of a corporation, or
(b)  at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of such a director, person, employee or agent,
the corporation shall be taken to have contravened the same provision.
(2)  A corporation may be proceeded against and convicted under a provision pursuant to subsection (1), whether or not the director, person, employee or agent has been proceeded against or convicted under that provision.
(3)  Nothing in this section affects any liability imposed on a person for an offence committed by the person against this Act or the regulations.
s 175A: Ins 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (15).
175B   Offences by corporations
(1)  If a corporation contravenes, whether by act or omission, any provision of this Act or the regulations, each person who is a director of the corporation or who is concerned in the management of the corporation is taken to have contravened the same provision, unless the person satisfies the court that:
(a)  the corporation contravened the provision without the knowledge (actual, imputed or constructive) of the person, or
(b)  the person was not in a position to influence the conduct of the corporation in relation to its contravention of the provision, or
(c)  the person, if in such a position, used all due diligence to prevent the contravention by the corporation.
(2)  A person may be proceeded against and convicted under a provision pursuant to this section whether or not the corporation has been proceeded against or been convicted under that provision.
(3)  Nothing in this section affects any liability imposed on a corporation for an offence committed by the corporation against this Act or the regulations.
(4)  Without limiting any other law or practice regarding the admissibility of evidence, evidence that an officer, employee or agent of a corporation (while acting in his or her capacity as such) had, at any particular time, a particular intention, is evidence that the corporation had that intention.
s 175B: Ins 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (15). Subst 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [43].
176   Proceedings for offences
(1)  Proceedings for an offence under this Act or the regulations may be dealt with:
(a)  summarily before a Local Court constituted by a Magistrate sitting alone, or
(b)  summarily before the Land and Environment Court.
(1AA), (1BB)    (Repealed)
(1A)  The maximum pecuniary penalty that a Local Court may impose in respect of an offence against this Act or the regulations is 200 penalty units (including any daily penalty, any additional penalty as provided by section 98, 99, 118 or 118A or any further penalty for a second or subsequent offence) or the maximum penalty provided by this Act or the regulations in respect of the offence, whichever is the lesser.
(1B)  Notwithstanding anything in the Justices Act 1902, proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations may be taken within 2 years after the offence was committed.
(2)  Where the penalty is a daily penalty it may be recovered either under a separate information or complaint for each day or under an information or complaint for the sum of the daily penalties.
(3)  Where any person is convicted of an offence against this Act or the regulations and the Judge or Magistrate before whom the person was convicted makes or make an order under section 52 of the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 or section 81 of the Justices Act 1902 for the payment by the defendant of costs, those costs shall be paid into the Fund.
s 176: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 4 (12); 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (8); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1987 No 48, Sch 31; 1988 No 92, Sch 26; 1989 No 84, Sch 1 (16); 1991 No 66, Sch 1 (13); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [125] [126]; 1996 No 121, Sch 1.12 [6]; 2001 No 130, Sch 3 [44] [45].
176A   Restraint etc of breaches of Act
(1)  Any person may bring proceedings in the Land and Environment Court for an order to remedy or restrain a breach of this Act, whether or not any right of that person has been or may be infringed by or as a consequence of that breach.
(2)  Proceedings under this section may be brought by a person on the person’s own behalf or on behalf of the person and other persons (with their consent), or a body corporate or unincorporated (with the consent of its committee or other controlling or governing body), having like or common interests in those proceedings.
(3)  Any person on whose behalf proceedings are brought is entitled to contribute to or provide for the payment of the legal costs and expenses incurred by the person bringing the proceedings.
(4)    (Repealed)
s 176A: Ins 1987 No 197, Sch 1 (21). Am 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [127]; 2002 No 55, Sch 1.4.
177   Compensation
(1)  Where any person is convicted of an offence against this Act or the regulations whereby the Minister or the Director-General, or any SRA trust or regional park trust, or any local council having the care, control and management of a regional park, incurs or incur any charge, cost or expense or which results in or causes loss or damage to:
(a)  any national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area or to any structure or improvements thereon,
(b)  any lands vested in, surrendered to or leased to Her Majesty for the purposes of this Act or occupied under licence for the purposes of this Act, or acquired by the Minister for the purposes of this Act, or to any structure or improvements thereon, or
(c)  any other property, real or personal, which by this Act is vested in Her Majesty or which, for the purposes of this Act, is vested in, or leased, controlled, used or operated by or on behalf of, the Minister or Director-General,
the court before whom the person was convicted may order payment of such sum as the court thinks fit by way of compensation for that charge, cost, expense, loss or damage.
(2)  Any order under subsection (1) shall be deemed to be a conviction or order whereby a sum of money is adjudged to be paid within the meaning of the Justices Act 1902.
s 177: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (21), 3 (56), 5 (16); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (36); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [61] [62].
178   Recovery of charges
(1)  Any charge, fee or money recoverable by the Director-General, the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust or an officer of the Service under the provisions of this Act or the regulations may be recovered as a debt or liquidated demand in a court of competent jurisdiction.
(2)  The amount of any royalty due and payable under this Act or the regulations and unpaid may be recovered as a debt due to the Director-General from the person liable to pay that amount in a court of competent jurisdiction.
(3)  Subsection (2) applies to a royalty due and payable to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust as if the reference in that subsection to the Director-General were a reference to the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.
s 178: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 5 (17); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1997 No 2, Sch 1 [20] [21].
179   Authority to take proceedings
(1)  Subject to subsection (1A), any legal proceedings for an offence against, or to recover any charge, fee or money due under, this Act or the regulations or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the regulations under that Act may only be taken by a police officer or by a person duly authorised by the Director-General in that behalf, either generally or in any particular case.
(1A)  Proceedings for an offence against this Act shall not be instituted in the Land and Environment Court in its summary jurisdiction without the written consent of the Director-General or of such officer of the Service as may be authorised by the Director-General for the purposes of this section.
(2)  In any proceedings referred to in this section the production of an authority purporting to be signed by the Director-General shall be evidence of the authority without proof of the Director-General’s signature.
s 179: Am 1986 No 133, Sch 1 (9); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1987 No 48, Sch 31; 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [128]; 1997 No 55, Sch 1.15 [5] [6]; 1999 No 85, Sch 1.20 [19].
180   Continuance of authority
Any person duly authorised by the Director-General under any section of this Act to do any act or thing or take any proceedings shall continue to be so authorised notwithstanding that the Director-General who authorised that person has ceased to hold office as Director-General, but any such authority may be cancelled at any time by the person for the time being occupying the office of Director-General.
181   Evidentiary provisions etc
(1)  An allegation, in an information in respect of an offence against this Act or the regulations, that any lands in question form part of a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve, Aboriginal area, protected archaeological area, wildlife district, wildlife refuge or wildlife management area shall be sufficient without proof of the matter so alleged unless the defendant proves to the contrary.
(2)  An allegation, in an information in respect of an offence against this Act or the regulations, that a standard, sign, symbol, notice or device was erected, displayed or marked with the authority of the Director-General, or that a standard, sign, symbol, notice or device was erected, displayed, marked, interfered with, altered or removed without the authority of the Director-General, shall be accepted by the court as evidence of the truth of the allegation, unless the defendant proves to the contrary.
(2A)  An allegation, in an information in respect of an offence against this Act or the regulations, that an animal or plant is a member of a species, population or ecological community specified in that information is sufficient proof of the matter so alleged unless the defendant proves to the contrary.
(3)  In any proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations, a certificate purporting to be signed by the officer for the time being in charge of the records kept under the law for the time being in force in any part of the Commonwealth relating to the ownership of motor vehicles and naming the owner of a motor vehicle as shown on those records shall be prima facie evidence of the name of the owner of the motor vehicle.
(4)  In any prosecution under this Act, any allegation in any information that any person is unlicensed or acting without permission or authority need not be proved, and that person shall be deemed to be unlicensed or acting without permission or authority, as the case may be, until the contrary is proved by the production of a licence, permit or authority or otherwise.
(5)  In any proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations, a certificate purporting to be signed by the Director-General or a prescribed officer of the Service and certifying:
(a)  that any person was or was not, on a date or within a period specified therein, the holder of any specified licence, certificate, consent, authority or other thing issued or granted by instrument in writing under this Act, or
(b)  that, on a date or within a period so specified, any such licence, certificate, consent, authority or other thing:
(i)  related to any specified premises,
(ii)  was subject to any specified conditions or restrictions, or
(iii)  was, to any specified extent, unconditional or unrestricted,
shall be prima facie evidence of the matter or matters so certified.
(6)  In any proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations, a certificate purporting to be signed by the Director-General and certifying:
(a)  that an amount specified therein is the amount of any charge, cost or expense incurred as specified therein by reason of the offence, or
(b)  that an amount specified therein is the amount of any loss or damage sustained, as specified therein, as a result of the offence,
shall be prima facie evidence of the matter or matters so certified.
(7)  In any proceedings, a certificate purporting to be signed by the Director-General or an officer of the Service authorised by the Director-General and certifying that at a time, or during a period, specified in the certificate:
(a)  a conservation agreement relating to land so specified was in force, and
(b)  the agreement contained the terms specified in the certificate,
shall be prima facie evidence of the matter or matters so certified.
(8)  In any proceedings, a document purporting to be certified by the Director-General or the Registrar-General as a copy of a conservation agreement registered under section 69F shall be prima facie evidence of the agreement.
(9)  A copy of any declaration or map of critical habitat published in the Gazette, being a copy purporting to be certified by the Director-General or an officer of the Service authorised by the Director-General, as being a true copy of the declaration or map so published, is admissible in any legal proceedings and is evidence of the matter or matters contained in the declaration or map.
s 181: Am 1983 No 183, Schs 2 (22), 3 (57), 5 (18); 1986 No 218, Sch 28, Part 1 (8); 1987 No 158, Sch 1 (19); 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (37); 1995 No 101, Sch 4 [129] [130]; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [61].
182   Morton National Park
(1)  In this section:
Authority means the Sydney Catchment Authority.
Park means Morton National Park.
(2)  The following provisions shall apply to and in respect of the Park:
(a)  the Authority may continue and complete surveys and investigations for determining the location of a dam for water supply purposes and of a reservoir and ancillary works in connection therewith including pipelines and power lines, situated wholly or partly within the Park,
(b)  the site of the dam and of the reservoir and ancillary works shall be determined by agreement between the Minister and the Authority,
(c)  where the site has been so determined, the Governor may, notwithstanding section 37, by notification published in the Gazette:
(i)  revoke the reservation of the Park as to so much of the lands reserved as are within that site, and
(ii)  declare those lands to be vested in the Authority,
and thereupon those lands shall vest in the Authority, and
(d)  the Minister may, from time to time, grant to the Authority such easements and licences over lands within the Park for pipelines, power lines and other purposes as may be necessary for or in connection with the use and operation of the dam and reservoir and ancillary works.
(3)  Anything done under or for the purposes of section 21 (2) of the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to have been done under or for the purposes of this section.
s 182: Am 2001 No 130, Sch 5 [4] [5].
183   Macquarie Pass National Park
(1)  In this section:
Commission means the Water Resources Commission.
Park means Macquarie Pass National Park.
(2)  The following provisions shall apply to and in respect of the Park:
(a)  the Commission may continue and complete surveys and investigations for determining the location of a dam for domestic, stock and irrigation purposes and ancillary works in connection therewith including pipelines and power lines, situated wholly or partly within the Park,
(b)  the site of the dam and ancillary works shall be determined by agreement between the Minister and the Commission, and
(c)  the Minister may, from time to time, upon such terms as the Minister thinks fit grant to the Commission such easements and licences over lands within the Park for pipelines, power lines and other purposes as may be necessary for or in connection with the use and operation of the dam and ancillary works.
(3)  Anything done under or for the purposes of section 21 (3) of the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to have been done under or for the purposes of this section.
s 183: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 6 (15).
184   Bouddi National Park
(1)  The Governor may, by proclamation published in the Gazette, declare that this section applies to such of the lands comprised in Bouddi National Park as are described in the proclamation.
(2)  Upon the publication of the proclamation under subsection (1), the lands described in the proclamation shall cease to be part of Bouddi National Park and shall be deemed to have been reserved as a national park.
(3)  Without affecting the generality of section 36, a reference in that section to a proclamation includes a reference to the proclamation under subsection (1).
185   Catchment areas and special areas
(1)  In this section, the Acts means the Sydney Water Act 1994, the Sydney Water Catchment Management Act 1998, the Hunter Water Act 1991 and the Water Management Act 2000.
(2)  Nothing in this Act affects the operation of any of the provisions of any of the Acts in relation to lands within a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area, in so far as those provisions relate to catchment areas or special areas.
(3)  Without affecting the generality of subsection (2), nothing in this Act:
(a)  affects, or affects the operation of, any order or regulation under any of the Acts relating to a catchment area or special area and in force at the time of the reservation or dedication of any lands as, or as part of, a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area, being lands to which the order or regulation relates, or
(b)  affects the power of the Governor to make any order or regulation under any of the Acts in relation to any lands within a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area.
(4)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act, a lease, licence, easement or right of way shall not be granted under this Act in respect of any lands within a catchment area or special area within the meaning of:
(a)  the Sydney Water Act 1994, except with the concurrence of the Sydney Water Corporation, or
(b)  the Sydney Water Catchment Management Act 1998, except with the concurrence of the Sydney Catchment Authority, or
(c)  the Hunter Water Act 1991, except with the concurrence of the Hunter Water Corporation and the Director-General of the Department of Land and Water Conservation.
(5)  Notwithstanding subsection (2) or (3) or any provision of any of the Acts, neither the Sydney Water Corporation nor the Sydney Catchment Authority nor the Hunter Water Corporation nor the Director-General of the Department of Land and Water Conservation shall, except with the concurrence in writing of the Director-General, undertake or arrange for the cutting and marketing of timber of commercial value on lands within a national park, historic site, state recreation area, regional park, nature reserve, state game reserve, karst conservation reserve or Aboriginal area that are also lands within a catchment area or special area.
s 185: Am 1983 No 183, Sch 3 (58); 1985 No 128, Sch 1 (1); 1991 No 53, Sch 1; 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (38); 1994 No 88, Sch 7; 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [61]; 1998 No 145, Sch 5.11 [1] [2]; 2001 No 130, Sch 5 [6]–[9].
186   Requirement for examination
(1)  The Minister shall not grant:
(a)  an approval under section 39 (3) or 47H (3),
(b)  a concurrence under section 40 (2), 41 (4), 44 (2) or 47J (3) or (4),
(c)  a lease of lands or licence under section 151 (1) or 153B (2),
(d)  a franchise under section 152 (3), or
(e)  an easement or right of way under section 153 (1) or 153B (2),
except after the fullest examination.
(2)  The Director-General shall not grant:
(a)  a concurrence under section 53 (2), 58E (2) or 185 (5), or
(b)  a licence under section 152 (1),
except after the fullest examination.
(3)  Subsection (1) extends to:
(a)  an approval under section 39 (3), and
(b)  a concurrence under section 41 (4) or 44 (2),
as applied by this Act to state recreation areas, regional parks, nature reserves, state game reserves, karst conservation reserves or Aboriginal areas.
s 186: Ins 1985 No 128, Sch 1 (2). Am 1991 No 55, Sch 1 (39); 1996 No 58, Sch 1 [63]; 2001 No 92, Sch 1 [5].
187   Administration of existing interests in reserved land
(1)  In this section, existing interest means a lease, licence, permit, authority, authorisation or occupancy under the Forestry Act 1916, the Crown Lands Act 1989, the Crown Lands (Continued Tenures) Act 1989 or the Western Lands Act 1901:
(a)  in relation to land reserved under this Act immediately before the commencement of this section—in force on that commencement, or
(b)  in relation to land reserved under this Act on or after the commencement of this section—in force at the date on which the land was so reserved.
(2)  The administration of matters relating to existing interests, to the extent that those interests affect any land reserved under this Act, is vested in the Minister.
(3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the Minister has:
(a)  in respect of existing interests under the Forestry Act 1916, the powers of the Minister administering that Act and of the Forestry Commission, and
(b)  in respect of existing interests under the Crown Lands Act 1989, the powers of the Minister administering that Act, and
(c)  in respect of existing interests under the Crown Lands (Continued Tenures) Act 1989, the powers of the Minister administering that Act, and
(d)  in respect of existing interests under the Western Lands Act 1901, the powers of the Minister administering that Act and of the Western Lands Commissioner.
s 187: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [64].
188   Administration of existing telecommunications interests
(1)  In this section:
broadcasting or telecommunications facility means a facility used for the purpose of providing broadcasting services within the meaning of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992 of the Commonwealth, or a facility within the meaning of the Telecommunications Act 1997 of the Commonwealth:
(a)  the use of which is authorised under the Forestry Act 1916, the Crown Lands Act 1989, the Crown Lands (Continued Tenures) Act 1989 or the Western Lands Act 1901, or
(b)  that was lawfully constructed under Commonwealth legislation and exempted at the time of construction under that legislation from the requirement for authorisation under State legislation.
existing facility means a broadcasting or telecommunications facility situated on land reserved under this Act and in existence on the relevant date.
relevant date means, in relation to a broadcasting or telecommunications facility:
(a)  if the land on which the facility is situated was reserved under this Act immediately before the commencement of this section—the date of that commencement, or
(b)  if the land on which the facility is situated is reserved under this Act on or after the commencement of this section—the date on which the land was so reserved.
(2)  At the request of a person who is the owner of an existing facility, the Minister may grant the person a lease or licence under this section for the purposes of enabling the facility to be used and maintained.
(3)  The Minister may grant a lease or licence under this section in respect of an existing facility to which paragraph (b) of the definition of broadcasting or telecommunications facility in subsection (1) applies only if the facility is no longer exempt from the requirement to be authorised under State legislation at the date of the grant of the lease or licence.
(4)  On the grant of a lease or licence under this section in respect of an existing facility, any authorisation referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition of broadcasting or telecommunications facility in subsection (1) in respect of the facility is revoked.
(5)  Any lease or licence granted under this section is subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine.
(6)  This section does not limit section 187.
s 188: Ins 2001 No 130, Sch 1 [64].
Schedules 1, 2 (Repealed)
sch 1: Am 1986 No 85, Sch 1. Rep 1999 No 85, Sch 4.
sch 2: Am 1982 No 148, Sch 1. Rep 1999 No 85, Sch 4.
Schedule 3 Savings, transitional and other provisions
(Section 4 (3))
Part 1 General
1   Regulations
(1)  The Governor may make regulations containing provisions of a saving or transitional nature consequent on the enactment of the following Acts:
(2)  A provision referred to in subsection (1) may, if the regulations so provide, take effect from the date of assent to the Act concerned or at a later date.
(3)  To the extent to which a provision referred to in subclause (1) takes effect from a date that is earlier than the date of its publication in the Gazette, the provision does not operate so as:
(a)  to affect, in a manner prejudicial to any person (other than the State or an authority of the State), the rights of that person existing before the date of its publication, or
(b)  to impose liabilities on any person (other than the State or an authority of the State) in respect of anything done or omitted to be done before the date of its publication.
Part 2 Special provisions
1A   Definitions
In this Schedule:
repealed enactments means the enactments repealed by this Act.
state park means a state park within the meaning of the Act of 1967.
2   The Director
(1)  The person holding office as Director of National Parks and Wildlife under the Act of 1967 immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to have been appointed Director under this Act, and the person shall, subject to this Act, hold office for the remainder of the period specified in the person’s instrument of appointment under the Act of 1967.
(2)  All acts, matters, and things done or omitted by, or done or suffered in relation to, the Director of National Parks and Wildlife appointed under the Act of 1967 before the commencement day shall, on and from that day, have the same force and effect as if they had been done or omitted by, or done or suffered in relation to, the Director appointed under this Act.
(3)  Without affecting the generality of Schedule 4, clauses 10 and 11 of that Schedule apply to and in respect of the person holding office as Director immediately before the commencement day as if this Act had been in force at the time when the person was appointed Director under the Act of 1967.
3   Advisory committees
The members of an advisory committee constituted for any lands under the Act of 1967 and holding office immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to be members of an advisory committee constituted for those lands under this Act as if this Act had been in force at the time of the constitution of the committee.
4   Relics Committee
A person holding office as a member of the Aboriginal Relics Advisory Committee under section 33A of the Act of 1967 immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to have been appointed a member of the Relics Committee under this Act, and the person shall, subject to this Act, hold office for the remainder of the period specified in the instrument of the person’s appointment under the Act of 1967.
5   (Repealed)
6   Delegations
(1)  Any delegation in force under section 7 of the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to be a delegation under section 21.
(2)  Section 7 of the Act of 1967 continues to apply to and in respect of any act or thing done by a delegate under that section before the commencement day.
7   Reserved, dedicated and declared lands
(1)  Lands comprised within a national park or state park under the Act of 1967 immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to be reserved as a national park under this Act.
(2)  Lands comprised within a historic site under the Act of 1967 immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to be reserved as a historic site under this Act.
(3)  Lands comprised within a nature reserve under the Fauna Protection Act 1948 immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to be dedicated as a nature reserve under this Act.
(4)  A proclamation under section 20 of the Act of 1967 in force immediately before the commencement day in relation to a national park, state park or historic site under that Act shall be deemed to be a proclamation under section 33.
(5)  To the extent that section 20 (5) and (6) of the Act of 1967 would, had this Act not been enacted, apply or continue to apply to or in respect of a proclamation published under section 20 of that Act before the commencement day, section 35 applies to or in respect of that proclamation.
(6)  An order under section 33B of the Act of 1967 in force immediately before the commencement day in relation to an Aboriginal area under that Act shall be deemed to be a proclamation in force under section 62.
(7)  An order under section 33I of the Act of 1967 in force immediately before the commencement day in relation to a protected archaeological area under that Act shall be deemed to be an order in force under section 65.
(8)  A proclamation under section 23A (1) of the Fauna Protection Act 1948, in force immediately before the commencement day in relation to a wildlife refuge under that Act shall be deemed to be a proclamation in force under section 68.
(9)  A proclamation under section 23A (1) of the Fauna Protection Act 1948, in force immediately before the commencement day in relation to a game reserve under that Act shall be deemed to be a proclamation in force under section 69.
(10)  A direction under section 33J of the Act of 1967 in force immediately before the commencement day in relation to a protected archaeological area under that Act shall be deemed to be a direction in force under section 66.
8   References to state parks
(1)  A reference, in any other Act, or in any regulation, ordinance, by-law or any other instrument or document whatever, of the same or a different kind or nature, to:
(a)  a state park shall be read as a reference to a national park under this Act, or
(b)  a particular state park under the Act of 1967 shall be read as a reference to the national park deemed to be reserved under clause 7 (1) and comprising the lands within that state park.
(2)    (Repealed)
9   Plans of management
(1)  A plan of management under the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to be a plan of management under this Act.
(2)  A working plan under the Fauna Protection Act 1948 shall be deemed to be a plan of management under this Act.
(3)  A plan of management under any Act for any lands dedicated under this Act as Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust lands, being a plan of management in force immediately before that dedication, is taken to be a plan of management under this Act for the land concerned until a new plan of management for that land is adopted under section 76.
10   Mining
(1)  A notice under section 24 (2) (a) of the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to be a notice under section 41, and anything done or commenced to be done under section 24 (2) (a) of the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to have been done or commenced under section 41.
(2)  A reference in subclause (1) to section 41 includes a reference to that section as applied by any other provision of this Act.
11   Certain existing interests
(1)  In this clause, prescribed interest means an authority, authorisation, permit, lease, licence or occupancy to which section 22 of the Act of 1967 applied immediately before the commencement day.
(2)  Section 39 applies to and in respect of a prescribed interest granted with respect to lands comprised in a national park, state park or historic site under the Act of 1967 as if this Act had been in force when that national park, state park or historic site was reserved under that Act.
12   Licences etc
(1)  A licence, registration, certificate, franchise, permit, permission, concurrence, consent, authorisation or authority, issued or given under any of the repealed enactments, shall be deemed to be issued or given under this Act.
(2)  Notwithstanding subclause (1), a permit granted under section 33 of the Fauna Protection Act 1948 shall be deemed to be a licence issued under section 127.
13   Open seasons
A notice of an open season under section 18 of the Fauna Protection Act 1948 in force immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to be an order in force under section 95.
14   Property
(1)  Any property acquired by the Minister under the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to have been acquired by the Minister under this Act.
(2)  Lands acquired under section 19A of the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to have been acquired under section 145.
(3)  Lands acquired under section 19B of the Act of 1967 shall be deemed to have been acquired under section 146 (1).
(4)  A lease or licence granted under the Act of 1967 and in force immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to have been granted under this Act.
(5)  A franchise in force under section 32 of the Act of 1967 immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to have been granted under section 152.
(6)  An easement or right of way in force under section 31 of the Act of 1967 immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to have been granted under section 153.
15   Community service contribution
(1)  Any community service contribution under section 37 of the Act of 1967 due and payable immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to be due and payable under section 140.
(2)  Section 140 applies to and in respect of any community service provided or maintained under section 37 of the Act of 1967 before the commencement day and in respect of which a notice of the amount of contribution had not been served under that section before that day.
16   Forfeiture and seizure
The provisions of any of the repealed enactments continue to apply to and in respect of any forfeiture or seizure under those provisions before the commencement day, and so apply as if this Act had not been enacted.
17   Regulations and by-laws
Any regulations in force under any of the repealed enactments immediately before the commencement day shall be deemed to be regulations made under this Act, but any such regulations shall, to the extent to which they would be by-laws if made under this Act, be deemed to be by-laws made under this Act.
18   Certain amendments made by Act of 1967
The amendments made by sections 53, 54 and 56 of the Act of 1967 continue to have the same force and effect as if those sections had not been repealed by this Act.
19   (Repealed)
(1)  Any by-law made under this Act, or by-law, rule or regulation deemed to be a by-law made under this Act, and in force immediately before the date of assent to the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No 2) 1986 shall on that date be deemed to be a regulation made under this Act.
(2)  A reference in any other Act or statutory instrument, or in any other document, to a by-law made under this Act shall be read as a reference to a regulation made under this Act.
20A   Amendments made by the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1993
On and from the commencement of this clause, a reference in any other Act, or in any instrument made under any Act, or in any other document of any kind, to the Director of National Parks and Wildlife or to the Acting Director of National Parks and Wildlife is to be read as a reference to the Director-General of National Parks and Wildlife or to the Acting Director-General of National Parks and Wildlife respectively.
21   Validation of plans of management and authorities
(1)  In this clause, the amending Act means the National Parks and Wildlife (Amendment) Act 1989.
(2)  Any act, matter or thing done before the commencement of this clause in relation to the preparation of a plan of management for any lands that was not validly done, but that would have been validly done if the amending Act had been in force at the time it was done, is validated.
(3)  An authority that purported to have been given to a person under section 164 or 165 before the commencement of this clause shall be deemed to have been given under the section concerned as if the amending Act had been in force when the authority was given.
22   Protected amphibians
Section 97 (1) (c) applies in respect of fauna that is an amphibian as if the reference in that section to the commencement day were a reference to:
(a)  the date of assent to the National Parks and Wildlife (Amendment) Act 1983 in the case of an amphibian that was a protected amphibian immediately before the date of assent to the Endangered Fauna (Interim Protection) Act 1