Duties Act 1997 No 123



An Act to create and charge a number of duties.
Chapter 1 Preliminary
1   Name of Act
This Act is the Duties Act 1997.
2   Commencement
This Act commences on 1 July 1998.
3   What does this Act do?
This Act creates and charges a number of duties.
Note—
Each duty is dealt with in a separate Chapter of this Act. The Contents pages list the Chapters and their subject-matter.
4   What is a duty?
A duty charged by this Act is, when a liability to pay the duty is created, a debt due to the State of New South Wales.
5   Arrangements for payment of duties
This Act does not contain all the provisions concerning duties. This Act is to be read together with the Taxation Administration Act 1996. The Taxation Administration Act 1996 contains provisions that deal with, for example:
  how assessments of duty are made
  how assessments can be challenged
  what happens if duty is not paid on time
  how unpaid duty may be recovered
  what records must be kept by taxpayers
  how decisions made under this Act can be challenged
  the investigative powers of tax administrators.
6   Meaning of words and expressions used in this Act
Words and expressions used in this Act (or in any particular provision of this Act) that are defined in the Dictionary at the end of this Act have the meanings set out in the Dictionary.
7   Notes in the text
Notes included in this Act are explanatory notes and do not form part of this Act.
Chapter 2 Transactions concerning dutiable property
Part 1 Introduction and overview
8   Imposition of duty on certain transactions concerning dutiable property
(1)  This Chapter charges duty on:
(a)  a transfer of dutiable property, and
(b)  the following transactions:
(i)  an agreement for the sale or transfer of dutiable property,
(ii)  a declaration of trust over dutiable property,
(iii)  a surrender of an interest in land in New South Wales,
(iv)  a foreclosure of a mortgage over dutiable property,
(v)  a vesting of dutiable property by or as a consequence of an order of a court of this or another jurisdiction, whether inside or outside Australia,
(vi)  the enlargement of a term in land into a fee simple under section 134 of the Conveyancing Act 1919,
(vii)  a vesting of land in New South Wales by, or expressly authorised by, statute law of this or another jurisdiction, whether inside or outside Australia,
(viii)  a lease in respect of which a premium is paid or agreed to be paid.
Note—
See also Part 2 of Chapter 3, which treats a transfer or assignment of an option to purchase dutiable property as a transfer of the dutiable property in certain circumstances.
(2)  Such a transfer or transaction is a dutiable transaction for the purposes of this Act.
(3)  In this Chapter:
declaration of trust means any declaration (other than by a will or testamentary instrument) that any identified property vested or to be vested in the person making the declaration is or is to be held in trust for the person or persons, or the purpose or purposes, mentioned in the declaration although the beneficial owner of the property, or the person entitled to appoint the property, may not have joined in or assented to the declaration.
lease means a lease of land in New South Wales or an agreement for a lease of land in New South Wales.
premium, in respect of a lease entered into pursuant to an option, includes an amount paid or payable for the grant of the option.
transfer includes an assignment, an exchange and a buy-back of shares in accordance with Division 2 of Part 2J.1 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
Note—
Some of the above dutiable transactions are also chargeable with vendor duty under Chapter 4. That Chapter charges additional duty on dutiable transactions concerning land-related property.
s 8: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [1] [2]; 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [1]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [1]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [1] [2]; 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [1]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [1]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [1] [2].
8A   Vesting of land in New South Wales by statute law
(1)  Without limiting section 8 (1) (b) (vii), land in New South Wales is vested under statute law if the law vests the land in an entity that the law states is the successor in law of, continuation of or same entity as, the entity in which the land was previously vested.
(2)  However, land in New South Wales is not vested under statute law on the registration of a company under Part 5B.1 of Chapter 5B of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
(3)  The merger of a corporation (company A) with and into another corporation (company B) in circumstances where neither subsection (4) nor subsection (5) applies is taken to be a vesting of the land in New South Wales of company A in company B by statute law.
(4)  A merger of corporations (the merging corporations) in circumstances where another corporation (company C) results as a consequence of the merger is taken to be a vesting of the land in New South Wales of the merging corporations in company C by statute law.
(5)  A merger of corporations (the merging corporations) with and into each other in circumstances where each of the merging corporations continues in existence is taken to be a vesting in the merging corporations, jointly, of 50% (in value) of the land in New South Wales of the merging corporations by statute law.
s 8A: Ins 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [3].
9   Imposition of duty on dutiable transactions that are not transfers
(1)  The duty charged by this Chapter on a dutiable transaction referred to in section 8 (1) (b) is to be charged as if each such dutiable transaction were a transfer of dutiable property.
(2)  Accordingly, for the purpose of charging duty under this Chapter, in relation to a dutiable transaction specified in Column 1 of the following Table:
(a)  the property specified opposite the dutiable transaction in Column 2 is taken to be the property transferred (and a reference in this Act to property transferred includes a reference to such property), and
(b)  the person specified opposite the dutiable transaction in Column 3 is taken to be the transferee of the dutiable property (and a reference in this Act to a transferee includes a reference to such a person), and
(c)  the transfer of the dutiable property is taken to have occurred at the time specified opposite the dutiable transaction in Column 4 (and a reference in this Act to the time at which a transfer occurs includes a reference to such a time).
Table
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Column 4
Dutiable transaction
Property transferred
Transferee
When transfer occurs
agreement for sale or transfer
the property agreed to be sold or transferred
the purchaser or transferee
when the agreement is entered into
declaration of trust
the property vested or to be vested in the declarant
the person declaring the trust
when the declaration is made
surrender
the surrendered property
the person to whom the property is surrendered
when the surrender takes place
foreclosure
the mortgaged property
the mortgagee
when the foreclosure order is made
vesting by court order
the vested property
the person in whom the property is vested
when the order is made
enlargement of a term in land into a fee simple
the estate in fee simple
the person who acquires the estate in fee simple
when the term is enlarged
vesting by statute law
the vested land in New South Wales
the person in whom the land is vested
when the vesting by statute law occurs
lease
the leased property
the lessee
when the lease is entered into
s 9: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [3]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [2]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [4]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [3].
10   What form must a dutiable transaction take?
It is immaterial whether or not a dutiable transaction is effected by a written instrument or by any other means, including electronic means.
11   What is “dutiable property”?
(1)  Dutiable property is any of the following:
(a)  land in New South Wales,
(b)  transferable floor space (also known as heritage floor space), being floor space area that:
(i)  is recorded on a register kept by a local government council in New South Wales, and
(ii)  derives from the unutilised development potential of land in New South Wales that contains improvements of heritage value, and
(iii)  may, subject to obtaining all necessary consents and approvals, be utilised in the development of other land in New South Wales,
(c)  a land use entitlement,
(d)  shares:
(i)  in a NSW company, or
(ii)  in a corporation incorporated outside Australia that are kept on the Australian register kept in New South Wales,
Notes—
Shares is defined in the Dictionary to include rights to shares.
Some shares (namely, shares quoted on the ASX or a recognised stock exchange) are not dutiable property—see subsection (2).
(e)  units in a unit trust scheme, being units:
(i)  registered on a register kept in New South Wales, or
(ii)  that are not registered on a register kept in Australia, but in respect of which the manager (or, if there is no manager, the trustee) of the unit trust scheme is a NSW company or is a natural person resident in New South Wales,
Notes—
Units is defined in the Dictionary to include rights to units.
Some units (namely, units quoted on the ASX or a recognised stock exchange) are not dutiable property—see subsection (2).
(f)    (Repealed)
(g)  a business asset, being, at any relevant time:
(i)  the goodwill of a business if, during the previous 12 months, a sale of goods or services, or goods and services, has been made to a New South Wales customer of the business, or
(ii)  intellectual property that has been used or exploited in New South Wales during the previous 12 months, but only if the intellectual property is the subject of an arrangement that includes a dutiable transaction over goodwill referred to in subparagraph (i), or
(iii)  a statutory licence or permission under a Commonwealth law, if the rights under the licence or permission have been exercised, during the previous 12 months, in respect of New South Wales or in an area that includes New South Wales or a part of New South Wales,
Note—
Intellectual property is defined in the Dictionary. Business assets are subject to apportionment under section 28.
(h)  a statutory licence or permission under a New South Wales law,
(h1)  a poker machine entitlement within the meaning of the Gaming Machines Act 2001,
(i)  a partnership interest, being an interest in a partnership that has partnership property that is dutiable property elsewhere referred to in this section,
(j)  goods in New South Wales, if the subject of an arrangement that includes a dutiable transaction over any dutiable property (other than intellectual property) elsewhere referred to in this section, not including the following:
(i)  goods that are stock-in-trade,
(ii)  materials held for use in manufacture,
(iii)  goods under manufacture,
(iv)  goods held or used in connection with land used for primary production,
(v)  livestock,
(vi)  a registered motor vehicle,
(vii)  a ship or vessel,
(k)  an option to purchase land in New South Wales,
(l)  an interest in any dutiable property referred to in the preceding paragraphs of this section, except to the extent that:
(i)  it arises as a consequence of the ownership of a unit in a unit trust scheme and is not a land use entitlement, or
(ii)  it is, or is attributable to, an option over dutiable property, or
(iii)  it is an interest in a marketable security, being an interest that is traded on the Sydney Futures Exchange.
(2)  Despite subsection (1), the following marketable securities are not dutiable property:
(a)  shares, or units in a unit trust scheme, that are quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange,
(b)  an interest in shares, or an interest in units in a unit trust scheme, if:
(i)  the shares or units are quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange, or
(ii)  the interest is quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange.
Note—
Part 4 of this Chapter provides for the abolition, in stages, of duty on some of the types of dutiable property listed above.
The duty imposed on dutiable transactions involving shares and units referred to in section 11 (1) (d) and (e) is abolished on 1 January 2009. Marketable securities cease to be dutiable property on that date.
The duty imposed on dutiable transactions involving business assets referred to in section 11 (1) (g), statutory licences or permissions referred to in section 11 (1) (h) and poker machine entitlements referred to in section 11 (1) (h1) is abolished on 1 January 2011. Those things cease to be dutiable property on that date.
s 11: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [1]–[4]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [4] [5]; 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [1]–[5]; 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [1]; 2001 No 127, Sch 5.1 [1]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [4]; 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [1].
12   When does a liability for duty arise?
(1)  A liability for duty charged by this Chapter arises when a transfer of dutiable property occurs.
(2)  However, if a transfer of dutiable property is effected by a written instrument, liability for duty charged by this Chapter arises when the instrument is first executed.
13   Who is liable to pay the duty?
Duty charged by this Chapter is payable by the transferee, unless this Chapter requires another person to pay the duty.
Note—
If the dutiable transaction concerns land-related property (as defined in Chapter 4) the vendor will also be liable to pay vendor duty under Chapter 4.
s 13: Am 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [2].
14   The liability of joint tenants
For the purpose of assessing duty charged by this Chapter, joint tenants of dutiable property are taken to hold the dutiable property as tenants in common in equal shares.
15   Necessity for written instrument or written statement
(1)  If a dutiable transaction that is liable to ad valorem duty under this Chapter is not effected by a written instrument, the transferee must make a written statement in an approved form.
(2)  The written statement must be made within 3 months after the liability arises.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  If a dutiable transaction is completed or evidenced by a written instrument within 3 months after the date on which the dutiable transaction occurs, the requirement to lodge a statement and pay duty in respect of the statement may be satisfied by the lodgment of and payment of duty on the written instrument within 3 months after the date on which the dutiable transaction occurs.
s 15: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [6] [7]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [5].
16   Lodging written instrument or written statement with Chief Commissioner
(1)  A transferee who is liable to pay duty in respect of a dutiable transaction must, within 3 months after the liability arises, lodge with the Chief Commissioner:
(a)  the written instrument that effects the dutiable transaction or, if there is more than one such written instrument, each one of them as provided by section 18 (1), or
(b)  the written statement made in compliance with section 15.
(2)    (Repealed)
s 16: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [8].
17   When must duty be paid?
(1)  A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if duty is paid within 3 months after the liability to pay the duty arises.
(2)    (Repealed)
s 17: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [9].
18   No double duty
(1)  If a dutiable transaction is effected by more than one instrument, one instrument is to be stamped with the duty payable on the dutiable transaction and each other instrument is chargeable with duty of $10.
Note—
Instrument includes a written statement.
(2)  The duty chargeable in respect of a transfer of dutiable property made in conformity with an agreement for the sale or transfer of the dutiable property is $2 if the duty chargeable in respect of the agreement has been paid.
(3)  The duty chargeable in respect of a transfer of dutiable property that is not made in conformity with an agreement for the sale or transfer of the dutiable property is $2 if:
(a)  the duty chargeable in respect of the agreement has been paid, and
(b)  the transfer would be in conformity with the agreement if the transferee was the purchaser under the agreement, and
(c)  the transfer occurs at the same time as, or proximately with, the completion or settlement of the agreement, and
(d)  at the time the agreement was entered into, and at the completion or settlement of the agreement:
(i)  the purchaser under the agreement and the transferee under the transfer are related persons, except as provided by subparagraph (ii), or
(ii)  if the purchaser purchased as a trustee, the transferee and the beneficiary are related persons.
(4)  The duty chargeable on a transfer to a trustee of dutiable property subject to a declaration of trust is $2 if ad valorem duty has been paid on the declaration of trust in respect of the same dutiable property.
(5)  The duty chargeable on a transfer of dutiable property as a consequence of a foreclosure order is $2 if ad valorem duty has been paid on the foreclosure.
(6)  The duty chargeable on a declaration of trust that declares the same trusts as those upon and subject to which the same dutiable property was transferred to the person declaring the trust is $2 if ad valorem duty has been paid on the transfer.
(6A)  The duty chargeable on a declaration of trust is $10 if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the declaration of trust supersedes another declaration of trust in respect of which duty has been paid and declares the same trusts as were declared under the superseded declaration of trust, and
(b)  the beneficiary under the declaration of trust is the same as under the superseded declaration of trust, and
(c)  the dutiable property subject to the declaration of trust:
(i)  is wholly or substantially the same as the property that was the subject of the superseded declaration of trust at the time of the declaration of the superseded declaration of trust, or
(ii)  represents the proceeds of re-investment of property that was the subject of the superseded declaration of trust at the time of the declaration of the superseded declaration of trust, or
(iii)  is property to which both subparagraphs (i) and (ii) apply.
(7)  A dutiable transaction in respect of marketable securities that confer a land use entitlement is taken to be a dutiable transaction in respect of the land use entitlement only. If duty has been paid on the dutiable transaction in accordance with a law of another Australian jurisdiction, the duty charged by this Chapter on the dutiable transaction is to be reduced by the amount of the duty so paid.
s 18: Am 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [1]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [3]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [2].
19   What is the rate of duty?
Duty is charged on the dutiable value of the dutiable property subject to the dutiable transaction at the relevant rate set out in Part 3.
20   Concessions and exemptions from duty
Concessions and exemptions from duty charged by this Chapter are dealt with in Parts 6, 7 and 8.
Part 2 Dutiable value
21   What is the “dutiable value” of dutiable property?
(1)  The dutiable value of dutiable property that is subject to a dutiable transaction is the greater of:
(a)  the consideration (if any) for the dutiable transaction (being the amount of a monetary consideration or the value of a non-monetary consideration), and
(b)  the unencumbered value of the dutiable property.
(2)  The dutiable value of dutiable property transferred by way of foreclosure is the unencumbered value of the dutiable property and not the value of the debt secured by the mortgaged property.
(3)  The dutiable value of a business asset to which section 28 applies is to be determined in accordance with that section.
(4)  The dutiable value of a partnership interest referred to in section 29 is to be determined in accordance with that section.
(5)  The dutiable value of leased property transferred by way of a lease is taken to be the amount of the premium paid or payable in respect of the lease.
s 21: Am 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [1]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [5].
22   What is the consideration for the transfer of dutiable property?
(1)  The consideration for the transfer of dutiable property is taken to include the amount or value of all encumbrances, whether certain or contingent, subject to which the dutiable property is transferred.
(2)  The consideration for the transfer of the interest of a transferee under an uncompleted agreement for the sale or transfer of dutiable property is taken to include the balance of the amount or value of the consideration that would be required from the transferee under the agreement in order to complete it in accordance with its terms.
(3)  The consideration for the transfer of the goodwill of a business is taken to include the amount or value of the consideration for any restraint of trade arrangement entered into in connection with the transfer of the goodwill.
23   What is the “unencumbered value” of dutiable property?
(1)  The unencumbered value of dutiable property is the value of the property determined without regard to any encumbrance to which the property is subject.
(2)  The unencumbered value of the goodwill of a business is taken to include the value of any restraint of trade arrangement entered into by the vendor in order to protect the value of the goodwill.
(3)  If, before land is transferred to a transferee, the transferee has made improvements to the land, the unencumbered value of the land is to be determined as if those improvements had not been made.
(4)  Subsection (3) does not apply to improvements made to the land for or on behalf of the transferee by the transferor.
s 23: Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [1].
24   Interests, agreements and arrangements that reduce the dutiable value
(1)  In determining the dutiable value of dutiable property under this Part, any interest, agreement or arrangement (other than an encumbrance) granted or made in respect of the dutiable property that has the effect of reducing the dutiable value is to be disregarded, subject to subsection (2).
(2)  An interest, agreement or arrangement is not to be disregarded if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that it was not granted or made as a part of an arrangement or scheme with a collateral purpose of reducing the duty otherwise payable on the dutiable transaction.
(3)  In considering whether or not he or she is satisfied for the purposes of subsection (2), the Chief Commissioner may have regard to:
(a)  the duration of the interest, agreement or arrangement before the dutiable transaction, and
(b)  whether the interest, agreement or arrangement has been granted to or made with an associated person, and
(c)  whether there is any commercial efficacy to the granting of the interest or the making of the agreement or arrangement other than to reduce duty, and
(d)  any other matters the Chief Commissioner considers relevant.
s 24: Subst 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [4]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [6].
25   Aggregation of dutiable transactions
(1)  Dutiable transactions relating to separate items of dutiable property, or separate parts of, or interests in, dutiable property are to be aggregated and treated as a single dutiable transaction if:
(a)  they occur within 12 months, and
(ab)  the transferor is the same or the transferors are associated persons, and
(b)  the transferee is the same or the transferees are associated persons, and
(c)  the dutiable transactions together form, evidence, give effect to or arise from what is, substantially, one arrangement relating to all of the items or parts of, or interests in, the dutiable property.
Note—
Associated person is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  Dutiable transactions are not to be aggregated under this section if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the dutiable property to which the transactions relate are comprised of separate allotments of vacant land, and
(b)  the transferee is a person authorised to contract to do residential building work under the Home Building Act 1989, and
(c)  the transferee intends to construct residential premises on the allotments for the purposes of sale to the public.
(3)  The dutiable value of aggregated dutiable property is the sum of the dutiable values of the items or parts of, or the interests in, the dutiable property as at the time at which each dutiable transaction occurs.
(4)  The amount of duty payable in accordance with this section is to be reduced by the amount of any ad valorem duty paid on a prior dutiable transaction that is, or prior dutiable transactions that are, aggregated in accordance with this section.
(5)  Duty may be apportioned to the instruments effecting or evidencing the dutiable transactions, or may be charged in accordance with section 18 (1), as determined by the Chief Commissioner.
(6)  A transferee to whom this section applies must disclose to the Chief Commissioner, in writing, at or before the time at which an instrument or statement relating to the dutiable transactions is lodged for stamping, details known to the transferee of:
(a)  all of the items or parts of, or interests in, the dutiable property included or to be included in the arrangement referred to in subsection (1), and
(b)  the consideration for each item or part of, or interest in, that dutiable property.
Maximum penalty (subsection (6)): 100 penalty units.
(7)  The reference in this section to dutiable property does not include a reference to marketable securities.
(8)  In this section:
vacant land includes land that the Chief Commissioner considers is substantially vacant apart from there being on that land the remnant of any building, or any other object or structure, that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied has been preserved because of its heritage significance.
s 25: Am 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [1]–[3].
26   Certain transactions concerning goods and other property
(1)  The Chief Commissioner, if satisfied that it would not be just and reasonable in the circumstances to charge duty on the dutiable value of all the dutiable property in a dutiable transaction involving goods and other property, may disregard the value of the goods, or any of them, in determining the dutiable value of the property involved.
(2)  This section does not enable the Chief Commissioner to disregard the value of goods used in connection with a business in respect of which the goodwill of the business is, or is part of, the dutiable property.
(3)  This section applies only to dutiable transactions that occur before 1 January 2011.
Note—
On 1 January 2011, duty on the transfer of business assets is abolished (see Part 4 of this Chapter). Section 26A applies in respect of transfers occurring after that date that remain dutiable transactions.
s 26: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [7]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [6]; 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [2].
26A   Transactions involving goods and other property that occur on or after 1 January 2011
(1)  If a dutiable transaction involves goods and other dutiable property, the Chief Commissioner may disregard the value of the goods in the transaction if satisfied that the dutiable value of the other property does not exceed 10% of the dutiable value of all the dutiable property in the transaction.
(2)  This section applies only to dutiable transactions that occur on or after 1 January 2011.
s 26A: Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [7]. Am 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [2].
27   Apportionment—dutiable property and other property
(1)  If a dutiable transaction relates to dutiable property and property that is not dutiable property, it is chargeable with duty under this Chapter only to the extent that it relates to dutiable property.
(2)  If a dutiable transaction relates to different types of dutiable property for which different rates of duty are chargeable under this Chapter, the dutiable transaction is chargeable with duty under this Chapter as if a separate dutiable transaction had occurred in relation to each such type of dutiable property.
28   Apportionment—business assets in this and other jurisdictions
(1) Business assets to which this section applies This section applies to a business asset referred to in section 11 (g), being:
(a)  the goodwill of a business if sales of goods or services, or goods and services, have also been made to a non-New South Wales customer of the business during the previous 12 months, or
(b)  intellectual property that has also been used or exploited in one or more other Australian jurisdictions during the previous 12 months, or
(c)  a statutory licence or permission under a Commonwealth law if the rights under the licence or permission have been exercised during the previous 12 months in respect of one or more other Australian jurisdictions.
(2) How is the dutiable value of a business asset determined? The dutiable value (DV) of a business asset to which this section applies is to be determined in accordance with the following formula:
 
where:
A is the unencumbered value of the business asset, or so much of the consideration for the dutiable transaction as relates to the business asset, whichever is the greater, and
X is the gross amount of the sales of goods and services (expressed in Australian dollars) made to New South Wales customers of the business during the last 3 completed financial years preceding the dutiable transaction, and
Y is the gross amount of the sales of goods and services (expressed in Australian dollars) made to both New South Wales customers and non-New South Wales customers of the business during the last 3 completed financial years preceding the dutiable transaction.
(3)  Subsection (2) applies to intellectual property together with goodwill as if the intellectual property and goodwill comprise a single business asset.
(4)  If an apportionment cannot be made under subsection (2), the Chief Commissioner may make an apportionment on such basis as the Chief Commissioner considers appropriate in the circumstances.
(5) When is a sale made to NSW customers and non-NSW customers of a business? For the purposes of this Chapter, a sale of goods or services is taken to be made to:
(a)  a New South Wales customer of a business if the goods are delivered, or the services are provided, in New South Wales to the customer, and
(b)  a non-New South Wales customer of a business if the goods are delivered, or the services are provided, outside New South Wales to the customer.
(6)  This section applies only to dutiable transactions that occur before 1 January 2011.
Note—
On 1 January 2011, duty on the transfer of business assets is abolished (see Part 4 of this Chapter).
s 28: Am 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [8]; 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [2].
29   Partnership interests
(1)  The dutiable value of a partnership interest (DV) is to be determined in accordance with the following formula:
 
where:
A is the value of the partnership interest, or so much of the consideration for the dutiable transaction as relates to the partnership interest, whichever is the greater, and
X is the unencumbered value of all dutiable property of the partnership, and
Y is the unencumbered value of all assets of the partnership.
(2)  For the purposes of this section and despite subsection (1), the unencumbered value of dutiable property that is a business asset to which section 28 applies is the dutiable value of the business asset determined in accordance with section 28.
(3)  If the property of a partnership includes a land-related asset and an interest in the land-related asset is transferred as a result of the transfer of a partnership interest, the unencumbered value of all dutiable property of the partnership (“X” in subsection (1)) is to be reduced by the unencumbered value of the interest in the land-related asset that is transferred, but only if ad valorem duty has been paid or is payable on the transfer of the interest in the land-related asset.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (3), each of the following items of dutiable property is a land-related asset:
(a)  land in New South Wales,
(b)  transferable floor space,
(c)  a land use entitlement,
(d)  an interest in an item of dutiable property referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c).
s 29: Am 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [2]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [3].
30   Partitions
(1) What is a partition? For the purposes of this section, a partition occurs when dutiable property comprised of land in New South Wales that is held by persons jointly (as joint tenants or tenants in common) is transferred or agreed to be transferred to one or more of those persons.
(2) Single dutiable transaction For the purposes of this section and sections 16 and 18, a partition is taken to be a single dutiable transaction.
(3) Dutiable value The dutiable value of a partition is the greater of:
(a)  the sum of the amounts by which the unencumbered value of the dutiable property transferred, or agreed to be transferred, to a person by the partition exceeds the unencumbered value of the interest held by the person in the dutiable property transferred, or agreed to be transferred, to each person by the partition immediately before the partition, and
(b)  the sum of any consideration for the partition paid by any of the parties.
(3A)    (Repealed)
(4) Minimum duty The minimum duty chargeable on a transaction that effects a partition is $10.
(5) Who is liable to pay the duty? Duty charged by this section is payable by the persons making the partition or any one or more of them.
s 30: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [5]–[7]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [6]; 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [3]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [4] [5].
31   Effect of alteration in purchase price
(1)  If after an agreement for the sale or transfer of dutiable property is entered into and before the property is transferred:
(a)  the consideration under the agreement is reduced and the reduced consideration is not less than the unencumbered value of the dutiable property when the consideration was reduced, or
(b)  the consideration under the agreement is reduced because the parties have agreed not to transfer some of the dutiable property previously agreed to be transferred and the reduced consideration is not less than the unencumbered value of the dutiable property that remained to be transferred when the consideration was reduced, or
(c)  the consideration under the agreement is increased and the dutiable value when the consideration was increased is greater than the dutiable value when the agreement was entered into,
the Chief Commissioner must assess or reassess the liability to duty of the agreement in accordance with the change in the consideration.
(2)  The liability to pay additional duty arising from an increase in the consideration occurs on the date the consideration is agreed to be increased.
s 31: Subst 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [7].
Part 3 Rates of duty
32   General rate
(1)  The rate of duty chargeable on a dutiable transaction is as follows:
Dutiable value of the dutiable property subject to the dutiable transaction
Rate of duty
Not more than $14,000
$1.25 for every $100, or part, of the dutiable value
More than $14,000 but not more than $30,000
$175 plus $1.50 for every $100, or part, by which the dutiable value exceeds $14,000
More than $30,000 but not more than $80,000
$415 plus $1.75 for every $100, or part, by which the dutiable value exceeds $30,000
More than $80,000 but not more than $300,000
$1,290 plus $3.50 for every $100, or part, by which the dutiable value exceeds $80,000
More than $300,000 but not more than $1,000,000
$8,990 plus $4.50 for every $100, or part, by which the dutiable value exceeds $300,000
More than $1,000,000
$40,490 plus $5.50 for every $100, or part, by which the dutiable value exceeds $1,000,000
(2)  This rate applies unless other provision is made by this Chapter.
Note—
The rates of duty chargeable on dutiable transactions in respect of marketable securities are dealt with in section 33 and section 150. Concessional rates of duty chargeable on certain dutiable transactions are dealt with in Part 6 of this Chapter.
32A   Premium rate for residential land with dutiable value exceeding $3,000,000
(1)  The rate of duty chargeable on a dutiable transaction in respect of residential land that has a dutiable value exceeding $3,000,000 is $150,490 plus $7 for every $100, or part, by which the dutiable value of the residential land exceeds $3,000,000.
(2)  The rate of duty chargeable on a dutiable transaction in respect of residential land that has a dutiable value not exceeding $3,000,000 is as provided for by section 32.
(2A)  If the dutiable property subject to a dutiable transaction comprises 2 or more individual items of residential land and 1 or more of those items has a dutiable value exceeding $3,000,000, the rate of duty chargeable on the dutiable transaction is as follows:
(a)  for each item of residential land that has a dutiable value exceeding $3,000,000—$150,490 plus $7 for every $100, or part, by which the dutiable value of the item exceeds $3,000,000,
(b)  for the rest of the dutiable property—the rate provided for by section 32.
(3)  For the purposes of this section, residential land means:
(a)  a parcel of land on which there is one single dwelling or one flat, or a parcel of land on which there is a building under construction that, when completed, will constitute one single dwelling or one flat, or
(b)  a strata lot, if it is lawfully occupied as a separate dwelling, or suitable for lawful occupation as a separate dwelling, or
(c)  a land use entitlement, if it confers an entitlement to occupy a building, or part of a building, as a separate dwelling, or
(d)  a parcel of vacant land that is zoned or otherwise designated for use under an environmental planning instrument (within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979) for residential or principally for residential purposes.
(4)  For the purpose subsection (3) (a), land does not cease to be regarded as land on which there is one single dwelling, or one flat, merely because of the use or occupation of any building on the land, or any part of a building, for the purpose of another residential occupancy, if the use of the land for the purpose of that other residential occupancy can be disregarded as an excluded residential occupancy under Schedule 2 if the principal place of residence exemption were to apply in respect of the land (whether or not the principal place of residence exemption in fact applies in respect of the land).
Note—
For example, if land has a single dwelling on it, and a flat occupied under licence or lease by the occupant of the single dwelling, the land is still to be regarded as land on which there is one single dwelling for the purpose of subsection (3) (a).
(5)  This section does not apply to a case in which section 32B or 32C applies.
(6)  In this section:
flat means a room or suite of rooms (whether or not forming part of a building or a detached building):
(a)  occupied or used as a separate dwelling, or
(b)  so constructed, designed or adapted as to be capable of being occupied or used as a separate dwelling,
but does not include a single dwelling, a strata lot or a dwelling, or portion of a building, that is occupied under a land use entitlement.
single dwelling means a house:
(a)  occupied or used as a separate dwelling, or
(b)  so constructed, designed or adapted as to be capable of being occupied or used as a separate dwelling,
but does not include a strata lot or a property commonly known as a shop and dwelling.
s 32A: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 3.1 [1]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [1].
32B   Rate for residential land used for other purposes
(1)  If a dutiable transaction in respect of residential land has a dutiable value exceeding $3,000,000, and the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the residential land is used for purposes other than residential purposes, duty is to be charged at the rate of $7 for every $100, or part, of the premium value of the residential land.
(2)  The premium value of the residential land is the amount (if any) by which the dutiable value of the residential land, when reduced by the apportionment factor, exceeds $3,000,000.
(3)  The apportionment factor is:
(a)  if the land is mixed development land or mixed use land and there is an apportionment factor entered in the Register of Land Values in respect of the land value of the land under Division 5 or 5A of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916—that apportionment factor, or
(b)  if paragraph (a) is not applicable—such other apportionment factor as the Chief Commissioner considers fair and reasonable to reflect the use of the land for non-residential purposes, subject to subsections (4) and (5).
(4)  If there is no apportionment factor entered in the Register of Land Values in respect of the land value of the land, and the land is mixed development land or mixed use land, the Chief Commissioner may request the Valuer-General to determine the apportionment factor in respect of the land concerned.
(5)  If a request is made under subsection (4):
(a)  the Valuer-General must determine the apportionment factor concerned and enter it in the Register of Land Values under the Valuation of Land Act 1916, and
(b)  that apportionment factor is to be applied in respect of the residential land.
Note—
Divisions 5 and 5A of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916 allow objections to be made against the amount of an apportionment factor.
(6)  Duty is to be charged, at the rate set out in section 32, in respect of the dutiable value of the dutiable property transferred reduced by the premium value of the residential land.
(7)  In this section:
mixed development land has the same meaning as in Division 5 of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916.
mixed use land has the same meaning as in Division 5A of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916.
residential land has the same meaning as in section 32A.
s 32B: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 3.1 [1].
32C   Rate for large parcels of residential land
(1)  If a dutiable transaction in respect of residential land that is a parcel of land has a dutiable value exceeding $3,000,000, and the area of the parcel of land exceeds 2 hectares, duty is to be charged at the rate of $7 for every $100, or part, of the premium value of the residential land.
(2)  The premium value of the residential land is the amount (if any) by which the dutiable value of the residential land, when multiplied by the apportionment factor, exceeds $3,000,000.
(3)  The apportionment factor is the proportion that 2 hectares bears to the total area of the parcel of land in hectares.
(4)  Duty is to be charged, at the rate set out in section 32, in respect of the dutiable value of the dutiable property transferred reduced by the premium value of the residential land.
(4A)  This section does not apply in respect of residential land if section 32B applies to the land.
(5)  In this section:
residential land has the same meaning as in section 32A.
s 32C: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 3.1 [1]. Am 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [1] [2].
33   Shares, units, derivatives and interests (marketable securities)
(1)  The rate of duty chargeable on dutiable transactions in respect of marketable securities is 60 cents per $100, or part, of the dutiable value of the marketable securities.
(2)    (Repealed)
(3)  A minimum rate of duty of $10 is chargeable under this section in respect of a transfer of shares of a corporation that is not the legal or beneficial owner of land in New South Wales.
(4)  A rate of duty chargeable under this section does not apply to a dutiable transaction that confers a land use entitlement.
Note—
Transactions in respect of shares or units that are quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange, or interests in such shares or units, are not dutiable transactions (see section 11 (2)).
s 33: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [8]; 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [10]–[13].
33A   Shares in share management fisheries
The rate of duty chargeable on dutiable transactions in respect of shares in a share management fishery (within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994) is 60 cents per $100, or part, of the dutiable value of the shares.
s 33A: Ins 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [2].
Part 4 Abolition of various duties
ch 2, pt 4: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14]. Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [9].
ch 2, pt 4, introduction: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [1]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
ch 2, pt 4, div 1: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
34   Abolition of duty on all transfers of marketable securities and commercial fishery shares—effective 1 January 2009
(1)  On and from 1 January 2009, marketable securities and commercial fishery shares are not dutiable property (despite section 11).
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of any transfer or transaction with respect to marketable securities or commercial fishery shares that occurs before 1 January 2009 and, accordingly, does not affect any requirement to pay duty under this Chapter in respect of the transfer or transaction.
(3)  In this section:
commercial fishery share means a share in a share management fishery (within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994).
s 34: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14]. Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [9]. Am 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [3]–[5].
35   Abolition of duty on transfers of business assets—effective 1 January 2011
(1)  On and from 1 January 2011, a business asset referred to in section 11 (1) (g) is not dutiable property (despite section 11).
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of any transfer or transaction with respect to business assets that occurs before 1 January 2011 and, accordingly, does not affect any requirement to pay duty under this Chapter in respect of the transfer or transaction.
s 35: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14]. Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [9]. Am 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [6].
36   Abolition of duty on transfers of licences, permissions and entitlements—effective 1 January 2011
(1)  On and from 1 January 2011, a statutory licence or permission referred to in section 11 (1) (h), or a poker machine entitlement referred to in section 11 (1) (h1), is not dutiable property (despite section 11).
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of any transfer or transaction with respect to statutory licences or permissions, or poker machine entitlements, that occurs before 1 January 2011 and, accordingly, does not affect any requirement to pay duty under this Chapter in respect of the transfer or transaction.
s 36: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14]. Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [9]. Am 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [6].
37   Anti-avoidance measures
Sections 35 and 36 do not apply in respect of a transfer or transaction with respect to a business asset referred to in section 11 (1) (g), a statutory licence or permission referred to in section 11 (1) (h), or a poker machine entitlement referred to in section 11 (1) (h1), that occurs on or after 1 January 2011 if:
(a)  the transfer or transaction replaces a transfer or transaction involving the same business asset, statutory licence or permission, or poker machine entitlement that occurred before 1 January 2011, or
(b)  the transfer or transaction is made or entered into pursuant to an option to purchase the business asset, statutory licence or permission, or poker machine entitlement that was granted before 1 January 2011, or
(c)  the transfer or transaction was made or entered into pursuant to another arrangement, made before 1 January 2011, the only or main purpose of which was to defer the transfer or transaction until 1 January 2011, or later, so that duty would not be chargeable under this Chapter on the transfer or transaction.
s 37: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14]. Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [9]. Am 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [6].
38–48A   (Repealed)
s 38: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
s 39: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
ch 2, pt 4, divs 2–4 (ss 40–46): Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
ch 2, pt 4, divs 2–4 (ss 40–46): Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
ch 2, pt 4, div 5: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
s 47: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
s 48: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [8]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [9]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
s 48A: Ins 1999 No 60, Sch 2 [1]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [14].
Part 5 Special provisions
49   Interim payment of duty
(1)  If the full dutiable value of dutiable property subject to an agreement for sale or transfer cannot, in the Chief Commissioner’s opinion, be immediately ascertained, the Chief Commissioner may make an assessment by way of estimate under section 11 (2) of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
(2)  A written instrument effecting or evidencing the sale or transfer may be stamped “interim stamp only”.
(3)–(6)    (Repealed)
s 49: Am 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [3].
49A   Purchases “off the plan”
(1)  Liability for duty on an off the plan purchase agreement arises:
(a)  on completion of the agreement, or
(b)  on the assignment of the whole or any part of the purchaser’s interest under the agreement, or
(c)  on the expiration of 12 months after the date of the agreement,
whichever first occurs.
(2)  This section applies despite section 12.
(3)  Nothing in this section prevents the Chief Commissioner from accepting payment of duty and stamping an off the plan purchase agreement at any time after the agreement has been executed.
(4)  In this section:
off the plan purchase agreement means an agreement for the sale or transfer of dutiable property, being land on which a residence is to be erected or developed before completion of the sale or transfer.
s 49A: Ins 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [10]. Subst 1999 No 60, Sch 2 [2].
50   Cancelled agreements
(1)  An agreement for the sale or transfer of dutiable property that is cancelled is not liable to duty under this Chapter if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied:
(a)  that the agreement was not cancelled to give effect to a subsale, or
(b)  that the purchaser or transferee under the agreement is a promoter of a named company proposed to be incorporated and that the company is the purchaser or transferee of the dutiable property under a subsequent agreement, or
(c)  that the purchaser or transferee under the agreement and the purchaser or transferee under a subsequent agreement relating to the same dutiable property were related persons when the agreement that is cancelled was entered into.
(2)  If duty has been paid on an agreement that is not liable to duty under this Chapter because of this section, the Chief Commissioner must reassess and refund the duty if an application for a refund is made within:
(a)  5 years of the initial assessment, or
(b)  12 months after the agreement is cancelled,
whichever is the later.
(3)  In this section, cancelled means rescinded, annulled or otherwise terminated without completion.
s 50: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [8] [9].
50A   Cancelled transfers of dutiable property
(1)  A transfer of dutiable property that is effected by a written instrument is not liable to duty under this Chapter if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the transfer instrument has been cancelled and the dutiable property has not been transferred to the transferee, and
(b)  the transfer was not cancelled to give effect to a subsale.
(c)    (Repealed)
(2)  If duty has been paid on a transfer of dutiable property that is not liable to duty under this Chapter because of this section, the Chief Commissioner must reassess and refund the duty if an application for a refund is made within 5 years of the initial assessment.
(3)  The transfer instrument in respect of which the application is made must be surrendered to the Chief Commissioner unless the Chief Commissioner dispenses with that requirement.
(4)  In this section, cancelled includes abandoned.
s 50A: Ins 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [5]. Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [2].
51   Transfers arising from mortgages of land under Real Property Act 1900
(1)  The mortgagor and the mortgagee are jointly and severally liable to pay the duty chargeable on a transfer by way of mortgage of dutiable property that is land under the Real Property Act 1900.
(2)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  duty has been paid in accordance with this section on a transfer of dutiable property to which this section applies, and
(b)  the dutiable property has been re-transferred to the mortgagor (or a person to whom the land has been transmitted by death or bankruptcy) and the mortgagor (or person) is the registered proprietor of the land,
the Chief Commissioner must refund the ad valorem duty paid on the transfer less the amount of duty that would have been payable on the mortgage under Chapter 7 (Mortgages).
52   Possessory applications
(1)  A possessory application under the Real Property Act 1900 is chargeable with the same duty as a transfer of the land the subject of the application as if the dutiable value of the land were the land value of the land within the meaning of the Valuation of Land Act 1916.
(2)  The person liable to pay the duty is the applicant.
53   Applications to bring land under Real Property Act 1900
(1)  An application to bring land under the Real Property Act 1900 is chargeable with:
(a)  the same duty as on a possessory application under that Act if:
(i)  the application contains an application based on possessory title, and
(ii)  the applicant has not paid ad valorem duty on a transfer of the land, or
(b)  the same duty as on a transfer of the land if the applicant nominates another person as the person for whose estate or interest a folio of the Register is to be created, or
(c)  duty of $10 in any other case.
(2)  The person liable to pay the duty is:
(a)  the applicant, if subsection (1) (a) or (c) applies, or
(b)  the nominee, if subsection (1) (b) applies.
53A   Duty on lease premiums
In the case of property transferred by way of a lease for which a premium is paid or payable, duty is not chargeable under this Chapter on:
(a)  so much of the premium of a residential lease as relates to premises used, or intended to be used, exclusively as a residence, or
(b)  so much of the premium of a lease as relates to a moveable dwelling site used, or intended to be used, as the principal place of residence of the lessee.
s 53A: Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [10].
Part 6 Concessional rates of duty
Division 1 Trusts
54   Change in trustees
(1)  In this section:
new trustee means a trustee appointed in substitution for a trustee or a trustee appointed in addition to a trustee or trustees.
responsible entity means a responsible entity within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
special trustee means:
(a)  the Public Trustee, and
(b)  a trustee company within the meaning of the Trustee Companies Act 1964, and
(c)  a corporation constituted under the law of another Australian jurisdiction that, in the Chief Commissioner’s opinion, corresponds in that jurisdiction to the Public Trustee or a trustee company referred to in paragraph (b), and
(d)  the trustees of a fund that is a complying superannuation fund within the meaning of section 267 of the Commonwealth Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 or that, in the opinion of the trustees, will become a complying superannuation fund within 12 months after the execution of:
(i)  an instrument appointing a new trustee, or
(ii)  an instrument by which a trustee retires without a new trustee being appointed in place of the retiree.
(2)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer of dutiable property to a special trustee as a consequence of the retirement of a trustee or the appointment of a new trustee.
(3)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer of dutiable property to a person other than a special trustee as a consequence of the retirement of a trustee or the appointment of a new trustee, if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that, as the case may be:
(a)  none of the continuing trustees remaining after the retirement of a trustee is or can become a beneficiary under the trust, and
(b)  none of the trustees of the trust after the appointment of a new trustee is or can become a beneficiary under the trust, and
(c)  the transfer is not part of a scheme for conferring an interest, in relation to the trust property, on a new trustee or any other person, whether as a beneficiary or otherwise, to the detriment of the beneficial interest or potential beneficial interest of any person.
If the Chief Commissioner is not so satisfied, the transfer is chargeable with the same duty as a transfer to a beneficiary under and in conformity with the trusts subject to which the property is held, unless subsection (3A) applies.
(3A)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer of property as a consequence of the retirement of a responsible entity of a managed investment scheme or the appointment of a new responsible entity of a managed investment scheme if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the only beneficial interest acquired by a person in relation to the property as a result of the transfer is a beneficial interest acquired by the replacement or new responsible entity solely because of its appointment as responsible entity for the scheme.
(3B)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a vesting of land in New South Wales by, or expressly authorised by, statute law (as referred to in section 8 (1) (b) (vii)) in a person or responsible entity if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that subsection (2), (3) or (3A) would apply in respect of the dutiable transaction if it were a transfer of dutiable property.
(4)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer of dutiable property to a responsible entity if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the transfer is necessary to enable an undertaking that existed before the commencement of Chapter 5C of the Corporations Law to become a registered scheme within the meaning of Division 11 of Part 11.2 of the Corporations Law (as continued in effect by section 1408 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth).
s 54: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [9]; 1998 No 63, Sch 1 [1] [2]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [11]; 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [1]–[3]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [1]; 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [2] [3]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [6].
54A   Transfers in relation to managed investment schemes
(1)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer of dutiable property from:
(a)  a responsible entity of a managed investment scheme, or
(b)  a person who held the dutiable property as a trustee of a prescribed interest scheme within the meaning of the Corporations Law as in force immediately before 1 July 1998 when the scheme became a registered scheme within the meaning of Division 11 of Part 11.2 of the Corporations Law (as continued in effect by section 1408 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth),
to a custodian or agent of the responsible entity as custodian or agent of the scheme in which the transferor held the dutiable property.
(2)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer of dutiable property from the custodian of the responsible entity of a managed investment scheme to the responsible entity.
(3)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a vesting of land in New South Wales by statute law (as referred to in section 8 (1) (b) (vii)) in a responsible entity if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that subsection (2) would apply in respect of the dutiable transaction if it were a transfer of dutiable property.
s 54A: Ins 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [12]. Subst 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [4]. Am 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [4]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [7].
55   Property vested in an apparent purchaser
(1)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of:
(a)  a declaration of trust made by an apparent purchaser in respect of identified dutiable property:
(i)  vested in the apparent purchaser upon trust for the real purchaser who provided the money for the purchase of the dutiable property, or
(ii)  to be vested in the apparent purchaser upon trust for the real purchaser, if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the money for the purchase of the dutiable property has been or will be provided by the real purchaser, or
(b)  a transfer of dutiable property from an apparent purchaser to the real purchaser if:
(i)  the dutiable property is property, or part of property, vested in the apparent purchaser upon trust for the real purchaser, and
(ii)  the real purchaser provided the money for the purchase of the dutiable property and for any improvements made to the dutiable property after the purchase.
(1A)  For the purposes of subsection (1), money provided by a person other than the real purchaser is taken to have been provided by the real purchaser if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the money was provided as a loan and has been or will be repaid by the real purchaser.
(1B)  This section applies whether or not there has been a change in the legal description of the dutiable property between the purchase of the property by the apparent purchaser and the transfer to the real purchaser.
Note—
For example, if the dutiable property is land, this section continues to apply if there is a change in the legal description of the dutiable property as a consequence of the subdivision of the land.
(2)  In this section, purchase includes an allotment.
s 55: Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [3] [4].
56   Transfers back from a nominee
(1)  If:
(a)  dutiable property (other than marketable securities) that was transferred to a person to be held by that person as trustee for the transferor is transferred back to the transferor by the trustee, and
(b)  no person other than the transferor has had a beneficial interest in the dutiable property (other than the trustee’s right of indemnity) between its transfer to the trustee and its transfer back to the transferor,
the duty chargeable on the transfer of the dutiable property back to the transferor is $10.
(2)  If duty of $10 has been paid on a transfer under subsection (1), the initial transfer to the trustee is also chargeable with duty of $10. The Chief Commissioner must reassess the initial transfer and refund any duty paid in excess of $10 if an application for a refund is made within:
(a)  5 years after the initial assessment, or
(b)  12 months after the transfer back to the original transferor,
whichever is the later.
(3)  In this section, trustee includes a trustee appointed in substitution for a trustee or a trustee appointed in addition to a trustee or trustees.
s 56: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [2].
56A   Transfer of property subject to a statutory trust to a beneficial owner
(1)  This section applies if dutiable property that is vested in a person as trustee of a statutory trust as a consequence of the making of an order under section 66G of the Conveyancing Act 1919 is transferred or agreed to be transferred by the trustee to one or more of the beneficial owners of the dutiable property.
(2)  The dutiable value of the dutiable property that is the subject of the transfer or agreement is to be calculated by deducting from the unencumbered value of the dutiable property or the consideration for the transfer or agreement, whichever is the greater, the proportion of that amount that is the same as the proportion of the purchaser’s beneficial interest in the dutiable property immediately before the transfer or agreement.
s 56A: Ins 1999 No 60, Sch 2 [3].
57   Property passing to beneficiaries
(1)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer for no consideration of dutiable property to a beneficiary made under and in conformity with the trusts contained in a declaration of trust, subject to subsections (2) and (3).
(2)  Subsection (1) applies only to the extent that the property being transferred is property that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied is:
(a)  wholly or substantially the same as the property the subject of the declaration of trust and that:
(i)  duty charged by this Act has been paid in respect of the declaration of trust over that property, or
(ii)  the declaration of trust is exempt from duty, or
(b)  dutiable property representing the proceeds of re-investment of property referred to in paragraph (a), or
(c)  property to which both paragraphs (a) and (b) apply.
(3)  Subsection (1) applies only if the transferee was a beneficiary at the time at which duty became chargeable in respect of the declaration of trust.
s 57: Am 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [5].
58   Establishment of a trust relating to unidentified property and non-dutiable property
(1)  Duty of $200 is chargeable in respect of an instrument executed in New South Wales that declares a trust over New South Wales property none of which is dutiable property.
(2)  Duty of $200 is chargeable in respect of an instrument executed in New South Wales that declares that property, although not identified in the instrument, when vested in the person executing the instrument is to be held in trust for a person or persons or a purpose or purposes mentioned in the instrument.
(3)  It is immaterial whether or not the beneficial owner or person entitled to appoint the property has joined in or assented to the instrument.
(4)  A liability for duty charged by this section arises when the instrument is first executed.
(5)  Duty charged by this section is payable by the person declaring the trust.
(6)  This section does not apply in respect of any property that is a marketable security, if the marketable security is not dutiable property because of section 11 (2).
s 58: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [15].
59   Instrument relating to managed investment scheme
(1)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of an instrument that effects or evidences a dutiable transaction and which:
(a)  amends, varies or replaces an instrument that establishes or governs a managed investment scheme, and
(b)  does not transfer, or have the effect of transferring, any dutiable property to a person who does not hold units in the scheme, and
(c)  does not have the effect of reducing the number of persons who hold units in the scheme.
(2)  Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a declaration of trust:
(a)  made by a trustee in respect of dutiable property that, immediately before the trust is declared, is held by the trustee as trustee of the prescribed interest scheme within the meaning of the Corporations Law as in force immediately before 1 July 1998, and
(b)  to hold the dutiable property on trust for the responsible entity of the managed investment scheme.
s 59: Subst 1998 No 63, Sch 1 [3]. Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [13] [14]; 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [6]; 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [4] (am 2006 No 120, Sch 2.91).
59A   Nomineeing transactions—unquoted marketable securities
Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of a transfer of marketable securities, other than marketable securities that are not dutiable property, between any of the following persons:
(a)  the beneficial owner,
(b)  a trustee or nominee of the beneficial owner,
(c)  a custodian of a trustee or nominee of the beneficial owner,
(d)  a sub-custodian of a custodian of a trustee or nominee of the beneficial owner,
but only if:
(e)  there is no change in the beneficial ownership of the marketable securities, and
(f)  if the transferee is a person referred to in paragraph (b)–(d), the transferee is to hold the marketable securities solely for another person referred to in paragraph (a)–(c) and there is no contemplation of the marketable securities being held for any other person, and
(g)  if the transferor is a person referred to in paragraph (b)–(d), the marketable securities were held by the person solely for another person referred to in paragraph (a)–(c) and, since the time when the marketable securities were first transferred or issued to the transferor, no person has held the marketable securities other than solely for a person referred to in paragraph (a)–(c).
s 59A: Ins 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [16].
Division 2 Superannuation
60   Instruments relating to superannuation
(1)  The following instruments are liable to duty of $20 if they were first executed before 1 July 2001:
(a)  an instrument that establishes, or that amends provisions governing, a superannuation fund, an approved deposit fund, a pooled superannuation trust or an eligible rollover fund, being a fund or trust that, in the opinion of the trustees, will be a complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund, a pooled superannuation trust or an eligible rollover fund within 12 months after the instrument or amending instrument takes effect,
(b)  an instrument under which an employer agrees to participate in or contribute to a complying superannuation fund or a superannuation fund that, in the opinion of the trustees, will become a complying superannuation fund within 12 months after the employer agrees to participate in or contribute to the fund,
(c)  an instrument that is executed in order to set out or vary the terms of custodial arrangements concerning a complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund, a pooled superannuation trust or an eligible rollover fund (whether or not the instrument contains any other terms) or concerning a fund or trust that, in the opinion of the trustees, will be a complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund, a pooled superannuation trust or an eligible rollover fund within 12 months after the instrument takes effect.
(2)  A liability for duty charged by this section arises when the instrument is first executed.
(3)  The persons liable to pay the duty are the parties to the instrument.
(4)  The duty may be denoted by adhesive stamp.
(5)  Despite subsection (1), an instrument to which this section applies is not liable to duty if:
(a)  it is exempt from duty under a corresponding Act, or
(b)  the duty for which it is liable under a corresponding Act has been paid.
s 60: Am 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [1].
61   Transfers of property in connection with persons changing superannuation funds
(1)  This section applies to a relevant transfer that occurs in connection with a person:
(a)  ceasing to be a member of, or otherwise ceasing to be entitled to benefits in respect of, a superannuation fund that is a complying superannuation fund or was a complying superannuation fund within the period of 12 months before the transfer was made, and
(b)  becoming a member of, or otherwise becoming entitled to benefits in respect of, another superannuation fund that is also a complying superannuation fund or will, in the opinion of the trustees of both funds concerned, be a complying superannuation fund within 12 months after the transfer is made.
(1A)  For the purposes of this section, each of the following is a relevant transfer:
(a)  a transfer of dutiable property from a trustee of a superannuation fund, or a custodian of the trustee, to the trustee of another superannuation fund, or to a custodian of the trustee of another superannuation fund,
(b)  a transfer of dutiable property from a trustee of a superannuation fund to a custodian of the trustee, or from a custodian of the trustee of a superannuation fund to the trustee,
(c)  a transfer of marketable securities from a trustee of a pooled superannuation trust, made in exchange for a redemption of units in the trust, to the trustee of a superannuation fund, or a custodian of the trustee of a superannuation fund.
(2)  The duty chargeable on a transfer to which this section applies is ad valorem duty in accordance with this Chapter or $200, whichever is the lesser.
(3)  An application for an assessment of duty in accordance with this section is to be accompanied by the following:
(a)  a brief explanation of the background to the transfer and the entitlements to be extinguished and created,
(b)  copies of the governing rules of the superannuation funds concerned,
(c)  a statement of the property to be transferred,
(d)  a copy of each instrument relating to the transfer,
(e)  a statutory declaration from a trustee (or a director of a corporate trustee) of each of the superannuation funds concerned stating that, in the opinion of the trustee (or director), the fund the person will become a member of, or otherwise become entitled to benefits in respect of, will be a complying superannuation fund within 12 months after the transfer occurs.
(4)  The Chief Commissioner may require further information.
(5)  In this section, complying superannuation fund includes a complying approved deposit fund and an eligible rollover fund.
s 61: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [10]; 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [1]–[3].
62   Transfers between trustees and custodians of superannuation funds or trusts
(1)  This section applies to the following dutiable transactions:
(a)  a transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, dutiable property from a trustee of:
(i)  a complying superannuation fund, or
(ii)  a pooled superannuation trust, or
(iii)  a fund or trust that, in the opinion of the trustees, will be a complying superannuation fund or a pooled superannuation trust within 12 months after the transfer takes effect,
to a custodian of the trustee of the fund or trust, where there is no change in the beneficial ownership of the property,
(b)  a transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, dutiable property from a custodian of a trustee of:
(i)  a complying superannuation fund, or
(ii)  a pooled superannuation trust, or
(iii)  a fund or trust that, in the opinion of the trustees, will be a complying superannuation fund or a pooled superannuation trust within 12 months after the transfer takes effect,
to a trustee of the fund or trust, where there is no change in the beneficial ownership of the property,
(c)  a transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, dutiable property from a custodian of a trustee of:
(i)  a complying superannuation fund, or
(ii)  a pooled superannuation trust, or
(iii)  a fund or trust that, in the opinion of the trustees, will be a complying superannuation fund or a pooled superannuation trust within 12 months after the transfer takes effect,
to another custodian of the trustee of the fund or trust, where there is no change in the beneficial ownership of the property.
(2)    (Repealed)
(3)  The duty chargeable on a dutiable transaction to which this section applies is:
(a)  except as provided by paragraph (b), ad valorem duty in accordance with this Chapter or $200, whichever is the lesser, or
(b)  if the dutiable property transferred, or agreed to be transferred, is marketable securities, $2.
(4)  In this section, complying superannuation fund includes a complying approved deposit fund and an eligible rollover fund.
s 62: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [15]; 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [2] [3].
Division 3 Miscellaneous
63   Deceased estates
Duty of $10 is chargeable in respect of:
(a)  a transfer of dutiable property not made for valuable consideration by the legal personal representative of a deceased person to a beneficiary, being:
(i)  a transfer made under and in conformity with the trusts contained in the will of the deceased person or arising on an intestacy, or
(ii)  a transfer of property the subject of a trust for sale contained in the will of the deceased person, and
(b)  a consent by a legal personal representative of a deceased person to a transmission application by a beneficiary, and
(c)  a transmission application to a devisee who is also the sole legal personal representative.
64   Conversion of land use entitlement to different form of title
The duty chargeable on the transfer of a lot within the meaning of the Strata Schemes (Freehold Development) Act 1973 or a lot in a deposited plan is $10 if:
(a)  the transferee, immediately before registration of the strata plan or deposited plan, held a land use entitlement in respect of the land or part of the land the subject of the strata plan or deposited plan, and
(b)  the transfer is part of an arrangement under which the transferee will take an interest in the lot similar in effect to and in substitution for the interest the transferee had under the land use entitlement immediately before registration of the strata plan or deposited plan, and
(c)  one of the following applies:
(i)  ad valorem duty was paid at the time the land use entitlement was acquired by the transferee,
(ii)  section 55, 57 or 63 applied to the acquisition of the land use entitlement by the transferee, and duty was paid as provided for by the section that applied,
(iii)  no duty was chargeable on the acquisition of the land use entitlement by the transferee because of section 68.
s 64: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [2]. Subst 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [6].
64A   Amalgamation of Western Lands leases
(1)  This section applies to the transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, a lease under the Western Lands Act 1901, being a lease for a purpose specified in an order of the Governor made for the purposes of this section and published in the Gazette.
Editorial note—
For orders published under this section see Gazette No 92 of 13.8.1999, p 5743.
(2)  The duty chargeable on a dutiable transaction, being the transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, a lease to which this section applies is to be reduced if:
(a)  the transferee has transferred another lease under the Western Lands Act 1901 within 3 years before the dutiable transaction, and
(b)  the land subject to the dutiable transaction adjoins land held by the transferee under a lease under the Western Lands Act 1901.
(3)  The duty chargeable on the dutiable transaction is to be reduced by the amount of duty paid on the transfer of, or the agreement to transfer, the other lease within 3 years before the dutiable transaction.
s 64A: Ins 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [7].
64B   Reduction of duty on transfer of marketable securities—payment in non-Australian jurisdiction
(1)  The amount of duty chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer of marketable securities is to be reduced by the amount of duty of a similar kind paid in relation to the transfer in accordance with the law of a place outside Australia.
(2)  In this section, a reference to a transfer of marketable securities includes a reference to a dealing or arrangement affecting marketable securities by means of a dutiable transaction other than a transfer.
s 64B: Ins 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [17].
Part 7 Exemptions
65   Exemptions from duty
(1) General A dutiable transaction is exempt from duty under this Chapter if it is, or occurs as a consequence of any of the following:
(a)  the appointment of a receiver or trustee in bankruptcy,
(b)  the appointment of a liquidator,
(c)  the transfer of dutiable property for no consideration to a former bankrupt from the estate of the former bankrupt,
(d)  a dutiable transaction over dutiable property arising from the discharge or transfer of a mortgage or declaration of trust over a mortgage (and a reference in this paragraph to a mortgage includes a reference to a charge and an interest in a mortgage),
(e)  a dutiable transaction comprising:
(i)  a transfer by way of discharge of mortgage, or
(ii)  a transfer by way of mortgage (not being a transfer by way of mortgage of land, or an estate or interest in land, under the Real Property Act 1900), if duty as on a mortgage has been paid in respect of an instrument evidencing the mortgage or the instrument is exempt from, or is not liable to, duty,
(f)  the vesting of dutiable property in a society or company by virtue of Part 7 or 8 of the Financial Institutions (NSW) Code or a corresponding law of another State or Territory,
(g)  the vesting of dutiable property in a statutory trust as a consequence of the making of an order under section 66G of the Conveyancing Act 1919.
(2) Employee and employer organisations No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer of dutiable property made pursuant to, or in accordance with the rules of:
(a)  an association of employees or employers registered as an organisation under the Commonwealth Workplace Relations Act 1996, or
(b)  an industrial union of employers or employees registered under the Industrial Relations Act 1996, or
(c)  any body of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) that is approved for the time being by the Minister,
if the transfer is made to another such association, union or body as a consequence of the amalgamation of two or more such associations, unions or bodies.
(3) Registered clubs No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer of dutiable property to give effect to an order under section 17A of the Registered Clubs Act 1976 for the amalgamation of two clubs, or for the dissolution of two clubs and the formation of a new club, if such information and documents as the Chief Commissioner may require are given to the Chief Commissioner.
(4) Workers compensation insurers and custodians No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, dutiable property:
(a)  made in compliance with a requirement of the WorkCover Authority between:
(i)  a licensed insurer, or a person who was a licensed insurer, under the Workers’ Compensation Act 1926 and an insurer licensed under the Workers Compensation Act 1987, or
(ii)  licensed insurers under the Workers Compensation Act 1987, or
(iii)  the Authority and a licensed insurer under the Workers Compensation Act 1987, or
(b)  made at the direction of the WorkCover Authority:
(i)  from an insurer licensed under the Workers Compensation Act 1987 to a custodian nominated by the Authority, or
(ii)  from such a custodian to another such custodian.
(5) Incorporated legal practices No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, dutiable property in the following cases:
(a)  dutiable property of a solicitor corporation formed under the Legal Profession Act 1987 that is transferred or agreed to be transferred to:
(i)  an incorporated legal practice under that Act if the voting shareholders of the solicitor corporation immediately before the transfer or agreement is first executed are solicitor directors or employed solicitors of the incorporated legal practice, or
(ii)  a partnership of solicitors if the voting shareholders of the solicitor corporation immediately before the transfer or agreement is first executed are the same as the members of the partnership, or
(iii)  a solicitor practising as a sole practitioner if the only voting shareholder of the solicitor corporation immediately before the transfer or agreement is first executed is that solicitor,
(b)  dutiable property of a partnership of solicitors formed or originally formed before the commencement of Division 2A of Part 3 of the Legal Profession Act 1987 that is transferred or agreed to be transferred to an incorporated legal practice under that Act if the members of the partnership immediately before the transfer or agreement is first executed are solicitor directors or employed solicitors of the incorporated legal practice,
(c)  dutiable property of a solicitor practising as a sole practitioner before the commencement of Division 2A of Part 3 of the Legal Profession Act 1987 that is transferred or agreed to be transferred to an incorporated legal practice under that Act if the solicitor is the sole solicitor director of the incorporated legal practice.
(6) Transfer or vesting of liquor licence by court order No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the transfer or vesting of a liquor licence by order of a court under section 41, 42 or 61 of the Liquor Act 1982 if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  there is no change of, or contemplated change in, the beneficial ownership of the liquor licence as a consequence of the transfer or vesting, or
(b)  the transfer or vesting is a consequence of an agreement for the sale or transfer of dutiable property on which the duty chargeable in respect of the agreement has been paid.
Note—
Duty on the transfer of statutory licences is abolished on 1 January 2011. This exemption is relevant only to a transfer or vesting that occurs before that date. See Part 4 of this Chapter.
(7) Poker machine permits and entitlements No duty is chargeable under this Chapter:
(a)  on the transfer of:
(i)  a Liquor Act poker machine permit (within the meaning of the Gaming Machines Act 2001), or
(ii)  a poker machine entitlement (within the meaning of that Act),
that occurs as a consequence of the transfer of a hotelier’s licence under the Liquor Act 1982 that is not chargeable with duty under this Chapter, or
(b)  on the vesting or transfer of any such permit or entitlement, if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(i)  there is no change, or contemplated change, in the beneficial ownership of the permit or entitlement as a consequence of the vesting or transfer, or
(ii)  the vesting or transfer occurs as a consequence of an agreement for the sale or transfer of dutiable property on which the duty chargeable in respect of the agreement has been paid.
Note—
Duty on the transfer of statutory licences, permissions and poker machine entitlements is abolished on 1 January 2011. This exemption is relevant only to a transfer or vesting that occurs before that date. See Part 4 of this Chapter.
(8) Manufactured homes No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, a manufactured home in a caravan park or manufactured home estate if the manufactured home, but not the land on which the manufactured home is located, is owned by the transferor.
In this subsection:
manufactured home means a manufactured home as defined in the Local Government Act 1993 where the home is designed to allow its transportation.
manufactured home estate has the same meaning as in the Local Government Act 1993.
(9) Administration agreements under first home owner grant scheme No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on an administration agreement under the First Home Owner Grant Act 2000.
(10) Instruments relating to superannuation No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on:
(a)  an instrument referred to in section 60 (1) (a), (b) or (c) that is first executed on or after 1 July 2001, or
(b)  a dutiable transaction effected or evidenced by such an instrument.
(11) Financial agreements No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a financial agreement made under section 90B, 90C or 90D of the Family Law Act 1975 of the Commonwealth.
(12) Vesting by statute law—deceased estates No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the vesting of dutiable property in a legal personal representative of a deceased person.
(12A) Consents to gifts by will to interested witnesses No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a consent referred to in section 10 (3) (b) of the Succession Act 2006.
(13) Vesting by statute law—common property under strata plans No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the vesting of common property in a body corporate on the registration of a strata plan or strata plan of subdivision under the Strata Schemes (Freehold Development) Act 1973 or the Strata Schemes (Leasehold Development) Act 1986.
(14) Correction of error No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer of dutiable property made to correct an error in a previous transfer of the same dutiable property if:
(a)  no additional consideration is paid or payable, and
(b)  the beneficial interests in the property change only to the extent necessary to correct the error.
(15) Home equity release schemes No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the transfer of, or an agreement to transfer, land, a land use entitlement, or an interest in land or a land use entitlement if:
(a)  the land concerned is used as the principal place of residence of the transferor, and
(b)  the transferor, or, if there is more than one transferor, at least one of them, is aged 60 years or older, and
(c)  the transfer or agreement is entered into in connection with an approved home equity release scheme.
In this subsection:
approved home equity release scheme means a home equity release scheme approved, or of a class approved, by the Chief Commissioner, in accordance with any guidelines approved by the Treasurer that are published in the Gazette.
home equity release scheme means a scheme that enables an owner of residential property to obtain money from a person (the lender) in exchange for an agreement that a proportion of the value of the residential property will be paid to the lender on the occurrence of a specified event (such as the sale of the residential property or the death of the owner).
(16) Leases—general No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the following leases:
(a)  a lease granted by or on behalf of a corporation, society or institution if:
(i)  the purpose of the lease is to grant a retired person or a disabled person the right to occupy residential accommodation, and
(ii)  the lease has not been granted for the purpose of profit by the lessor,
(b)  a lease of premises to the Home Care Service of New South Wales,
(c)  a lease executed in accordance with Part V of the National Health Act 1953 of the Commonwealth,
(d)  a lease of premises in a retirement village within the meaning of section 5 of the Retirement Villages Act 1999.
s 65: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [3]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [16]–[18]; 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [8]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [3] [4]; 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [4] [5]; 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [2]; 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [3]; 2001 No 127, Sch 5.1 [2]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [10]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [8]; 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [4]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [11]–[13]; 2006 No 80, Sch 3.6; 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [5]; 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [6].
66   Exemptions—marketable securities
(1)–(4)    (Repealed)
(5) Share buy-backs No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of shares comprising a buy-back of the shares in accordance with Division 2 of Part 2J.1 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth, unless the buy-back is effected by the purchaser pursuant to one or more agreements, understandings or arrangements that the purchaser will issue marketable securities.
(6) Rights to shares No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the transfer to a person of rights to shares if an earlier transfer of the shares to the person included a right to shares and duty in respect of the rights was paid in connection with that earlier transfer or the earlier transfer was exempt from duty.
(7) Bonus or rights issue No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on the transfer of shares to a person (the transferee) if:
(a)  as a consequence of the transfer of shares in a company:
(i)  in respect of which ad valorem duty under this Act or a corresponding Act has been paid or that is exempt from duty, and
(ii)  that is not registered in the share register of the company,
the transferee is, on a bonus issue or the issue of a right to shares subsequent to the transfer, entitled to other shares registered in the name of the transferor, and
(b)  the transferee pays the amount, if any, necessary to take up the other shares.
(8)    (Repealed)
(8A) ADRs No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of an ADR if:
(a)  the ADR relates to rights to shares that upon issue, on exercise of those rights, will be quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange, and
(b)  the transfer, or the sale or transfer to which the agreement relates, is to:
(i)  a foreign resident on the foreign resident’s own behalf, or
(ii)  a foreign resident acting on behalf of a trustee for another foreign resident, and
(c)  the ADR is to be registered on an overseas register of legal or beneficial title.
(9) Trust mergers No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of units in a qualifying unit trust scheme to the responsible entity or trustee of another qualifying unit trust scheme or a custodian or agent of the responsible entity or trustee if it is proved to the satisfaction of the Chief Commissioner that:
(a)  the purpose of the transfer is to give effect to a merger of 2 qualifying unit trust schemes or a takeover of a qualifying unit trust scheme by another qualifying unit trust scheme, and
(b)  the units are registered on a register kept in New South Wales, and
(c)  the transfer would qualify as a roll-over under Subdivision 124-M of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 of the Commonwealth.
(9A)  For the purposes of subsection (9), qualifying unit trust scheme means a unit trust scheme:
(a)  any of the units in which are listed for quotation on the Australian Stock Exchange or on a recognised stock exchange, or
(b)  in respect of which:
(i)  units in the scheme have been issued to the public and 50 or more persons are beneficially entitled to units in the scheme, or
(ii)  a majority of units in the scheme are acquired by, for or on account of, a complying superannuation fund, a pooled superannuation trust or a life company, or
(c)  that, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, will satisfy paragraph (b) within 12 months after the Chief Commissioner gives written notice of that opinion to a person who has requested the Chief Commissioner to express that opinion in relation to the unit trust scheme.
(10) Mining securities No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of marketable securities in a company (wherever incorporated) whose sole business is either or both of the following activities:
(a)  mining in New South Wales for minerals within the meaning of the Mining Act 1992 or the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, or
(b)  prospecting or mining in New South Wales for petroleum within the meaning of the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991,
if the consideration for the transfer or agreement is not less than the unencumbered value of the marketable securities.
Note—
No duty is chargeable on transactions relating to shares or units that are quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange or relating to interests in such shares or units (see section 11 (2)).
The duty on all marketable securities is to be abolished on 1 January 2009. See Part 4 of this Chapter.
s 66: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [11] [12]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [19]; 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [9]; 1999 No 42, Sch 3.5 [1]; 1999 No 60, Sch 2 [4] [5]; 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [18]–[20]; 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [5]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [7]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [14].
67   Exemptions—transfers to married couples and de facto partners
(1)  No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of dutiable property if it is proved to the satisfaction of the Chief Commissioner that:
(a)  as a result of the transfer or agreement, the property is or will be held by a married couple or de facto partners as joint tenants or as tenants in common in equal shares, and
(b)  the dutiable property:
(i)  is land that has erected on it a private dwelling house and was solely or principally used, as at the date of transfer, as the principal place of residence of the married couple or de facto partners, or
(ii)  is vacant land and the married couple or de facto partners intend to use it as the site of a private dwelling house to be solely or principally used as their principal place of residence, or
(iii)  is shares that confer an entitlement to exclusive possession of a company title dwelling that was solely or principally used, as at the date of transfer, as the principal place of residence of the married couple or de facto partners, and
(c)  both the transferor and the transferee are the married couple or one of them or the de facto partners or one of them and no other person is a party to the transfer, and
(d)  in the case of de facto partners, the parties to the relationship have lived in the relationship for at least the 2 years before the date of the transfer.
(1A)  For the purposes of subsection (1) (b), a private dwelling house may be principally used as the principal place of residence of a married couple or de facto partners despite the fact that it may be partly owned by another person or persons or that it may also be the principal place of residence of another person or persons.
(2)  In this section, private dwelling house includes a lot within the meaning of the Strata Schemes (Freehold Development) Act 1973 used as a place of residence.
s 67: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [20] [21].
68   Exemptions—break-up of marriages and domestic relationships
(1) Break-up of marriage No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of matrimonial property if:
(a)  the property is transferred, or agreed to be sold or transferred, to the parties to a marriage that is dissolved or annulled, or in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner has broken down irretrievably, or to either of them, or to a child or children of either of them or a trustee of such a child or children, and
(b)  the transfer or agreement is effected by or in accordance with:
(i)  a financial agreement made under section 90B, 90C or 90D of the Family Law Act 1975 of the Commonwealth that, under that Act, is binding on the parties to the agreement, or
(ii)  an order of a court under that Act, or
(iia)  an agreement that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied has been made for the purpose of dividing matrimonial property as a consequence of the dissolution, annulment or breakdown of the marriage, or
(iii)  a purchase at public auction of property that, immediately before the auction, was matrimonial property where the public auction is held to comply with any such agreement or order.
(2) Break-up of domestic relationship No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of relationship property if:
(a)  the property is transferred, or agreed to be sold or transferred, to the parties to a domestic relationship that has, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, been terminated or to either of them, or to a child or children of either of them or a trustee of such a child or children, and
(b)  the transfer or agreement is effected by or in accordance with:
(i)  an order of a court made under the Property (Relationships) Act 1984, or
(ii)  a termination agreement within the meaning of section 44 of the Property (Relationships) Act 1984 that has been certified in accordance with section 47 of that Act, or
(iii)  a purchase at public auction of property that, immediately before the auction, was relationship property where the public auction is held to comply with any such order or agreement.
(3) Associated transactions No duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a dutiable transaction to the extent that:
(a)  for purposes of or ancillary to a transfer referred to in subsection (1) or (2), it transfers a share that is matrimonial property or relationship property to a person not a party to the relevant marriage or domestic relationship, in order to comply with a requirement of or prescribed under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth, or
(b)  it is a declaration of trust, by the transferee of a share transferred as referred to in paragraph (a), for the benefit of a party to the marriage or relationship.
(4) Refunds—break-up of marriage If:
(a)  ad valorem duty was paid on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of matrimonial property to the parties to a marriage or to either of them, or to a child or children of either of them, and
(b)  the transfer or agreement was effected as referred to in section 68 (1) (b), and
(c)  the marriage has been dissolved or annulled or has broken down irretrievably,
the Chief Commissioner must reassess the transfer or agreement and refund the duty paid.
(4A) Refunds—break-up of domestic relationship If:
(a)  ad valorem duty was paid on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of relationship property to the parties to a domestic relationship or to either of them, or to a child or children of either of them, and
(b)  the transfer or agreement was effected as referred to in section 68 (2) (b), and
(c)  the domestic relationship has been terminated,
the Chief Commissioner must reassess the transfer or agreement and refund the duty paid.
(4B) Evidence of exemption A party to a marriage or domestic relationship may provide a statement to the Chief Commissioner, in the form of a statutory declaration, to the effect that:
(a)  in the case of a marriage:
(i)  the party intends to apply for a dissolution or annulment of the marriage, or
(ii)  the parties to the marriage have separated, and there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed, or
(b)  in the case of a domestic relationship, the domestic relationship has been terminated.
The Chief Commissioner is required to have regard to any such statement in exercising his or her functions under this section.
(4C) Power to require other evidence Subsection (4B) does not limit the functions of the Chief Commissioner under section 72 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
(5) Definitions In this section:
marriage includes a void marriage.
matrimonial property of a marriage means property of the parties to the marriage or of either of them.
party to a marriage includes a person who was a party to a marriage that has been dissolved or annulled, in Australia or elsewhere.
relationship property of a domestic relationship means property of the parties to the relationship or of either of them.
s 68: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [13]; 1999 No 4, Sch 2.9 [1]–[7]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [5]; 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [6]; 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [4]–[8]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [9].
pt 8, div 1, hdg: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [6].
Part 8 Exemption, discounts and instalment payment schemes
Division 1 First Home Plus
Subdivision 1 Agreements and associated mortgages
69   The nature of the scheme
This scheme is intended to help people who are acquiring their first home. Under the scheme, the acquisition and any mortgage given to assist the financing of the acquisition is subject to a concession or exemption from duty.
s 69: Am 1998 No 81, Sch 1 [1]. Subst 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [7]; 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [6].
70   Commencement
The following transactions and instruments are eligible for consideration under the scheme:
(a)  agreements for sale or transfer entered into on or after 4 April 2004,
(b)  transfers that occur on or after 4 April 2004 (other than transfers made in conformity with an agreement for sale or transfer entered into before 4 April 2004),
(c)  mortgages over land the subject of those agreements or transfers.
s 70: Subst 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [7]; 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [1].
71   Restrictions on eligibility—previous ownership of residential property or first home concession
(1)  A purchaser or transferee under an agreement or transfer may apply under the scheme, but will be eligible only if the purchaser or transferee is a first home owner.
(2)  A first home owner is an individual:
(a)  who has not at any time owned residential property in Australia (either solely or with someone else) and has not previously been a party to an application under the scheme that was approved by the Chief Commissioner, and
(b)  whose spouse (if any) has not at any time owned residential property in Australia (either solely or with someone else) and has not previously been a party to an application under the scheme that was approved by the Chief Commissioner.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  For the purpose of this section, a person is the spouse of another person if:
(a)  they are legally married, or
(b)  they are living together as a couple in a de facto relationship.
(5)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that, at the time of making an application under the scheme, a purchaser or transferee:
(a)  is legally married but not cohabiting with the person to whom the applicant is legally married, and
(b)  has no intention of resuming cohabitation,
the person to whom the purchaser or transferee is legally married is not to be regarded as the applicant’s spouse.
(6)  Despite the other provisions of this section, the ownership at any time of another residential property, or a previous application under the scheme, is to be disregarded if:
(a)  the other residential property owned by the purchaser or transferee is or was vested in the purchaser or transferee on trust, or as an executor under a will, or the application was made by the purchaser or transferee in his or her capacity as trustee or executor, or
(b)  the ownership share in the property to which the application relates that is being acquired by purchasers or transferees who own or have owned other residential property, or have previously been a party to an application, does not exceed 5%.
s 71: Am 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [7]. Subst 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [2]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [2] [3]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [10]; 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [5]; 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [1]–[3].
72   (Repealed)
s 72: Am 1998 No 81, Sch 1 [2] [3]. Rep 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [8].
73   Ineligible persons
(1)  Companies, partnerships, and persons in their capacity as trustees, are not eligible.
(2)  However, a trustee is eligible if:
(a)  the trustee is the guardian of a person under a legal disability and the person under a legal disability is a first home owner who will be occupying the home to which the agreement or transfer relates as a principal place of residence in accordance with the residence requirement under section 76, or
(b)  the trustee is an apparent purchaser of a kind referred to in section 55 and the real purchaser is a first home owner.
(3)  A purchaser or transferee under an agreement or transfer who is under 18 years of age is not eligible.
(4)  Despite subsection (3), the Chief Commissioner may determine that a purchaser or transferee under 18 years of age is eligible if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the home to which the agreement or transfer relates will be occupied by the purchaser or transferee as his or her principal place of residence in accordance with the residence requirement under section 76, and
(b)  the application does not form part of a scheme to circumvent limitations on, or requirements affecting, eligibility under the scheme.
(5)  A purchaser or transferee under an agreement or transfer is not eligible unless the person is an Australian citizen or a permanent resident, subject to subsection (6).
(6)  If there is more than one purchaser or transferee under an agreement or transfer and at least one of them is a first home owner who is an Australian citizen or permanent resident, the other purchasers or transferees are exempt from compliance with subsection (5).
(7)  In this section:
Australian citizen means an Australian citizen as defined in the Australian Citizenship Act 1948 of the Commonwealth.
permanent resident means:
(a)  the holder of a permanent visa within the meaning of section 30 of the Migration Act 1958 of the Commonwealth, or
(b)  a New Zealand citizen who holds a special category visa within the meaning of section 32 of the Migration Act 1958 of the Commonwealth.
s 73: Am 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [8]; 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [3]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [11]; 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [5]; 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [4]–[6].
73A   Application of eligibility criteria to joint purchasers and transferees
(1)  If there is more than one purchaser or transferee under an agreement or transfer, they may apply under the scheme, but the agreement or transfer will be eligible under the scheme only if all of the purchasers or transferees are eligible under the scheme.
(2)  This section is subject to section 80AA.
Note—
Section 80AA allows a limited duty concession under the scheme to be claimed in respect of residential property that is purchased subject to a shared equity arrangement between a first home owner and a person who is not a first home owner.
s 73A: Ins 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [7].
74   Eligible agreements or transfers
(1)  The agreement or transfer must be for the acquisition of a first home or for the acquisition of a vacant block of residential land intended to be used as the site of a first home.
(2)  The agreement or transfer must be for the whole of the property.
(3)  The dutiable value of the dutiable property that is the subject of the agreement or transfer must be less than:
(a)  $600,000 if the property has a private dwelling built on it, or
(b)  $450,000 if the property comprises a vacant block of residential land.
Note—
The dutiable value of dutiable property is the greater of:
(a)  the consideration (if any) for the dutiable transaction (being the amount of a monetary consideration or the value of a non-monetary consideration), and
(b)  the unencumbered value of the dutiable property.
s 74: Am 1998 No 81, Sch 1 [4] [5]; 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [10] [11]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [9] [10]; 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [9]–[11]. Subst 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [4].
75   Ineligible agreements and transfers
(1)  An agreement or transfer is not eligible if it involves the acquisition of a business or business premises. However, an agreement for the purchase, or a transfer, of a farming property on which there is a private dwelling is not excluded.
(2)  An agreement for the purchase, or a transfer, of a holiday home is not eligible.
(3)    (Repealed)
s 75: Am 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [12].
76   Residence requirement
(1)  The home must be occupied by the first home owner or one of the first home owners who is acquiring it as a principal place of residence for a continuous period of at least 6 months, with that occupation starting within 12 months (or such longer period as the Chief Commissioner may approve) after completion of the agreement or transfer. This requirement is referred to as the residence requirement.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner may, if satisfied there are good reasons to do so in a particular case:
(a)  modify the residence requirement by approving a shorter period of occupation by a first home owner, or
(b)  exempt a first home owner from the requirement to comply with the residence requirement.
(3)  In the case of an agreement or transfer for the acquisition of a vacant block of residential land, it is sufficient that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the vacant block is intended to be used as the site of a home to be occupied by the first home owner or one of the first home owners who is acquiring it as a principal place of residence.
(4)    (Repealed)
(5)  For the purpose of this section, an agreement or transfer is completed when a purchaser or transferee becomes entitled to possession of the home and, if the interest in the land acquired by the purchaser or transferee is registrable under a law of the State, the interest is so registered.
(6)    (Repealed)
s 76: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [11]. Subst 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [13]; 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [5]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [4] [5]; 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [8]–[11].
76A   Approval of application in advance of satisfaction of residence requirement
(1)  The Chief Commissioner may approve an application in anticipation of compliance with the residence requirement under section 76 if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that each applicant required to comply with the residence requirement intends to occupy the home as his or her principal place of residence for a continuous period of at least 6 months, with that occupation starting within 12 months after completion of the agreement or transfer or within a longer period approved by the Chief Commissioner.
(2)  If an application is approved in anticipation of compliance with the residence requirement, the approval is given on condition that, if the residence requirement is not complied with, the applicant must within 14 days after the end of the period allowed for compliance:
(a)  give written notice of that fact to the Chief Commissioner, and
(b)  pay the relevant duty to the Chief Commissioner.
(3)  The relevant duty is the difference between the total amount of duty that would have been payable on the transactions and instruments the subject of the application, if they had not been eligible under the scheme, and the total amount of duty (if any) paid in respect of those transactions and instruments.
(4)  A person who fails to comply with the condition prescribed by this section is guilty of an offence.
Maximum penalty: 50 penalty units.
s 76A: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [5].
77   Eligible mortgages
(1)  A mortgage is eligible if:
(a)  it is given to assist the financing of a purchase under an agreement or transfer that is eligible under the scheme, and
(b)  the purchaser or purchasers under the agreement or transfer are eligible under the scheme (including if the agreement or transfer is eligible under the scheme for a shared equity concession).
(2)  The mortgage must be over the property purchased.
(3)  In the case of a property that has a private dwelling built on it, the amount of advances secured must not be more than the amount of the dutiable value permitted under section 74 (3) (a).
(4)  In the case of a property that comprises a vacant block of residential land, the amount of advances secured must not be more than the amount of the dutiable value permitted under section 74 (3) (b), unless the amount of advances secured under the mortgage includes provision for the building of a private dwelling on the property. In such a case, the amount of advances secured must not be more than the amount of the dutiable value permitted under section 74 (3) (a).
Note—
See also section 221B, which extends a general mortgage duty exemption to all mortgages associated with owner occupied housing, and takes effect on and from 1 September 2007.
s 77: Am 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [14] [15]; 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [6]; 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [1]; 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [12].
78   Making of applications
(1)  An application is made to the Chief Commissioner by completing a statutory declaration in an approved form.
(2)    (Repealed)
(3)  The Chief Commissioner may at any time (whether before or after the approval of an application) require the applicant or applicants to provide such further information as the Chief Commissioner may consider necessary for the proper administration of the scheme.
s 78: Am 1998 No 81, Sch 1 [6]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [5].
79   (Repealed)
s 79: Rep 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [6].
80   Duty payable if application approved
(1)  If an application concerning an eligible agreement or transfer is approved and the dutiable value of the dutiable property that is the subject of the agreement or transfer is not more than the following amounts, no duty is chargeable on the agreement or transfer:
(a)  $500,000 if the property has a private dwelling built on it, or
(b)  $300,000 if the property comprises a vacant block of residential land.
(2)  If an application concerning an eligible agreement or transfer is approved and subsection (1) does not apply to the agreement or transfer, duty is chargeable on the agreement or transfer as follows:
(a)  if the property has a private dwelling built on it—at the rate of 22.49% of the dutiable value of the dutiable property that is the subject of the agreement or transfer, less $112,450, or
(b)  if the property comprises a vacant block of residential land—at the rate of 10.49% of the dutiable value of the dutiable property that is the subject of the agreement or transfer, less $31,470.
(3)  This section does not apply in respect of an agreement or transfer that is eligible under the scheme only for a shared equity concession.
s 80: Am 1998 No 81, Sch 1 [7]. Subst 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [12]. Am 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [16] [17]. Subst 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [7]. Am 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [13].
80AA   Special concession for shared equity arrangements
(1)  If there is more than one purchaser or transferee under an agreement or transfer, and one or more of them is a first home owner, but the agreement or transfer is not eligible under the scheme because one or more of the other purchasers or transferees is not eligible under the scheme, the agreement or transfer may still be eligible for a duty concession under the scheme (a shared equity concession).
(2)  In order to be eligible for a shared equity concession:
(a)  the purchasers or transferees who are first home owners must acquire not less than a 50% share in the ownership of the property, and
(b)  the agreement or transfer must be an agreement or transfer that would be eligible under the scheme if the first home owners were the sole purchasers or transferees under the agreement or transfer.
(3)  If an application concerning an agreement or transfer that is eligible under the scheme for a shared equity concession is approved, duty is chargeable as follows:
 
where:
D is the duty chargeable.
R is the duty that would be chargeable on the dutiable value of the property if this Subdivision did not apply in respect of the agreement or transfer.
E is the ownership share in the property of the first home owner or owners, expressed as a percentage.
C is the duty (if any) that would be chargeable under section 80 on the agreement or transfer if that section applied in respect of the agreement or transfer.
(4)  Despite anything to the contrary in this section, an agreement or transfer under which one or more of the purchasers or transferees is a company is not eligible under the scheme for a shared equity concession if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the application relating to that agreement or transfer should not be approved for any good reason.
(5)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this Subdivision (except section 80) to an application that has been approved under the scheme includes an application that has been approved under the scheme because of eligibility for a shared equity concession.
s 80AA: Ins 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [14].
80A   Definitions
In this Subdivision:
first home owner has the meaning given by section 71.
guardian of a person under a legal disability includes a trustee who holds property on trust for the person under an instrument of trust or by order or direction of a court or tribunal.
residential property means:
(a)  land on which there is a building that is lawfully occupied as a place of residence or suitable for occupation as a place of residence, or
(b)  a company title dwelling.
shared equity concession has the meaning given by section 80AA.
s 80A: Ins 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [13]. Am 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [18]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [12]; 2007 No 24, Sch 1 [15].
pt 8, div 1, sdiv 1A, hdg: Ins 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [14].
Subdivision 1A Payment of instalments under First Home Purchase Scheme prior to 1 August 1998
81   Payment of instalments
(1)  Where instalments of duty are to be paid in accordance with an undertaking given under section 78 (2) as in force before 1 August 1998, the first instalment is to be paid by a date which is 1 year after the date of exchange of the agreement.
(2)  Although instalments are payable annually, payments may be made at more frequent intervals.
s 81: Am 1998 No 81, Sch 1 [8].
82   Payment of interest
(1)  No interest is payable unless an instalment is overdue. An instalment is overdue if it is not paid within 21 days after the date fixed for its payment in the undertaking.
(2)  Interest on an instalment that is overdue is payable as on a tax default by a taxpayer under the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
(3)  A person having the benefit of the scheme is not liable, in that capacity, for any penalty under this Act or any interest other than as provided by this section.
83   Overdue instalments
As well as attracting interest, if an instalment is overdue for more than 3 months, the Chief Commissioner (or the Chief Commissioner’s agent) may sue the defaulter to recover, as a debt, the whole of the outstanding balance of the duty and any accrued interest and may, in addition, lodge and maintain a caveat over the subject property until all duty has been paid.
84   Sale or leasing of home or land before all instalments are paid
(1)  If the home or land is sold, leased (wholly or in part) or otherwise disposed of, or if for some other reason the home ceases to be the principal place of residence of the person or both of the persons having the benefit of the scheme:
(a)  any entitlement to a discount under section 87 ceases immediately the home or land is sold, leased or otherwise disposed of or the home so ceases to be the principal place of residence, and
(b)  the whole of the outstanding balance of the duty and any accrued interest becomes immediately payable.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner (or the Chief Commissioner’s agent) may sue the person or persons owing the duty and any interest to recover, as a debt, the amount involved.
85   (Repealed)
s 85: Am 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [12]. Rep 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [15].
Subdivision 2 Discount for full payment of remaining duty
86   Application of Subdivision 2
This Subdivision applies to a person or persons having the benefit of the scheme set out in Subdivision 1 or a first home purchase scheme that operated under the Stamp Duties Act 1920.
87   Discount for full payment of remaining duty
(1)  A person or persons to whom this Subdivision applies may choose at any time to pay out, at a discount of 50%, the total of all instalments of duty remaining at that time.
(2)  There is no entitlement to a discount under this section at any time when an instalment is overdue or any interest payable on an overdue instalment remains unpaid.
s 87: Am 1999 No 60, Sch 2 [6].
Division 2 Flood-prone housing scheme
88   The nature of the scheme
This scheme is intended to assist a person who, as an owner of a home on flood-prone land, has entered into an agreement for the sale of the land to the council of the local government area in which the land is situated and then purchases another home. The scheme enables such a person to choose to pay duty on the agreement for the purchase of the new home by instalments over a period of 5 years (instead of at the time of purchase).
89   Commencement
Agreements for sale or transfer entered into on or after the commencement of this Division are eligible for consideration under the scheme.
90   Eligible persons
A person may apply under the scheme if:
(a)  the person was the owner of at least 50% of the beneficial interest in the land sold or being sold to the council, and
(b)  the person has entered into an agreement for the purchase of a home intended to be occupied as the person’s principal place of residence.
91   Eligible agreements
The agreement for the purchase of the new home is eligible for consideration under the scheme if the amount paid for the home is the full market value. Wholly or partially gifted property is not eligible.
92   Other provisions
(1)  Section 76 applies to this scheme in the same way as it applies to First Home Plus.
(2)  Sections 78 and 81–84 apply to this scheme in the same way as they applied to the First Home Purchase Scheme before 1 August 1998.
s 92: Subst 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [16]. Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [7].
Division 3 Exemption from or reduction in duty for certain transfers
93   The nature of the scheme
The scheme is intended to provide an exemption from or reduction in duty in respect of:
(a)  the transfer of a principal place of residence from a corporation or special trust to certain persons, or
(b)  the transfer of any land owned as at 31 December 1986 by a special trust from the trust to certain persons.
s 93: Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [8].
94   Definitions
In this Division:
corporation has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
land includes any estate or interest in land.
land tax has the same meaning as in the Land Tax Management Act 1956.
principal shareholder in a corporation means:
(a)  any person (other than a corporation) whose voting entitlement (whether or not through the holding of shares) in the corporation is 50% or more, or
(b)  any person (other than a corporation) who has a voting entitlement (whether or not through the holding of shares) in the corporation where all the persons who have a voting entitlement in the corporation have an equal voting entitlement.
shareholder includes member.
special trust has the same meaning as in the Land Tax Management Act 1956.
voting entitlement has the meaning given by section 95.
s 94: Am 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [7].
95   Meaning of “voting entitlement”
(1)  A person’s voting entitlement in a corporation is that proportion of the total voting rights of all shareholders entitled to vote at general meetings of the corporation which the person is entitled to exercise, as a shareholder, at general meetings of the corporation.
(2)  A person is to be considered to have a voting entitlement in a corporation (corporation A) if the person has a voting entitlement in another corporation (corporation B) which itself has a voting entitlement in corporation A.
(3)  In a case to which subsection (2) applies, the person’s voting entitlement in corporation A is the proportion which results from multiplying the person’s voting entitlement in corporation B by corporation B’s voting entitlement in corporation A.
(4)  If a person has a voting entitlement in the same corporation under different provisions of this section, or under different applications of the same provision of this section, the person’s voting entitlement in the corporation is the aggregate of those entitlements.
(5)  In determining a person’s voting entitlement for the purposes of this section, proxies and other authorities to vote held by a shareholder are to be disregarded.
96   Transfer by corporation of principal place of residence to principal shareholder or spouse
(1)  A transfer of land by a corporation is eligible for exemption under this Division if:
(a)  the corporation owned the land on 11 September 1990, and
(b)  the transferee or each of the transferees is a principal shareholder in the corporation or the spouse of such a principal shareholder (whether or not the principal shareholder is one of the transferees), and
(c)  had the transferee or each of the transferees been an owner of the land within the meaning of the Land Tax Management Act 1956 on 31 December that last preceded the date of the transfer, the land would, by the operation of section 10 (1) (r) of the Land Tax Management Act 1956, be exempt from land tax in respect of the year in which the transfer took effect.
(2)  If land is transferred by a corporation to two or more persons jointly, each of those persons is, for the purposes of this section (but without affecting any entitlement to be considered to be a principal shareholder apart from this subsection), to be considered to be a principal shareholder in the corporation if:
(a)  each of the persons has a voting entitlement in the corporation, and
(b)  the aggregate of the voting entitlements in the corporation of each of those persons would be sufficient to qualify any one person as a principal shareholder in the corporation.
s 96: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [14]; 1998 No 79, Sch 2.1 [1]; 2004 No 33, Sch 3.1 [2].
97   Transfer of principal place of residence by special trust to beneficiary etc
A transfer of land subject to a special trust is eligible for exemption under this Division if:
(a)  the land was subject to the special trust on 11 September 1990, and
(b)  the transferee or each of the transferees was:
(i)  the settler of the land or the person who actually paid the purchase money for the land when the land was acquired by the trustee under the trust, or
(ii)  a beneficiary of the special trust immediately before the transfer took effect and a beneficiary of the trust when the land was acquired by the trustee under the trust, or
(iii)  the spouse of a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii), and
(c)  the transferee or each of the transferees will hold the land beneficially, and
(d)  had the transferee or each of the transferees been an owner of the land within the meaning of the Land Tax Management Act 1956 on 31 December that last preceded the date of the transfer, the land transferred would, by the operation of section 10 (1) (r) of the Land Tax Management Act 1956, be exempt from land tax in respect of the year in which the transfer took effect.
s 97: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [15]; 1998 No 79, Sch 2.1 [2]; 2004 No 33, Sch 3.1 [2].
98   Transfer of principal place of residence by corporation to beneficiary of special trust
A transfer of land by a corporation (not acting in the capacity of a trustee) is eligible for exemption under this Division if:
(a)  the corporation owned the land on 11 September 1990, and
(b)  the transferee or each of the transferees is a person, or the spouse of a person, who is a beneficiary under a special trust and was a beneficiary under the trust when the land was acquired by the corporation, and
(c)  the trustee under the special trust is a principal shareholder in the corporation (or would, if the trustee were not a corporation, be a principal shareholder in the corporation) at the time of the transfer, and
(d)  had the transferee or each of the transferees been the owner within the meaning of the Land Tax Management Act 1956 on 31 December that last preceded the date of the transfer, the land transferred would, by the operation of section 10 (1) (r) of the Land Tax Management Act 1956, be exempt from land tax in respect of the year in which the transfer took effect.
s 98: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [16]; 1998 No 79, Sch 2.1 [3]; 2004 No 33, Sch 3.1 [2].
99   Transfer by special trust to corporation
(1)  A transfer of land to a corporation by a person in the person’s capacity as trustee of a special trust is eligible for exemption under this Division if:
(a)  the land was subject to the special trust on, and at all times between, 31 December 1986 and 11 September 1990, and
(b)  Division 122 of Part 3-3 of the Commonwealth Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 applies to the disposal of land effected by the transfer, and
(c)  pursuant to that section, Part IIIA (Capital Gains and Capital Losses) of that Act (except that section) does not apply to that disposal.
(2)  Chapter 3 (Certain transactions treated as transfers) and Chapter 4A (Acquisition and disposal of interests in land rich landholders) do not apply to the issue or allotment of shares in a corporation pursuant to a transfer for which an exemption from the payment of duty is granted under this Division.
s 99: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [11]; 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [1].
100   Transfer of land not used and occupied solely as a principal place of residence
If:
(a)  a transfer of land would be eligible for exemption under section 96, 97 or 98 but for the fact that the land is not land to which section 96 (1) (c), 97 (d) or 98 (d) applies because it was not used and occupied solely as a principal place of residence at the relevant time, and
(b)  the land value of the land was entitled to be reduced under section 9C or 9D of the Land Tax Management Act 1956 at the relevant time,
the amount on which the transfer is to be charged with ad valorem duty is to be reduced in the same proportion as the land value was entitled to be reduced under section 9C or 9D of the Land Tax Management Act 1956.
s 100: Am 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [13].
101   Making of applications
(1)  An application under this Division is to be made to the Chief Commissioner in an approved form.
(2)  If the land to which the transfer relates is or includes land under the Real Property Act 1900, the application must be accompanied by an undertaking from the transferee in an approved form that:
(a)  the duty that would be payable on the transfer but for the granting of an exemption under this Division will be paid if the transferee does not become the registered proprietor of the land within 3 months (or such longer period as the Chief Commissioner may at any time determine and notify in writing to the transferee) after the transfer is stamped as exempt from the payment of duty, and
(b)  the transferee will, within 1 month after becoming the registered proprietor of the land (or such longer period as the Chief Commissioner may at any time determine and notify in writing to the transferee), provide evidence of that fact to the satisfaction of the Chief Commissioner.
s 101: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [5]; 2004 No 55, Sch 2.9 [1].
102   Determination of applications
(1)    (Repealed)
(2)  An application is not to be granted unless the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that all land tax payable in respect of the land (including any additional land tax payable by way of penalty or otherwise) has been paid.
(3)  If the application is granted, the Chief Commissioner is to stamp the transfer as exempt from the payment of duty.
s 102: Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [9].
103   Reassessment of duty if undertaking not met
If a requirement of an undertaking from a transferee is not met, the Chief Commissioner may reassess the duty payable on the transfer as if this Division does not apply.
104   Application of scheme to company titles
This Division applies to the transfer of shares in a private company or units in a private unit trust scheme, the ownership of which entitles the owner to the exclusive possession, or substantially exclusive possession, of a dwelling in a building containing more than one separate dwelling, in the same way as it applies to a transfer of land, with such modifications as may be necessary.
Chapter 3 Certain transactions treated as transfers
Part 1 Preliminary
ch 3, pt 1: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1].
105   Introduction and overview
This Chapter charges duty at the same rate as for a transfer of dutiable property under Chapter 2 on certain transactions which are not “dutiable transactions” under Chapter 2.
s 105: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Am 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [2].
Part 2 Transactions involving put and call options
ch 3, pt 2: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [14].
ch 3, pt 2, div 1: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
ch 3, pt 2 div 2: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
106   Definitions
In this Part:
assign or assignment includes transfer, and a reference to the assignment of a right under a call option includes a reference to a transfer of the call option.
call option means a right to require a person to sell dutiable property that is conferred by an agreement or arrangement (being an agreement or arrangement that is not a dutiable transaction).
put option means a right to require a person to purchase dutiable property that is conferred by an agreement or arrangement (being an agreement or arrangement that is not a dutiable transaction).
s 106: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [14]. Am 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [6] [7].
107   Assignment of rights under call option dutiable as transfer
(1)  If a person (A) assigns his or her right under a call option to require another person (B) to sell dutiable property, so that the option is exercisable by a third person (C), duty under Chapter 2 is chargeable on that assignment as if the assignment were a transfer of the dutiable property concerned.
(2)  For the purposes of this section, if A enters into an agreement or arrangement under which A, for valuable consideration, relinquishes his or her right under a call option to require B to sell dutiable property and a call option to require B to sell the dutiable property is granted to C, A is to be treated as having assigned his or her right under the call option to C.
(3)  An assignment is chargeable with duty as a consequence of this Part only if the person who may be required under the call option to sell the dutiable property (that is, B) has a right under a put option to require A, an associated person of A or, following the assignment of a right under the call option, C to purchase the dutiable property.
(4)  If the assignment is chargeable with duty, Chapter 2 applies in respect of the assignment in the same way as it applies to other transfers of dutiable property, and a reference in this Act to a dutiable transaction includes such an assignment, subject to this Part.
(5)  For the purpose of Chapter 2, the transfer of dutiable property is taken to occur when the assignment is made.
(6)  This section applies regardless of when the call option or put option is exercisable.
(7)  An assignment of a right under a call option to purchase dutiable property, as referred to in subsection (1) or (2), is referred to in this Part as a call option assignment.
s 107: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [8]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [14]. Am 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [8] [9].
108   Person liable to pay duty
(1)  The duty chargeable on a call option assignment is payable by the person who assigns his or her right under the call option to require another person to sell dutiable property (the option holder).
(2)  Accordingly, the option holder is taken, for the purpose of charging duty under Chapter 2, to be the transferee of the dutiable property.
(3)  The duty payable by the option holder is additional to the duty (if any) payable under Chapter 2 by a transferee on the transfer of an option to purchase land in New South Wales.
(4)  However, the duty payable by the option holder as a consequence of this Part is to be reduced by the amount of duty (if any) paid by the option holder under Chapter 2 on the transfer of the call option to the option holder.
(5)  The duty payable by the option holder on a call option assignment as a consequence of this Part is referred to as call option assignment duty.
Note—
The following is an example of how this Part operates:
B grants A a call option that confers a right on A (or any assignee of A) to require B to sell land. A also grants B a put option that confers on B a right to require A (or any assignee of A) to purchase the land from B. No duty is payable at this point.
A then transfers the call option to C. Duty is payable as follows:
(a)  A (as the option holder) must pay call option assignment duty, as a consequence of this Part, as if the transfer of the option were a transfer of the land. Duty is payable on the dutiable value of the land (determined as provided for by this Part),
(b)  C (as the transferee of the option) must pay duty under Chapter 2 on the transfer of the option. Duty is payable on the dutiable value of the option (determined as provided for by Chapter 2).
C then transfers the option to D. C (as the option holder) is required to pay call option assignment duty as if the option were a transfer of the land. However, in this case C will receive a credit for the duty paid by C on the transfer of the option to C. D (as the transferee of the option) is required to pay duty under Chapter 2 on the transfer.
s 108: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [17]; 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [4]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Am 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [14]. Am 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [10] [11].
109   Determination of dutiable value of transfer
For the purposes of Chapter 2, the dutiable value of dutiable property that is subject to a call option assignment is taken to be the greater of:
(a)  the sum of the consideration for the assignment of the right under the call option and the consideration payable in the event that the call option is exercised (being in either case the amount of monetary consideration or the value of non-monetary consideration), and
(b)  the unencumbered value of the dutiable property.
s 109: Am 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [8]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Am 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [2]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [14].
110   Stamping or endorsement of transactions
(1)  If an instrument that effects or evidences a transfer of an option to purchase land in New South Wales also effects or evidences a call option assignment, and it is stamped under this Act to indicate payment of duty, it must be stamped in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner to indicate the type of duty (that is, purchaser duty or call option assignment duty) that has been paid.
(2)  If an instrument that effects or evidences a transfer of an option to purchase land in New South Wales also effects or evidences a call option assignment, and it is endorsed under this Act to indicate payment of duty, it must be endorsed in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner to indicate the type of duty (that is, purchaser duty or call option assignment duty) that has been paid.
(3)  An instrument that effects or evidences a transfer of an option to purchase land in New South Wales and a call option assignment is not duly stamped unless it is stamped or endorsed in accordance with this section.
(4)  In this section:
purchaser duty means the duty (if any) payable under Chapter 2 by a transferee on the transfer of an option to purchase land in New South Wales.
s 110: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [14].
111   Exemptions
(1)  No duty is chargeable as a consequence of this Part on a call option assignment if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the call option and put option were granted by the parties concerned for the sole purpose of obtaining finance, or
(aa)  the call option is assigned to a body established solely for the purpose of raising funds in relation to an investment scheme promoted by the person who assigns the call option, or
(b)  the call option and the put option form part of a scheme of call options and put options granted by proprietors of a business that:
(i)  were granted for the sole purpose of facilitating the continuation of the business by one or more of the proprietors (the continuing proprietors), and
(ii)  are not exercisable except on the occurrence of a specified event that would cause the continuing proprietors to seek to acquire the interest of one or more of the other proprietors of the business, or
(c)  the dutiable property the subject of the call option is land and the call option is assigned by a person authorised to contract to do residential building work under the Home Building Act 1989 who:
(i)  has built or is building residential premises on the land for the purposes of sale, or
(ii)  has an agreement with the person to whom the call option is assigned to build residential premises on the land, or
(d)  the call option is assigned by a corporation that is a member of a group of corporations to another corporation that is a member of the same group.
(2)  This section does not affect the duty payable under Chapter 2 (if any) by the transferee on a transfer of an option to purchase land in New South Wales.
(2A)  For the purposes of this section, corporations are members of the same group of corporations if:
(a)  one corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of the other corporation (that is, the other corporation holds, otherwise than as trustee, not less than 90% of the issued share capital of the first corporation and is in a position to control not less than 50% of the maximum number of votes that might be cast at a general meeting of the first corporation), or
(b)  the corporations are wholly owned subsidiaries (within the meaning of paragraph (a)) of the same corporation.
(2B)  If a corporation that is a wholly owned subsidiary (within the meaning of subsection (2A) (a)) of another corporation (the parent corporation) holds shares, otherwise than as trustee, in a third corporation, then, for the purposes of determining whether the parent corporation and the third corporation are members of the same group of corporations, the shares held by the wholly owned subsidiary in the third corporation are taken also to be shares held by the parent corporation in the third corporation.
Note—
The effect of subsection (2B) is that the third corporation will be considered to be a wholly owned subsidiary of the parent corporation if the shareholdings of the parent corporation in the third corporation (if any) together with the shareholdings of any wholly owned subsidiary in the third corporation are sufficient to satisfy subsection (2A) (a).
(3)  In this section:
proprietor of a business means:
(a)  in the case of a business carried on by a partnership, a partner, or
(b)  in the case of a business carried on by a company, a shareholder, or
(c)  in the case of a business carried on by a unit trust scheme, a unit holder, or
(d)  in any other case, a person the Chief Commissioner determines to be a proprietor of the business.
s 111: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Am 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [3]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [14]. Am 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [6]; 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [12] [13].
112–123   (Repealed)
s 112: Am 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [13] [14]; 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [4] [5]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
ch 3, pt 2, div 3: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 113: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 114: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [9] [10]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Am 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [4]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 115: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [11]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 116: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 117: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 118: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [18]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [12]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
ch 3, pt 2, div 4: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 119: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [19]; 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [5] [6]; 1999 No 4, Sch 2.9 [8]–[14]; 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [9] [10]; 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [9]–[13]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Am 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [5]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 120: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 121: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 122: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [20]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 122A: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [6]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
s 123: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [21]. Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3].
Part 3 Entitlements arising from capital reductions or rights alterations
124   Abolition of duty charged by this Part—effective 1 January 2009
(1)  The duty charged by this Part is abolished on and from 1 January 2009.
(2)  The duty charged by this Part remains chargeable on a dutiable entitlement that is acquired before 1 January 2009.
s 124: Subst 2003 No 79, Sch 1 [1]. Rep 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [3]. Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [15].
125   Definitions
(1)  In this Part:
capital reduction means:
(a)  the redemption, surrender or cancellation of a share (including cancellation as part of a buy-back of shares in accordance with Division 2 of Part 2J.1 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth), or
(b)  a reduction in the paid up value of a share.
company means a NSW company that is:
(a)  a public company within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth, and
(b)  not listed on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange.
dutiable entitlement means a voting share entitlement in respect of whose acquisition a statement is required, under section 129, to be lodged.
person includes persons who are associated persons.
Note—
Associated person is defined in the Dictionary.
rights alteration, in relation to voting shares, means a variation, abrogation or alteration of rights relating to the shares.
voting shares has the same meaning as in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
(2)  For the purposes of this Part, if voting shares acquired by associated persons severally do not, but taken in the aggregate would, confer an entitlement to which this Part applies, the voting shares acquired by the associated persons are taken to be aggregated and are taken to confer the entitlement on the associated person who last acquired any of those voting shares.
(3)  If, by subsection (2), an entitlement to voting shares is taken to exist as the aggregate of voting shares of associated persons, the associated persons are jointly and severally liable for payment of the duty chargeable on the statement required to be lodged under this Part.
(4)  Voting shares are not to be aggregated in accordance with subsection (2) if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the associated persons concerned acquired their several shares independently and for no common purpose.
s 125: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [22]; 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [21] (am 2001 No 34, Sch 4.25); 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [11]–[13].
126   When does a liability for duty arise?
A liability for duty charged by this Part arises when a dutiable entitlement is acquired.
127   When must duty be paid?
A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if duty is paid within 3 months after the liability to pay the duty arises.
128   Who is liable to pay the duty?
(1)  Duty chargeable under this Part is payable by the person who acquires a dutiable entitlement.
(2)  If the dutiable entitlement results from an aggregation of the voting share entitlements of associated persons, the associated persons are jointly and severally liable for payment of the duty.
129   Entitlement to voting shares arising from capital reduction or rights alteration
(1)  If:
(a)  a person becomes entitled to at least 50% of the voting shares of a company by means of capital reduction or rights alteration, or both, or
(b)  a person who is entitled to at least 50% of the voting shares of a company becomes entitled to at least 10% more of the voting shares over a period of not more than 12 months by means of capital reduction or rights alteration, or both,
the person must lodge a statement with the Chief Commissioner in respect of the entitlement.
(2)  The statement must be lodged within 3 months after the entitlement arises.
130   Form of statement
The statement required to be lodged under this Part by a person is to be in an approved form and is to contain the following information:
(a)  the name and address of the person,
(b)  the name of the company,
(c)  the date on which each relevant capital reduction or rights alteration, or both, occurred,
(d)  if the person’s entitlement has arisen:
(i)  from capital reduction—the total of the unencumbered value, immediately prior to each relevant capital reduction, of the shares the subject of the capital reduction, or
(ii)  from rights alteration—the total of the unencumbered value, immediately prior to each relevant rights alteration, of the shares the subject of the rights alteration, or
(iii)  from capital reduction and rights alteration—the aggregate of the totals under subparagraphs (i) and (ii),
(e)  the total consideration paid to the person in relation to all relevant capital reductions or rights alterations, or both,
(f)  such other information as may be required by the Chief Commissioner.
s 130: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [5].
131   Assessment of duty
A statement required to be lodged under this Part by a person is chargeable with duty of 60 cents for every $100, or part, of the higher of:
(a)  the total or aggregate obtained under section 130 (d), and
(b)  the total obtained under section 130 (e).
s 131: Subst 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [22].
Part 4 Acquisition of land use entitlements by allotment of shares or issue of units
132   When does a liability for duty arise?
A liability for duty charged by this Part arises when a land use entitlement is acquired by an allotment of shares or an issue of units to any person otherwise than in circumstances to which Part 5 applies.
s 132: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [22].
133   When must duty be paid?
A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if duty is paid within 3 months after the liability to pay the duty arises.
134   Who is liable to pay the duty?
Duty chargeable under this Part is payable by the person who acquires the land use entitlement.
135   Acquisition of land use entitlement
(1)  A person who acquires a land use entitlement by an allotment of shares or an issue of units must lodge a statement (an acquisition statement) with the Chief Commissioner in respect of the entitlement.
(2)  The statement must be lodged within 3 months after the entitlement is so acquired.
136   Form of statement
An acquisition statement required to be lodged by a person is to be in an approved form and is to contain the following information:
(a)  the name and address of the person,
(b)  the name of the relevant company or unit trust,
(c)  the date on which the land use entitlement was acquired,
(d)  the consideration paid by the person for the relevant shares or units,
(e)  such other information as may be required by the Chief Commissioner.
s 136: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [5].
137   Assessment of duty
The share allotment or unit issue by which a person acquires a land use entitlement is chargeable with duty at the general rate of duty set out in section 32 on the dutiable value of the land use entitlement.
Part 5 Allotment of shares by direction
137A   Abolition of duty charged by this Part—effective 1 January 2009
(1)  The duty charged by this Part is abolished on and from 1 January 2009.
(2)  The duty charged by this Part remains chargeable on an allotment of shares referred to in section 138 that occurs before 1 January 2009.
s 137A: Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [16].
138   Application of Part 5
This Part applies to an allotment of shares to any person by a NSW company that is not listed on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange at another person’s direction, in discharge of an obligation to that other person, whether that obligation arises as consideration for the purchase of property by the company or otherwise.
s 138: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [23].
139   When does a liability for duty arise?
A liability for duty charged by this Part arises when the relevant shares are allotted.
140   When must duty be paid?
A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if duty is paid within 3 months after the liability to pay the duty arises.
141   Who is liable to pay the duty?
Duty chargeable under this Part is payable by the person to whom the relevant shares are allotted.
142   Acquisition of shares by allotment
(1)  A person to whom any shares are allotted in an allotment to which this Part applies must lodge a statement (an allotment statement) with the Chief Commissioner in respect of the allotment.
(2)  The statement must be lodged within 3 months after the shares are allotted.
s 142: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [7].
143   Allotment statement
An allotment statement required to be lodged by a person is to be in an approved form and is to contain the following information:
(a)  the name and address of the person,
(b)  the name of the relevant company,
(c)  the date on which the shares were allotted to the person,
(d)  such other information as may be required by the Chief Commissioner.
s 143: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [5].
144   Assessment of duty
An allotment to which this Part applies is chargeable with duty at the rate of duty set out in section 33 in respect of a transfer of marketable securities on the dutiable value of the shares.
Chapter 4 Transactions concerning land-related property—vendor duty
Note—
This Chapter charges duty (known as vendor duty) on certain transactions. Vendor duty was introduced in 2004 and applied to certain transactions occurring on or after 1 June 2004 (see clause 40 of Schedule 1). Vendor duty was abolished on and from 2 August 2005. Accordingly, vendor duty remains chargeable only on certain transactions that occurred before that abolition date.
ch 4: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
ch 4, note: Ins 2005 No 66, Sch 1 [1].
Part 1 Introduction and overview
ch 4, pt 1: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
145   Introduction
(1)  This Chapter charges duty on certain dutiable transactions in respect of land-related property.
(1A)  The duty charged by this Chapter is abolished on and from 2 August 2005. However, the duty remains chargeable on certain dutiable transactions that occurred before 2 August 2005.
(2)  The duty charged by this Chapter is additional to any duty charged by Chapter 2.
(3)  The duty charged by this Chapter is referred to as vendor duty.
s 145: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [23]; 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [8]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [23] [24]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [17]–[20]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2005 No 66, Sch 1 [2].
146   Transactions on which vendor duty is charged
(1)  Vendor duty is chargeable on the following:
(a)  a transfer of land-related property that occurs before 2 August 2005,
(b)  the following transactions, but only if the transaction occurs before 2 August 2005:
(i)  an agreement for the sale or transfer of land-related property,
(ii)  a declaration of trust over land-related property.
(2)  Such a transfer or transaction is a vendor duty transaction for the purposes of this Act.
Note—
The above listed transfers and transactions are all also dutiable transactions under Chapter 2 (see section 8). Generally speaking, the purchaser is liable to pay duty on those transactions under Chapter 2. If the dutiable property to which the transaction relates is land-related property (see section 149 for definition), then the vendor or transferor is also liable to pay duty in respect of the transaction under this Chapter.
(3)  In this Chapter:
declaration of trust has the same meaning as in Chapter 2.
transfer has the same meaning as in Chapter 2.
Note—
See section 8 for definitions of the above expressions.
s 146: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [24]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2005 No 66, Sch 1 [3] [4].
147   Imposition of vendor duty on transactions that are not transfers
(1)  The duty charged by this Chapter on a vendor duty transaction referred to in section 146 (1) (b) is to be charged as if each such vendor duty transaction were a transfer of land-related property.
(2)  Accordingly, for the purpose of charging duty under this Chapter, in relation to a vendor duty transaction specified in Column 1 of the following Table:
(a)  the property specified opposite the vendor duty transaction in Column 2 is taken to be the land-related property transferred (and a reference in this Act to land-related property transferred includes a reference to such property), and
(b)  the person specified opposite the vendor duty transaction in Column 3 is taken to be the vendor of the land-related property (and a reference in this Act to a vendor includes a reference to such a person), and
(c)  the transfer of the land-related property is taken to have occurred at the time specified opposite the vendor duty transaction in Column 4 (and a reference in this Act to the time at which a transfer occurs includes a reference to such a time).
Table
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Column 4
Vendor duty transaction
Property transferred
Vendor
When transfer occurs
agreement for sale or transfer
the land-related property agreed to be sold or transferred
the vendor or transferor
when the agreement is entered into
declaration of trust
the land-related property vested or to be vested in the declarant
the person declaring the trust
when the declaration is made
s 147: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [21]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
148   What form must a vendor duty transaction take?
It is immaterial whether or not a vendor duty transaction is effected by a written instrument or by any other means, including electronic means.
s 148: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [22]–[24]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
149   What is “land-related property”?
Land-related property is any of the following:
(a)  land in New South Wales,
(b)  a land use entitlement,
(c)  an interest in any land-related property referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), except to the extent that:
(i)  it arises as a consequence of the ownership of a unit in a unit trust scheme and is not a land use entitlement, or
(ii)  it is, or is attributable to, an option over land-related property.
s 149: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [25] [26]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [25]; 1999 No 42, Sch 3.5 [2]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
150   When does a liability for vendor duty arise?
(1)  A liability for vendor duty arises when a transfer of land-related property occurs.
(2)  However, if a transfer of land-related property is effected by a written instrument, liability for vendor duty arises when the instrument is first executed.
s 150: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
151   Who is liable to pay vendor duty?
(1)  The person liable to pay vendor duty is the vendor or transferor, unless this Chapter requires another person to pay the duty.
(2)  A reference in this Act to the vendor, in relation to a vendor duty transaction, includes a reference to the transferor.
s 151: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [25]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
s 151A: Ins 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [27]. Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [26]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24].
152   The liability of joint tenants
For the purpose of assessing vendor duty, joint tenants of land-related property are taken to hold the property as tenants in common in equal shares.
s 152: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [28]–[31]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [26]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
153   When must vendor duty be paid?
(1)  A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if vendor duty is paid within the lodgment period for vendor duty.
(2)  For the purposes of this Chapter, the lodgment period for vendor duty is:
(a)  in the case of an agreement for sale or transfer of land-related property for consideration, and any transfer in completion of such an agreement, the period commencing when the liability for vendor duty first arises and ending on the settlement of the agreement or transfer, and
(b)  in any other case, the period commencing when a liability for vendor duty first arises and ending 3 months after the liability for vendor duty first arises.
s 153: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [27]–[29]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
s 153A: Ins 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [30]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24].
154   Necessity for written instrument or written statement
(1)  If a vendor duty transaction that is liable to ad valorem duty under this Chapter is not effected by a written instrument, the vendor must make a written statement in an approved form.
(2)  The written statement must be made before the end of the lodgment period for vendor duty.
(3)  If a vendor duty transaction is completed or evidenced by a written instrument before the end of the lodgment period for vendor duty, the requirement to lodge a statement and pay duty in respect of the statement may be satisfied by the lodgment of and payment of duty on the written instrument before the end of that lodgment period.
s 154: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
155   Lodging written instrument or written statement with Chief Commissioner
A vendor who is liable to pay vendor duty in respect of a vendor duty transaction must, within the lodgment period for vendor duty, lodge with the Chief Commissioner:
(a)  the written instrument that effects the vendor duty transaction or, if there is more than one such written instrument, each one of them, or
(b)  the written statement made in compliance with section 154.
s 155: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [32] [33]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [31]–[33]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
156   No double duty
(1)  If a vendor duty transaction is effected by more than one instrument, one instrument is to be stamped with the vendor duty payable on the dutiable transaction and each other instrument is not chargeable with vendor duty.
Note—
Instrument includes a written statement.
(2)  Vendor duty is not chargeable in respect of a transfer of land-related property made in conformity with an agreement for the sale or transfer of the land-related property if the vendor duty chargeable in respect of the agreement has been paid.
Note—
Part 6 requires an instrument that effects a vendor duty transaction that is not chargeable with duty under this section to be stamped in a manner that indicates it is not chargeable with duty.
s 156: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
157   What is the rate of vendor duty?
Vendor duty is charged on the dutiable value of the land-related property subject to the dutiable transaction at the relevant rate set out in Part 3.
s 157: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [34]; 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [15]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [34] [35]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Part 2 Dutiable value
ch 4, pt 2: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
158   What is the “dutiable value” of land-related property?
(1)  Part 2 of Chapter 2 applies, subject to this Part and to any other necessary modifications, in respect of vendor duty transactions and vendor duty in the same way as it applies in respect of dutiable transactions and the duty chargeable under Chapter 2.
(2)  For the purposes of this Chapter, references in Part 2 of Chapter 2 are to be read as follows:
(a)  a reference to a dutiable transaction is to be read as a reference to a vendor duty transaction,
(b)  a reference to dutiable property is to be read as a reference to land-related property,
(c)  a reference to duty chargeable under Chapter 2 is to be read as a reference to vendor duty,
(d)  a reference to a transferee (except in sections 22 and 23) is to be read as a reference to a vendor,
(e)  a reference to ad valorem duty is to be read as a reference to ad valorem vendor duty,
(f)  a reference to a particular provision of that Chapter is to be read as a reference to the corresponding provision of this Chapter.
(3)  For the purpose of determining under this Chapter the dutiable value of land-related property that is subject to a vendor duty transaction:
(a)  if the monetary consideration expressed to be paid or payable by the purchaser under the vendor duty transaction includes an amount payable for GST, any part of the amount payable for GST that exceeds 10% of the monetary consideration (exclusive of amounts payable for GST or vendor duty) is to be disregarded, and
(b)  if the monetary consideration expressed to be paid or payable by the purchaser under the vendor duty transaction includes an amount payable to discharge the vendor’s liability for vendor duty, any part of the amount payable to discharge that liability that exceeds 2.25% of the monetary consideration (exclusive of an amount payable for vendor duty) is to be disregarded.
Note—
As both vendor duty and GST are calculated by reference to the total consideration payable in respect of a transaction, subsection (3) is intended to prevent a cascading effect that is produced if the amount payable for the 2 taxes is added to the consideration payable and each tax then increases by reference to the other.
(4)  Section 25 does not apply in respect of vendor duty transactions.
s 158: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [36] [37]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [6]; 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [4].
159   Apportionment—land-related property and other property
If a dutiable transaction relates to land-related property and other property (whether or not dutiable property) that is not land-related property, it is chargeable with vendor duty only to the extent that is relates to land-related property.
s 159: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [38]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Part 3 Rate of vendor duty
ch 4, pt 3: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
160   General rate
(1)  The rate of vendor duty chargeable on a vendor duty transaction is 2.25% of the dutiable value of the land-related property.
(2)  This rate applies unless other provision is made by this Chapter.
s 160: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [39] [40]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Part 4 Cancelled agreements and transfers
ch 4, pt 4: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
161   Cancelled agreements
(1)  An agreement for sale or transfer is not liable to vendor duty under this Chapter if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the agreement has been cancelled, and
(b)  the agreement was not cancelled to avoid liability for vendor duty by means of a subsequent agreement to transfer (or by means of a transfer of) the same land-related property to the transferee or to any associated person of the transferee on or after 2 August 2005.
(2)  If vendor duty has been paid on an agreement that is not liable to vendor duty under this Chapter because of this section, the Chief Commissioner must reassess and refund the duty if an application for a refund is made within:
(a)  5 years after the initial assessment, or
(b)  12 months after the agreement is cancelled,
whichever is the later.
(3)  In this section:
cancelled means rescinded, annulled or otherwise terminated without completion.
s 161: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [41]–[43]. Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Subst 2005 No 66, Sch 1 [5].
162   Cancelled transfers
(1)  A transfer of land-related property that is effected by a written instrument is not liable to vendor duty under this Chapter if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the transfer instrument has been cancelled or abandoned, and
(b)  the transfer instrument was not cancelled or abandoned to avoid liability for vendor duty by means of a subsequent transfer of the same land-related property to the transferee or to any associated person of the transferee on or after 2 August 2005.
(2)  If vendor duty has been paid on a transfer of land-related property that is not liable to vendor duty under this Chapter because of this section, the Chief Commissioner must reassess and refund the duty if an application for a refund is made within 5 years of the initial assessment.
s 162: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2005 No 66, Sch 1 [6].
Part 5 Vendor duty exemptions and concessions
ch 4, pt 5: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [24]. Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Division 1 Principal place of residence exemption
ch 4, pt 5, div 1: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162A   Definitions
(1)  In this Division:
flat means a room or suite of rooms (whether or not forming part of a building or a detached building):
(a)  occupied or used as a separate dwelling, or
(b)  so constructed, designed or adapted as to be capable of being occupied or used as a separate dwelling,
but does not include a single dwelling, a strata lot or a dwelling, or portion of a building, that is occupied under a land use entitlement.
single dwelling means a house:
(a)  occupied or used as a separate dwelling, or
(b)  so constructed, designed or adapted as to be capable of being occupied or used as a separate dwelling,
but does not include a strata lot or a property commonly known as a shop and dwelling.
principal place of residence of a person means the one place of residence that is, among the one or more places of residence of the person within and outside Australia, the principal place of residence of the person.
residential land—see section 162C.
(2)  For the purposes of this Division, a reference to the vendor, in relation to a vendor duty transaction, is a reference to any one or more of them.
s 162A: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162B   Principal place of residence exemption
(1)  A vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty in relation to land to which the principal place of residence exemption applies.
(2)  Subject to this Division, the principal place of residence exemption applies to land used and occupied by the vendor as the principal place of residence of the vendor, and for no other purpose, if the land:
(a)  is a parcel of residential land, or
(b)  is a strata lot, or
(c)  is assessed as if it were a strata lot under section 21A or 21B of the Land Tax Management Act 1956.
(3)  For the purpose of this Chapter, land is not used and occupied as the principal place of residence of a person unless:
(a)  the land, and no other land, has been continuously used and occupied by the person for residential purposes and for no other purposes for a period of at least 2 years ending immediately before the date on which, but for this Division, a liability for vendor duty would arise, or
(b)  the land has been used and occupied by the person for residential purposes and for no other purposes for a total period of at least 3 years in the 5 years ending immediately before the date on which, but for this Division, a liability for vendor duty would arise and during those 3 years no other land was used and occupied by the person for residential purposes, or
(c)  if the vendor became an owner of the land (or the land use entitlement to which the land is subject) less than 2 years before the date on which, but for this Division, a liability for vendor duty would arise, the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the land, and no other land, has been continuously used and occupied by the person for residential purposes and for no other purposes since the vendor became an owner of the land (or land use entitlement).
(4), (5)    (Repealed)
s 162B: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [7]; 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [5] [6].
162C   Residential land—meaning
(1)  In this Division, residential land means land that is used and occupied for residential purposes and for no other purpose, that use and occupation being use and occupation of a building or buildings designed, constructed or adapted for residential purposes, other than a building or buildings:
(a)  comprised of lots within a strata plan or residential units, or
(b)  containing (out of the total of all rooms in the building or buildings) occupancies other than that of the vendor, or
(c)  from any part of which income is derived.
(2)  Land does not cease to be used and occupied as provided by subsection (1) by reason of there being on that land any building or improvement that is used or occupied for a purpose ancillary to the purposes for which the building is, or the buildings are, designed, constructed or adapted.
(3)  In this section:
residential unit has the meaning given by the Land Tax Management Act 1956.
Note—
Schedule 2 allows one residential occupancy to be disregarded in applying the principal place of residence exemption. It also allows the use of land for purposes ancillary to a business conducted at a different place to be disregarded in certain circumstances.
s 162C: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162D   Occupier must be natural person with significant interest in the land
(1)  The principal place of residence exemption does not apply to the use or occupation of land owned solely by one person unless the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the land is used and occupied as a principal place of residence by that person and that the person is a natural person.
(2)  The principal place of residence exemption does not apply to the use or occupation of land owned by 2 or more persons unless the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the land is used and occupied as the principal place of residence by one or more owners of the land (an occupying owner), and
(b)  the occupying owner or occupying owners are natural persons, and
(c)  at least one of the occupying owners has a significant interest in the land or the occupying owners together have a significant interest in the land.
(3)  If land to which a vendor duty transaction relates is owned by 2 or more persons at least one of whom is an occupying owner, and the vendor in relation to the transaction is not an occupying owner, the vendor is entitled to be taken, for the purpose of the principal place of residence exemption, to use and occupy the land as a principal place of residence but only if the principal place of residence exemption would apply if the occupying owner or owners were the vendor in relation to the transaction.
Note—
Subsection (3) extends the principal place of residence exemption to a part owner of land (including a corporate part owner) who does not actually use and occupy the land as a principal place of residence, but only if the land is used and occupied as a principal place of residence by one or more of the other owners of the land, being natural persons who have a significant interest in the land.
(4)  For the purpose of this section, a significant interest in land is an ownership share, or combined ownership share, in the land of 50% or more.
(5)  If land is the subject of a land use entitlement, a reference in this section to the owner or the ownership of the land includes a reference to the owner or the ownership of the land use entitlement.
s 162D: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Rep 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [8]. Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [7].
162DA   Trustees
The principal place of residence exemption does not apply to land if the person using and occupying the land as a principal place of residence is an owner of the land by reason of being a trustee.
s 162DA: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [7].
162DB   Only one principal place of residence for all members of same family
(1)  For the purposes of the principal place of residence exemption, only one place of residence may be treated as the principal place of residence of all members of the same family.
(2)  Accordingly, a vendor is not entitled to claim the principal place of residence exemption in respect of a period of use and occupation of land if any member of the vendor’s family has been granted the principal place of residence exemption in respect of that same period in relation to other land.
(3)  However, a vendor is not prevented from claiming the principal place of residence exemption in respect of land that the vendor started to use and occupy as a principal place of residence before the vendor had a spouse because the spouse has already been granted the principal place of residence exemption in relation to other land that the spouse started to use and occupy as a principal place of residence before the marriage or de facto relationship.
(4)  For the purposes of this section, a family consists of the following:
(a)  a person and his or her spouse (if any),
(b)  any dependent child or dependent step-child of the person and his or her spouse (or of either of them) who ordinarily resides with the person or his or her spouse.
(5)  A person is the spouse of another person if:
(a)  they are legally married, or
(b)  they are living together as a couple in a de facto relationship.
(6)  However, if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that a person:
(a)  is legally married to another person but not cohabiting with that other person, and
(b)  has no intention of resuming cohabitation with that other person,
the person is not to be regarded as the spouse of that other person and if a dependent child or dependent step-child of the person has a joint interest in the principal place of residence of the spouse, that interest is to be disregarded.
(7)  A person who is the child or step-child of another person is a dependent child or a dependent step-child if the person is under 18 years of age and is not legally married.
s 162DB: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [7].
162E   Other restrictions and concessions in applying exemption
Schedule 2 has effect.
ss 162E–162G: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162F   Calculation of duty
If a vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty in relation to land as a consequence of this Division, no vendor duty is chargeable on the land-related property transferred that:
(a)  is the land to which the principal place of residence exemption applies, or
(b)  is a land use entitlement in respect of the land to which the principal place of residence exemption applies, or
(c)  is an interest in land referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).
ss 162E–162G: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162G   Apportionment for land partly used as a principal place of residence
(1)  This section applies in respect of land to which a vendor duty transaction relates if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the land is used and occupied by the vendor as the principal place of residence of the vendor, and
(b)  the principal place of residence exemption under this Act would apply in respect of the land, had the land not been used for purposes other than residential purposes.
(2)  For the purpose of charging vendor duty, the dutiable value of land-related property transferred by the vendor duty transaction (being land to which this section applies, a land use entitlement in respect of land to which this section applies or an interest in land to which this section applies) is to be reduced by the exempt proportion for the land.
(3)  The exempt proportion for the land is:
(a)  if the dwelling used and occupied by the vendor as a principal place of residence is a single dwelling—the proportion determined by deducting the apportionment factor from 1, or
(b)  if the dwelling used and occupied by the vendor as a principal place of residence is a flat—the proportion determined in accordance with the following formula:
 
(c)  in any other case—such proportion as the Chief Commissioner considers fair and reasonable in the particular case.
(4)  For the purpose of subsection (3) (a) and (b), the apportionment factor is:
(a)  if there is an apportionment factor entered in the Register of Land Values in respect of the land value of the land under Division 5 or 5A of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916—that apportionment factor (expressed as a fraction), or
(b)  if paragraph (a) is not applicable—such other apportionment factor as the Chief Commissioner considers fair and reasonable in the circumstances, subject to subsections (5) and (6).
(5)  If the land concerned is mixed development land or mixed use land and there is no apportionment factor entered in the Register of Land Values in respect of the land value of the land under the Valuation of Land Act 1916, the Chief Commissioner may request the Valuer-General to determine the apportionment factor in respect of the land concerned.
(6)  If a request is made under subsection (5):
(a)  the Valuer-General must determine the apportionment factor concerned and enter it in the Register of Land Values under the Valuation of Land Act 1916, and
(b)  that apportionment factor is to be applied in respect of the land.
Note—
Divisions 5 and 5A of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916 allow objections to be made against the amount of an apportionment factor.
(7)  For the purpose of applying this section in respect of land on which there is a residential occupancy other than that of the vendor, the use of the land for the purpose of that other residential occupancy may be disregarded if that residential occupancy is an excluded residential occupancy under Schedule 2.
(8)  In this section:
mixed development land has the same meaning as in Division 5 of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916.
mixed use land has the same meaning as in Division 5A of Part 1B of the Valuation of Land Act 1916.
ss 162E–162G: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Division 2 Exemption for farms
ch 4, pt 5, div 2 (s 162H): Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162H   Exemption for farms
(1)  A vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty in relation to land to which the farm exemption applies.
(2)  The farm exemption applies to land used for primary production in the course of carrying on a business of primary production:
(a)  for a continuous period of at least 2 years ending immediately before the date on which, but for this Division, a liability for vendor duty would arise, or
(b)  for a total period of at least 3 years in the 5 years ending immediately before the date on which, but for this Division, a liability for vendor duty would arise, or
(c)  in any other case, for such other period as the Chief Commissioner may allow.
(3)  If a vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty in relation to land as a consequence of this Division, no vendor duty is chargeable on the land-related property transferred that:
(a)  is the land to which the farm exemption applies, or
(b)  is a land use entitlement in respect of the land to which the farm exemption applies, or
(c)  is an interest in land referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).
ch 4, pt 5, div 2 (s 162H): Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Division 3 Exemptions and concessions where sale price does not significantly exceed purchase price
ch 4, pt 5, div 3: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162I   Exemption for land-related property sold at a loss
A vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty in relation to land-related property if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied the dutiable value of the land-related property on the transfer date does not exceed the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date.
ss 162I–162K: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162J   Exemption for land-related property sold for increased price of less than 12 per cent
A vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty in relation to land-related property if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the dutiable value of the land-related property on the transfer date exceeds the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date by not more than 12 per cent of the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date.
ss 162I–162K: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162K   Concession for increases between 12 and 15 per cent
(1)  This section applies in respect of a vendor duty transaction relating to land-related property if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the dutiable value of the land-related property on the transfer date exceeds the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date by more than 12 per cent, but not more than 15 per cent, of the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date.
(2)  If this section applies, the vendor duty payable in relation to the vendor duty transaction is to be discounted in accordance with the following table:
Increase in dutiable value of land-related property (expressed as % of dutiable value on vendor acquisition date)
Discount on duty
More than 12% but not more than 13%
75%
More than 13% but not more than 14%
50%
More than 14% but not more than 15%
25%
ss 162I–162K: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162L   What is the transfer date?
For the purposes of this Division, the transfer date, in relation to a vendor duty transaction, is the date on which a liability for vendor duty arises or would, but for this Division, arise.
s 162L: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [8].
162M   What is the vendor acquisition date?
(1)  For the purposes of this Division, the vendor acquisition date, in relation to a vendor duty transaction, is the date on which the vendor acquired the land-related property.
(2)  If a vendor acquired a beneficial interest in land-related property before acquiring a legal interest in the property, the vendor is taken to have acquired the land-related property when the vendor acquired the beneficial interest in the land-related property.
Note—
See also section 162OA, which deals with other situations in which interests in land-related property are acquired on separate occasions.
(3)  If the property was acquired by the vendor by means of a dutiable transaction (within the meaning of Chapter 2), the vendor acquisition date is the date on which the transfer of dutiable property occurred or is taken to have occurred under Chapter 2, subject to this section.
Note—
See section 9 for an explanation of when some transfers of dutiable property are taken to have occurred.
(4)  The following are examples of how this section operates:
(a)  A vendor acquired a beneficial interest in land-related property by entering into an agreement for sale or transfer of the land-related property as purchaser or transferee, and subsequently acquired the legal interest in the land-related property by transfer. The vendor is taken to have acquired the land-related property on the date the agreement for sale or transfer was entered into.
(b)  A vendor acquired a beneficial interest in land-related property under a trust, and subsequently acquired the legal interest in the land-related property when the trust property was transferred to the vendor. The vendor is taken to have acquired the land-related property on the date the vendor acquired the beneficial interest under the trust.
(5)  However, if the vendor acquired the land-related property as the legal personal representative of a deceased person, as a beneficiary under a will of a deceased person or as a result of the intestacy of a deceased person, the vendor acquisition date is taken to be the date on which the deceased person acquired the land-related property. A reference in this Division to the vendor, in relation to the acquisition of such land-related property, is to be read as a reference to the deceased person.
(6)  If the land-related property the subject of a vendor duty transaction is held by the vendor subject to a trust and the vendor acquired the property by means of a dutiable transaction that was not chargeable with ad valorem duty:
(a)  the vendor acquisition date is taken to be the most recent date (before that dutiable transaction occurred) on which another dutiable transaction occurred that was an ad valorem duty transaction in relation to the land-related property, and
(b)  the vendor is taken, for the purposes of this Division, to have acquired the land-related property on that date.
(6A)  If the land-related property the subject of a vendor duty transaction was acquired by the vendor by means of a dutiable transaction that was not chargeable with duty under section 281:
(a)  the vendor acquisition date is taken to be the most recent date (before that dutiable transaction occurred) on which another dutiable transaction occurred that was an ad valorem duty transaction in relation to the land-related property, and
(b)  the vendor is taken, for the purposes of this Division, to have acquired the land-related property on that date.
(7)  In a case referred to in subsection (6) or (6A), if no ad valorem duty transaction has occurred, sections 162I–162K do not apply to the vendor duty transaction.
(8)  In this section:
ad valorem duty transaction, in relation to land-related property, means a dutiable transaction that was chargeable with ad valorem duty under Chapter 2 as a transfer of the land-related property.
Note—
If land-related property is the subject of a trust and a new trustee is appointed, the acquisition of the legal interest by the trustee is generally not chargeable with ad valorem duty under Chapter 2. Under subsection (6), the vendor acquisition date is taken to be the most recent date on which another dutiable transaction occurred that was chargeable with ad valorem duty under Chapter 2, not the date on which any new trustee acquired the legal interest to the property. Note that a declaration of trust over land-related property is chargeable with duty as if it were a transfer of the property under Chapter 2.
A similar rule applies under subsection (6A) if land-related property is transferred between corporations who are members of the same group. Such transfers are not chargeable with duty under section 281. In such a case, the vendor acquisition date is not the date on which the corporation acquired the land-related property, but the date the most recent ad valorem duty transaction occurred.
s 162M: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [9]. Subst 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [9]. Am 2005 No 42, Sch 1 [1] [2]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [15]–[19].
162N   Determining the dutiable value of land-related property for the purposes of this Division
(1)  The dutiable value of land-related property on the transfer date is the dutiable value of the land-related property determined in accordance with this Chapter.
(2)  The dutiable value of land-related property on the vendor acquisition date is, if the vendor acquired the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date by means of a dutiable transaction (within the meaning of Chapter 2), the dutiable value of the land-related property when it was the subject of the dutiable transaction (determined in accordance with Part 2 of Chapter 2).
(3)  In any other case, the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date is the unencumbered value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date (determined as if it were dutiable property in accordance with Part 2 of Chapter 2).
(4)  If, after the vendor acquisition date, improvements were made to land-related property, the unencumbered value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date is to be determined as if those improvements had not been made.
(5)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that GST is payable in respect of a vendor duty transaction, and that the transaction by which the vendor acquired the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date was not the subject of GST, the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date is to be increased, for the purposes of this Division only, by 10%.
(6)  If a vendor acquires land-related property and the form or description of the vendor’s title to the land-related property changes after the acquisition (for example, because of a subdivision, or the land being brought under the Real Property Act 1900), that change in the vendor’s title is to be disregarded. Accordingly, the vendor acquisition date, and the dutiable value of the land-related property at that date, are to be determined as if the vendor’s title to the land had not changed (subject to subsection (7)).
(7)  To avoid doubt, if the land-related property the subject of a vendor duty transaction is part only of the land-related property acquired by the vendor on the vendor acquisition date (for instance, because it is a smaller parcel of land than the parcel acquired on the vendor acquisition date), the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date is to be determined as if only the part of the land-related property the subject of the transaction were acquired by the vendor on the vendor acquisition date.
Note—
Section 305 allows the Chief Commissioner to require the vendor to obtain a declaration as to the value of property.
s 162N: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [10]–[12].
162O   Transactions relating to multiple items of land-related property
(1)  If a vendor duty transaction relates to more than one item of land-related property, this Division is to be applied as if each item were the subject of a separate vendor duty transaction.
(2)    (Repealed)
s 162O: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [10]; 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [13].
162OA   Transactions relating to separately acquired interests
(1)  For the purposes of this Division, if a vendor acquired separate interests in land-related property the subject of a vendor duty transaction on separate occasions, the vendor is taken to have acquired the land-related property on the earliest date on which the vendor acquired any interest in the land-related property, other than an interest that has previously been disposed of by the vendor.
(2)  However, if a vendor duty transaction is a transfer, or an agreement for sale or transfer, of the entire interest of a vendor in land-related property and the vendor acquired separate interests in the land-related property on separate occasions, the amount if any by which the dutiable value of the land-related property on the transfer date exceeds the dutiable value of the land-related property on the vendor acquisition date is, for the purposes of this Division, to be assessed and determined separately as if each of those separate interests were disposed of in separate vendor duty transactions, and duty is chargeable accordingly.
(3)  The acquisition of a beneficial interest in land-related property followed by the acquisition of a legal interest in the property (such as in the situations set out in the examples in section 162M) are not acquisitions of separate interests in land-related property for the purposes of this section.
s 162OA: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [14].
Division 4 Exemptions for new and substantially new buildings
ch 4, pt 5, div 4: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162P   Exemption for sale of new buildings
(1) Exemption for new buildings (never occupied) An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land is not chargeable with vendor duty if:
(a)  a vendor constructed building is situated on the land or, if the land is a strata lot, the strata lot is contained in a vendor constructed building, and
(b)  the vendor constructed building or, if the land is a strata lot, the strata lot has never been occupied or used for any purpose prior to the first execution of the agreement or transfer or (if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the vendor constructed building was constructed to be occupied or used for residential purposes) has never been occupied or used for residential purposes before that first execution, and
(c)  the sale or transfer is the first sale or transfer of the land since the vendor constructed building was completed.
(2) Exemption for new buildings sold within 12 months after completion An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land is not chargeable with vendor duty if:
(a)  a vendor constructed building is situated on the land or, if the land is a strata lot, the strata lot is contained in a vendor constructed building, and
(b)  the vendor constructed building or, if the land is a strata lot, the strata lot has never been occupied or used for any purpose prior to completion of the vendor constructed building, and
(c)  the agreement for the sale or transfer, or the transfer, of the land was first executed within 12 months after the vendor constructed building was completed, and
(d)  the sale or transfer is the first sale or transfer of the land since the vendor constructed building was completed.
(3) Exemption for new buildings to be constructed on subdivided lots before completion An agreement for the sale or transfer of a lot in a plan of subdivision (including an unregistered plan of subdivision) is not chargeable with vendor duty if:
(a)  one or more buildings are to be constructed, by or on behalf of the vendor, on the lot before completion of the sale or transfer, and
(b)  the sale or transfer is the first sale or transfer of the lot.
s 162P: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Subst 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [11]; 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [15].
162Q   Exemption for sale of substantially new buildings
(1) Exemption for substantially new buildings not occupied between completion and sale An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land is not chargeable with vendor duty if:
(a)  a vendor constructed building is situated on the land or, if the land is a strata lot, the strata lot is contained in a vendor constructed building, and
(b)  the vendor constructed building is a substantially new building, and
(c)  the vendor constructed building or, if the land is a strata lot, the strata lot has not been occupied or used for any purpose after the vendor constructed building was completed and prior to the first execution of the agreement or transfer, and
(d)  the sale or transfer is the first sale or transfer of the land since the vendor constructed building was completed.
(2) Exemption for substantially new buildings sold within 12 months after completion An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land is not chargeable with vendor duty if:
(a)  a vendor constructed building is situated on the land or, if the land is a strata lot, the strata lot is contained in a vendor constructed building, and
(b)  the vendor constructed building is a substantially new building, and
(c)  the agreement for the sale or transfer, or the transfer, of the land was first executed within 12 months after the vendor constructed building was completed, and
(d)  the sale or transfer is the first sale or transfer of the land since the vendor constructed building was completed.
(3)  For the purposes of this section, a building is a substantially new building if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that all parts of the building have been replaced with the exception of the following:
(a)  parts of the building (if any) that have heritage significance,
(b)  parts of the building required to be retained for structural necessity,
(c)  major plant and equipment associated with the building.
s 162Q: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Subst 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [11]; 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [15].
162QA   Vendor constructed buildings must be a significant improvement to land
This Division does not apply in respect of a vendor duty transaction unless:
(a)  the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the building or buildings constructed, or to be constructed, by or on behalf of the vendor (the exempt buildings) are a significant improvement to the parcel of land on which they are situated or to be situated, and
(b)  there are no other buildings on the parcel or, at the completion of the exempt buildings, will be no other buildings on the parcel, that are suitable for use or occupation for residential, commercial or other purposes, other than heritage buildings.
s 162QA: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [15].
162QB   Definitions
(1)  In this Division:
vendor constructed building means a building or buildings constructed by or on behalf of a vendor that are suitable for use or occupation for residential, commercial or other purposes.
(2)  For the purposes of this Division, a building is completed when:
(a)  an occupation certificate under the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 has been issued for the building or, if the agreement for sale or transfer, or transfer, relates to land that is a strata lot, for the part of the building containing the strata lot, or
(b)  if such an occupation certificate is not required before the building can be lawfully occupied—the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the building is ready for occupation for a purpose for which it has been constructed.
s 162QB: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [15].
Division 5 Other exemptions
ch 4, pt 5, div 5: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162R   Exemption for subdivision of principal place of residence or farm
(1)  An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of a lot in a deposited plan is not chargeable with vendor duty if:
(a)  the vendor or, if there is more than one vendor, one of them, is the subdivider in relation to the lot, and
(b)  the land comprising all the lots in the deposited plan was:
(i)  land to which the principal place of residence exemption would have applied under this Chapter had the vendor transferred the land immediately before it was subdivided, or
(ii)  land to which the farm exemption would have applied under this Chapter had that vendor transferred the land immediately before it was subdivided.
(2)  In this section:
subdivider, in relation to a lot in a deposited plan, means the person who, immediately before the registration of the plan, owned all the land comprising the lots in the plan.
s 162R: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162S   Improved vacant land
(1)  An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of vacant land is not chargeable with vendor duty if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the vendor is the owner of the land and, after becoming the owner of the land, the vendor substantially improved the land.
(2)  For the purposes of this section, a vendor substantially improves vacant land if:
(a)  the land is re-zoned under an environmental planning instrument (within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979) that relates to the land on an application made to the consent authority by the vendor, or
(b)  two or more of the following apply:
(i)  water and sewerage services are provided to the land at the vendor’s expense,
(ii)  stormwater drainage services are provided to the land at the vendor’s expense,
(iii)  transport infrastructure is provided to the land at the vendor’s expense in accordance with a requirement made by or under a development consent granted in respect of the land,
(iv)  conservation works are carried out in respect of the land at the vendor’s expense in accordance with a requirement made by or under a development consent granted in respect of the land,
(v)  recreation and community services are provided at the vendor’s expense in accordance with a requirement made by or under a development consent granted in respect of the land,
(vi)  development consent for the subdivision of the land is granted as a consequence of an application made to the consent authority by the vendor or a subdivision in respect of the land is registered by the vendor, or
(c)  remediation works, or rehabilitation works, required by or under a development consent granted in respect of the land are carried out in respect of the land at the vendor’s expense.
(2A)  For the purposes of this section, vacant land includes land that the Chief Commissioner considers is substantially vacant apart from there being on that land the remnant of any building, or any other object or structure, that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied has been preserved because of its heritage significance.
(3)  In this section:
consent authority has the same meaning as in the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.
development consent has the same meaning as in the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, and includes an approval under Part 3A of that Act.
rehabilitation works means works carried out for the purpose of filling in, levelling, or contouring of land that has been damaged or adversely affected by a previous use (such as prospecting or mining).
remediation works means works carried out for the purpose of removing, reducing or containing a substance found in or under the land, if the substance is at a concentration above the concentration at which the substance is normally present in or under land in the same locality and it presents a risk of harm to human health or any other aspect of the environment.
s 162S: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [12]; 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [16]–[18]; 2005 No 43, Sch 7.2.
162T   Sale of business that includes land-related property
An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land-related property is not chargeable with vendor duty if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the agreement or transfer forms part of an arrangement for the sale of the whole of a business under which both land-related property and other dutiable property connected with the business (including business assets) are transferred to a transferee, and
(b)  the dutiable value of the land-related property comprises less than 60% of the total dutiable value of the land-related property and other dutiable property.
s 162T: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [13].
162U   Compulsory acquisitions and dedications of land
(1)  No vendor duty is chargeable on a vendor duty transaction that gives effect to an acquisition of land (by agreement or compulsory process) if the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 applies to the acquisition.
Note—
Section 5 of the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 provides that that Act applies to the acquisition of land by an authority of the State which is authorised to acquire land by compulsory process. The Act does not apply to an acquisition if the land is available for public sale and is acquired by agreement.
(2)  No vendor duty is chargeable on a vendor duty transaction that gives effect to a dedication of land required by a consent authority under section 94 or 94F of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.
(3)  Without limiting subsection (2), an agreement for the sale or transfer, or transfer, of land is not chargeable with vendor duty if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the land is intended to be used for affordable housing (within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979) and the transaction is an approved transaction.
(4)  For the purposes of this section, an approved transaction is a transaction, or a transaction of a class, approved in writing for the purposes of this section by the Minister administering Part 4 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 after consultation with the Treasurer.
s 162U: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Subst 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [19].
162UA   Sale by mortgagee or receiver under power of sale
An agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land-related property is not chargeable with vendor duty if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the agreement or transfer is pursuant to the bona fide exercise of a power of sale by a mortgagee, receiver, liquidator or trustee in bankruptcy.
s 162UA: Ins 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [14].
162V   Land subject to conservation instruments
(1)  This section applies to a vendor duty transaction if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the land-related property transferred is land that is wholly or partly the subject of a conservation agreement under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, or a trust agreement registered as referred to in section 36 of the Nature Conservation Trust Act 2001, being in either case an agreement that remains in force in perpetuity. These conservation agreements and registered trust agreements are referred to in this section as conservation instruments.
(2)  No vendor duty is chargeable in relation to the land-related property transferred if it is land that is wholly the subject of a conservation instrument referred to in subsection (1).
(3)  If the land-related property transferred is land that is partly the subject of a conservation instrument referred to in subsection (1) then, for the purpose of charging vendor duty on the transaction, the dutiable value of the land-related property transferred is to be reduced by the conservation apportionment factor.
(4)  The conservation apportionment factor is the proportion that the area of the land that is the subject of the conservation instrument bears to the total area of the land transferred.
s 162V: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [15] [16]; 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [20].
162W   Applications under Real Property Act 1900
(1)  A possessory application under the Real Property Act 1900 is not chargeable with vendor duty.
(2)  An application to bring land under the Real Property Act 1900 is not chargeable with vendor duty.
s 162W: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162X   Transactions exempt from ad valorem duty under Chapter 2
(1)  Subject to this Division, no vendor duty is chargeable under this Chapter on a vendor duty transaction if:
(a)  ad valorem duty is not chargeable on the transaction as a dutiable transaction under Chapter 2 because of any of the provisions of Parts 6 and 7 of Chapter 2 (other than sections 61 and 62), or
(b)  the transaction is the subject of an exemption under any of sections 96–99, or
(c)  the duty chargeable on the transaction under Chapter 2 is the duty chargeable under section 18 (3), or
(d)  the transaction is a transfer in respect of which the Chief Commissioner is required by section 51 to refund ad valorem duty.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if ad valorem duty is not chargeable on the transaction under Chapter 2 because of the provisions of Division 1 of Part 8 of that Chapter (which relates to First Home Plus).
s 162X: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [17].
162Y   Exemptions for charities and others under Chapter 11
(1)  Subject to this Division, Chapter 11 applies in respect of vendor duty transactions in the same way as it applies to dutiable transactions.
(2)  For that purpose, a reference in Chapter 11 to a dutiable transaction includes a vendor duty transaction and a reference to dutiable property includes land-related property.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  The reference to duty in section 278 does not include vendor duty.
Note—
Section 278 exempts certain public housing tenants from duty on the purchase of land. That exemption does not extend to the vendor of the land.
s 162Y: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [18].
162Z   Exemptions for gifts of land-related property to charities and others
(1)  No vendor duty is chargeable on a transfer of land-related property, for no consideration, if the transferee is not liable to pay duty in respect of the transfer under this Act.
(2)  Subject to subsection (1), a vendor duty transaction is not exempt from vendor duty under Chapter 11 merely because the transferee is not liable to pay duty on the transaction under that Chapter.
Note—
For example, a gift of land to a charity will be exempt because the charity is exempt from duty on the transfer under Chapter 11. However, in the case of a sale of land to a charity, the vendor will still be liable to pay vendor duty under this Chapter.
(3)  Subsection (1) does not extend to a transfer of land-related property in respect of which the transferee is not liable to pay duty because of Division 1 of Part 8 of Chapter 2 (which relates to First Home Plus) or section 278.
s 162Z: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Part 6 Stamping and enforcement
ch 4, pt 6: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162ZA   Application of Chapter 12
(1)  Subject to this Part and to any other necessary modifications, Chapter 12 applies in respect of vendor duty transactions in the same way as it applies to dutiable transactions.
(2)  For that purpose, a reference in that Chapter to a dutiable transaction includes a vendor duty transaction and a reference to dutiable property includes land-related property.
ss 162ZA–162ZC: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162ZB   Stamping and endorsement of vendor duty transactions
(1)  If an instrument that effects or evidences a dutiable transaction that is also a vendor duty transaction is stamped under this Act to indicate payment of duty, it must be stamped in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner to indicate the type of duty (that is, purchaser duty or vendor duty) that has been paid.
(2)  If an instrument that effects or evidences a dutiable transaction that is also a vendor duty transaction is endorsed under this Act to indicate payment of duty, it must be endorsed in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner to indicate the type of duty (that is, purchaser duty or vendor duty) that has been paid.
Note—
See section 289A, which allows stamping to occur by means of an endorsement.
(3)  An instrument that effects or evidences a dutiable transaction that is also a vendor duty transaction is not duly stamped unless it is stamped or endorsed in accordance with this section.
ss 162ZA–162ZC: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162ZC   Stamping of vendor duty transactions not chargeable with duty
(1)  If a vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty, an instrument that effects or evidences the vendor duty transaction must be stamped in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner to indicate that it is not chargeable with vendor duty.
(2)  If a vendor duty transaction is not chargeable with purchaser duty, an instrument that effects or evidences the transaction must be stamped in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner to indicate that is not chargeable with purchaser duty.
Note—
See section 301, which prevents registration of an instrument that effects or evidences a vendor duty transaction unless it has been stamped or endorsed in a manner that indicates that purchaser duty has been paid or is not chargeable, and that vendor duty has been paid or is not chargeable.
ss 162ZA–162ZC: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162ZCA   Interim payment of duty
(1)  If the full dutiable value of land-related property subject to an agreement for sale or transfer cannot, in the Chief Commissioner’s opinion, be immediately ascertained, the Chief Commissioner may make an assessment by way of estimate under section 11 (2) of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
(2)  A written instrument effecting or evidencing the sale or transfer may be stamped “interim stamp only”.
s 162ZCA: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [21].
162ZD   What is purchaser duty?
For the purposes of this Part, purchaser duty is the duty (if any) payable in respect of a dutiable transaction under Chapter 2.
s 162ZD: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
162ZE   Duplicates or counterparts
The duty chargeable under section 271 in respect of a duplicate or counterpart of an instrument is not payable in respect of any duplicate or counterpart of an instrument that effects or evidences a vendor duty transaction.
s 162ZE: Ins 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [3].
Chapter 4A Acquisition and disposal of interests in land rich landholders
ch 4A: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Part 1 Preliminary
ch 4A, pt 1: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163   Overview
This Chapter charges duty on certain transactions that are not “dutiable transactions” under Chapter 2 or “vendor duty transactions” under Chapter 4.
Note—
Duty is chargeable under Part 2 on the acquisition by a person of an interest in a land rich landholder at the same rate as the transfer duty chargeable under Chapter 2.
Duty is chargeable under Part 3 on the disposal by a person of an interest in a land rich landholder at the same rate as the vendor duty chargeable under Chapter 4. As vendor duty was abolished on and from 2 August 2005, duty is chargeable under Part 3 only on a disposal by a person of an interest in a land rich landholder that was made before that date.
s 163: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2005 No 66, Sch 1 [7].
163A   Meaning of “landholder” and related expressions
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, a landholder is any of the following:
(a)  a private unit trust scheme,
(b)  a wholesale unit trust scheme,
(c)  a private company.
Note—
Private unit trust scheme, wholesale unit trust scheme and private company are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  However, for the purposes of Part 3, and any of the other provisions of this Chapter insofar as they relate to the duty chargeable under Part 3:
public unit trust scheme does not include a unit trust scheme registered as an imminent public unit trust scheme under this Chapter.
wholesale unit trust scheme does not include a unit trust scheme registered as an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme under this Chapter.
(3)  Accordingly, a unit trust scheme registered as an imminent public unit trust scheme or an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme under this Chapter is a private unit trust scheme and a landholder for the purposes of Part 3 and those related provisions.
ss 163A–163D: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163B   Meaning of “land rich”
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, a landholder is land rich if:
(a)  it has land holdings in New South Wales with an unencumbered value of $2,000,000 or more, and
(b)  its land holdings in all places, whether within or outside Australia, comprise 60% or more of the unencumbered value of all its property.
(2)  In calculating the unencumbered value of the property of a landholder for the purposes of subsection (1), property of any of the following kinds is not counted:
(a)  cash, whether in Australian or other currency,
(b)  money on deposit with any person, negotiable instruments or debt securities,
(c)  loans that, according to their terms, are to be repaid on demand by the lender or within 12 months after the date of the loan,
(d)  if the landholder is a private unit trust scheme or a wholesale unit trust scheme, loans to persons who, in relation to a trustee or beneficiary of the scheme, are associated persons,
(e)  if the landholder is a private company, loans to persons who, in relation to the company or to a majority shareholder or director of the company, are associated persons,
(f)  land use entitlements,
(g)  units or shares in a linked entity of the landholder,
(h)  property consisting of an interest as a beneficiary in a discretionary trust (within the meaning of section 163U).
Note—
Associated person, land use entitlement and majority shareholder are defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In addition to subsection (2), property is not to be counted in calculating the unencumbered value of the property of a landholder for the purposes of subsection (1) if the landholder is unable to satisfy the Chief Commissioner that the property was obtained otherwise than to reduce, for the purposes of this Chapter, the ratio of its land holdings in all places, whether within or outside Australia, to the unencumbered value of all its property.
ss 163A–163D: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163C   What are the “land holdings” of a landholder?
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, a land holding is an interest in land other than the estate or interest of a mortgagee, chargee or other secured creditor or a profit à prendre. An interest in land, however:
(a)  is not a land holding of a unit trust scheme unless the interest is held by the trustees in their capacity as trustees of the scheme, and
(b)  is not a land holding of a private company unless the interest of the private company in the land is a beneficial interest.
(2)  This section is in aid of, but does not limit, the operation of any provision of this Chapter providing for constructive ownership of interests.
ss 163A–163D: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163D   What are “interests” and “significant interests” in landholders?
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, a person has an interest in a landholder if the person has an entitlement (otherwise than as a creditor or other person to whom the landholder is liable) to a distribution of property from the landholder on a winding up of the landholder or otherwise.
(2)  A person who, by virtue of subsection (1), has an interest in a landholder has a significant interest in the landholder if the person, in the event of a distribution of all the property of the landholder immediately after the interest was acquired, would be entitled to:
(a)  in the case of a private unit trust scheme—20% or more of the property distributed, or
(b)  in the case of a landholder other than a private unit trust scheme—50% or more of the property distributed.
(3)  For the purposes of Part 2 only, an interest in a landholder is not counted if the interest concerned:
(a)  is an interest in a unit trust scheme acquired before 10 June 1987, or
(b)  is an interest in a private company acquired before 21 November 1986, or
(c)  was acquired at a time when the landholder did not hold land in New South Wales.
(4)  In this section, person includes a landholder.
ss 163A–163D: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163DA   Meaning of “associated person”
(1)  Without limiting the meaning of associated person in the Dictionary, a public company and a subsidiary (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth) of a public company are taken to be associated persons for the purposes of this Chapter.
(2)  However, the responsible entity for a managed investment scheme and the responsible entity for another managed investment scheme are considered to be associated persons for the purposes of this Chapter only if a person who is a member of one scheme and is beneficially entitled to more than 20% of the property to which the scheme relates is also a member of the other scheme and is beneficially entitled to more than 20% of the property to which that other scheme relates.
s 163DA: Ins 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [7].
Part 2 Charging of duty on acquisitions of interests in land rich landholders
ch 4A, pt 2: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163E   When does a liability for duty arise?
A liability for duty charged by this Part arises when a relevant acquisition is made.
s 163E: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163F   What is a “relevant acquisition”?
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, a person who:
(a)  acquires an interest in a land rich landholder:
(i)  that is of itself a significant interest in the landholder, or
(ii)  that, when aggregated with other interests in the landholder held by the person or an associated person, results in an aggregation that amounts to a significant interest in the landholder, or
(iii)  that, when aggregated with other interests in the landholder acquired by the person or other persons under transactions that form, evidence, give effect to or arise from what is substantially one arrangement between the acquirers, results in an aggregation that amounts to a significant interest in the landholder, or
(b)  having a significant interest, or an interest described in paragraph (a) (ii), in a land rich landholder, acquires a further interest in the landholder,
has made a relevant acquisition.
(2)  However, an acquisition of an interest in a land rich landholder under an arrangement that results in the land rich landholder ceasing to be a landholder is not a relevant acquisition because of subsection (1) (a) (iii).
(3)  For the purposes of this Part, persons in their capacity as qualifying investors of a wholesale unit trust scheme are taken not to be associated persons of other qualifying investors in relation to the scheme.
s 163F: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163G   How may an interest be “acquired”?
(1)  For the purposes of this Part, a person acquires an interest in a land rich landholder if the person obtains an interest, or the person’s interest increases, in the landholder regardless of how it is obtained or increased.
(2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a person may acquire an interest in a land rich landholder in the following ways:
(a)  the purchase, gift, allotment or issue of a unit or share,
(b)  the cancellation, redemption or surrender of a unit or share,
(c)  the abrogation or alteration of a right for a unit or share,
(d)  the payment of an amount owing for a unit or share.
(2A)  If the acquisition arises from an agreement to purchase, allot or issue a unit or share, the acquisition is made, for the purposes of this Part, when the agreement is completed. It does not matter whether or not the acquisition or interest acquired is registered.
(2B)  For the purposes of subsection (2A), an agreement is taken to be completed when the necessary transfer or title documents are delivered to the person acquiring the interest and the purchase price is paid in full.
(3)  To remove any doubt, it is declared that a person may acquire an interest in a land rich landholder without acquiring units or shares in the land rich landholder.
s 163G: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [14].
163H   Acquisition statements
(1)  A person who has made a relevant acquisition must prepare a statement (an acquisition statement) and lodge it with the Chief Commissioner.
(2)  The acquisition statement is to be prepared in an approved form and must contain the following information:
(a)  the name and address of the person who has acquired the interest,
(b)  in relation to each interest acquired, the date on which it was acquired,
(c)  if the relevant acquisition results from the aggregation of the interests of associated persons, particulars of the interests acquired by the person and any associated persons on the date of the relevant acquisition,
(d)  particulars of the total interest of the person and any associated person in the landholder at that date.
(e)–(h)    (Repealed)
(3)  If the acquisition is not an exempt transaction under Part 5, the acquisition statement must also contain the following information:
(a)  the unencumbered value of all land holdings in New South Wales of the landholder as at the date of the relevant acquisition and as at the date of acquisition of each interest acquired in the landholder during the 3 years prior to the date of the relevant acquisition,
(b)  the unencumbered value of the property of the landholder at the date of the relevant acquisition,
(c)  the amount of duty paid under this Act or under a law of another Australian jurisdiction in respect of each earlier acquisition of an interest referred to in paragraph (a),
(d)  such other information as the Chief Commissioner may require.
Note—
In ascertaining whether or not a liability to lodge a statement under this section exists, it is necessary to have regard to provisions of Part 4 that deal with how a person may be taken to have acquired an interest in a land rich landholder because of the interests in a linked entity.
s 163H: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [10]–[12].
163I   When must duty be paid?
A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if duty is paid within 3 months after the liability to pay the duty arises.
ss 163I–163K: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163J   Who is liable to pay the duty?
(1)  Duty chargeable under this Part is payable by the person who makes the relevant acquisition, except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  If a relevant acquisition results from an aggregation of the interests of associated persons, the person who made the relevant acquisition and the associated person or persons are jointly and severally liable for payment of the duty.
ss 163I–163K: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163K   How duty is charged on relevant acquisitions
(1)  If an acquisition statement does not disclose any acquisitions during the 3 years preceding the relevant acquisition, duty is chargeable, at the rate specified under section 32 of this Act for a transfer of dutiable property, on the amount calculated by multiplying the unencumbered value of all land holdings of the landholder in New South Wales (calculated at the date of acquisition of the interest acquired) by the proportion of that value represented by the interest acquired in the relevant acquisition.
(2)  If a relevant acquisition results from the aggregation of the interests of associated persons, the reference in subsection (1) to the interest acquired includes a reference to any interests acquired by associated persons on the same date.
(3)  If an acquisition statement discloses one or more acquisitions during the 3 years preceding the relevant acquisition, duty is chargeable, at the rate specified under section 32 of this Act for a transfer of dutiable property, on the aggregate of amounts severally calculated, in the manner provided by subsection (1), in respect of each interest required to be disclosed in the statement.
(4)  Duty payable under this section is to be reduced by the sum of the duty paid or payable under this Act in respect of the acquisition, during the 3 years preceding the relevant acquisition, by the person or any associated person of an interest in the same landholder, but only in proportion to the extent to which the duty paid or payable is attributable to the amount of the duty payable under this section.
(5)  Duty payable under this section is to be reduced by an amount (if any) calculated in accordance with the following formula:
 
where:
A is the unencumbered value of the land holdings in New South Wales of the landholder at the time the dutiable acquisition was made, and
B is the unencumbered value of all property of the landholder at that time, and
C is the sum of:
(a)  the duty under this Act paid or payable in respect of:
(i)  a dutiable transaction in relation to the units or shares, or
(ii)  a capital reduction or a rights alteration under Part 3 of Chapter 3 by which an interest in the landholder was acquired, or
(iii)  an allotment of shares under Part 5 of Chapter 3 by which an interest in the landholder was acquired, and
(b)  any duty of a like nature so paid or payable under a law of another Australian jurisdiction.
(6)  If a relevant acquisition is made owing to the aggregation of the interests of associated persons, but the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the associated persons acquired their respective interests independently, the Chief Commissioner may assess and charge duty on each separate acquisition without aggregating the interests of the person who made it with the interests of associated persons.
(7)  Duty is not chargeable under this section on the acquisition of an interest in a landholder that is required to be disclosed in an acquisition statement if the acquisition is an exempt transaction.
(8)  This section is subject to Part 4.
(9)  In this section:
exempt transaction means an acquisition that is an exempt transaction under Part 5.
ss 163I–163K: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163L   Primary producers—special provisions
(1)  No duty is chargeable under this Part in respect of a relevant acquisition if:
(a)  the relevant acquisition is made in a landholder that is a primary producer, and
(b)  when the acquisition is made, the landholder’s land holdings in all places, whether within or outside Australia, comprise less than 80% of the unencumbered value of all its property.
(2)  However, if at any time within the period of 5 years after a relevant acquisition to which subsection (1) applies is made, the landholder in whom the acquisition is made ceases for any length of time to be a primary producer:
(a)  the person who made the acquisition must immediately notify the Chief Commissioner:
(i)  that the landholder has ceased to be a primary producer, and
(ii)  of the date on which the landholder ceased to be a primary producer, and
(b)  duty is chargeable under this Part in respect of the acquisition on the date on which the landholder ceased to be a primary producer, and
(c)  the Chief Commissioner must make an assessment of the duty so chargeable.
(3)  The provisions of section 163B (2) and (3) apply to the calculation of the unencumbered value of the land holdings of the primary producer under this section.
(4)  In this section, primary producer means a landholder whose land holdings in all places, whether within or outside Australia, wholly or predominantly comprise land used for primary production or land that would be considered to be land used for primary production if it were land in New South Wales.
s 163L: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [15].
Part 3 Charging of duty on disposals of interests in land rich landholders
ch 4A, pt 3: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163M   When does a liability for duty arise?
A liability for duty charged by this Part arises when a relevant disposal is made.
s 163M: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163N   What is a “relevant disposal”?
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, a person who is a significant interest holder in relation to a landholder and who disposes of an interest in the land rich landholder has made a relevant disposal.
(1A)  However, the disposal is a relevant disposal only if it was made before 2 August 2005.
(2)  A person is a significant interest holder in relation to a landholder if the person has or has had, at any time within the period of 3 years before the disposal, a significant interest in the landholder or an interest that, when aggregated with other interests held by any associated persons, amounts to a significant interest in the landholder.
(3)  For the purposes of this Part, persons in their capacity as qualifying investors of a wholesale unit trust scheme are taken not to be associated persons of other qualifying investors in relation to the scheme.
s 163N: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2005 No 66, Sch 1 [8].
163O   How may an interest be “disposed of”?
(1)  A person who has an interest in a land rich landholder disposes of an interest in the landholder if the person ceases to have an interest in the landholder, or the person’s interest in the landholder decreases, regardless of how that happens.
(2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a person may dispose of an interest in a land rich landholder in the following ways:
(a)  the sale, gift, allotment or issue of a unit or share,
(b)  the cancellation, redemption or surrender of a unit or share,
(c)  the abrogation or alteration of a right for a unit or share,
(d)  the payment of an amount owing for a unit or share.
(3)  To remove any doubt, it is declared that a person may dispose of an interest in a land rich landholder without disposing of units or shares in the land rich landholder.
ss 163O–163S: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163P   Disposal statements
(1)  A person who has made a relevant disposal must prepare a statement (a disposal statement) and lodge it with the Chief Commissioner.
(2)  The disposal statement is to be prepared in an approved form and must contain the following information:
(a)  the name and address of the person who has disposed of the interest,
(b)  the date on which it was disposed of,
(c)  particulars of the interest of the person and any associated persons in the landholder immediately before the relevant disposal,
(d)  particulars of any other interests of the person or any associated persons in the landholder disposed of within the 3-year period before the date of the relevant disposal,
(e)  the unencumbered value of all land holdings in New South Wales of the landholder as at the date of the relevant disposal,
(f)  the unencumbered value of the property of the landholder at the date of the relevant disposal,
(g)  such other information as the Chief Commissioner may require.
Note—
In ascertaining whether or not a liability to lodge a statement under this section exists, it is necessary to have regard to provisions of Part 4 that deal with how a person may be taken to have disposed of an interest in a land rich landholder because of the interests in a linked entity.
Section 163Z allows valuations prepared within 12 months before a disposal to be used in certain circumstances for the purpose of determining the unencumbered value of land holdings of a landholder at the date of the relevant disposal.
ss 163O–163S: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163Q   When must duty be paid?
A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if duty is paid within 3 months after the liability to pay the duty arises.
ss 163O–163S: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163R   Who is liable to pay the duty?
Duty chargeable under this Part is payable by the person who makes the relevant disposal.
ss 163O–163S: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163S   How duty is charged on relevant disposals
(1)  Duty is chargeable on a relevant disposal, at the rate specified under Chapter 4 for a dutiable transaction in respect of land-related property, on the amount calculated by multiplying the unencumbered value of all land holdings of the landholder in New South Wales by the proportion of that value represented by the interest disposed of in the relevant disposal.
(2)  Duty is not chargeable under this section on the disposal of an interest in a landholder if the disposal is an exempt transaction.
(3)  If a land holding of a landholder is an exempt land holding in relation to a particular disposal, the unencumbered value of the land holding is to be disregarded when calculating the duty chargeable on the disposal.
(4)  This section is subject to Part 4.
(5)  In this section:
exempt land holding means a land holding that is an exempt land holding under Part 6.
exempt transaction means a disposal that is an exempt transaction under Part 5.
ss 163O–163S: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Part 4 General principles to be applied under this Chapter
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163T   Constructive ownership of land holdings and other property: linked entities
(1)  In addition to any interest in land or other property that it may hold in its own right, a unit trust scheme or a private company is taken, for the purposes of this Chapter, to hold an interest in land or other property held by a linked entity of the unit trust scheme or private company.
(2)  In this section, a linked entity of a unit trust scheme or a private company (the principal entity) means a person:
(a)  who is part of a chain of persons:
(i)  which includes the principal entity, and
(ii)  which is comprised of one or more links, and
(iii)  in which a link exists if a person would be entitled to receive not less than 20% of the unencumbered value of the property of another person if the other person were to be wound up, and
(iv)  which does not include in any of the links between the person and the principal entity, a public unit trust scheme, a wholesale unit trust scheme or a company whose shares are listed on the Australian Stock Exchange or an exchange of the World Federation of Exchanges, and
(b)  who is not a public unit trust scheme, a wholesale unit trust scheme or a company whose shares are listed on the Australian Stock Exchange or an exchange of the World Federation of Exchanges.
Note—
The expressions “public unit trust scheme” and “wholesale unit trust scheme” have a different meaning in this provision from the meaning given in the Dictionary insofar as this provision relates to the duty chargeable under Part 3 (see section 163A).
(3)  The value, for duty purposes, of the interest in land or other property that a unit trust scheme or a private company (being a principal entity) is taken, by subsection (1), to hold because of a holding by a linked entity is that portion of the interest’s unencumbered value to which the unit trust scheme or private company would be entitled (without regard to any liabilities of the linked entity or any other person in the ownership chain) if each entity in the chain of entities were to be wound up.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163U   Constructive ownership of land holdings and other property: discretionary trusts
(1)  A person or a member of a class of persons in whose favour, by the terms of a discretionary trust, capital the subject of the trust may be applied:
(a)  in the event of the exercise of a power or discretion in favour of the person or class, or
(b)  in the event that a discretion conferred under the trust is not exercised,
is, for the purposes of this section, a beneficiary of the trust.
(2)  A beneficiary of a discretionary trust is taken to own or to be otherwise entitled to the property the subject of the trust.
(3)  For the purposes of this Chapter, any property that is the subject of a discretionary trust is taken to be the subject of any other discretionary trust:
(a)  that is, or
(b)  any trustee of which (in the capacity of trustee) is,
a beneficiary of it.
(4)  Subsection (3) extends to apply to property that is the subject of a discretionary trust only by the operation of that subsection.
(5)  In this section, person includes a landholder.
Note—
Discretionary trust is defined in the Dictionary.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163V   Effect of uncompleted agreements
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, the transferor and the transferee under an uncompleted agreement for the transfer of land are taken to be separately entitled to the whole of the land.
Note—
If duty is charged on an acquisition or disposal that relates to a land holding to which subsection (1) applies, the Chief Commissioner may defer payment of duty under section 47 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
(2)  For the purposes of this Chapter:
(a)  if a landholder has agreed to dispose of property other than land, the agreement is taken to have been completed even if it is not completed, and
(b)  if a landholder has agreed to acquire property other than land and has not completed the agreement, the agreement is to be disregarded.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163W   Agreements for sale or conveyance of land
(1)  If:
(a)  at the time of acquisition or disposal of an interest by any person in a land rich landholder that necessitates the lodgment of an acquisition statement or disposal statement under this Chapter, the landholder was the vendor under an uncompleted agreement for the sale or conveyance of land, and
(b)  the agreement is subsequently completed,
the Chief Commissioner is to assess or reassess the statement as though the land the subject of the agreement was not, at the time of the acquisition or disposal concerned, a land holding of the landholder.
(2)  If:
(a)  at the time of acquisition or disposal of an interest by any person in a land rich landholder that necessitates the lodgment of an acquisition statement or disposal statement under this Chapter, the landholder was the purchaser under an uncompleted agreement for the sale or conveyance of land, and
(b)  the agreement is subsequently rescinded, annulled or otherwise terminated without completion,
the Chief Commissioner is to assess or reassess the statement as though the land the subject of the agreement was not, at the time of the acquisition or disposal concerned, a land holding of the landholder.
(3)  In this section, a reference to a landholder includes a reference to a linked entity of the landholder.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163X   Agreements for disposal or acquisition of property other than land
(1)  If, at the time of an acquisition or disposal of an interest by a person in a land rich landholder that necessitates the lodgment of an acquisition statement or disposal statement under this Chapter, the landholder had agreed to dispose of property other than land, and the agreement has subsequently been rescinded, annulled or otherwise terminated without completion, the Chief Commissioner is to assess or reassess the statement as though the property the subject of the agreement was, at the time of the acquisition or disposal concerned, property of the landholder.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply unless the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the rescission, annulment or other termination of the agreement is not part of a scheme or arrangement under which the object of the agreement has been or is intended to be achieved in another way.
(3)  If, at the time of an acquisition or disposal of an interest by a person in a land rich landholder that necessitates the lodgment of an acquisition statement or disposal statement under this Chapter, the landholder had agreed to acquire property other than land, and the agreement is subsequently completed, the Chief Commissioner is to assess or reassess the statement as though the property the subject of the agreement was, at the time of the acquisition or disposal concerned, property of the landholder.
(4)  In this section, a reference to a landholder includes a reference to a linked entity of the landholder.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163Y   Valuation of property
(1)  Subject to this Chapter, the provisions of this Act for ascertaining the value of transfers chargeable with ad valorem duty extend to an acquisition statement or disposal statement under this Chapter and the value of land holdings mentioned in it.
(2)  In determining the unencumbered value of land holdings under this Chapter, any arrangement made in respect of the land holdings that has the effect of reducing the unencumbered value is to be disregarded, subject to subsection (3).
(3)  An arrangement is not to be disregarded if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the arrangement was not made as part of an arrangement or scheme with a collateral purpose of reducing the duty otherwise payable in relation to the relevant acquisition or relevant disposal.
(4)  In considering whether or not he or she is satisfied for the purposes of subsection (3), the Chief Commissioner may have regard to:
(a)  the duration of the arrangement before the relevant acquisition or relevant disposal, and
(b)  whether the arrangement has been made with an associated person, and
(c)  whether there is any commercial efficacy to the making of the arrangement other than to reduce duty, and
(d)  any other matters the Chief Commissioner considers relevant.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163Z   Use of valuations prepared within 12-month period before disposal
(1)  For the purpose of determining the duty chargeable on a relevant disposal under Part 3, the unencumbered value of all land holdings of the landholder in New South Wales is to be calculated by reference to the value of those land holdings according to any relevant valuation specified in subsection (2).
(2)  A relevant valuation is any of the following documents prepared within 12 months before the date a liability for duty under Part 3 arises:
(a)  an independent valuation of the land holdings of the landholder,
(b)  a property valuation used by the landholder in preparing an annual return to be lodged under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth,
(c)  a financial report of the landholder, certified by an independent auditor as presenting a true and fair view of a landholder’s financial position,
(d)  any other document the Chief Commissioner considers to be appropriate for calculating the value of the land holdings of the landholder.
(3)  However, if there is more than one relevant document, the most recently prepared of those relevant documents is to be used for the purpose of determining the value of land holdings of the landholder.
(4)  This section does not apply in respect of a relevant disposal made by a person if, as a consequence of that disposal, another person has made a relevant acquisition.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZA   Maximisation of entitlements on distribution of property
(1)  This section applies to any calculation, for the purposes of this Chapter, of the entitlement of a person (the interested person) to participate in a distribution of the property of a landholder, whether on a winding up of the landholder or otherwise.
(2)  A calculation is to be made based, firstly, on a distribution carried out in accordance with the constitution of the landholder, and with any law relevant to the distribution, as in force at the time of distribution, and the entitlement of the interested person is to be evaluated accordingly.
(3)  Next, a calculation is to be made based on a distribution carried out after the interested person, and any other person whom the interested person has power to direct with respect to such a distribution or who is, in relation to the interested person, an associated person, had exercised all powers and discretions exercisable by them by reason of having acquired an interest in the landholder concerned:
(a)  to effect or compel an alteration to the constitution of the landholder, and
(b)  to vary the rights conferred by units or shares in the landholder, and
(c)  to effect or compel the substitution or replacement of units or shares in the landholder with other units or shares in it,
in such a manner as would maximise the value of the entitlement, and the entitlement of the interested person is to be evaluated accordingly.
(4)  The results obtained by an evaluation of the interested person’s entitlement in accordance with subsections (2) and (3) are then to be compared, and whichever evaluation results in a greater entitlement is the correct evaluation, for the purposes of this Chapter, of the entitlement, unless the Chief Commissioner, being satisfied that the application of this subsection in the particular case would be inequitable, determines otherwise.
ch 4A, pt 4 (ss 163T–163ZA): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Part 5 Exemptions and concessions
ch 4A, pt 5: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZB   Exempt transactions
(1)  An acquisition or disposal by a person of an interest in a landholder is an exempt transaction:
(a)  if the interest was acquired or disposed of in the person’s capacity as:
(i)  a receiver or trustee in bankruptcy, or
(ii)  a liquidator, or
(iii)  an executor or administrator of the estate of a deceased person, or
(b)  if the interest was acquired or disposed of solely as the result of the making of a compromise or arrangement under Part 5.1 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth that has been approved by the court, not being a compromise or arrangement that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied was made with the intention of defeating the operation of this Chapter, or
(c)  if the interest concerned is acquired or disposed of solely from a pro rata increase or decrease in the interests of all unit holders or shareholders, or
(d)  if the interest was acquired or disposed of solely as the result of the distribution of the estate of a deceased person, whether effected in the ordinary course of execution of a will or codicil or administration of an intestate estate or as the result of the order of a court, made under the Family Provision Act 1982 or otherwise, varying the application of the provisions of a will or codicil or varying the application of the rules governing the distribution of the property of an intestate estate, or
(e)  if the interest was acquired or disposed of by the parties to a marriage that is dissolved or annulled, or in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner has broken down irretrievably, or by either of them, or by a child or children of either of them or a trustee of such a child or children, as a result of a transfer made in accordance with:
(i)  a financial agreement made under section 90B, 90C or 90D of the Family Law Act 1975 of the Commonwealth that, under that Act, is binding on the parties to the agreement, or
(ii)  an order of a court made under that Act, or
(iii)  an agreement that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied has been made for the purpose of dividing matrimonial property as a consequence of the dissolution, annulment or breakdown of the marriage, or
(f)  if the interest was acquired or disposed of by the parties to a domestic relationship that has, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, been terminated, or by either of them, or by a child or children of either of them or a trustee of such a child or children, as a result of a transfer made in accordance with:
(i)  an order of a court made under the Property (Relationships) Act 1984, or
(ii)  a termination agreement within the meaning of section 44 of the Property (Relationships) Act 1984 that has been certified in accordance with section 47 of that Act, or
Note—
Domestic relationship (defined in the Dictionary) has the same meaning as in the Property (Relationships) Act 1984.
(g)  to the extent that:
(i)  for purposes of or ancillary to the acquisition or disposal of an interest referred to in paragraph (e) or (f), the acquisition or disposal consists of the transfer of a share that is matrimonial property or relationship property to a person not a party to the relevant marriage or domestic relationship, in order to comply with a requirement of or prescribed under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth, or
(ii)  the acquisition or disposal consists of a declaration of trust, by the transferee of a share transferred as referred to in subparagraph (i), for the benefit of a party to the marriage or relationship, or
(h)  if the land holding of the landholder comprises land used for primary production and the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that, had the landholder transferred the land to the person acquiring an interest as a result of the acquisition or disposal immediately before that disposal or acquisition, the transfer of the land would not be chargeable with duty under this Act because of the application of section 274, or
(i)  if the acquisition or disposal of an interest in a landholder would be chargeable with duty of $10 under section 54 if the property being acquired or disposed of were land in New South Wales.
(2)  An acquisition or disposal by a person of an interest in a landholder is an exempt transaction if the Chief Commissioner, being satisfied that the application of this Chapter to the acquisition or disposal in the particular case would not be just and reasonable, so determines.
(3)  If:
(a)  duty was paid on the acquisition or disposal of matrimonial property by the parties to a marriage or by either of them, or by a child or children of either of them or a trustee of such a child or children, and
(b)  the interest acquired or disposed of was acquired or disposed of as a result of a transfer made in accordance with an agreement or order referred to in subsection (1) (e) (i), (ii) or (iii), and
(c)  the marriage has been dissolved or annulled or has broken down irretrievably,
the person who paid the duty is entitled to a refund of it.
(4)  If:
(a)  duty was paid on the acquisition or disposal of relationship property by the parties to a domestic relationship or by either of them, or by a child or children of either of them or a trustee of such a child or children, and
(b)  the interest acquired or disposed of was acquired or disposed of as a result of a transfer made in accordance with an order or agreement referred to in subsection (1) (f) (i) or (ii), and
(c)  the domestic relationship has been terminated,
the person who paid the duty is entitled to a refund of it.
(5)  A party to a marriage or domestic relationship may provide a statement to the Chief Commissioner, in the form of a statutory declaration, to the effect that:
(a)  in the case of a marriage:
(i)  the party intends to apply for a dissolution or an annulment of the marriage, or
(ii)  the parties to the marriage have separated, and there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed, or
(b)  in the case of a domestic relationship, the domestic relationship has been terminated.
The Chief Commissioner is required to have regard to any such statement in exercising his or her functions under subsection (1) (e) or (f).
(6)  Subsection (5) does not limit the functions of the Chief Commissioner under section 72 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
(7)  In this section:
marriage includes a void marriage.
matrimonial property of a marriage means property of the parties to the marriage or of either of them.
party to a marriage includes a person who was a party to a marriage that has been dissolved or annulled, in Australia or elsewhere.
relationship property of a domestic relationship means property of the parties to the relationship or of either of them.
s 163ZB: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [20]; 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [16].
163ZC   Duty concession: acquisitions securing financial accommodation
(1)  If the person lodging an acquisition statement under this Chapter in relation to the acquisition of an interest in a land rich landholder:
(a)  informs the Chief Commissioner at the time the statement is lodged that the acquisition is effected for the purpose of securing financial accommodation, and
(b)  the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the acquisition is effected for that purpose,
the statement, in so far as it relates to that acquisition, is not chargeable with duty, except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  The statement is chargeable with duty at the expiration of the period of 5 years after the date of the acquisition (or such longer period as may be determined by the Chief Commissioner in the particular case) if the interest concerned is not:
(a)  re-acquired by the person from whom it was acquired, or
(b)  in the case of an acquisition by way of mortgage, conveyed by the mortgagee to a third person in exercise of the mortgagee’s power of sale,
within that period (or that longer period).
(3)  Section 163H does not apply to the re-acquisition by a person of the interest concerned.
ss 163ZC–163ZE: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZD   Duty concession: disposals securing financial accommodation
(1)  If the person lodging a disposal statement under this Chapter in relation to the disposal of an interest in a land rich landholder:
(a)  informs the Chief Commissioner at the time the statement is lodged that the disposal is effected for the purpose of securing financial accommodation, and
(b)  the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the disposal is effected for that purpose,
the statement, in so far as it relates to that disposal, is not chargeable with duty, except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  The statement is chargeable with duty at the expiration of the period of 5 years after the date of the disposal (or such longer period as may be determined by the Chief Commissioner in the particular case) if the interest concerned is not:
(a)  re-acquired by the person who disposed of it, or
(b)  in the case of a disposal by way of mortgage, conveyed by the mortgagee to a third person in exercise of the mortgagee’s power of sale,
within that period (or that longer period).
(3)  Section 163P does not apply to the disposal of the interest concerned for the purpose of its re-acquisition by the person who disposed of it.
ss 163ZC–163ZE: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZE   Concession for buy-back arrangements
(1)  This section applies if:
(a)  the trustee of a unit trust scheme that is a widely held trust redeems any units in the trust, and
(b)  the redemption is done for the purpose of re-issuing or re-offering the units for sale, and
(c)  as a result of the redemption, the scheme would, but for this section, cease to be a widely held trust because a unit holder, individually or together with any associated person, is beneficially entitled to more than 20% of the units in the trust.
(2)  For a period of 30 days beginning on and including the day on which the redemption occurs, the trust is taken to continue to be a widely held trust, but only if the trust continues to have not less than 300 unit holders none of whom, individually or together with any associated person, is beneficially entitled to more than 25% of the units of the trust.
(3)  If, at the end of that 30-day period, a unit holder, individually or together with any associated person, is beneficially entitled to more than 20% of the units in the unit trust scheme:
(a)  the trust is taken to have ceased to be a widely held trust from the beginning of that 30-day period (as if subsection (2) had never applied), and
(b)  the Chief Commissioner must make an assessment of the duty chargeable under this Act as if the unit trust scheme had ceased to be a widely held trust scheme at the beginning on that 30-day period, and
(c)  a tax default occurs for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if the whole of any duty assessed under paragraph (b) is not paid to the Chief Commissioner within 3 months after the assessment.
ss 163ZC–163ZE: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Part 6 Further exemptions and concessions for disposal duty
Division 1 Exempt land holdings
ch 4A, pt 6, div 1 (ss 163ZF, 163ZG): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZF   Vendor duty exemptions to be applied
(1)  A land holding of a landholder is an exempt land holding in relation to a disposal if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that, had the landholder transferred the land that is the subject of the land holding immediately before the disposal took place, the transfer of the land by the landholder would not be chargeable with duty under Chapter 4 because of the application of one or more of the following provisions:
(a)  section 162H (Exemption for farms),
(b)  the provisions set out in Division 4 of Part 5 of Chapter 4 (Exemptions for new and substantially new buildings),
(c)  section 162S (Improved vacant land).
(2)  For that purpose, the provisions of this Act referred to in subsection (1) are to be applied subject to any modifications the Chief Commissioner considers necessary.
(3)  A person who makes a relevant disposal (including any associated person) is entitled to claim a particular land holding is an exempt land holding because of the application of a provision referred to in subsection (1) (b) in relation to one disposal by the person (or an associated person) only. That is, a land holding that consists of an interest in a particular parcel of land cannot be claimed to be an exempt land holding in relation to a disposal under those provisions if the land holding has been claimed to be an exempt land holding in relation to a previous disposal by the person or an associated person.
ch 4A, pt 6, div 1 (ss 163ZF, 163ZG): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZG   Land subject to conservation instruments
(1)  A land holding is an exempt land holding in relation to a disposal if it consists of an interest in land that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied is the subject of a conservation agreement under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, or a trust agreement registered as referred to in section 36 of the Nature Conservation Trust Act 2001, being in either case an agreement that remains in force in perpetuity. These conservation agreements and registered trust agreements are referred to in this section as conservation instruments.
(2)  If the land is only partly the subject of a conservation instrument then, for the purpose of charging duty under this Chapter, the unencumbered value of the land holding is to be reduced by the conservation apportionment factor.
(3)  The conservation apportionment factor is the proportion that the area of the land that is the subject of the conservation instrument bears to the total area of the land.
ch 4A, pt 6, div 1 (ss 163ZF, 163ZG): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Division 2 Concession for land holdings that have not significantly increased in value
ch 4A, pt 6, div 2: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZH   Exemption for land holdings that have not increased in value
In determining the duty to be charged under Part 3 of this Chapter in respect of a relevant disposal, the unencumbered value of a particular land holding of a land rich landholder is to be disregarded if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposal date does not exceed the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposer acquisition date.
ss 163ZH–163ZK: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZI   Exemption for land holdings where increase in value does not exceed 12 per cent
In determining the duty to be charged under Part 3 of this Chapter in respect of a relevant disposal, the unencumbered value of a particular land holding of a land rich landholder is to be disregarded if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposal date exceeds the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposer acquisition date by not more than 12 per cent of the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposer acquisition date.
ss 163ZH–163ZK: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZJ   Concession for increases between 12 and 15 per cent
(1)  This section applies in respect of a relevant disposal if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the unencumbered value of a particular land holding of the land rich landholder on the disposal date exceeds the unencumbered value of the land holding on the disposer acquisition date by more than 12 per cent, but not more than 15 per cent, of the unencumbered value of the land holding on the disposer acquisition date.
(2)  If this section applies, the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposal date is to be discounted, for the purpose of calculating the duty chargeable under Part 3 of this Chapter, in accordance with the following table:
Increase in unencumbered value of land holding (expressed as % of unencumbered value of land holding on disposer acquisition date)
Discount on unencumbered value
More than 12% but not more than 13%
75%
More than 13% but not more than 14%
50%
More than 14% but not more than 15%
25%
ss 163ZH–163ZK: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZK   What is the disposal date?
For the purposes of this Division, the disposal date, in relation to a relevant disposal, is the date on which a liability for the duty chargeable under Part 3 arises or would, but for this Division, arise.
ss 163ZH–163ZK: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZL   What is the disposer acquisition date?
(1)  For the purposes of this Division, the disposer acquisition date in relation to a particular land holding of a land rich landholder is:
(a)  the date on which the person making the relevant disposal first acquired an interest in the landholder or, if the person acquired separate interests in the landholder on separate dates, the earliest date on which the person acquired an interest in the landholder (other than an interest that has previously been disposed of by the person), or
(b)  the date on which the landholder first acquired the land holding,
whichever is the later.
(2)  If a person making a relevant disposal acquired an interest in the landholder as the legal personal representative of a deceased person, as a beneficiary under a will of a deceased person or as a result of the intestacy of a deceased person, the person is taken to have first acquired an interest in the landholder on the date on which the deceased person first acquired an interest in the landholder.
(3)  For the purposes of subsection (1) (a), if the interest being disposed of by the person was acquired by the person subject to a trust, a reference to the person making the relevant disposal is taken to be a reference to the beneficial owner or owners of that interest.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (1) (b), if a linked entity (within the meaning of section 163T) of a landholder acquires a land holding, the landholder is taken to have acquired the land holding.
s 163ZL: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2005 No 42, Sch 1 [3].
163ZM   Landholder that holds multiple interests in land
For the purpose of applying this Division in respect of a disposal by a person in a land rich landholder:
(a)  if the land holdings of the landholder comprise interests in more than one parcel of land, this Division is to be applied separately in respect of each such parcel of land, and
(b)  if a landholder’s interest in a particular parcel of land at the disposal date is different from the interest of the landholder in that land at the disposer acquisition date, the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposer acquisition date is to be determined as if the landholder had held the same interest in the land at the disposer acquisition date as the interest held at the disposal date.
s 163ZM: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZN   Determination of value of land holding under this Division
(1)  For the purposes of this Division, the unencumbered value of a land holding on a particular date is to be determined by reference to any of the following documents:
(a)  an independent valuation of the land holding as at the relevant disposal date and the disposer acquisition date,
(b)  any other document the Chief Commissioner considers to be appropriate for calculating the value of the land holding.
(2)  If, after the disposer acquisition date, improvements were made to land in which a landholder has an interest, the unencumbered value of the land holding at the disposer acquisition date is to be determined as if those improvements had not been made.
(3)  The Chief Commissioner may, by notice in writing, require a landholder to provide such information or evidence as the Chief Commissioner may reasonably require for the purpose of ascertaining the unencumbered value of a land holding of the landholder or the disposer acquisition date in relation to such a land holding.
(4)  The Chief Commissioner may refuse to grant an exemption under this Division if the landholder fails to comply with any such notice.
(5)  This section applies despite section 163Z.
Note—
Section 305 allows the Chief Commissioner to require the person making the disposal to obtain a declaration as to the value of property.
s 163ZN: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Division 3 Other exemptions and concessions
ch 4A, pt 6, div 3: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZO   No double duty
If a relevant disposal consists of a redemption of units in a unit trust scheme and the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the disposal forms part of an arrangement under which any land holdings of the landholder are transferred, the duty chargeable in respect of the relevant disposal under Part 3 of this Chapter is to be reduced by the amount of duty (if any) paid under Chapter 4 in respect of the transfer of the land holdings.
ch 4A, pt 6, div 4 (ss 163ZO–163ZR): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZP   Passive disposals
(1)  A disposal by a person of an interest in a landholder is an exempt transaction if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the disposal is a passive disposal and does not form part of an arrangement to avoid the payment of duty under this Act.
(2)  A disposal by a person of an interest in a landholder is a passive disposal if:
(a)  the disposal occurs entirely as a consequence of actions, decisions or events over which the person and any associated persons had no control, and
(b)  the person and any associated persons do not receive any consideration or benefit as a consequence of the disposal.
ch 4A, pt 6, div 4 (ss 163ZO–163ZR): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZQ   Disposals for no consideration by charities and others
A disposal by a person of an interest in a land rich landholder is an exempt transaction if the disposal consists of the disposal of property to another person for no consideration and the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that, had the disposal been a transfer by the person of land to that other person, the other person would not be liable to pay duty on the transfer under this Act (disregarding Division 1 of Part 8 of Chapter 2 and section 278).
ch 4A, pt 6, div 4 (ss 163ZO–163ZR): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Division 4 General
ch 4A, pt 6, div 4 (ss 163ZO–163ZR): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZR   General
(1)  This Part does not affect a determination under this Chapter as to whether a landholder is land rich.
(2)  This Part does not affect any liability for the duty chargeable under Part 2 in respect of a relevant acquisition.
ch 4A, pt 6, div 4 (ss 163ZO–163ZR): Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Part 7 Registration of unit trust schemes
ch 4A, pt 7: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZS   Application for registration
(1)  The responsible entity of a unit trust scheme may apply to the Chief Commissioner for registration of the scheme as:
(a)  an imminent public unit trust scheme, or
(b)  a wholesale unit trust scheme, or
(c)  an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme.
(2)  An application must be made by the applicant in an approved form.
(3)  In considering an application for registration under this Part, the Chief Commissioner may take into account any matter he or she considers relevant.
s 163ZS: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZT   Registration of imminent public unit trust scheme
(1)  On application by the responsible entity of a unit trust scheme, the Chief Commissioner may register the unit trust scheme as an imminent public unit trust scheme if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the scheme meets the criteria for registration as an imminent public unit trust scheme.
(2)  The criteria for registration as an imminent public unit trust scheme are that:
(a)  the unit trust scheme will become a listed trust or widely held trust within 12 months (or such longer period as the Chief Commissioner may determine) after the Chief Commissioner gives written notice of his or her intention to register the unit trust scheme as an imminent public unit trust scheme, and
(b)  the units issued in the trust before the scheme becomes a listed trust or widely held trust have been or will be issued only for the purpose of the unit trust scheme becoming a listed trust or widely held trust, and
(c)  those units are or will be the only units issued until the unit trust scheme becomes a listed trust or widely held trust.
s 163ZT: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZU   Registration of wholesale unit trust schemes
(1)  On application by the responsible entity of a unit trust scheme, the Chief Commissioner may register the unit trust scheme as a wholesale unit trust scheme if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the scheme meets the criteria for registration as a wholesale unit trust scheme.
(2)  The criteria for registration as a wholesale unit trust scheme are that:
(a)  not less than 80% of the units in the unit trust scheme are held by qualifying investors, and
(b)  each qualifying investor holds less than 50% of the units in the unit trust scheme or, if a qualifying investor holds units in the unit trust scheme in more than one capacity, the qualifying investor holds less than 50% of the units in each capacity.
(2A)  For the purposes of this section, a qualifying investor in a unit trust scheme means a person who holds units in the unit trust scheme in any of the following capacities:
(a)  as trustee of a complying superannuation fund that has not less than 300 members,
(b)  as trustee of a complying approved deposit fund that has not less than 300 members,
(c)  as the trustee of a pooled superannuation trust,
(d)  as the trustee of a public unit trust,
(e)  as a life company if its holding of the units in the unit trust scheme is an investment of a statutory fund maintained by it under the Life Insurance Act 1995 of the Commonwealth (and, for the purposes of this paragraph, the holding of units by a life company by way of an investment of a statutory fund of the life company is taken to be a holding of units by the life company in a separate capacity from a holding of units by the life company by way of investment of another statutory fund of the life company),
(f)  as a custodian for a trustee, or a trustee for a life company, referred to in any of the preceding paragraphs in its capacity as such a custodian or trustee,
(g)  as the trustee of another wholesale unit trust scheme,
(h)  as the custodian or trustee for an IDPS, or investor directed portfolio service, within the meaning of the relevant ASIC policy statement, if the IDPS has not less than 300 clients or investors, none of whom (individually or together with any associated person) is beneficially entitled to more than 20% of the property to which the IDPS relates,
(i)  as the responsible entity for a managed investment scheme registered under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth (not being a person to which paragraph (d) or (h) applies), if the managed investment scheme has not less than 300 members, none of whom (individually or together with any associated person) is beneficially entitled to more than 20% of the property to which the scheme relates,
(j)  as the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory (including any statutory body representing the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory),
(k)  in a capacity approved by the Chief Commissioner, being a capacity that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied corresponds to a capacity referred to in paragraphs (a)–(f) under the law of an external Territory or a foreign country,
(l)  as a corporation or unit trust scheme that is wholly owned by a person or persons who hold shares in the corporation or units in the unit trust scheme in a capacity approved by the Chief Commissioner, being a capacity that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied corresponds to a capacity referred to in paragraphs (a)–(f) under the law of an external Territory or a foreign country.
(3)  A listed trust is not eligible for registration as a wholesale unit trust scheme.
(4)  In this section:
relevant ASIC policy statement means the policy statement PS 148: Investor Directed Portfolio Services published by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission, or such other policy statement published by the Commission as the Chief Commissioner may from time to time approve for the purpose of this section.
s 163ZU: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Am 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [8] [9].
163ZV   Registration of imminent wholesale unit trust schemes
(1)  On application by the responsible entity of a unit trust scheme, the Chief Commissioner may register the unit trust scheme as an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the scheme meets the criteria for registration as an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme.
(2)  The criteria for registration as an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme are that:
(a)  the unit trust scheme will meet the criteria for registration as a wholesale unit trust scheme within 12 months (or such longer period as the Chief Commissioner may determine) after the Chief Commissioner gives written notice of his or her intention to register the trust as an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme, and
(b)  the units issued in the trust before the scheme meets the criteria for registration as a wholesale unit trust scheme have been or will be issued only for the purpose of the unit trust scheme meeting those criteria, and
(c)  those units are or will be the only units issued before the trust meets those criteria.
ss 163ZV–163ZX: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZW   Duration of registration
(1)  Registration of a unit trust scheme under this Part takes effect on the day specified by the Chief Commissioner in respect of the scheme, which may be a day occurring before the day on which registration is granted.
(2)  Registration of a wholesale unit trust scheme remains in force until it is cancelled by the Chief Commissioner.
(3)  Unless cancelled earlier, registration of an imminent public unit trust scheme or an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme remains in force for 12 months from the date on which registration takes effect or for such further period as the Chief Commissioner may, from time to time, specify in respect of the unit trust scheme.
ss 163ZV–163ZX: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZX   Register
(1)  The Chief Commissioner is to keep a register of unit trust schemes registered as wholesale unit trust schemes under this Part.
(2)  The following information is to be entered in the register in relation to each unit trust scheme registered as a wholesale unit trust scheme:
(a)  the name of the unit trust scheme,
(b)  the date of registration,
(c)  such other information relating to the unit trust scheme as the Chief Commissioner may approve.
(3)  The register is to be kept in such form as the Chief Commissioner considers appropriate.
(4)  A copy of the register is to be made available for public inspection by publication on the website of the Office of State Revenue in the Treasury, and in such other manner as the Chief Commissioner may approve.
ss 163ZV–163ZX: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZY   Reporting requirements
(1)  It is a condition of registration of a wholesale unit trust scheme under this Part that the responsible entity of the unit trust scheme provides to the Chief Commissioner, within 1 month after 30 June in each year (commencing with 30 June 2007), a report in an approved form containing particulars of the following in relation to the period of 12 months ending on that 30 June:
(a)  any acquisition by a person of any interest in the wholesale unit trust scheme that would entitle the person, in the event of an immediate distribution of all the property of the unit trust scheme, to no less than 20% of the property distributed,
(b)  any acquisition by a person of any interest in the wholesale unit trust scheme that, when aggregated with other interests the person has in the unit trust scheme, would entitle the person, in the event of an immediate distribution of all the property of the unit trust scheme, to no less than 20% of the property distributed.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner may, as a condition of registration, impose other reporting requirements on the responsible entity of a registered unit trust scheme (whether or not a wholesale unit trust scheme).
(3)  Requirements may be imposed under subsection (2) at the time of registration or at any subsequent time by notice in writing to the responsible entity.
s 163ZY: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4]. Subst 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [13].
163ZZ   Cancellation of registration
(1)  The Chief Commissioner may cancel the registration of a unit trust scheme at any time if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  a disqualifying circumstance within the meaning of section 163ZZA has occurred in respect of that scheme, or
(b)  the responsible entity of the unit trust scheme has contravened a condition of registration of the unit trust scheme imposed under this Part, or
(c)  in the case of an imminent public unit trust scheme, the unit trust scheme has become a listed trust or a widely held trust, or
(d)  in the case of an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme, the unit trust scheme is registered as a wholesale unit trust scheme.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner cancels the registration of a unit trust scheme by giving written notice of cancellation to the responsible entity of the scheme including the reasons for the cancellation.
ss 163ZZ–163ZZB: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZZA   Disqualifying circumstances for registered unit trust schemes
(1)  In this section, disqualifying circumstance means a circumstance that causes a unit trust scheme that is registered under this Part to fail or cease to meet the relevant criteria for registration.
(2)  If a disqualifying circumstance occurs in respect of a unit trust scheme:
(a)  the responsible entity of the unit trust scheme must give the Chief Commissioner notice of the disqualifying circumstance within 28 days after it occurs, and
(b)  the unit trust scheme is taken to have not been a public unit trust scheme or a wholesale unit trust scheme on and from the disqualification date, and
(c)  the Chief Commissioner must make an assessment of duty chargeable under this Act in respect of any acquisition of an interest in the unit trust scheme as if the unit trust scheme had not been a wholesale unit trust scheme or a public unit trust scheme, as the case requires, on and from the disqualification date, and
(d)  a tax default occurs for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if the whole of any duty assessed under paragraph (c) is not paid to the Chief Commissioner within 3 months after the assessment.
(3)  For the purposes of this section, the disqualification date means:
(a)  in respect of a unit trust scheme registered under this Part as a wholesale unit trust scheme—the date on which the disqualifying circumstance occurs, and
(b)  in respect of a unit trust scheme registered under this Part as an imminent public unit trust scheme or an imminent wholesale unit trust scheme—the date on which registration of the unit trust scheme under this Part first took effect.
ss 163ZZ–163ZZB: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
163ZZB   Meaning of “responsible entity”
In this Part, a reference to the responsible entity for a unit trust scheme is, in the case of a unit trust scheme for which there is no responsible entity, a reference to the trustee of that unit trust scheme.
ss 163ZZ–163ZZB: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [4].
Chapter 5 Lease instruments
Part 1 Introduction and overview
164   Imposition of duty
(1)  This Chapter charges duty on a lease instrument, being an instrument that evidences or effects a lease (as defined in section 164A).
(2)  The duty charged by this Chapter is abolished on and from 1 January 2008. This Chapter does not apply in respect of a lease first executed on or after 1 January 2008.
Notes—
Lease is defined in section 164A to include agreements for lease and agreements for rights to use land.
Duty is generally charged on the cost of the lease. Cost is defined in section 166.
The rates of duty are dealt with in Part 2.
Duty is also chargeable on certain variations of leases—see section 169.
Leases that are exempt from duty are dealt with in section 179.
s 164 (previously s 163): Am 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [3]. Renumbered 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [5]. Am 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [6]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [17].
164A   What is a “lease”?
For the purposes of this Chapter, lease means:
(a)  a lease of land in New South Wales or an agreement for a lease of land in New South Wales, or
(b)  an agreement (such as a licence) by which a right to use land in New South Wales at any time and for any purpose is conferred on or acquired by a person (who is taken, for the purposes of this Chapter, to be a lessee of the land), or
(c)  a franchise arrangement that is held in respect of a place or area located in New South Wales and that is first executed before 1 July 2001.
Notes—
Franchise arrangement is defined in the Dictionary.
Certain exemptions are available, in particular, if the cost of the lease is less than the amount specified in section 179 (1).
s 164A (previously s 164): Am 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [4] [5]. Renumbered 2004 No 96, Sch 1 [5]. Am 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [18].
165   How duty is charged on a lease instrument
Duty is chargeable on a lease instrument:
(a)  at the rate prescribed under this Chapter, on the cost of the lease, as determined in accordance with this Chapter, except as provided by paragraph (b), or
(b)  in the case of a lease for which there is no consideration in money or money’s worth, at the rate prescribed under this Chapter on the unencumbered value of the lease.
Note—
Part 3 prescribes means of levying duty on indeterminate rents and other indeterminate lease costs.
166   What is the “cost” of a lease?
(1)  The cost of a lease (other than a franchise arrangement) is the aggregate of the following:
(a)  the rent payable during the term of the lease or in advance of the lease and any amount paid or payable for the right to use land under the lease,
(b)  any premium payable for a lease of premises in a retirement village within the meaning of section 5 of the Retirement Villages Act 1999,
(c)  any rates and taxes paid or payable on behalf of the lessor in connection with the lease,
(d)  the value of improvements and additions to the leased premises made or undertaken to be made by or on behalf of, or at the expense of, the lessee under an agreement or covenant by the lessee (other than fit-out costs), to the extent provided by section 175,
(e)  any royalties payable under the lease, including royalties for the right to enter onto and remove something from the land.
(2)  Rent includes any payment under the lease expressed to be rent but does not include any premium paid or payable expressed to be rent.
(3)  The cost of a franchise arrangement is the aggregate of all amounts payable for the grant of the franchise (including any renewal fees where the franchise arrangement is entered into by way of renewal of a previous franchise arrangement) and the exercise of the franchisee’s rights during the term of the arrangement, to the extent that any of those amounts are referrable to New South Wales. It includes any amounts so payable under the arrangement for any of the following:
(a)  the right to use the goodwill of the business (including payments by way of royalty or as a percentage of turnover),
(b)  the right to use systems and processes, instruction manuals and operation manuals, business names, logos, trademarks, patents and copyright material in connection with the business,
(c)  the use of goods,
but not including any amounts payable under the arrangement for goods that are stock-in-trade or materials provided for use in manufacture.
(4)  If a franchise arrangement applies to an area that comprises the whole or part of New South Wales and a place outside New South Wales, duty is not payable on that proportion of the cost of the franchise arrangement that represents the extent to which the franchise has been granted in respect of the place that is outside New South Wales.
s 166: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [35]; 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [9]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [12] [13].
167   Splitting or redirection of cost of franchise arrangement (anti-avoidance provision)
The Chief Commissioner may include, as part of the amount payable as the cost of a franchise arrangement, any of the following:
(a)  any payments under the arrangement that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied have been increased for the purpose of minimising duty under this Chapter,
(b)  any payments that would be included in the cost of a franchise arrangement except for the fact that they are paid to a person other than the person who grants the franchise arrangement.
168   Who is liable to pay the duty?
(1)  The person liable to pay the duty is the lessee.
(2)  Lessee means, in the case of a franchise arrangement, the franchisee.
Note—
Franchisee is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  Lessee includes any assignee for the time being of the rights of the lessee under the lease and the assignee of a franchisee.
169   When must the duty be paid?
(1)  A lease instrument becomes liable to duty on the date of first execution.
(2)  A lease instrument also becomes liable to duty on the making of a variation to the lease that increases the cost of the lease. Duty is chargeable on the amount of additional cost resulting from the variation.
Note—
A refund of duty may be applied for in case of a variation that decreases the cost of a lease—see section 178.
(3)  Duty must be paid to the Chief Commissioner within 3 months after the lease instrument becomes liable to duty, except as otherwise provided by this Chapter.
Note—
Part 3 makes provision for periodic adjustments of duty in certain cases.
Part 2 Rates of duty
170   General rate
(1)  The rate of duty is 35 cents per $100 (or remaining part of $100) of the total cost of the lease, except as otherwise provided by this Chapter.
(2)    (Repealed)
s 170: Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [14]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [19].
171   Nominal duty
(1)  Duty of $2 is payable on a lease instrument made subsequently to and in conformity with an agreement for a lease for which ad valorem duty under this Chapter has been duly paid.
(2)  If requested by the lessee, the Chief Commissioner must regard the subsequent lease instrument as the instrument dutiable with ad valorem duty and the agreement as the nominally dutiable instrument, and assess or reassess them accordingly. The subsequent lease instrument is taken to have been first executed on the date of first execution of the agreement.
(3)  Duty of $10 is payable on an instrument that evidences a variation of a lease.
Part 3 Unascertainable lease costs
172   Operation of Part 3
(1)  The object of this Part is to enable an unascertainable component of the cost of a lease to be determined as a definite sum for duty assessment purposes.
(2)  The amount of a cost component of a lease is unascertainable if it cannot, at the time duty is liable to be paid in respect of it, be ascertained as a definite sum (so that, consequently, the total cost of the lease over its whole term cannot at that time be so ascertained).
Note—
Examples of unascertainable cost components are:
(a)  a royalty on minerals won from the leased land, expressed to be pro rata of (unspecified) tonnage of the minerals won,
(b)  rent expressed to be pro rata of the turnover of a business conducted on the land,
(c)  rent expressed to be “market rent”.
(3)  Cost components whose amounts are partly unascertainable are to be dealt with under section 173 or 174. Cost components whose amounts are wholly unascertainable are to be dealt with under section 176 (2).
(4)  Section 175 applies to the quantification of the value of lessees’ improvements.
173   Estimate and subsequent adjustment
(1)  This section applies in order to determine as a definite sum any unascertainable cost components of a lease, except where the Chief Commissioner and the lessee agree that section 174 should apply instead.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner is to make an initial estimate of the cost of the lease.
(3)  The initial estimate is to be the sum of:
(a)  the amount of each cost component payable in the course of the lease, so far as it is ascertainable, and
(b)  in respect of any interval in the term of the lease in which the amount of a cost component, although unascertainable, is subject to a certain approximate rate—the amount of the cost component that would be paid if it were payable at that approximate rate, and
(c)  in respect of any interval in the term of the lease in which the amount of a cost component, although unascertainable, is subject to a certain minimum rate and to which paragraph (b) cannot be applied—the amount of the cost component that would be paid if it were payable at that minimum rate, and
(d)  in respect of any interval in the term of the lease in which the amount of a cost component is unascertainable and to which paragraphs (b) and (c) cannot be applied—the amount of the cost component that would be paid during the interval if it were payable at the highest certain rate prevailing immediately before the commencement of the interval.
(4)  Following the initial estimate, duty is to be paid to the Chief Commissioner on the cost of the lease determined on the basis of an estimate under this section of the relevant unascertainable cost components.
(5)  Periodic estimates are to be made, at such dates (estimate dates) as the Chief Commissioner, having regard to the provisions of the lease, determines, of the amount of any cost components dealt with under this section payable during the term of the lease, and periodic adjustments of duty are to be made accordingly. A periodic estimate and a periodic assessment of duty may be made more than 5 years after the initial estimate.
(6)  Within 1 month after each estimate date, the lessee must produce to the Chief Commissioner a duly stamped part of the lease instrument and a statutory declaration stating:
(a)  the amount of each cost component dealt with under this section that was paid between the initial estimate date or the last previous estimate, as the case may be, and the date of the current estimate, and
(b)  the rate at which that cost component is payable as at the date of the current estimate.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(7)  If the amount of a cost component actually paid during a period between estimation dates is higher than the estimated amount so payable for that period, the Chief Commissioner may make a reassessment of duty in respect of the lease for that period and the balance of the term of the lease, and the lessee must, within 3 months after the date of issue of the notice of assessment, pay any additional duty assessed.
(8)  If the amount of a cost component actually paid during a period between estimation dates is lower than the estimated amount so payable for that period, the Chief Commissioner must, after the lessee has complied with subsection (6), make a refund to the lessee of duty overpaid.
s 173: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [36]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [21].
174   CPI method
(1)  This section applies, if the Chief Commissioner and the lessee agree to apply it, in order to determine as a definite sum any unascertainable amounts of any particular cost component of a lease.
(2)  The amount of the relevant cost component payable during any interval of the term of the lease for which it cannot be ascertained is taken to be payable at an annual rate ascertained by compounding the rate at which it is payable during the first year of the lease by the annual percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index last issued before the commencement of the lease.
(3)  If the rate at which the cost component is payable is unascertainable for a part of the first year, the rate for that year is to be calculated in accordance with section 173 (3) (b) and (c).
(4)  The Chief Commissioner may assess and levy duty on the cost of a lease based on a determination under this section of the value of the relevant cost component.
(5)  Duty assessed in accordance with this section may not be varied merely because the actual amount of the cost component paid under the lease is different from the value of the cost component determined under this section.
(6)  In this section, Consumer Price Index means the number appearing in the Consumer Price Index (All Groups Index) for Sydney published under the Commonwealth Census and Statistics Act 1905.
s 174: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [10].
175   Quantification of lessee’s improvements
The value of so much of the cost of a lease as comprises:
(a)  an undertaking by the lessee to make or pay for additions or improvements to the land the subject of the lease, or
(b)  the making of or payment for such additions or improvements by the lessee,
is taken to be the percentage, determined by the following Table, of the value of the additions or improvements:
Table
Term of lease
Percentage of value of additions or improvements
10 years or less
100
More than 10 but not more than 20 years
75
More than 20 but not more than 30 years
50
More than 30 but not more than 40 years
25
More than 40 years
Nil
Periodic lease or lease for a term that cannot be ascertained when the lease is made
100
Part 4 Miscellaneous
176   Interim stamping of lease instrument
(1)  A lease instrument on which duty is assessed under section 173 is to be marked “interim stamp only”.
(2)  A lease instrument on which no part of the duty under this Chapter is immediately ascertainable is, on payment of a duty of $10, to be stamped accordingly and marked “interim stamp only”.
(3)    (Repealed)
s 176: Am 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [22].
177   Reassessment of duty—early termination
(1)  A lessee may apply in an approved form to the Chief Commissioner for a reassessment of duty paid on a lease instrument if the lease is terminated before the end of its term. The means by which the lease was terminated is immaterial.
(2)  The application must be made within 5 years after the initial assessment or 12 months after the termination, whichever is the later, and must be supported by such documents and information as the Chief Commissioner specifies.
(3)  The Chief Commissioner:
(a)  if satisfied that the lease has been terminated before the commencement of the term, must refund the whole of the duty paid, or
(b)  if satisfied that the lease has been terminated early, must refund the difference between the duty actually paid and the duty that would have been payable if the lease had been granted for a term equal to the period for which the lease actually remained in force before termination.
(4)  In this section, a reference to the termination of a lease includes a reference to a lease coming to an end.
(5)  The Chief Commissioner must not refund any duty under this section unless satisfied that neither the lessee, nor an associated person in relation to the lessee, has occupied the premises the subject of the lease with the express or implied agreement of the lessor at any time after the termination of the lease and that neither the lessee, nor an associated person, proposes to so occupy those premises at any time after the termination of the lease.
(6)  Subsection (5) does not apply to an occupation that is consequential on the sale of the premises to the lessee or an associated person.
s 177: Am 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [20] [21].
178   Reassessment of duty—reduction of cost
(1)  A lessee may apply in writing to the Chief Commissioner for a reassessment of duty paid on a lease instrument if the lease is subsequently varied so as to reduce the total cost of the lease.
(2)  The application must be made within 5 years after the initial assessment or 12 months after the variation, whichever is the later, and must be supported by such documents and information as the Chief Commissioner specifies.
(3)  The Chief Commissioner, if satisfied that the lease has been varied so as to reduce the total cost of the lease, must refund the difference between the duty actually paid and the duty that would have been payable if the lease had been granted on the terms as so varied.
179   Exemptions
(1)  A lease instrument for any of the following leases is not chargeable with duty under this Chapter:
(a)  subject to subsection (3), a lease for a term of less than one year whose total cost is not more than:
(i)  $3,000—if the date of first execution of the lease is before 1 July 2001, or
(ii)  $20,000—if the date of first execution of the lease is on or after 1 July 2001,
(b)  subject to subsection (3), a lease for a term of one year or more whose total cost is not more than:
(i)  $3,000 per year—if the date of first execution of the lease is before 1 July 2001, or
(ii)  $20,000 per year—if the date of first execution of the lease is on or after 1 July 2001,
(c)  a lease granted by or on behalf of a corporation, society or institution if:
(i)  the purpose of the lease is to grant a retired person or a disabled person the right to occupy residential accommodation, and
(ii)  the lease has not been granted for the purpose of profit by the lessor,
(d)  a lease of premises to the Home Care Service of New South Wales,
(e)  a lease executed in accordance with Part V of the Commonwealth National Health Act 1953.
(2)  Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on a lease instrument on:
(a)  so much of the cost of a residential lease as relates to premises used, or intended to be used, exclusively as a residence, or
(b)  so much of the cost of a lease of a moveable dwelling site used, or intended to be used, as the principal place of residence of the lessee.
(c)    (Repealed)
(3)  Subsection (1) (a) or (b) does not apply to a lease that is one of two or more leases:
(a)  that are:
(i)  for terms that are consecutive or not more than 3 months apart, and
(ii)  over the same or substantially the same property, and
(iii)  between the same lessor and lessee or associated persons of the lessee, and
(b)  the date of first execution of each of which is within a period of 12 months, and
(c)  that, if they were taken to be a single lease instrument for a term which is the aggregation of the terms of the leases and for a total cost which is the aggregation of the costs of the leases, would be chargeable with duty.
(4)  The lease instruments for two or more leases that satisfy the requirements of subsection (3) are, for the purposes of this Chapter, taken to be a single lease instrument for a term which is the aggregation of the terms of the leases and for a total cost which is the aggregation of the costs of the leases.
(5)    (Repealed)
s 179: Am 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [6]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [15]–[18]; 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [7]–[9]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [22].
Chapter 6
180–203  (Repealed)
ch 6: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
ch 6, note: Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [24]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
ch 6, pt 1: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 180: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 181: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [37]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
ss 182–185: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 186: Am 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [7]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 187: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 188: Am 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [8]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 189: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 190: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [36]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 191: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [38]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 192: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 193: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [11]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
ch 6, pt 2: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 194: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 195: Am 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [9] [10]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 196: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [12]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 197: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 198: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 199: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [27]; 2001 No 39, Sch 2 [11] [12]. Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
s 200: Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
ch 6, pt 3 (ss 201–203): Rep 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [23].
Chapter 7 Mortgages
Part 1 Introduction and overview
203A   Abolition of mortgage duty—effective 1 July 2009
(1)  Mortgage duty is abolished on and from 1 July 2009.
(2)  However, mortgage duty remains chargeable, and this Chapter continues to apply, in respect of the following:
(a)  a mortgage first executed before 1 July 2009 (including any advances or further advances made in respect of the mortgage before that date),
(b)  an instrument of security referred to in section 208 (3) that first affects land in New South Wales before 1 July 2009,
(c)  an instrument of security referred to in section 208 (3A) that first affects relevant property in New South Wales before 1 July 2009,
(d)  an instrument that first becomes a mortgage or evidences the terms of a mortgage, as referred to in section 208 (4), before 1 July 2009.
(3)  A mortgage does not become liable to the additional duty referred to in section 208 (2) in respect of an advance or further advance that is made on or after 1 July 2009 (even if the mortgage was first executed before that date).
s 203A: Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [25]. Am 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [2].
204   Imposition of duty
This Chapter charges duty on instruments that fall within the definition of a mortgage. Duty chargeable under this Chapter is called mortgage duty.
Notes—
(1)   
Mortgage duty is calculated, in most cases, according to “the amount of advances secured by the mortgage”. Contingent liabilities may also be included. This is dealt with in Part 2.
(2)   
Ad valorem duty is only chargeable on one of a package of mortgages securing the same advance. This is dealt with in section 217.
(3)   
Provision is also made for the apportionment, for duty purposes, of the amount secured by any mortgage over property in different Australian jurisdictions. This is dealt with in sections 216–218C.
s 204: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [13].
205   What is a mortgage?
For the purposes of this Chapter, an instrument is a mortgage if it is:
(a)  a security by way of mortgage or charge over property wholly or partly in New South Wales at the liability date, or
(b)    (Repealed)
(c)  a security by way of a transfer or conveyance of any property in New South Wales that is held in trust to be sold or otherwise converted into money, redeemable before such a sale or conversion either by express stipulation or otherwise, except where the transfer or conveyance is made for the benefit of creditors who accept the transfer or conveyance in full satisfaction of debts owed to them, or
(d)  an instrument that, on the deposit of documents of title to property in New South Wales or instruments creating a charge on property in New South Wales, becomes a mortgage or evidences the terms of a mortgage.
Note—
Certain instruments that would otherwise be caught by this definition are exempted under Part 4.
s 205: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [14] [15].
206   What is an advance?
In this Chapter, advance means the provision or obtaining of funds by way of financial accommodation, by means of:
(a)  a loan, being:
(i)  an advance of money, or
(ii)  the payment of money for or on account of, or on behalf of, or at the request of, any person, or
(iii)  a forbearance to require the payment of money owing on any account whatever, or
(iv)  any transaction (whatever its terms or form) that in substance effects a loan of money, or
(b)  a bill facility, being one or more agreements, understandings or arrangements as a consequence of which a bill of exchange or promissory note:
(i)  is drawn, accepted, endorsed or made, and
(ii)  is held, negotiated or discounted to obtain funds,
whether or not the funds are obtained from the person who draws, accepts, endorses or makes the bill of exchange or promissory note and whether or not the funds are obtained from a person who is a party to any such agreement,
and includes contingent liabilities of the kind referred to in section 215.
s 206: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [16].
207   Who is liable to pay the duty?
The person liable to pay mortgage duty is the mortgagor or the person bound.
s 207: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [39].
208   When does a liability arise?
(1)  A mortgage becomes liable to duty on the date of its first execution.
(2)  A mortgage becomes liable to additional duty on the making of an advance or further advance by which the amount secured by the mortgage exceeds the amount secured by it at the time a liability to duty last arose in respect of it under this or a corresponding Act, unless section 219 applies.
(3)  An instrument of security that does not affect property in New South Wales at the date of first execution but that affects land in New South Wales at any time within 12 months after that date becomes liable to duty as a mortgage on the date on which it first affects the land, unless it is duly stamped under a corresponding Act or is exempt from duty.
(3A)  An instrument of security that does not affect property in New South Wales at the date of first execution but that, at any time after execution, affects relevant property in New South Wales identified in the instrument or identified under an arrangement in place when the instrument was first executed, becomes liable to duty on the date it first affects that property, unless it is duly stamped under a corresponding Act or is exempt from duty.
(4)  An instrument that, on the deposit of documents of title to property in New South Wales or instruments creating a charge on property in New South Wales, becomes a mortgage or evidences the terms of a mortgage becomes liable to duty as a mortgage on the deposit of the documents or instruments.
(5)  A reference in subsection (3) to land does not include a reference to an interest in land that is held by way of security.
(6)  For the purposes of this section, relevant property means any property, excluding land and the following kinds of property:
(a)  a marketable security that is quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange,
(b)  an interest in a marketable security referred to in paragraph (a), or an interest in a marketable security if the interest is quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange,
(c)  an interest in a unit trust scheme, being a unit trust scheme in respect of which units in the scheme have been issued to the public and 50 or more persons are beneficially entitled to units in the scheme,
(d)  property the Chief Commissioner is satisfied is of a similar nature to property referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c).
s 208: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [40]; 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [28]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [17] [18]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [19]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [26] [27].
209   When must duty be paid?
A tax default does not occur for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 if duty is paid within 3 months after the liability to pay the duty arises.
s 209: Rep 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [19].
210   How is mortgage duty charged?
(1)  The amount of duty chargeable on a mortgage is, except as provided by subsection (2), determined by the amount secured by it, as determined under Part 2. The amount of duty is:
(a)  $5.00, if the mortgage secures no amount or if the amount secured by the mortgage is not more than $16,000, or
(b)  if the amount secured by the mortgage is more than $16,000—$5.00, plus a further $4.00 for every $1,000, or part, by which the amount secured exceeds $16,000.
(2)  The amount of duty chargeable on a mortgage in respect of an advance or further advance is calculated on the amount secured by it as determined under Part 2. The amount of duty is $4.00 for every $1,000, or part, of the amount secured.
(3), (4)    (Repealed)
Notes—
(1)   
Further provisions that determine how the amount secured by a mortgage is to be calculated are contained in Part 2.
(2)   
See sections 216–218C as to the assessment of duty in cases where some of the property over which a mortgage, or a package of mortgages, is given is property outside New South Wales.
s 210: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [29]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [20]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [28]–[30]; 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [3]–[5].
211   Consequences of non-payment of duty
(1)  A mortgage on which duty is required by this Chapter to be paid is, while any duty remains unpaid on it, enforceable only to the extent of the amount secured by the mortgage on which duty has been paid under this Act.
(2)  A mortgage mentioned in section 216, 217, 217A or 218BA on which duty is required by this Chapter to be paid is, while any duty remains unpaid on it, enforceable only to the extent of the dutiable proportion on which duty has been paid under this Act.
s 211: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [21]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [31].
212   Where is property located?
(1)  For the purposes of this Chapter, property in the following forms is taken to be located in the place specified:
(a)  shares in or securities of a body corporate:
(i)  in the case of a company within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth—in the place where the company is taken to be registered for the purposes of that Act, or
(ii)  in any other case—in the place of incorporation of the body corporate,
(b)  units in a unit trust scheme:
(i)  in the place where the register on which the units are registered is kept, or
(ii)  in the place of residence of the manager of the unit trust scheme, if the register on which the units are registered is not kept in Australia,
(c)  debt securities of a Government of a State or Territory of the Commonwealth—in the State or Territory concerned.
(2)  Subsection (1) (a) is declared to be a Corporations legislation displacement provision for the purposes of section 5G of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth in relation to section 1070A (4) of that Act.
s 212: Am 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [14]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [22].
Part 2 Calculating the amount secured by a mortgage
213   Secured limited amount
(1)  If the amount of advances secured or to be secured by a mortgage is a definite and limited sum, the amount secured by the mortgage is, for the purposes of this Chapter, the definite and limited sum, until such time (if any) as a greater amount of advances is secured by the mortgage.
(2)  If any advance or further advance is made so that the amount of advances secured by the mortgage exceeds, at any time, the definite and limited sum mentioned in subsection (1), the amount on which duty is chargeable is, for the purposes of section 210 (2) or (4) (as appropriate), the amount by which the advances or further advances secured by it exceeds the amount on which duty has been paid under this section.
(3)  For the purposes of this Chapter, any increase in the definite and limited sum referred to in subsection (1) is taken to be a further advance for the amount of the increase.
s 213: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [41]. Subst 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [22]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [32].
214   “All moneys” mortgage
(1)  If the amount of advances secured by a mortgage is not a definite and limited sum, the amount secured by the mortgage is, for the purposes of this Chapter, the amount of advances actually secured by it.
(2)  If any advance or further advance is made so that the amount of advances for the time being secured by the mortgage subsequently exceeds the amount of the advances for which the mortgage has been duly stamped under this Act, the amount on which duty is chargeable is, for the purposes of section 210 (2) or (4) (as appropriate), the amount by which the advances or further advances secured by it exceeds the amount on which duty has been paid under this section.
s 214: Rep 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [22]. Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [32].
215   Contingent liabilities
(1)  A mortgage that is used or is capable of being used (whether directly or through a chain of relationships) to recover the whole or any part of an amount contingently payable in connection with an advance:
(a)  by a guarantor or indemnifying party under a guarantee or indemnity, or
(b)  by another party under another instrument of a different kind,
is liable to duty as if the amount of the contingent liability under the guarantee, indemnity or other instrument (or, where there is more than one guarantee, indemnity or other instrument, the greatest contingent liability) were a separate advance secured by the mortgage.
(2)  In the case of a mortgage that is part of a chain of relationships referred to in subsection (1), a reference in that subsection to a contingent liability is a reference to a contingent liability limited to the amount of any advance by any party in the chain, and does not include a reference to any other kind of contingent liability.
(3)  This section does not apply if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that there is no connection between the mortgage and any advance by any party to the arrangements.
(4)  Nothing in this section requires duty to be paid more than once in respect of an advance.
216   Mortgages over property not wholly within New South Wales
(1)  Mortgage duty is to be assessed for a mortgage over property that is partly within and partly outside New South Wales as if the amount secured by the mortgage were only the dutiable proportion.
(2)  The dutiable proportion is to be calculated in accordance with the following formula:
 
where:
DP is the dutiable proportion.
AS is the amount secured by the mortgage on which duty would, but for this section, be charged at the liability date.
V is the value of the property in New South Wales affected by the mortgage.
T is the value of all property affected by the mortgage.
(3)  The dutiable proportion is to be calculated by reference to the value of the properties according to any referable point specified in subsection (4).
(4)  A referable point is any of the following prepared within 12 months before the liability date for the mortgage:
(a)  an independent valuation of the secured property,
(b)  a statement of the mortgagee based on information obtained by the mortgagee in deciding to make the advance to the mortgagor,
(c)  property valuations used by the mortgagor in preparing an annual return to be lodged under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth,
(d)  a financial report of the mortgagor, certified by an independent auditor as presenting a true and fair view of a corporation’s financial position,
(e)  agreed property valuations that form the basis of the mortgagor’s insurance policies,
(f)  another document the Chief Commissioner considers to be appropriate for calculating the dutiable proportion.
(5)  However, if there is more than one referable point for a mortgage, the referable point is the later or latest of the referable points, subject to subsection (6).
(6)  Also, the referable point must be the same referable point used or to be used to determine liability to duty at the liability date under a corresponding Act.
(7)  This section is subject to the provisions of section 217A in relation to the assessment of mortgage packages.
s 216: Subst 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [23]. Am 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [19]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [33] [34].
217   Advances secured by mortgage package
(1)  For the purposes of this Part, 2 or more instruments of security are a mortgage package if:
(a)  at a liability date, the instruments secure or partly secure the same money, and
(b)  at least one of the instruments is a security affecting property wholly or partly outside New South Wales, and
(c)  at least one of the instruments is a mortgage.
(2)  Two or more instruments of security are taken to be part of a mortgage package only if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the instruments were first executed within any period of 28 days and in such a case are taken, for the purpose of assessing duty, to be first executed on the day the last of the instruments to be executed was executed.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  Duty on a mortgage package is to be assessed under this Part as if the instruments comprising the mortgage package were one mortgage.
(5)  One of the mortgages in the mortgage package is to be stamped with the mortgage duty paid in New South Wales for the mortgage package and each other mortgage in the mortgage package must be stamped as a collateral mortgage.
(6)  In the case of a further advance, a mortgage package includes an instrument of security executed after the initial liability date for a mortgage package that secures or partly secures the same money as the mortgage package.
s 217: Subst 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [23]. Am 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [35] [36].
217A   Assessment of mortgage packages where one or more instruments secure a limited amount
(1)  This section applies if a mortgage package assessed as one mortgage under section 217 has a NSW limit, or an Australian limit, or both.
(2)  If a mortgage package assessed as one mortgage under section 217 has a NSW limit, mortgage duty is to be assessed on the mortgage as if the amount secured by the mortgage were the NSW proportion of all advances secured by the mortgage, or the amount of the NSW limit, whichever is less.
(3)  The NSW proportion of all advances secured by the mortgage is to be calculated in the same manner as the dutiable proportion under section 216, but as if “AS” in the formula were the amount of advances secured by all instruments of security in the mortgage package at the liability date.
(4)  If a mortgage package assessed as one mortgage under section 217 has an Australian limit, mortgage duty is to be assessed on the mortgage as if the amount secured by the mortgage were the NSW proportion of the Australian limit.
(5)  The NSW proportion of the Australian limit is to be calculated in the same manner as the dutiable proportion under section 216, but as if “AS” in the formula were the amount of the Australian limit and “T” excluded the value of all property outside Australia.
(6)  For the purposes of this section, a mortgage package has a NSW limit if the instruments of security comprising the package affect property partly within and partly outside New South Wales and, disregarding section 216, the amount secured by those instruments over property wholly within New South Wales is a definite and limited sum. In such a case, the amount of the NSW limit is taken to be that definite and limited sum.
(7)  For the purposes of this section, a mortgage package has an Australian limit if the instruments of security comprising the package affect property partly within Australia and partly outside Australia, disregarding section 216, the amount secured by those instruments over property wholly within Australia is a definite and limited sum, and that amount is a single amount that applies in respect of all property within Australia that is affected by the mortgage. In such a case, the amount of the Australian limit is taken to be that definite and limited sum.
Note—
The provisions relating to mortgage packages with an Australian limit do not apply to mortgage packages that specify separate limits in relation to property in different States or Territories (eg $10 million for NSW, $10 million for Victoria).
(8)  A mortgage package that has a NSW limit and that does not affect property in Australia that is outside New South Wales, but does affect property outside Australia, is not to be treated as a mortgage package that has an Australian limit.
s 217A: Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [37].
218   Stamping before advance
(1)  A mortgage may be stamped before an advance whether or not an earlier advance has been made.
(2)  If a mortgage referred to in section 216 or 217 is stamped before an advance has been made:
(a)  the liability date for the mortgage is, for the purpose of determining a referable point for the mortgage, taken to be the date of stamping, and
(b)  the mortgage may be stamped only for an amount of an advance secured by the mortgage that does not exceed the value of the property affected by the mortgage at the date of the referable point.
(3)  This section does not apply in respect of a mortgage if the amount of advances secured by the mortgage is a definite and limited sum.
s 218: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [42]; 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [16]. Subst 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [23]. Am 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [10]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [38].
218A   Security
(1)  A stamped mortgage or a collateral mortgage that was, but is no longer, part of the same mortgage package and no longer secures the same money secured by that package is not security for any other advance unless duty in respect of the other advance has been paid.
(2)  The withdrawal of a mortgage from a mortgage package will not, for the purposes of this Chapter, affect the amount for which the remaining mortgage or mortgages are security.
s 218A: Ins 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [23].
218B   Collateral mortgage
(1)  Duty is not chargeable on the date of its first execution on the amount or part of the amount secured by a collateral mortgage that is the same money as is secured by:
(a)  a mortgage or instrument of security that is duly stamped under this Act, subject to section 218BA, or stamped under a corresponding Act, or
(b)  a mortgage package that has been duly stamped under this Act, subject to section 218BA, or stamped as a mortgage package under a corresponding Act.
(1A)  However, if at the time an advance or a further advance is made under a mortgage, instrument of security or mortgage package referred to in subsection (1) no such mortgage or mortgage package has been duly stamped under this Act (this section excepted), the collateral mortgage ceases to be a collateral mortgage for the purposes of this section and is chargeable with duty under this Act otherwise than as a collateral mortgage.
(2)  If the same money is secured, or partly secured, by 2 or more mortgages, at least one of which is a mortgage that is exempt from duty under a corresponding Act because it effects a refinancing (an exempt mortgage) and at least one of which is a collateral mortgage that is chargeable with duty under this Act:
(a)  the duty chargeable on the collateral mortgage (or, if there is more than one collateral mortgage, on one of them) is to be reduced by the amount of duty from which the exempt mortgage is exempt under the corresponding Act (subject to subsection (3)), and
(b)  each collateral mortgage, other than the collateral mortgage referred to in paragraph (a), is chargeable with the minimum duty for collateral mortgages.
(3)  A collateral mortgage is chargeable with a minimum duty of $10.
(4)  A collateral mortgage that no longer secures an amount secured by a mortgage, instrument or mortgage package referred to in subsection (1), or by an exempt mortgage referred to in subsection (2), is not security for another advance unless mortgage duty for the amount of the other advance is paid.
s 218B: Ins 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [23]. Am 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [20]–[22]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [39].
218BA   Collateral mortgages—anti-avoidance measure
(1)  Section 218B (1) does not apply if a collateral mortgage secures the same money as is secured by a mortgage or instrument of security, or mortgage package, stamped under a corresponding Act and the rate of mortgage duty charged under the corresponding Act in respect of the amount secured is a reduced rate.
(2)  For the purposes of this section, mortgage duty is charged at a reduced rate if the rate of mortgage duty charged in respect of the amount secured under the corresponding Act is less than the rate that would have applied under that Act if the mortgage or instrument had been charged with mortgage duty in respect of the same amount secured immediately before 1 July 2006.
(3)  If the rate of mortgage duty charged under the corresponding Act in respect of the amount secured is a reduced rate, the collateral mortgage and the stamped mortgages or instruments are to be assessed under this Part as if they comprised a mortgage package first executed on the day the collateral mortgage was first executed.
(4)  If, as a consequence of subsection (3), the total of the amount of mortgage duty charged in respect of the amount secured under this Act and the amount of mortgage duty charged in respect of the amount secured under the corresponding Act exceeds the maximum amount, the duty chargeable in respect of the collateral mortgage under this Act is to be reduced by the amount necessary to ensure that the total mortgage duty charged under this Act and the corresponding Act does not exceed the maximum amount.
(5)  For the purposes of this section, the maximum amount is the amount of mortgage duty that would be chargeable in respect of the amount secured by the collateral mortgage if the mortgage were not a collateral mortgage.
(6)  Despite section 217 (5), the collateral mortgage is to be stamped with the mortgage duty paid in New South Wales, and the instruments stamped under the corresponding Act are not required to be stamped under this Act.
Note—
In NSW, mortgage duty is to be abolished on 1 July 2009. Other States are reducing and abolishing mortgage duty on different dates. The purpose of this section is to prevent the use of a mortgage that is collateral to a mortgage that has been stamped in a jurisdiction where duty has already been reduced to avoid mortgage duty in NSW.
s 218BA: Ins 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [40]. Am 2007 No 82, Sch 2.4.
218C   Multi-jurisdictional statement
(1)  If mortgage duty is imposed on the dutiable proportion of a mortgage (whether for a mortgage over property not wholly in New South Wales, a mortgage package or on initial or subsequent advances), the mortgagor and mortgagee must, within 3 months after the liability arises:
(a)  make a written statement, in an approved form, about the location and value of the secured property, and
(b)  lodge the statement with the Chief Commissioner.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(2)  The making and lodging of a statement under subsection (1) by either the mortgagor or the mortgagee relieves the other person from complying with that subsection.
(3)  The statement may be taken to be the mortgage, or mortgages comprising the mortgage package.
s 218C: Ins 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [23].
Part 3 Duty concessions
219   Additional advances of not more than $10,000 in 12 months
Duty is not chargeable on additional advances secured by or under a mortgage if the total of the additional advances so secured does not exceed $10,000 in any 12-month period, not being the period of 12 months following the making of the initial advance.
220   Refinancing of loans
(1)  In this section:
land used for aquaculture means land subject to an aquaculture permit (within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994).
refinancing mortgage means a mortgage that:
(a)  secures the amount of the balance outstanding under an earlier mortgage that is discharged or to be discharged as part of the arrangements for the new mortgage, and
(b)  is created to secure an advance to the same borrower as under the earlier mortgage, and
(c)  is over the same or substantially the same property or part of the property as the earlier mortgage.
(2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), mortgages are created to secure an advance to the same borrower if, either directly by the mortgages themselves or indirectly through one or more collateral arrangements, the same person obtains the advances secured by them.
(3)  A refinancing mortgage is taken to have been stamped with ad valorem duty as a mortgage in respect of the duty-free refinancing amount, except as provided by subsection (5).
(3A)  For the purposes of this section, the duty-free refinancing amount is the lesser of the following amounts:
(a)  the maximum amount payable under or secured by the earlier mortgage (being an amount in relation to which mortgage duty has been paid or in relation to which an exemption from duty has been obtained),
(b)  $1,000,000.
(3B)  However, if the refinancing mortgage is over land used for primary production or land used for aquaculture, the duty-free refinancing amount is the maximum amount payable under or secured by the earlier mortgage (being an amount in relation to which mortgage duty has been paid or in relation to which an exemption from duty has been obtained).
Note—
“Land used for primary production” is defined in the Dictionary.
(4)  If an advance is refinanced by more than one lender, so that mortgages given to the lenders together secure the balance outstanding under an earlier mortgage, the definition of refinancing mortgage in subsection (1) is to be construed as though:
(a)  the reference to a mortgage securing the outstanding balance were a reference to the aggregate of such mortgages, and
(b)  the reference to property were a reference to the property securing the aggregate of refinancing advances made by the lenders under their combined mortgages, to the intent that, if the requirements of the definition, as so construed, are satisfied, each lender is taken, for the purposes of this section, to be the holder of a refinancing mortgage.
(5)  If, as provided by subsection (4), each of a number of lenders is the holder of a refinancing mortgage, a refinancing mortgage held by each lender is taken to have been duly stamped with ad valorem duty as a mortgage in respect of an amount equal to the same proportion of the duty-free refinancing amount as the amount secured by that mortgage bears to the total amount secured by the refinancing mortgages held by all the lenders.
(6)  If each of two or more refinancing mortgages severally secures the same advance:
(a)  the provisions of subsection (3) or (5), as the case may be, apply to such one of the mortgages as the Chief Commissioner determines, and
(b)  no duty is chargeable in respect of any of the others.
(7)    (Repealed)
(8)  Duty at the rate of $4 per $1,000 or remaining part of $1,000 is payable on the amount by which the advance made under a refinancing mortgage (not being a mortgage on which, by virtue of subsection (6) (b), no duty is chargeable) exceeds:
(a)  the duty-free refinancing amount, or
(b)  the proportion of that amount referred to in subsection (5), in the case of a refinancing to which subsection (4) applies.
(8A)  If a borrower is a related body corporate of a borrower under an earlier mortgage, the firstmentioned borrower is taken to be the same borrower or the same person for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2).
(9)  If a borrower under an earlier mortgage dies, or is a party to a marriage that has been dissolved or annulled or, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, has broken down irretrievably or is party to a de facto relationship that, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, has been terminated, the remaining borrower is, or the remaining borrowers are, taken to be the same borrower or the same person for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2).
(10)  A party to a marriage or de facto relationship may provide a statement to the Chief Commissioner, in the form of a statutory declaration, to the effect that:
(a)  in the case of a marriage:
(i)  the party intends to apply for a dissolution or an annulment of the marriage, or
(ii)  the parties to the marriage have separated, and there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed, or
(b)  in the case of a de facto relationship, the de facto relationship has been terminated.
The Chief Commissioner is required to have regard to any such statement in exercising his or her functions under subsection (9).
(11)  Subsection (10) does not limit the functions of the Chief Commissioner under section 72 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
s 220: Am 1999 No 10, Sch 2 [17]; 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [14]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [24]–[27]; 2005 No 42, Sch 1 [4]–[7].
221   Eligible mortgages under First Home Plus
(1)  Duty is payable in accordance with the following paragraphs on an advance secured by an eligible mortgage under Division 1 of Part 8 of Chapter 2 or a mortgage in support of such an eligible mortgage, but only to the extent that the amount of the advances qualifies under section 77 (3) or (4):
(a)  if the property has a private dwelling built on it:
Dutiable value of dutiable property subject to the agreement or transfer
Discount on duty
Not more than $500,000
100%
More than $500,000 but not more than $535,000
75%
More than $535,000 but not more than $565,000
50%
More than $565,000 but less than $600,000
25%
(b)  if the property comprises a vacant block of residential land:
Dutiable value of dutiable property subject to the agreement or transfer
Discount on duty
Not more than $300,000
100%
More than $300,000 but not more than $350,000
75%
More than $350,000 but not more than $400,000
50%
More than $400,000 but less than $450,000
25%
(2)  For the purpose of assessing any further advances secured by such a mortgage, duty is taken to have been paid on the amount of advances to which subsection (1) applies.
(3)  This section does not prevent section 221B from applying in respect of a mortgage.
Note—
Section 221B extends a general mortgage duty exemption to all mortgages associated with owner occupied housing, and takes effect on and from 1 September 2007.
s 221: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [43] [44]; 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [13]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [44]; 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [19]. Subst 2004 No 33, Sch 1 [8]. Am 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [6].
Part 3A Exemptions for mortgages associated with housing
ch 7, pt 3A (ss 221A–221C): Ins 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [7].
221A   Definitions
In this Part:
alterations or additions, in relation to a private dwelling house, includes:
(a)  any improvements to the parcel of land on which the dwelling house is constructed, and
(b)  the maintenance, repair or renovation of the dwelling house or of an improvement referred to in paragraph (a).
APRA reporting standard means a reporting standard determined by the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority under section 13 of the Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
private dwelling house includes:
(a)  a lot within the meaning of the Strata Schemes Management Act 1996, and
(b)  a land use entitlement that confers a right to occupy a private dwelling house.
residential land means a parcel of vacant land that is zoned or otherwise designated for use under an environmental planning instrument (within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979) for residential or principally for residential purposes.
ch 7, pt 3A (ss 221A–221C): Ins 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [7].
221B   Mortgages associated with owner occupied housing
(1)  Mortgage duty is not chargeable in respect of a mortgage if the mortgage secures an advance or advances made for the purpose of owner occupied housing and no other advances.
(2)  If a mortgage secures an advance made for the purpose of owner occupied housing and another advance that is not made for that purpose, mortgage duty is not chargeable in respect of the mortgage in relation to the amount advanced for the purpose of owner occupied housing.
(3)  This section applies in respect of a mortgage only if the borrower under the mortgage is a natural person or, if there is more than one borrower, each of them is a natural person.
(4)  An advance is made for the purpose of owner occupied housing if it is to be applied wholly or predominantly for one or more of the following purposes:
(a)  financing the acquisition of a residence,
(b)  financing the construction of a residence,
(c)  financing alterations or additions to a residence,
(d)  financing the acquisition of residential land,
(e)  repaying another advance, if the advance to be repaid was made for the purpose of owner occupied housing (within the meaning of this section).
(5)  For the purposes of this section, a residence is a private dwelling house that is used and occupied or intended to be used and occupied by the borrower, or by any of the borrowers, as a place of residence.
(6)  To avoid doubt, an exemption provided for by this section is not available in respect of any advance that is to be applied wholly or predominantly for business or investment purposes (or both).
(7)  The Chief Commissioner may, by written instrument, determine the criteria that may be applied by lenders for the purpose of establishing that the exemption provided for by this section applies in respect of an advance.
(8)  Without limiting subsection (7), the Chief Commissioner may determine that an advance is taken to be made for the purpose of owner occupied housing if it meets criteria set out in any APRA reporting standard relating to housing finance that is specified by the Chief Commissioner to be applicable to the exemption under this section.
(9)  A determination made by the Chief Commissioner under this section:
(a)  may be varied or revoked by the making of a further determination, and
(b)  has effect according to its tenor.
(10)  The exemption provided for by this section takes effect on and from 1 September 2007.
ch 7, pt 3A (ss 221A–221C): Ins 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [7].
221C   Mortgages associated with investment housing
(1)  Mortgage duty is not chargeable in respect of a mortgage if the mortgage secures an advance or advances made for the purpose of investment housing and no other advances.
(2)  If a mortgage secures an advance made for the purpose of investment housing and another advance that is not made for that purpose, mortgage duty is not chargeable in respect of the mortgage in relation to the amount advanced for the purpose of investment housing.
(3)  This section applies in respect of a mortgage only if the borrower under the mortgage is a natural person or, if there is more than one borrower, each of them is a natural person.
(4)  An advance is made for the purpose of investment housing if it is to be applied wholly or predominantly for one or more of the following purposes:
(a)  financing the acquisition of investment housing,
(b)  financing the construction of investment housing,
(c)  financing alterations or additions to investment housing,
(d)  repaying another advance, if the advance to be repaid was made for the purposes of investment housing (within the meaning of this section).
(5)  For the purposes of this section, investment housing is any private dwelling house that is used, or is intended to be used or sold, for investment or business purposes (or both) by the borrower or by any of the borrowers.
(6)  The Chief Commissioner may, by written instrument, determine the criteria that may be applied by lenders for the purpose of establishing that the exemption provided for by this section applies in respect of an advance.
(7)  Without limiting subsection (6), the Chief Commissioner may determine that an advance is taken to be made for the purpose of investment housing if it meets criteria set out in any APRA reporting standard relating to personal or commercial finance that is specified by the Chief Commissioner to be applicable to the exemption under this section.
(8)  A determination made by the Chief Commissioner under this section:
(a)  may be varied or revoked by the making of a further determination, and
(b)  has effect according to its tenor.
(9)  The exemption provided for by this section takes effect on and from 1 July 2008.
ch 7, pt 3A (ss 221A–221C): Ins 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [7].
Part 4 Other exemptions
ch 7, pt 4, hdg: Subst 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [8].
222   Exempt mortgages and supporting instruments
(1)  This Chapter does not apply to a mortgage executed before 1 January 1975.
(2)  Other instruments that are exempt from payment of mortgage duty are:
(a)  a mortgage created solely for the purpose of providing security in accordance with a condition imposed on the grant of bail in criminal proceedings, and
(b)  a mortgage taken by a non-profit organisation in conjunction with a lease in respect of which no duty is chargeable under this Act, and
(c)  a mortgage of any ship or vessel, or of any part, interest, share or property of or in any ship or vessel, and
(d)  a mortgage given by the Government of the Commonwealth or the Government of New South Wales or by any public statutory body constituted under a law of this State, and
(e)  a mortgage to which an offshore banking unit is a party and that would not be liable to duty if it were executed outside New South Wales, and
(f1)  an agricultural goods mortgage under the Security Interests in Goods Act 2005, and
(g)  a mortgage that secures an amount advanced by an employer or a related body corporate of an employer to an employee of the employer, for the purpose of financing a purchase by the employee of shares in the employer, or a related body corporate of the employer, if the amount advanced (and the total of all advances that the mortgage secures) does not exceed $16,000.
(3)  The exemption provided by subsection (2) (d) does not apply to a mortgage given by a public statutory body in relation to a transaction, or any one of a class of transactions, specified in a proclamation made by the Governor and published in the Gazette in respect of the public statutory body concerned.
(4)  Duty is not chargeable in respect of a mortgage made or given by:
(a)  a council or county council under the Local Government Act 1993, or
(b)  the WorkCover Authority.
(5)  Duty is not chargeable on an instrument referred to in section 205 (d) if it is executed for the purposes of money market trading operations conducted or to be conducted by the person executing the instrument.
(6)  Duty is not chargeable in respect of a mortgage:
(a)  that is taken or is to be taken by the Sydney Futures Exchange Clearing House or the Options Clearing House Pty. Limited, and
(b)  that is or will be made available to it by a clearing member of the market, and
(c)  that does not secure an advance.
(7)  Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on a charge over land that is created under an agreement for the sale or transfer of the land if any part of the deposit or balance of the purchase price for the land is paid to the vendor (or as the vendor directs) before completion of the sale or transfer.
s 222: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [30]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [28]–[30]; 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [23]; 2005 No 69, Sch 5.4.
223   Mortgages associated with certain credit contracts
(1)  If:
(a)  a mortgage secures an amount advanced under a consumer credit contract and no other advance, and
(b)  the total amount advanced under the consumer credit contract does not exceed $35,000,
mortgage duty is not chargeable in respect of the mortgage.
(2)  If:
(a)  a mortgage secures an amount advanced under a consumer credit contract and another advance, and
(b)  the total amount advanced under the consumer credit contract does not exceed $35,000,
mortgage duty is not chargeable on the mortgage in relation to the amount advanced under the consumer credit contract.
(3)  If:
(a)  a mortgage secures an amount advanced under a consumer credit contract (whether or not it also secures any other advance), and
(b)  the total amount advanced under the consumer credit contract exceeds $35,000,
the whole of the amount advanced under the consumer credit contract comprises or forms part of the advances secured by the mortgage.
(4)    (Repealed)
(5)  In this section:
consumer credit means credit regulated under the Consumer Credit Code.
Consumer Credit Code means:
(a)  the provisions of the Code by that name set out in the Appendix to the Queensland Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994, as applied and in force in any Australian jurisdiction, or
(b)  the provisions of an Act of an Australian jurisdiction that are in the same, or substantially the same, terms as that Code.
s 223: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [31]; 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [9] [10].
224   Farm machinery and commercial vehicles
(1)  Mortgage duty is not chargeable on so much of an advance to a natural person or a strata corporation for the acquisition of farm machinery or a commercial vehicle as is secured by the mortgage.
(2)  In this section:
commercial vehicle means:
(a)  a motor vehicle or trailer within the meaning of the Road Transport (Vehicle Registration) Act 1997 constructed or adapted principally for the carriage of goods but does not include a motor vehicle of the kind known as a utility, a station wagon or a panel van, or
(b)  a vehicle without motive power of its own and constructed or adapted principally for the carriage of goods and for being drawn by a motor vehicle within the meaning of that Act.
farm machinery means:
(a)  a harvester, binder, tractor, plough or other agricultural implement, or
(b)  a boat within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994 or fishing gear within the meaning of that Act, or
(c)  any other goods of a class commonly used for the purposes of a farming undertaking that are determined by the Chief Commissioner to be farm machinery for the purposes of this section,
where the goods are acquired for the purposes of a farming undertaking.
farming undertaking includes:
(a)  any agricultural, apicultural, dairy farming, horticultural, orcharding, pastoral, poultry keeping, viticultural or other business involving the cultivation of the soil, the gathering of crops or the rearing of livestock, and
(b)  the business of taking fish, crustacea, oysters or any other marine, estuarine or fresh-water animal life, and
(c)  the cutting of timber for sale, and
(d)  any class of business determined by the Chief Commissioner to be a farming undertaking.
s 224: Am 1998 No 26, Sch 2.2 [1].
225   Certain debentures and related instruments
(1)  Mortgage duty is not chargeable on a mortgage solely securing the repayment of advances arising from the issue by a financial corporation or a related corporation of a debenture.
(2)  Mortgage duty is not chargeable on a mortgage in respect of advances arising from the issue by a financial corporation or a related corporation of a debenture if the mortgage secures in part the repayment of those advances.
(3)  This section applies to a debenture issued, or a mortgage executed, by a related corporation only in so far as the debenture is issued, or the mortgage is executed, for the purposes of raising funds to be used for a financial corporation.
(4)  In this section:
financial corporation means a corporation whose sole or principal business is providing finance to the public, including making loans to the public.
related corporation, in relation to a particular financial corporation, means a corporation that is, with respect to the financial corporation, a related body corporate within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
s 225: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [31]; 2001 No 34, Sch 4.14 [15].
Part 5 Miscellaneous
226   Payment on mortgages associated with debenture issues
(1)  This section applies if:
(a)  a corporation is or will be under a liability to repay money received or to be received by it in respect of its debentures, and
(b)  the repayment is secured by a mortgage first executed before the cut-off date, and
(c)  the corporation is a party to an instrument of trust relating to the debentures.
(2)  If the corporation and the trustee for the debenture holders give a written undertaking in the approved form to the Chief Commissioner:
(a)  a mortgage first executed by the corporation before the cut-off date and solely securing the repayment of money received or to be received by the corporation in respect of its debentures is not liable to mortgage duty in respect of advances made before the debenture concession closure date arising from debentures subscribed for before the cut-off date, and
(b)  a mortgage, not executed by the corporation, and first executed before the cut-off date, solely securing the repayment of such money is liable to duty of $10 in respect of advances made before the debenture concession closure date arising from debentures subscribed for before the cut-off date, and
(c)  a mortgage, whether executed by the corporation or by another party, and first executed before the cut-off date, and securing in part the repayment of such money is not liable to mortgage duty in respect of advances made before the debenture concession closure date arising from debentures subscribed for before the cut-off date.
Note—
The State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2003 terminated the concession provided for by this section in respect of mortgages executed, or debentures subscribed for, on or after the cut-off date.
(3)  The undertaking binds the corporation and the trustee to lodge with the Chief Commissioner, in July each year, a statutory declaration setting out, in the following categories, the total amount subscribed for in New South Wales before the cut-off date in respect of the corporation’s debentures during the year ending on the previous 30 June (but not including amounts repayable at call or in less than 30 days) and binds the corporation to pay duty in the following amounts:
Money repayable at or after the expiration of not less than 30 days and not more than 3 months
$2 for every $10,000, or part
Money repayable at or after the expiration of not less than 3 months and not more than 6 months
$2 for every $1,000, or part
Other money (except money repayable at call or in less than 30 days)
$4 for every $1,000, or part
Money repayable at call after a specified period is taken to be money repayable at the expiration of that period.
(3A)  The obligation to lodge a statutory declaration in July each year ceases after July 2003.
(3B)  Section 208 (2) applies in respect of a mortgage referred to in subsection (2), or a collateral mortgage that secures the same money as is secured by a mortgage referred to in subsection (2), if an advance or further advance is made on or after the debenture concession closure date, as if the reference to the amount secured by the mortgage at the time a liability to duty last arose were a reference to the total of:
(a)  the disclosed debenture amount, and
(b)  any advances or further advances made on or after the cut-off date in respect of which duty has been paid under this Chapter.
(3C)  For the purposes of the application of section 213 (2) or 214 (2) to such a mortgage (and the application of section 218B to any collateral mortgage that secures the same money as the mortgage), duty is taken to have been paid, and the mortgage is taken to have been duly stamped, for the following amount or amounts:
(a)  the disclosed debenture amount,
(b)  any advances or further advances made on or after the cut-off date in respect of which duty has been paid under this Chapter.
(3CA)  A mortgage executed before the cut-off date that is not liable to duty under subsection (2) and in respect of which no further advances have been made on or after the debenture concession closure date is taken, for the purposes of the application of section 218B to any collateral mortgage, to have been duly stamped.
(3D)  For the purposes of this section, the disclosed debenture amount is the total amount of debentures subscribed for in New South Wales before the cut-off date and disclosed to the Chief Commissioner in a statutory declaration referred to in subsection (3).
(4)  In this section, a reference to an amount subscribed for in respect of debentures includes a reference to an amount represented by debentures issued on the conversion or renewal of an existing holding of debentures or other marketable securities.
(4A)  To avoid any doubt, subsection (3B) extends to a mortgage executed on or after 1 January 1975 and before 1 January 1999.
(5)  In this section:
cut-off date means the date of commencement of Schedule 1 to the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2003.
debenture concession closure date means the date on which the Bill for the State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment Act 2005 was introduced into the Legislative Assembly.
s 226: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [32]; 1999 No 60, Sch 2 [7]; 2003 No 34, Sch 1 [1]–[5]; 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [11]–[14]; 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [41]; 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [14]–[16].
227   Unregistered mortgages protected by caveats (anti-avoidance provision)
(1)  A caveat under the Real Property Act 1900 in which an estate or interest is claimed under an unregistered mortgage is chargeable with duty.
(2)  The amount of duty is:
(a)  if the mortgage is chargeable, but not stamped, with mortgage duty—the same amount as is chargeable on the mortgage, or
(b)  if the mortgage is stamped, or is not chargeable, with mortgage duty—$10.
(3)  The person liable to pay the duty is the mortgagor.
(4)  This section does not apply to a caveat lodged in respect of a mortgage that is exempt from mortgage duty under Part 4.
227A   Transfer of mortgages
(1)  If a mortgage is transferred (whether or not at the request or direction of any party) to:
(a)  a person who, either in connection with the transfer or at a later time, makes an advance or further advance under or secured by the mortgage, or
(b)  a person who is a party to arrangements (referred to in section 215) relating to such an advance or further advance,
the transferred mortgage is taken, for the purpose of determining its liability to duty under this Act, to be a new mortgage on which no duty has been paid and is liable to duty in respect of the advance or further advance accordingly.
(2)  The date of first execution of the transferred mortgage is taken to be:
(a)  in the case of a mortgage where the advance or further advance was made in connection with the transfer—the date of first execution of the transfer, and
(b)  in the case of a mortgage where the advance or further advance was made at a later time—the date of the first such advance or further advance.
(3)  If an insufficient amount of duty has been paid on a mortgage to which this section applies before it is taken by this section to be a new mortgage, the Chief Commissioner is not prevented from recovering at any time the amount of duty with which, in the Chief Commissioner’s opinion, the mortgage was properly chargeable from the mortgagor or person bound.
(4)  This section does not apply to the following:
(a)  a mortgage referred to in section 220 (3B),
(b)  a transfer of a mortgage by a corporation to another corporation if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that, had the transfer been a dutiable transaction, it would not be chargeable with duty under section 281 (relating to transfers between members of the same group of corporations),
(c)  a transfer of a mortgage in connection with, or in preparation for creating, issuing, marketing or securing, a mortgage-backed security,
(d)  a transfer of a mortgage from a person who holds the mortgage as trustee for another person to a new trustee appointed in substitution for the former trustee.
(5)  This Chapter applies to a mortgage referred to in subsection (1) in the same way as it applies to any other mortgage, except as provided by subsection (6).
(6)  For the purposes of section 218B (1), a transferred mortgage is not considered to have been duly stamped in respect of any duty paid before the transfer on advances made before the transfer.
s 227A: Ins 2005 No 42, Sch 1 [8]. Am 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [15].
228   Stamping counterpart or collateral instrument if mortgage is lost, destroyed or cannot be produced
A counterpart of a mortgage or a collateral security for an amount secured by a mortgage is taken to be the mortgage and may accordingly be stamped or upstamped for mortgage duty purposes if, on application by or on behalf of a person who is a party to the mortgage, the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that the mortgage has been lost or destroyed or, because of being deposited in the Land Titles Office or from other reasonable cause, cannot conveniently be produced.
Chapter 8 Insurance
Part 1 General insurance
229   Imposition of duty
(1)  This Part charges duty on the amount of the premium paid in relation to a contract of insurance that effects general insurance (whether or not it also effects other kinds of insurance).
(2)  The amount of duty is required to be paid each time a premium is paid in relation to a contract of insurance that effects general insurance.
Notes—
(1)   
General insurance is defined in section 230.
(2)   
Premium is defined in section 231.
(3)   
The time at which a premium is paid is determined by section 232.
(4)   
Generally, the insurer to whom the premium is paid is the person liable to pay the duty. But there are circumstances in which the person insured is liable to pay the duty. These circumstances are set out in section 236.
(5)   
To facilitate payment of duty, insurers must register themselves with the Chief Commissioner, submit a monthly return showing the total amount of premiums paid to them for general insurance during the preceding month and pay the appropriate amount of duty when submitting the return. The provisions that deal with this are in Part 3.
230   What is “general insurance”?
(1)  General insurance is any kind of insurance that is applicable to:
(a)  property in New South Wales, or
(b)  a risk, contingency or event concerning an act or omission that, in the normal course of events, may occur within, or partly within, New South Wales,
or both.
(2)  General insurance does not include life insurance, a life insurance rider or insurance that is exempt from duty by Part 5.
231   What is a “premium” in relation to general insurance?
(1)  Premium, in relation to general insurance, means the total consideration given to an insurer by or on behalf of the insured person to effect insurance without deductions for any amounts paid or payable, or allowed or allowable, by way of commission or discount to an insurance intermediary.
(2)  Premium includes a fire service levy paid or payable in connection with insurance by an insurer or any other person.
(3)  Premium does not include:
(a)  an amount paid to an insurance intermediary by the insured person as a fee, provided that the amount can be clearly identified as a fee, or
(b)  an amount of duty under this or a corresponding Act.
(4)  It is immaterial where the amount is paid or where the insurance is effected.
232   When is a premium “paid”?
(1)  A premium, or an instalment of a premium, is paid for the purposes of this Chapter when the first of the following events occurs:
(a)  the premium or instalment is received by the insurer, or
(b)  an account of the insurer is credited with the amount of the premium or instalment.
(2)  A premium or instalment of a premium (apart from the case where the premium or instalment is received directly by an insurer) is taken to have been received by an insurer if it is received by another person on the insurer’s behalf.
233   Types of general insurance
(1)  For the purpose of charging duty, general insurance is divided into 3 types, Type A insurance, Type B insurance and Type C insurance.
(2)  Type A insurance is general insurance other than Type B insurance or Type C insurance.
(2A)  Type B insurance is:
(a)  motor vehicle insurance, being insurance covering any one or more of the following:
(i)  the loss (including the loss by theft) of a motor vehicle,
(ii)  damage to a motor vehicle,
(iii)  loss of or damage to property by a motor vehicle,
being a motor vehicle within the meaning of the Motor Accidents Compensation Act 1999, or
(b)  aviation insurance, being insurance covering any one or more of the following:
(i)  the loss (including the loss by theft) of an aircraft,
(ii)  damage to aircraft,
(iii)  the death of or injury to a person by an aircraft or a thing falling from an aircraft,
(iv)  the loss of or damage to property by an aircraft or a thing falling from an aircraft, or
(c)  disability income insurance, being insurance effected by a contract of insurance under which an amount is payable in the event of disablement of the insured by accident or sickness, or
(d)  occupational indemnity insurance, being insurance covering liability arising out of the provision by a person of professional services or other services, or
(e)  hospital and ancillary health benefits insurance, being insurance covering liability incurred in respect of fees or charges for hospital treatment, or for health care ancillary to hospital treatment, if the liability is not covered by an organisation registered under Part VI of the National Health Act 1953 of the Commonwealth.
(3)  Type C insurance is:
(a)  crop insurance, being insurance covering:
(i)  loss due to the destruction of, or physical damage to, any pasturage or any crop of grain, fruit, vegetables or other plants, where the destruction or damage occurs while the pasturage or crop is being grown, or
(ii)  loss due to the destruction of, or physical damage to, the product of any such pasturage or crop, where the destruction or damage occurs while the product of the pasturage or crop is being stored or transported,
but not being insurance covering loss referred to in subparagraph (ii) unless the contract by which the insurance is effected also effects insurance covering the loss referred to in subparagraph (i), or
(b)  livestock insurance, being insurance covering:
(i)  loss due to the death of, or physical damage to, any animal, whether domesticated or wild, or
(ii)  loss due to the death of, or physical damage to, any genetic material of any such animal, or
(iii)  loss due to the theft of any such animal or genetic material, or
(c)  until 31 January 2010, insurance under the Debtor Insurance Scheme of the Stock and Station Agents Association.
s 233: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [14]; 1999 No 41, Sch 4.4 [1]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [45]. Subst 2002 No 63, Sch 3 [1]. Am 2005 No 42, Sch 1 [9] [10]; 2005 No 111, Sch 1 [16].
234   What duty is payable?
(1)  The amount of duty chargeable on the premium paid in relation to a contract of insurance is 9% of the amount of the premium to the extent to which the premium is paid to effect Type A insurance.
(2)  The amount of duty chargeable on the premium paid in relation to a contract of insurance is 5% of the amount of the premium to the extent to which the premium is paid to effect Type B insurance.
(3)  The amount of duty chargeable on the premium paid in relation to a contract of insurance is 2.5% of the amount of the premium to the extent to which the premium is paid to effect Type C insurance.
s 234: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [46]. Subst 2002 No 63, Sch 3 [1]; 2005 No 42, Sch 1 [11].
235   Who is liable to pay the duty?
The general insurer is liable to pay the duty, except as provided by section 236.
236   Circumstances in which duty is payable by the insured person
(1)  This section applies to a person who obtains, effects, or renews any general insurance as an insured person with a person who is not a registered insurer.
(2)  A person to whom this section applies must, within 21 days after the end of the month in which the premium relating to the insurance is paid to the person who is not a registered insurer:
(a)  lodge with the Chief Commissioner a return in the approved form containing such particulars and information as to the premium and the insurance as the Chief Commissioner may require, and
(b)  pay to the Chief Commissioner as duty the amount calculated in accordance with section 234.
(3)  A person to whom this section applies is taken to have complied with this section if the person’s duty under this section is discharged by another person acting on the person’s behalf.
(4)  The payment of a periodic premium in respect of disability income insurance that is continued, but not renewed, on the payment of the premium is taken to effect the insurance for the purposes of this section.
(5)  In this section:
premium means any amount paid in connection with insurance to a person who is not a registered insurer that would be a premium under this Part if the person to whom it was paid was a registered insurer.
Note—
Because this section imposes liability for duty on an insured person if the insured person arranges insurance with an insurer who is not registered, it would always be prudent to check the registered status of the insurer. This may be done by inspecting the register kept under section 252 by the Chief Commissioner.
s 236: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [45]; 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [17] [18].
237   Records to be kept
A person to whom section 236 applies must maintain records that contain information as to:
(a)  the nature and location of the property insured, and
(b)  the nature and location of each risk, contingency or event insured, and
(c)  the amount of the premiums paid in relation to each contract of insurance.
238   Refunds where premiums are returned
(1)  A general insurer or a person to whom section 236 applies is entitled to a refund of duty if the general insurer refunds, or there is refunded to the person, the whole or a part of a dutiable premium in respect of the contract of insurance for which duty has been paid.
(2)  The refund is the duty paid on the amount of the premium refunded.
(3)  A general insurer to whom duty is refunded may apply the amount of the refund to offset any other payment required to be made under this Act by the general insurer.
Part 2 Life insurance
239   Imposition of duty
This Part charges duty on:
(a)  a policy of life insurance, and
(b)  a life insurance rider.
Notes—
(1)   
Insurance is defined in the Dictionary to include assurance.
(2)   
Generally, the insurer with whom the policy is effected is the person liable to pay the duty. But there are circumstances in which the person insured is liable to pay the duty. These circumstances are set out in section 245.
240   What is “life insurance”?
Life insurance means insurance described in section 9 (1) (a)–(g) and 9A of the Commonwealth Life Insurance Act 1995 in respect of:
(a)  a life or lives, or
(b)  any event or contingency relating to or depending on a life or lives,
of a person whose principal place of residence is, or persons whose principal places of residence are, in New South Wales at the time the policy that effects the insurance is issued.
241   What is a “life insurance rider”?
A life insurance rider is insurance that:
(a)  is attached to a policy of life insurance, and
(b)  adds specified events and contingencies to those insured under the policy, and
(c)  is subject to the terms and conditions of the policy.
242   Obligation to make out and execute a policy of life insurance
A life company must, on or before the twenty-first day of each month:
(a)  make out and execute a policy of life insurance for each contract or agreement for life insurance effected by or on behalf of the life company in the preceding month, and
(b)  endorse the policy in the manner approved by the Chief Commissioner.
243   What duty is payable?
(1) Policies of life insurance, other than a temporary or term insurance policy or disability income insurance The amount of duty chargeable on a policy of life insurance, other than a temporary or term insurance policy, or a policy of disability income insurance is:
(a)  on the first $2,000, or part of $2,000, of the sum insured—$1, and
(b)  for every $200, or part of $200, in excess of the first $2,000—20 cents.
(2) Temporary or term insurance policies The amount of duty chargeable on a temporary or term insurance policy, other than a group term insurance policy, is 5% of the first year’s premium on the policy.
(2A) Group term insurance policies The amount of duty chargeable on a group term insurance policy is:
(a)  5% of the first year’s premium on the policy, and
(b)  5% of the amount of the premium (if any) payable in any succeeding year in respect of each additional life covered by the insurance policy (that is, each life that was not covered during the previous year).
(3) Life insurance riders The amount of duty chargeable on a life insurance rider is 5% of the first year’s premium on the life insurance rider.
(4) Disability income insurance The amount of duty chargeable on a policy of disability income insurance, being insurance under which an amount is payable in the event of the disablement of the insured by accident or sickness, is 5% of the premium paid to effect the insurance.
(5)  In this section:
group term insurance policy means a term insurance policy that applies in respect of the lives of a specified group of persons, being a group the membership of which may change during the term of the policy.
s 243: Am 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [19]–[21].
243A   Meaning of “premium”
Premium, in relation to a policy of life insurance or a life insurance rider, has the same meaning as it does in Part 1 in relation to general insurance.
s 243A: Ins 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [24].
244   Who is liable to pay the duty?
The life company or the person issuing the policy or life insurance rider is liable to pay the duty, except as provided by section 245.
245   Circumstances in which duty is payable by the insured person
(1)  This section applies to a person (not being a registered insurer) who effects a policy of life insurance or life insurance rider as an insured person with a person who is not a registered insurer.
(2)  A person to whom this section applies must, within 21 days after the end of the month in which the policy of life insurance or life insurance rider was effected:
(a)  lodge with the Chief Commissioner a return in the approved form containing such particulars and information as the Chief Commissioner may require, and
(b)  pay to the Chief Commissioner as duty the amount calculated in accordance with section 243.
(3)  A person to whom this section applies is taken to have complied with this section if the person’s duty under this section is discharged by another person acting on the person’s behalf.
Note—
Because this section imposes liability for duty on an insured person if the insured person arranges insurance with an insurer who is not registered, it would always be prudent to check the registered status of the insurer. This may be done by inspecting the register kept under section 252 by the Chief Commissioner.
246   Refund on cancellation of policy of life insurance
If a premium is refunded to a person because the person cancels a policy of life insurance within 30 days after receiving the policy, a person who has paid duty in respect of the policy is entitled to a refund of the duty.
Part 3 How is duty paid by an insurer?
247   Who is an insurer?
(1)  An insurer is a life company that writes life insurance or a general insurer.
(2)  A general insurer is a person:
(a)  who writes general insurance, and
(b)  who does so otherwise than as an insurance intermediary, and
(c)  who is authorised as a general insurer under the Commonwealth Insurance Act 1973.
Note—
Life company and insurance intermediary are defined in the Dictionary.
s 247: Am 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [25].
248   Insurers must be registered
An insurer must be registered under this Part.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
249   Application for registration
The Chief Commissioner must register an insurer who applies in the approved form for registration under this Part.
250   Cancellation of registration by the Chief Commissioner
(1)  The Chief Commissioner may, by written notice, cancel an insurer’s registration under this Part:
(a)  if the insurer’s authorisation under the Insurance Act 1973 of the Commonwealth is revoked, or
(b)  if the insurer is made bankrupt or, being a company, is wound up, or
(c)  if the insurer is convicted of an offence under an Act imposing duty, or
(d)  if the insurer’s registration was made in error or as a consequence of a false or misleading statement made in relation to the application for registration, or
(e)  if the Chief Commissioner is of the opinion that the insurer has ceased to write general insurance in New South Wales, or
(f)  if the insurer ceases to be a life company, or
(g)  for any other reason the Chief Commissioner thinks sufficient.
(2)  A cancellation of registration has effect from the date specified for the purpose by the Chief Commissioner in the notice of cancellation.
s 250: Am 2002 No 26, Sch 2.3 [1].
251   Cessation of business and cancellation of registration by the insurer
(1)  A registered insurer who ceases to write insurance business in New South Wales must:
(a)  give written notice of that fact to the Chief Commissioner, and
(b)  lodge the return required to be lodged under this Part, and
(c)  pay the duty payable in connection with the return on or before the twenty-first day of the month after which the notice is given.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(2)  The notice cancels the insurer’s registration under this Part on the day on which it is received by the Chief Commissioner.
252   Register of insurers
(1)  The Chief Commissioner must keep a register of the insurers who are registered under this Part.
(2)  Anyone may inspect the register without charge at the Chief Commissioner’s principal office during the hours that the office is open to the public.
253   Monthly returns and payment of duty
A registered insurer must, on or before the twenty-first day of each month:
(a)  lodge with the Chief Commissioner a return in the approved form showing:
(i)  the total amount of all premiums for Type A insurance paid to the registered insurer in the preceding month, and
(ii)  the total amount of all premiums for Type B insurance paid to the registered insurer in the preceding month, and
(iii)  the total amount of all premiums for Type C insurance paid to the registered insurer in the preceding month, and
(iv)  the total duty payable on policies of life insurance other than temporary or term insurance effected in the preceding month, and
(v)  the total amount of all first year’s premiums for temporary or term life insurance received by or on behalf of the registered insurer in the preceding month, and all additional premiums referred to in section 243 (2A) (b) (other than premiums for insurance that is exempt from duty by Part 5), and
(vi)  the total amount of all first year’s premiums for life insurance riders received by or on behalf of the registered insurer in the preceding month (other than premiums for insurance that is exempt from duty by Part 5), and
(b)  pay to the Chief Commissioner as duty the amounts determined in accordance with sections 234 and 243.
s 253: Am 2002 No 63, Sch 3 [2]; 2005 No 42, Sch 1 [12]; 2006 No 51, Sch 1 [22].
254   Recovery of duty by registered insurer
(1)  A registered insurer may require a person by whom a premium is payable to the insurer to pay the insurer an amount equal to the duty chargeable.
(2)  The requirement is duly made if it is contained in a written request that is given to the person and that specifies the amount of the duty.
(3)  If the amount is not paid, the insurer may recover it as a debt.
s 254: Am 1998 No 54, Sch 2.10 [15].
Part 4 Apportionment
Division 1 Apportionment of premiums and other amounts between Australian jurisdictions
255   Application of Division 1
(1)  This Division applies to a contract of insurance:
(a)  that insures:
(i)  property in New South Wales as well as property in another place, or
(ii)  a risk, contingency or event concerning an act or omission that, in the normal course of events, may occur within, or partly within, New South Wales as well as within, or partly within, another place,
or both, or
(b)  that insures:
(i)  lives, or
(ii)  any event or contingency relating to or depending on lives,
or both, of persons whose principal places of residence are variously in New South Wales or another place at the time the policy is issued.
(2)  It is the intention of this Division:
(a)  to provide the means for apportioning premiums paid and other amounts in relation to a contract of insurance having regard to the principle in sections 230 (1) and 240, and
(b)  to avoid multiple duty as between Australian jurisdictions, and
(c)  to give Australian jurisdictions their appropriate share of duty by means of the apportionment.
256   Schedule of Apportionment
(1)  The Chief Commissioner may, from time to time, adopt a Schedule of Apportionment for the purpose of apportioning premiums, or premiums paid for specific types of insurance, and other amounts in relation to insurance in accordance with this Division.
(2)  The Schedule of Apportionment may be developed in consultation with any person the Chief Commissioner considers suitable.
s 256: Am 2002 No 63, Sch 3 [3].
257   Apportionment in practice
(1)  A premium or an amount is to be apportioned in accordance with the Schedule of Apportionment adopted for the time being, except as provided by this section.
(2)  An insurer or an insured person may apply in writing to the Chief Commissioner to apportion a premium or an amount on a basis other than that provided by the Schedule of Apportionment. The Chief Commissioner may apportion the premium or amount on the other basis.
(3)  In particular, if the Chief Commissioner is not satisfied that a premium paid or another amount in relation to a contract of insurance has been properly apportioned for each risk insured, the Chief Commissioner may determine the apportionment, reassess the liability to duty and charge duty accordingly.
Division 2 Apportionment of premiums and other amounts as between different types of insurance
258   Apportionment between different types of insurance
(1)  This section applies to apportionment between different types of insurance that are relevant to determining liability for duty, such as general insurance, life insurance and insurance that is exempt from duty. It does not apply to the apportionment of a premium or another amount between New South Wales and another place. Division 1 deals with that kind of apportionment.
(2)  This section also applies to apportionment between different types of insurance referred to in section 233.
(3)  If the Chief Commissioner is not satisfied that a premium paid or another amount in relation to a contract of insurance that effects different types of insurance has been properly apportioned, the Chief Commissioner may determine the apportionment, reassess the liability to duty and charge duty accordingly.
s 258: Am 2002 No 63, Sch 3 [4] [5].
Part 5 Exempt insurance
259   What insurance is exempt from duty?
(1)  The following insurances are exempt from duty under this Chapter:
(a)  insurance covering only property of the Crown in right of New South Wales (including a statutory body representing the Crown in right of New South Wales),
(b)  insurance effected by a separate policy in a distinct sum against loss by fire on the tools, implements of work or labour used by any working mechanic, artificer, handcrafter or labourer,
(c)  insurance taken out by or on behalf of a non-profit organisation having as one of its objects a charitable, benevolent, philanthropic or patriotic purpose,
(d)  insurance taken out by or on behalf of a society or institution for the time being approved for the purposes of this paragraph by the Chief Commissioner whose resources are, in accordance with its rules or objects, used wholly or predominantly for:
(i)  the relief of poverty, or
(ii)  the promotion of education, or
(iii)  any purpose directly or indirectly connected with defence or the amelioration of the condition of past or present members of the naval, military or air forces of the Commonwealth or their dependants or any other patriotic object, or
(iv)  such other purpose as, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, warrants the society or institution being taken to be a charitable society or institution,
(e)  insurance covering mortgages or pools of mortgages acquired for the purpose of issuing mortgage-backed securities,
(f)  medical benefits insurance, being insurance effected by a contract of insurance that is issued by an organisation registered under Part VI of the Commonwealth National Health Act 1953 and that provides hospital benefits or medical benefits (or both), whether or not other benefits are also provided,
(h)  insurance effected under the Motor Accidents Act 1988 or the Motor Accidents Compensation Act 1999,
(i)  insurance of:
(i)  the hull of a floating vessel used primarily for commercial purposes, or
(ii)  goods or merchandise, or the freight of goods or merchandise, carried by land, sea or air,
or both,
(j)  redundancy insurance in respect of a housing loan where the sum insured does not exceed $124,000,
(k)  reinsurance (being a contract or contracts between two parties by which one party indemnifies the other against liability or payment under a contract or contracts of insurance or reinsurance),
(l)  an annuity:
(i)  issued, created or sold by a life company,
(ii)  purchased by a person from a life company,
(m)  policies of life insurance, being group superannuation investment policies owned by the trustee of a superannuation plan for the benefit of more than one member of the superannuation plan.
(2)  For the purposes of subsection (1) (l) a contract is an annuity if it satisfies the following requirements:
(a)  the contract provides for the periodic payment of money to the annuitant in fee for life or for a specified term of years as an annual or more frequent entitlement,
(b)  the periodic payment is a sum certain expressed as a dollar amount, but may be varied according to a predetermined formula,
(c)  the periodic payments are not derived from the money paid for the contract but are derived solely from the contract and comprise income and not the repayment of capital.
s 259: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [46]; 1998 No 85, Sch 2.4; 1999 No 41, Sch 4.4 [2]; 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [32].
Part 6 Miscellaneous
260   Effect on contract of insurance of failure to comply with this Chapter
A failure to comply with this Chapter does not render a contract of insurance illegal or invalid.
Chapter 9 Motor vehicle registration
Part 1 Introduction and overview
261   Imposition of duty
This Chapter charges duty on an application to register a motor vehicle under the Road Transport (Vehicle Registration) Act 1997 if:
(a)  the vehicle has not previously been registered under that Act, or
(b)  the person in whose name the vehicle is to be registered differs (or the persons in whose names the motor vehicle is to be registered differ) from the person or persons in whose name or names the vehicle was last registered.
Note—
Application to register is defined in the Dictionary.
s 261: Am 1998 No 26, Sch 2.2 [2].
262   Lodgment of statement of dutiable value
A person who is required by law to make an application to register a motor vehicle under the Road Transport (Vehicle Registration) Act 1997 must lodge with the application for registration a statement of the dutiable value of the vehicle, unless the application is not chargeable with duty under this Chapter.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
Note—
The dutiable value of a motor vehicle is specified in section 266.
s 262: Am 1998 No 26, Sch 2.2 [3].
263   Who is liable to pay the duty?
Duty is payable by the applicant for registration of the motor vehicle.
264   When does duty become payable?
Duty becomes payable when the motor vehicle is registered in pursuance of the relevant application.
265   What is the rate of duty?
(1)  The rate of duty is $3 per $100, or part, of the dutiable value of the motor vehicle, except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  The rate of duty for a passenger vehicle, being a vehicle:
(a)  that has a dutiable value of not less than $45,000, and
(b)  that is constructed primarily for the carriage of not more than 9 occupants, including a sedan, station wagon, coupe, convertible, four wheel drive vehicle with seats and windows, two wheel drive panel van with seats and windows, three wheel car, forward control passenger vehicle, small bus (seating not more than 9 persons, including the driver), motor home, and snow vehicle, but not including a motor cycle (with or without a side car), large bus (seating more than 9 persons, including the driver), hearse or invalid conveyance,
is $1,350 plus $5 per $100, or part, of the dutiable value of the motor vehicle in excess of $45,000.
s 265: Subst 1998 No 81, Sch 1 [9].
266   What is the “dutiable value” of a motor vehicle?
(1)  The dutiable value of a motor vehicle is:
(a)  the consideration in money or money’s worth given for the acquisition of the vehicle, or
(b)  the market value of the vehicle at the time duty is payable,
whichever is the greater.
(2)  The dutiable value does not include:
(a)  GST if the supply of the vehicle is GST-free under Subdivision 38-P (Cars for use by disabled people) of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 of the Commonwealth, or
(b)  a premium paid for extended warranty insurance.
s 266: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [37].
Part 2 Circumstances in which duty not chargeable
267   Exemptions
(1) Ownership by devolution of title Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on an application to register a motor vehicle made by a person who is beneficially entitled to the vehicle following the death of the person in whose name the vehicle was registered in New South Wales.
(2) Charities Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on an application to register a motor vehicle if the applicant is a non-profit organisation having as one of its objects a charitable, benevolent, philanthropic or patriotic purpose.
(3) Rural lands protection board Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on an application to register a motor vehicle if the applicant is a rural lands protection board established under the Rural Lands Protection Act 1998.
(4) Repossessed motor vehicles Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on an application to register a motor vehicle if:
(a)  the applicant is in the business of financing the purchase or use of motor vehicles, and
(b)  the vehicle was repossessed by, or voluntarily surrendered to, the applicant, and
(c)  the applicant, in the course of that business, does not dispose of any such vehicles except by public tender or public auction or through a dealer licensed under the Motor Dealers Act 1974.
(5) Ambulances Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on an application to register:
(a)  a motor vehicle that weighs not more than 250kg when unladen and is specially constructed to be used, and while on a road is used, solely for conveying an invalid, or
(b)  a motor vehicle specially constructed for:
(i)  the work of carrying sick and injured persons, or
(ii)  mines rescue functions in accordance with the Coal Industry Act 2001 and the regulations under that Act,
if the vehicle while on a road is used solely for purposes connected with that work.
(6) Vehicles transferred by certain court orders—parties to a marriage Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable in respect of an application to transfer the registration of a motor vehicle registered in the names of the parties to a marriage that has been dissolved or annulled, or is proved to the satisfaction of the Chief Commissioner to have broken down irretrievably, or in the name of either of them to the extent that the vehicle was, at the time the application was made, matrimonial property, if the application was made as a result of or in accordance with:
(a)  a financial agreement made under section 90B, 90C or 90D of the Family Law Act 1975 of the Commonwealth that, under that Act, is binding on the parties to the agreement, or
(b)  an order of a court under that Act, or
(c)  an agreement that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied has been made for the purpose of dividing matrimonial property as a consequence of the dissolution, annulment or breakdown of the marriage.
(7) Vehicles transferred by certain court orders—de facto partners Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable in respect of an application to transfer the registration of a motor vehicle registered in the names of the parties to a domestic relationship or in the name of either of them (but to no other person) to the extent that the vehicle was, at the time the application was made, the property of the parties or of either of them, if it is proved to the satisfaction of the Chief Commissioner that:
(a)  the domestic relationship ceases, and
(b)  the application was made for the purposes of or in accordance with an order of a court under the Property (Relationships) Act 1984.
(7A) Vehicles purchased by war veterans Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable in respect of an application to register a motor vehicle in the name of a veteran who is:
(a)  eligible for 70% or more of the general rate of pension specified in section 22 (3) of the Commonwealth Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986, or
(b)  eligible for the rate of pension determined in accordance with section 22 (4) of that Act, or
(c)  eligible for the rate of pension determined in accordance with section 23 of that Act, or
(d)  eligible for the rate of pension under section 24 of that Act.
Note—
The rates of pension referred to in subsection (7A) (b), (c) and (d) are known, respectively, as the extreme disablement adjustment rate of pension, the intermediate rate of pension and the special rate of pension for total and permanent incapacity.
(7B) Conditional registration Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable in respect of an application to register a motor vehicle if the motor vehicle is to be registered conditionally under the regulations under the Road Transport (Vehicle Registration) Act 1997.
(8) Equity Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable in respect of an application to register a motor vehicle if the Chief Commissioner considers it would not be just and reasonable to require payment of the duty.
(9) Evidence of exemption—break-up of marriage or domestic relationship A party to a marriage or domestic relationship may provide a statement to the Chief Commissioner, in the form of a statutory declaration, to the effect that:
(a)  in the case of a marriage:
(i)  the party intends to apply for a dissolution or an annulment of the marriage, or
(ii)  the parties to the marriage have separated, and there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed, or
(b)  in the case of a domestic relationship, the domestic relationship has ceased.
The Chief Commissioner is required to have regard to any such statement in exercising his or her functions under subsection (6) or (7).
(10) Power to require other evidence of exemption Subsection (9) does not limit the functions of the Chief Commissioner under section 72 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
s 267: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [47]; 1998 No 143, Sch 6.4; 1999 No 4, Sch 2.9 [15]–[17]; 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [47]; 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [20]; 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [15] [16]; 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [23].
268   Avoidance of double duty—duty paid in a corresponding Australian jurisdiction
Duty is not chargeable in respect of an application to register a motor vehicle in New South Wales if:
(a)  at the time the application was made, the motor vehicle is or was registered by the person making the application under the law of an Australian jurisdiction that corresponds to the Road Transport (Vehicle Registration) Act 1997, and
(b)  duty was paid in that jurisdiction in respect of the registration.
s 268: Am 1998 No 26, Sch 2.2 [4].
269   Reassessment of duty—repossession of stolen motor vehicle
(1)  Duty is not chargeable on an application for registration of a motor vehicle that has been repossessed from a person because, before the person acquired it, it had been stolen.
(2)  If requested by a person who has paid duty on an application for registration to which subsection (1) applies, the Chief Commissioner must assess or reassess the duty accordingly.
Part 3 Trading stock and demonstrator vehicles of motor dealers
270   Exemptions for motor dealers
(1) Trading stock—used motor vehicles Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on an application by a motor dealer, being the holder of a dealer’s licence or a wholesaler’s licence issued under the Motor Dealers Act 1974, or the holder of a similar licence under the corresponding provisions of a law of another State or Territory, to register a motor vehicle that is trading stock.
(2) Demonstrator motor vehicles—new motor vehicles The Chief Commissioner may approve arrangements for the issue to motor dealers of exemption authorities to be used in connection with the registration of demonstrator motor vehicles of the dealer.
(3)  Duty under this Chapter is not chargeable on an application by a motor dealer to register a motor vehicle if the motor vehicle is a demonstrator motor vehicle and, at the time the application for registration is made, the dealer produces an exemption authority that has been completed by the dealer.
(4)  A motor dealer must not produce an exemption authority in connection with the registration of a motor vehicle that is not a demonstrator motor vehicle.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(5)  If a motor dealer produces an exemption authority in connection with the registration of a motor vehicle that is not a demonstrator motor vehicle, the Chief Commissioner may recover any duty that would have been chargeable on the application for registration, together with any interest and penalty tax payable.
(6) Definitions In this section:
demonstrator motor vehicle means a new motor vehicle used solely or primarily for the sale of another new motor vehicle of the same class.
exemption authority means an exemption authority issued in accordance with arrangements approved by the Chief Commissioner.
trading stock means a used vehicle offered or exposed for sale by a motor dealer in the course of a dealer’s business, other than a vehicle used:
(a)  solely or principally by the dealer or a member of the dealer’s staff or family, or
(b)  for the general purposes of the dealer’s business.
s 270: Am 1999 No 60, Sch 2 [8] [9].
Chapter 10 Miscellaneous duties
271   Duplicates or counterparts
(1)  Duty of $2 is chargeable on the duplicate or counterpart of an instrument that effects a dutiable transaction or an instrument chargeable with duty.
(2)  The person liable to pay the duty is the person liable to pay the duty on the original instrument.
(3)  The duplicate or counterpart referred to in subsection (1) is not to be stamped as a duplicate or counterpart unless it is proved to the Chief Commissioner’s satisfaction that the proper duty has been paid on the original instrument of which it is the duplicate or counterpart.
272   Replicas
(1)  Duty is chargeable on a replica:
(a)  at $10, or
(b)  at the same amount as the duty with which the instrument the replica is intended to replace was stampable,
whichever is the lesser.
(2)  The persons liable to pay the duty are the parties to the replica or any one or more of them.
(3)  A replica that is duly stamped is to be marked in such manner as the Chief Commissioner thinks fit to denote that it is a replica.
(4)  In this section, replica means an instrument that:
(a)  is executed to replace, and
(b)  contains the same terms as, but no other terms than, those contained in,
a previously executed instrument that has been lost, spoiled or destroyed and that, in the Chief Commissioner’s opinion, has been duly stamped.
273   Minimum amount of duty
(1)  Despite any other provision of this Act or the regulations, if the amount of duty chargeable under this Act in respect of a transaction or an instrument would, but for this section, be less than $2, the amount of duty chargeable is $2.
(2)  This section does not apply to Chapter 8 (Insurance).
s 273: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [25].
Chapter 11 General exemptions from duty
274   Transfer of certain business property between family members
(1)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in respect of a transfer or agreement for the sale or transfer of land, a lease of land, or a transfer or assignment of a lease or permit in respect of land, used for primary production together with any other property that is an integral part of the business of primary production, if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the transferor, lessor or assignor, or the person directing the transferor, lessor or assignor, is an ancestor of the transferee, lessee or assignee, and
(b)  the land was land used for primary production in connection with a business carried on by the transferee, lessee or assignee, or by an ancestor of the transferee, lessee or assignee, (whether alone or with others) immediately before the transaction or the date of first execution of the instrument, and
(c)  the business is to continue to be carried on by the transferee, lessee or assignee (whether alone or with others).
(2)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in respect of a transfer of shares in a share management fishery within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994, if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that:
(a)  the transferor, or the person directing the transferor, is an ancestor of the transferee, and
(b)  the shares are held in connection with a fishing business carried on by the ancestor (whether alone or with others) immediately before the transaction or the date of first execution of the instrument, and
(c)  the business is to continue to be carried on by the transferee (whether alone or with others).
Note—
Duty on the transfer of shares in a share management fishery is abolished on 1 January 2009. This exemption is relevant only to a transfer of shares in a share management fishery that occurs before that date. See Part 4 of Chapter 2.
(3)  For the purposes of this section, the person directing a transferor, lessor or assignor is:
(a)  in the case of a transferor, lessor or assignor who is acting in the capacity of executor of a deceased estate—the deceased person, or
(b)  in the case of a transferor, lessor or assignor which is a proprietary limited company—a shareholder or shareholders in the company who:
(i)  are beneficially entitled to those shares, and
(ii)  are entitled to vote at meetings of the company, and
(iii)  are entitled as shareholders to not less than 25% of the assets of the company on winding up, being an entitlement that existed for at least 3 years prior to the date of the transfer, lease or assignment or that existed from the date of incorporation of the company, or
(c)  in the case of a transferor, lessor or assignor acting in the capacity of trustee of a bare trust—a person who is a named beneficiary of the trust, or
(d)  in the case of a transferor, lessor or assignor acting in the capacity of trustee of a discretionary trust—a person or persons who are entitled (as takers in default of appointment) to not less than a 25% interest in the capital of the trust, being an entitlement that existed for at least 3 years prior to the date of the transfer, lease or assignment, or that existed from the date of establishment of the trust, or
(e)  in the case of a transferor, lessor or assignor acting in the capacity of trustee of a private unit trust scheme—a unit holder or unit holders in the unit trust scheme who:
(i)  hold the units beneficially, and
(ii)  are entitled (as unit holders) to not less than 25% of the assets of the unit trust scheme on winding up, being an entitlement that existed for at least 3 years prior to the date of the transfer, lease or assignment, or from the date of establishment of the trust.
(4)  In the case of a transfer, lease or assignment by a proprietary limited company or unit trust scheme (a subsidiary entity) that is owned by another proprietary limited company or unit trust scheme (the parent entity), a person is taken to be a person directing the subsidiary entity if the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that, had the parent entity been the transferor, lessor or assignor, the person would be the person directing the parent entity under subsection (3).
(5)  Except as provided by subsections (3) and (4), there are no other cases in which a person is considered to be a person directing a transferor, lessor or assignor.
(6)  In this section:
ancestor of a transferee, lessee or assignee means:
(a)  a parent, step-parent, grand-parent, brother, sister, uncle or aunt of the transferee, lessee or assignee, or of the spouse or de facto partner of the transferee, lessee or assignee, or
(b)  a spouse, former spouse, de facto partner or former de facto partner of a person referred to in paragraph (a).
Note—
Land used for primary production is defined in the Dictionary.
s 274: Subst 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [26]. Am 2006 No 49, Sch 1 [42]; 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [17]–[19]; 2008 No 48, Sch 1 [9].
275   Charitable and benevolent bodies
(1)  Duty under this Act (other than vendor duty) is not chargeable on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, or a lease, of dutiable property to, or a declaration of trust over dutiable property held or to be held on trust for, or a mortgage given by or on behalf of, an exempt charitable or benevolent body.
(1A)  Duty under section 58 (Establishment of a trust relating to unidentified property and non-dutiable property) is not chargeable on an instrument that declares a trust over property held or to be held on trust for an exempt charitable or benevolent body.
(2)  Vendor duty is not chargeable on a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of land-related property by, or a declaration of trust over land-related property held or to be held on trust for, an exempt charitable or benevolent body.
(2A)  Land rich duty is not chargeable on the acquisition or disposal of an interest in a land rich landholder by an exempt charitable or benevolent body.
(3)  In this section:
exempt charitable or benevolent body means:
(a)  any society or institution for the time being approved by the Chief Commissioner for the purposes of this paragraph whose resources are, in accordance with its rules or objects, used wholly or predominantly for:
(i)  the relief of poverty in Australia, or
(ii)  the promotion of education in Australia, or
(b)  any society or institution that, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, is of a charitable or benevolent nature, or has as its primary object the promotion of the interests of Aborigines and if:
(i)  (in the application of this definition for the purposes of subsection (1) or (1A)) the dutiable transaction or instrument is for such purposes as the Chief Commissioner may approve in accordance with guidelines approved by the Treasurer, or
(ii)  (in the application of this definition for the purposes of subsection (2)) the land-related property was used or, in the case of a declaration of trust, is to be used by the society or institution for such purposes as the Chief Commissioner may approve in accordance with guidelines approved by the Treasurer, or
(iii)  (in the application of this definition for the purposes of subsection (2A)) the land holdings of the landholder are being used or are to be used for such purposes as the Chief Commissioner may approve in accordance with guidelines approved by the Treasurer.
land rich duty means the duty chargeable under Chapter 4A.
s 275: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [33]. Subst 2004 No 67, Sch 1 [20]. Am 2004 No 96, Schs 1 [7]–[9], 2 [23]–[26].
275A   Partial exemption for certain transactions by charitable and benevolent bodies
(1)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied, in relation to a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of land to a charitable or benevolent body, or a declaration of trust over land held or to be held on trust for a charitable or benevolent body, that the land is used or to be used partly for an exempt purpose, the dutiable value of the land is, for the purpose of charging duty under Chapter 2, to be reduced by the portion of that dutiable value that is referable to the portion of the land used or to be used for an exempt purpose.
(2)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied, in relation to a transfer, or an agreement for the sale or transfer, of land by a charitable or benevolent body, or a declaration of trust over land held or to be held on trust for a charitable or benevolent body, that the land was used or, in the case of a declaration of trust, is to be used partly for an exempt purpose, the dutiable value of the land is, for the purpose of charging duty under Chapter 4, to be reduced by the portion of that dutiable value that is referable to the portion of the land used or to be used for an exempt purpose.
(3)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied, in relation to a lease to a charitable or benevolent body, that the land the subject of the lease is to be used partly for an exempt purpose, the cost of the lease is, for the purpose of charging duty under Chapter 5, to be reduced by the portion of that cost that is referable to the portion of the land to be used for an exempt purpose.
(4)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied, in relation to a mortgage given by or on behalf of a charitable or benevolent body, that the land the subject of the mortgage is used or to be used partly for an exempt purpose, the amount secured by the mortgage is, for the purpose of charging duty under Chapter 7, to be reduced by the proportion of the amount secured that is referable to the portion of the land used or to be used for an exempt purpose.
(5)  If the Chief Commissioner is satisfied, in relation to an acquisition or disposal of an interest in a land rich landholder by a charitable or benevolent body, that any of the land holdings of the landholder are used or to be used for an exempt purpose, the unencumbered value of that land holding is to be disregarded when calculating the duty chargeable on the acquisition or disposal under Chapter 4A.
(6)  This section does not limit section 275.
(7)  In this section:
charitable or benevolent body means any society or institution that, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, is of a charitable or benevolent nature, or has as its primary object the promotion of the interests of Aborigines.
exempt purpose means a purpose approved by the Chief Commissioner under section 275.
s 275A: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [27].
276   Public hospitals
Duty under this Act is not chargeable on:
(a)  a dutiable transaction in respect of dutiable property, if a public hospital would be the person liable to pay the duty, or
(b)  an instrument executed by or on behalf of a public hospital, if the public hospital would be the person liable to pay the duty.
277   Councils and county councils
(1)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in the case of a body, being a council or county council under the Local Government Act 1993, on the following:
(a)  a dutiable transaction in respect of dutiable property if the body is the person described in this Act as the person liable to pay the duty,
(b)  an instrument executed by or on behalf of any such body if the body is the person described in this Act as the person liable to pay the duty,
(c)  an application by any such body to register a motor vehicle,
(d)  any insurance taken out by or on behalf of any such body.
(2)  However, this section does not exempt dutiable transactions, instruments or insurance issued, given, taken out, or executed by, to or on behalf of any such body in connection with or arising from the establishment, acquisition and operation of any trading undertaking, being:
(a)  the supply of electricity, gas, liquefied petroleum gas or hydraulic power and the supply and installation of associated fittings and appliances, or
(b)  the operation of a coal mine and the supply and distribution of coal, or
(c)  the operation of a public transport service, or
(d)  the supply of building materials.
278   Department of Housing and Aboriginal Housing Office tenants
(1)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable on an agreement for the sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land, or a mortgage executed to finance or assist the purchase of that land (but only to the extent to which the amount secured by the mortgage is to finance or assist that purchase), or a mortgage in support of that mortgage, if the purchaser or borrower, or at least one of the purchasers or borrowers:
(a)  is, at the date of the transaction or the date of the first execution of the instrument, an eligible tenant, and
(b)  will obtain not less than 25% of the beneficial ownership of the land, and
(c)  intends to occupy the land as his or her principal place of residence.
(2)  For the purposes of this section, a person is an eligible tenant if the person:
(a)  is a tenant of the Department of Housing, or
(b)  is a tenant under the Community Tenancy Scheme administered within that Department, or
(c)  is a tenant of the Aboriginal Housing Office.
(3)  This section applies in respect of an agreement for sale or transfer, or a transfer, of land in respect of which an eligible tenant obtains less than 100% of the beneficial ownership of the land only if:
(a)  the other purchasers are natural persons, and
(b)  the Chief Commissioner is satisfied that each of those other purchasers is a member of the eligible tenant’s family or a person who is genuinely assisting the eligible tenant to acquire the land as his or her principal place of residence.
(4)  For the purpose of subsection (3), the New South Wales Land and Housing Corporation is not considered to be a purchaser.
(5)  The exemption conferred by this section is conditional on the eligible tenant occupying the land concerned as his or her principal place of residence for a continuous period of at least 6 months, with that occupation starting within 12 months (or such longer period as the Chief Commissioner may approve) after completion of the agreement for sale or transfer, or transfer, of the land. This requirement is referred to as the residence requirement.
(6)  The Chief Commissioner may, if satisfied that there are good reasons to do so in a particular case:
(a)  modify the residence requirement by approving a shorter period of occupation by an eligible tenant, or
(b)  exempt an eligible tenant from compliance with the residence requirement.
(7)  If an eligible tenant fails to comply with the residence requirement, the eligible tenant must, within 14 days after the end of the period for compliance:
(a)  give written notice of that fact to the Chief Commissioner, and
(b)  pay to the Chief Commissioner the duty that would have been payable on the transactions or instruments concerned if they had not been exempt from duty under this section.
(8)  A person who fails to comply with subsection (7) is guilty of an offence.
Maximum penalty: 50 penalty units.
(9)  For the purposes of this section, a person is a member of an eligible tenant’s family if:
(a)  one is the spouse or de facto partner of the other, or
(b)  the relationship between them is that of parent and child, brothers, sisters, or brother and sister.
(10)  This section does not prevent section 221B from applying in respect of a mortgage.
Note—
Section 221B extends a general mortgage duty exemption to all mortgages associated with owner occupied housing, and takes effect on and from 1 September 2007.
s 278: Am 2000 No 51, Sch 2 [48]. Subst 2004 No 33, Sch 5.1 [10]. Am 2007 No 22, Sch 1 [11].
279   Specialised agencies
Duty under this Act is not chargeable on any instrument executed by or on behalf of a Specialised Agency within the meaning of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialised Agencies that was approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 21 November 1947 in respect of which instrument the Specialised Agency is the person described in this Act as the person liable to pay the duty.
280   Aboriginal land councils
Duty under this Act is not chargeable, in the case of an organisation that is the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, a Regional Aboriginal Land Council, or a Local Aboriginal Land Council, within the meaning of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983, on the following:
(a)  a dutiable transaction in respect of dutiable property if the organisation is the person described in this Act as the person liable to pay the duty,
(b)  an instrument executed by or on behalf of the organisation if the organisation is the person described in this Act as the person liable to pay the duty,
(c)  an application by the organisation to register a motor vehicle,
(d)  any insurance taken out by or on behalf of the organisation.
281   Members of a group of corporations
(1)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable on a dutiable transaction approved by the Chief Commissioner in accordance with guidelines approved by the Treasurer by which dutiable property is transferred by, or agreed to be transferred by, or vests in, a corporation that is a member of a group of corporations to another corporation that is a member of the same group.
(2)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable on an application to register a motor vehicle approved by the Chief Commissioner in accordance with guidelines approved by the Treasurer by a corporation that is a member of a group of corporations if, immediately before the application was made, the motor vehicle was registered in the name of another corporation that is a member of the same group.
(3)  The approval of the Chief Commissioner may be given to such extent as may be determined by the Chief Commissioner and in accordance with such conditions as may be so determined.
(4)  In this section, corporation includes a unit trust scheme.
s 281: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [34] [35].
282   Mortgage-backed securities
(1)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in respect of a mortgage over the interest of a person in a pool of mortgages relating to debt securities that are mortgage-backed securities issued by the person to secure the repayment of financial accommodation provided to the person.
(2)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in respect of a mortgage of a mortgage or pool of mortgages or part of a pool of mortgages in connection with creating, issuing, marketing or securing a mortgage-backed security.
(3)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in respect of:
(a)  the issue or making of a mortgage-backed security, or
(b)  the transfer or assignment of or other dealing with a mortgage-backed security, or
(c)  the discharge, cancellation or termination of a mortgage-backed security.
(4)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in respect of a mortgage of a mortgage or pool of mortgages or part of a pool of mortgages for the purpose of creating, issuing, marketing or securing a mortgage-backed security:
(a)  to a person entitled to a mortgage-backed security or a trustee or agent for such a person, or
(b)  by or to a person who issues, makes or endorses a mortgage-backed security, or
(c)  to a person who provides security (whether as a guarantor, surety or otherwise) to a person entitled to a mortgage-backed security or a trustee or agent for such a person,
if the mortgage is executed on or after 1 July 1998.
Note—
Mortgage, mortgage-backed security and pool of mortgages are defined in the Dictionary.
283   Instruments issued for the purpose of creating, issuing or marketing mortgage-backed securities
Duty under this Act is not chargeable on an instrument that, in the opinion of the Chief Commissioner, was executed for the purpose of creating, issuing or marketing mortgage-backed securities.
284   Loan-backed securities
(1)  Duty is not chargeable in respect of an instrument that is or effects any of the following:
(a)  the issue or making of a loan-backed security,
(b)  the transfer or assignment of, or other dealing in, a loan-backed security,
(c)  an instrument that, in the Chief Commissioner’s opinion, was executed for the purpose of creating, issuing or marketing loan-backed securities,
(d)  a mortgage over the interest of a person in a pool of loans, being a mortgage relating to loan-backed securities issued by the person to secure the repayment of financial accommodation provided to the person,
(e)  a policy of insurance covering any or all assets in a pool of loans acquired or held for the purpose of issuing loan-backed securities, but only so far as the instrument relates to loan-backed securities.
(2)  This section does not remove any liability to pay duty in respect of a receipts return or a short term dealers return.
Note—
Loan-backed security is defined in the Dictionary.
284A   Joint government enterprise—water savings projects
Duty under this Act is not chargeable, in the case of a joint government enterprise that has the function of allocating funds for water savings projects, on the following:
(a)  a dutiable transaction in respect of dutiable property if the enterprise is the person described in this Act as the person liable to pay the duty,
(b)  an instrument executed by or on behalf of the enterprise if the enterprise is the person described in this Act as the person liable to pay the duty,
(c)  an application by the enterprise to register a motor vehicle,
(d)  any insurance taken out by or on behalf of the enterprise.
s 284A: Ins 2003 No 80, Sch 1 [24].
284B   Restructuring of unit trust for land tax purposes
(1)  Duty under this Act is not chargeable in respect of an instrument executed on or after 6 June 2006 and before 1 January 2008 that effects a variation to a trust deed for a unit trust (within the meaning of Schedule 1AA to the Land Tax Management Act 1956) if:
(a)  before the instrument is executed, unit holders in the unit trust have fixed entitlements under the trust, and
(b)  the purpose of the variation is to enable the unit trust to satisfy the relevant criteria (within the meaning of section 3A of the Land Tax Management Act 1956) and, accordingly, to be treated as a fixed trust under that section, and
(c)  the variation does not directly or indirectly result in a change in the proportion of any income or capital to which a unit holder is entitled under the trust.
(2)  Unit holders in a unit trust have fixed entitlements under the trust if:
(a)  the unit holders are entitled to a fixed proportion of the income or capital distributions of the trust (if any are made) based on the number or class of units owned by them, and
(b)  the entitlements referred to in paragraph (a) cannot be removed, restricted or otherwise affected by the exercise of a discretion, or by a failure to exercise a discretion, conferred on any person under the trust.
s 284B: Ins 2006 No 87, Sch 1 [20].
Chapter 12 Miscellaneous
Part 1 Stamping instruments
285   Provision of stamps
The Chief Commissioner may provide stamps or such other equipment as may be required for:
(a)  stamping instruments, or
(b)  otherwise denoting the payment of duty,
in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
286   Limitation on use of designated stamps
(1)  A stamp that by its terms is limited to an instrument of a specified kind must not be used for an instrument of a different kind.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(2)  An instrument of a specified kind for which a particular stamp is specified is taken not to be duly stamped unless it is stamped with the stamp so specified.
287   Form of stamps to be used
(1)  An instrument that is required to be stamped by this Act is to be stamped by means of an impressed stamp.
(2)  However, another form of stamping may be used if its use is authorised by this Act or the Chief Commissioner.
(3)  Without limiting subsection (2), the Chief Commissioner may approve arrangements for the stamping of an instrument by means of the endorsement on the instrument of a number, or other information, issued by the Chief Commissioner in respect of the instrument (as referred to in section 289A).
s 287: Am 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [17].
288   Stamping of instruments
The Chief Commissioner must stamp an instrument in respect of which duty is chargeable under this Act, or that effects or evidences a dutiable transaction, and that has been lodged for stamping with the Chief Commissioner if the duty, and any interest or penalty tax under Part 5 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996, is paid in full.
Note—
In relation to vendor duty transactions, see Part 6 of Chapter 4.
s 288: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [48]; 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [4].
288A   Reassessment following interim payment of duty
(1)  If an instrument that is chargeable with duty or that effects or evidences a dutiable transaction is marked “interim stamp only” in accordance with this Act, the Chief Commissioner must, when the relevant value of the instrument has been ascertained, reassess the duty payable in respect of the instrument.
(2)  If no further duty is payable, the interim stamp is to be cancelled and any amount paid in excess of the amount assessed is to be refunded.
(3)  If further duty is payable, liability for the further duty arises when the notice of assessment issues, despite any other provision of this Act.
(4)  On payment of the balance of the duty (and any interest or penalty tax), the instrument is to be stamped with the amount of the balance and marked to indicate that duty has been duly paid.
(5)  For the purposes of this section, the relevant value of an instrument means:
(a)  in the case of a lease instrument marked “interim stamp only” under Chapter 5, the full cost of the lease, and
(b)  in any other case, the full dutiable value of the dutiable transaction effected or evidenced by the instrument.
Note—
A reference in this section to a dutiable transaction includes a vendor duty transaction (see Part 6 of Chapter 4).
s 288A: Ins 2004 No 96, Sch 2 [28].
289   When is an instrument duly stamped?
An instrument is duly stamped if it is stamped in accordance with this Act.
289A   Stamping by means of endorsement
(1)  An instrument is duly stamped if it is endorsed in accordance with an arrangement, approved by the Chief Commissioner under Division 2 of Part 6 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996, under which:
(a)  information concerning an instrument (rather than the instrument itself) is lodged with the Chief Commissioner, and
(b)  the information is used by the Chief Commissioner to assess the duty payable on the instrument, and
(c)  a number, or other information, is issued by the Chief Commissioner, in respect of the instrument, for endorsement on the instrument.
(2)  Section 297 applies in respect of an instrument endorsed in accordance with an arrangement referred to in this section as if the instrument had been stamped by the Chief Commissioner, and section 42 (3) of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 does not apply.
(3)  However, the endorsement of an instrument in accordance with an arrangement referred to in this section does not affect any liability for payment of the duty in relation to the instrument under this Act.
(4)  A notice of assessment or statement of confirmation issued by the Chief Commissioner in relation to the assessment of an instrument as referred to in this section may include any of the information provided to the Chief Commissioner on which the assessment of the instrument was based.
s 289A: Ins 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [18].
290   Adhesive stamps
(1) Use An adhesive stamp may be used to stamp the following instruments, but only if they were first executed before 1 January 2002:
(a), (b)    (Repealed)
(c)  a transfer of shares of a corporation or company which is not the legal or beneficial owner of land in New South Wales where the duty is $10,
(d)  a superannuation instrument to which section 60 applies,
(e)  duplicates or counterparts of instruments that may themselves be stamped with adhesive stamps,
(f)  any other instrument for which, under a taxation law within the meaning of the Taxation Administration Act 1996, tax may be denoted by use of an adhesive stamp.
(2) Cancellation An instrument that may be stamped by use of an adhesive stamp is not duly stamped unless:
(a)  an adhesive stamp for the appropriate amount of duty is attached to the instrument, and
(b)  the adhesive stamp is cancelled by marking the date of its cancellation on its face in such a way as to render it incapable of being used for any other instrument.
(3) Prohibition on removal of adhesive stamps An adhesive stamp that has been attached to an instrument and cancelled must not be removed from the instrument except by the Chief Commissioner after an application for a refund of the duty denoted by the stamp has been approved.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
s 290: Am 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [26] [27]; 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [19].
291   (Repealed)
s 291: Rep 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [20].
292   Refunds—spoiled and unused stamps
(1)  A person may apply to the Chief Commissioner for a refund of the value of adhesive stamps that have become spoiled or useless.
(2)  The spoiled or useless stamps must be produced to the Chief Commissioner.
(3)  If an adhesive stamp is erroneously placed on a document, an application for a refund may be made as if the stamp were spoiled.
(4)  An application under this section must be made before 1 January 2003.
(5)  A refund under this section is not available in respect of any application made on or after that date.
s 292: Am 2001 No 96, Sch 1 [21].
293   Reassessments—failed instruments
(1)  An instrument that fails in its intended operation and becomes useless is not chargeable with duty under this Act.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner must make a reassessment of duty in respect of such an instrument if an application for a reassessment is made within:
(a)  5 years after the initial assessment, or
(b)  12 months after the instrument has failed,
whichever is the later.
(3)  The instrument in respect of which the application is made must be produced to the Chief Commissioner unless the Chief Commissioner dispenses with its production.
(4)  This section does not apply in respect of an instrument that effects a transfer of dutiable property.
Note—
See Part 5 of Chapter 2 for refunds of duty under Chapter 2 on failed instruments and Part 4 of Chapter 4 for refunds of vendor duty on failed instruments.
s 293: Am 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [33]; 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [5].
294   Instruments to be separately charged with duty in certain cases
An instrument that contains or relates to several distinct matters for which different duties are chargeable under this Act is to be separately and distinctly charged with duty in respect of each such matter, as if each matter were expressed in a separate instrument.
295   Execution of instruments
(1)  For the purposes of this Act, an instrument is taken to be first executed the first time that it is signed and sealed, or signed (as the case may be) by any party to it.
(2)  However, a contract made by acceptance of an offer contained in an instrument is taken to be first executed when the offer is accepted.
(3)  If an instrument is ineffective by reason of a failure of the necessary parties to execute it, a refund may be made of any money paid for stamping.
296   Stamping of instruments after execution
(1)  Except where otherwise expressly provided by this or another Act, a person liable with respect to any instrument chargeable with duty or any dutiable transaction must cause the instrument, or an instrument that effects or evidences the transaction, to be duly stamped or, in accordance with the provisions of this Act marked “interim stamp only” within 6 months after it was first executed.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(2)  For the purposes of this section, a written statement that is required to be stamped is taken to be first executed when the transaction to which the statement relates occurs.
s 296: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [49].
297   Stamping taken to constitute an assessment
For the purposes of this Act, the stamping of an instrument (excluding a return) by the Chief Commissioner is taken to be evidence of an assessment of the duty payable under this Act in respect of the instrument.
s 297: Am 1998 No 44, Sch 1 [50].
298   Deferred payments for certain stamped instruments
(1)  The Minister may:
(a)  in circumstances in which (in the course of an industrial dispute involving persons engaged in the administration of this Act) an instrument liable to duty is not stamped by reason of the refusal of those persons to exercise functions relating to the administration of this Act or of any other law, and
(b)  in such other circumstances as the regulations may prescribe,
authorise the stamping of instruments on which duty is payable, even though the duty has not yet been paid, if an undertaking, in an approved form, has been given by a prescribed person, or a person belonging to a prescribed class of persons, as to the payment of duty in respect of the instrument.
(2)  The Minister’s authorisation must provide for the manner in which, and the time within which, unpaid duty is to be paid in respect of instruments stamped under the authorisation.
(3)  An instrument that has been stamped under the Minister’s authorisation is, except for the purposes of the recovery of any unpaid duty (including any interest or penalty with which the instrument is charged under the Taxation Administration Act 1996) in respect of the instrument, taken to be duly stamped.
(4)  If the duty payable in respect of an instrument that has been stamped under the Minister’s authorisation is not paid in accordance with the terms of the authorisation, the Taxation Administration Act 1996 applies to the payment of that duty in the same manner as if the instrument had not been so stamped.
(5)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the following persons are prescribed persons:
(a)  a person who is liable to pay duty in respect of an instrument,
(b)  a person who is authorised (whether by a person who is liable to pay duty in respect of an instrument or by another person) to arrange for the stamping of the instrument on behalf of a person who is liable.
s 298: Am 2004 No 55, Sch 2.9 [1].
299   Copies of instruments
(1)  A copy of an original instrument is chargeable with duty as if it had been executed in the same way as the original instrument and had been first executed at the same time as the original instrument unless the Chief Commissioner is satisfied:
(a)  that the original instrument has been duly stamped, or
(b)  that a copy of the original instrument has been duly stamped in accordance with this section.
(2)  If a copy of an original instrument is duly stamped in accordance with this section, the original instrument is taken to be duly stamped.
(3)  In this section:
copy of an original instrument means an unexecuted instrument in which, in the Chief Commissioner’s opinion, the matter contained in the original instrument is wholly or substantially reproduced, whether or not the matter reproduced has the same appearance as the matter contained in the original instrument, but does not include a replica within the meaning of section 272.
original instrument means an instrument that is chargeable with duty otherwise than under this section.
300   Calculation of time
(1)  This section applies to the calculation of a period of time for the purpose of determining when the payment of duty is due under this Act.
(2)  A month is taken to be a period commencing at the beginning of a day of one of the 12 named months (within the meaning of the Interpretation Act 1987) and ending:
(a)  at the end of the corresponding day of the next named month, or
(b)  if there is no such corresponding day, at the end of the next named month.
(3)  A period of 2 or more months is taken to be a period commencing at the beginning of a day of one of the 12 named months (within the meaning of the Interpretation Act 1987) and ending:
(a)  at the end of the corresponding day of the last named month within the period, or
(b)  if there is no such corresponding day, at the end of that named month.
(4)  Section 36 (except subsection (1)) of the Interpretation Act 1987 applies to the calculation of a period of time to which this section applies.
Part 2 Enforcement
301   Registration of transactions and instruments
(1)  A person must not register in a register of legal or beneficial interests in dutiable property a dutiable transaction, an instrument that effects a dutiable transaction or an instrument chargeable with duty unless:
(a)  it is duly stamped, or
(b)  it is stamped by the Chief Commissioner or in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner, or
(c)  it bears an endorsement, or is otherwise effected, in accordance with an approval under section 37 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(2)  In the case of a dutiable transaction that is also a vendor duty transaction, the transaction or instrument referred to in subsection (1) must be stamped or endorsed, in accordance with Chapter 4, in a manner that indicates:
(a)  that purchaser duty has been paid in respect of the transaction or that the transaction is not chargeable with purchaser duty, and
(b)  that vendor duty has been paid in respect of the transaction or that the transaction is not chargeable with vendor duty.
Note—
See Part 6 of Chapter 4.
s 301: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [36]; 2001 No 22, Sch 1 [21] [22]; 2004 No 33, Sch 4 [6].
302, 303   (Repealed)
s 302: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [28].
s 303: Rep 2000 No 44, Sch 2 [29].
304   Receipt of instruments in evidence
(1)  An instrument that effects a dutiable transaction or is chargeable with duty under this Act is not available for use in law or equity for any purpose and may not be presented in evidence in a court or tribunal exercising civil jurisdiction unless:
(a)  it is duly stamped, or
(b)  it is stamped by the Chief Commissioner or in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner.
(2)  A court or tribunal may admit in evidence an instrument that effects a dutiable transaction, or is chargeable with duty in accordance with the provisions of this Act, and that does not comply with subsection (1):
(a)  if the instrument is after its admission transmitted to the Chief Commissioner in accordance with arrangements approved by the court or tribunal, or
(b)  if (where the person who produces the instrument is not the person liable to pay the duty) the name and address of the person so liable is forwarded, together with the instrument, to the Chief Commissioner in accordance with arrangements approved by the court or tribunal.
(3)  A court or tribunal may admit in evidence an unexecuted copy of an instrument that effects a dutiable transaction, or is chargeable with duty in accordance with the provisions of this Act, if the court or tribunal is satisfied that:
(a)  the instrument of which it is a copy is duly stamped, or is stamped in a manner approved by the Chief Commissioner, or
(b)  the copy is duly stamped under section 299.
s 304: Am 1998 No 104, Sch 2 [36].
305   Valuation of property
(1)  The Chief Commissioner may, for the purpose of determining whether a person is liable for duty or determining a person’s liability for duty:
(a)  require the person, by notice in writing given to the person, to provide a valuation of property prepared by a registered valuer or to provide such other evidence of the value of property as the Chief Commissioner considers appropriate, or
(b)  obtain a valuation of property, or
(c)  rely on a valuation of property prepared for any purpose (whether or not for the purpose of determining liability for duty) by a registered valuer or other person the Chief Commissioner is satisfied is properly qualified to provide evidence of the value of property.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner may assess duty on the basis of a valuation or evidence referred to in subsection (1).
(3)  If a person is liable to pay duty under this Act that is chargeable by reference to the value of property, the Chief Commissioner may recover from the person the cost of obtaining a valuation of the property under this section.
(4)  In this section:
registered valuer has the meaning given by the Valuers Act 2003.
s 305: Subst 2005 No 51, Sch 1 [27].
306   Ascertainment of value of certain interests
If it is necessary for the purpose of assessing duty under this Act to ascertain the value of:
(a)  any estate or annuity or interest for the life of any person, or
(b)  any estate or annuity or interest determinable on or subject to any contingency or the happening of any event, or
(c)  any estate or annuity or interest in remainder expectant on the death of any person or expectant on or subject to any contingency or the happening of any event,
regard may be had in ascertaining the value of any such property to the death of the person having the life estate or annuity or interest or the happening of the contingency or event at any time before the assessment of duty is actually made.
307   Impounding of instruments
(1)  The Chief Commissioner may impound any instrument that ought to be but is not stamped or is insufficiently stamped.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner may retain any impounded instrument until the duty or any interest or penalty tax, or all such amounts, have been paid.
308   Application of Act to Crown
(1)  This Act binds the Crown in right of New South Wales and, in so far as the legislative power of the Legislature of New South Wales permits, the Crown in all its other capacities.
(2)  However, the Crown in right of New South Wales is not liable to pay duty unless this Act or any other Act expressly imposes a liability on the Crown in that capacity to pay duty.
(3)  The Governor may, by order published in the Gazette, apply the whole or any specified provisions of this Act to any specified person or body (whether statutory or otherwise) that is exempt from duty under this section.
(4)  While any such order is in force, the specified person or body is subject to the requirements of this Act accordingly.
(5)  This section does not exempt any person or body from any liability to pay duty chargeable under Chapter 8.
Note—
However, section 259 (1) (a) provides that insurance covering only property of the Crown is exempt from duty.
(6)  For avoidance of doubt, in this section, the Crown includes any statutory body representing the Crown.
Editorial note—
For orders published under this section see Gazette No 101 of 1.7.1998, p 5204.
s 308: Subst 2002 No 108, Sch 1 [34].
Part 3 The Public Equity Partnership and the Rent/Buy Scheme
309   Liability to duty in respect of certain housing schemes
(1)  In this section:
eligible land means:
(a)  land owned by N.S.W. Housing No. 1 Pty Limited that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied is the subject of an arrangement known as the Public Equity Partnership Arrangement in which the New South Wales Land and Housing Corporation is a participant, and
(b)  land of which the trustee of the FANMAC Pooled Superannuation Trust No. 1 is an owner and which the Chief Commissioner is satisfied is the subject of a scheme known as the Rent/Buy Scheme in which the New South Wales Land and Housing Corporation is a participant.
eligible owner means N.S.W. Housing No. 1 Pty Limited or the trustee of the FANMAC Pooled Superannuation Trust No 1.
(2)  The New South Wales Land and Housing Corporation is to pay the duty that would otherwise be payable by an eligible owner on an instrument executed in relation to eligible land for the purposes of:
(a)  the arrangement known as the Public Equity Partnership Arrangement, or
(b)  the scheme known as the Rent/Buy Scheme.
(3)  The New South Wales Land and Housing Corporation is to pay the duty payable on any sovereign risk insurance policy or any correlation insurance policy issued in relation to the arrangement known as the Public Equity Partnership Arrangement.
(4)  A payment made under this section is to be regarded as an expense of the New South Wales Land and Housing Corporation.
Part 4 Hardship Review Board
ch 12, pt 4: Subst 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [6].
310   Waiver, deferral and writing off of duty in hardship cases
The Hardship Review Board constituted under Division 5 of Part 10 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996 may exercise its functions in relation to duty payable under this Act.
s 310: Subst 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [6].
311   Notation by Chief Commissioner in cases of waiver
If the Hardship Review Board waives the payment of duty, the Chief Commissioner must make such notation on the instrument in respect of which the duty is waived as the Chief Commissioner thinks fit and the instrument, on the making of the notation, is taken to have been duly stamped.
s 311: Subst 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [6].
312   (Repealed)
s 312: Rep 2000 No 105, Sch 1 [6].
Part 5 Miscellaneous
313   Regulations
(1)  The Governor may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, for or with respect to any matter that by this Act is required or permitted to be prescribed or that is necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.
(2)  A regulation may create an offence punishable by a penalty not exceeding 20 penalty units.
314   Savings, transitional and other provisions
Schedule 1 has effect.
315   (Repealed)
s 315: Rep 1999 No 85, Sch 4.
317   Review of Act
(1)  The Minister is to review this Act to determine whether the policy objectives of the Act remain valid and whether the terms of the Act remain appropriate for securing those objectives.
(2)  The review is to be undertaken as soon as possible after the period of 5 years from the date of assent to this Act.
(3)  A report on the outcome of the review is to be tabled in each House of Parliament within 12 months after the end of the period of 5 years.
Schedule 1 Savings, transitional and other provisions
(Section 314)
Part 1 General
1   Regulations
(1)  The regulations may contain provisions of a savings or transitional nature consequent on the enactment of this Act or any of the following Acts:
State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment (No 2) Act 2001 (to the extent that it amends this Act)
State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment Act 2003 (to the extent that it amends this Act)
(2)  Any such provision may, if the regulations so provide, take effect from the date of assent to the Act concerned or a later date.
(3)  To the extent to which any such provision takes effect from a date that is earlier than the date of its publication in the Gazette, the provision does not operate so as:
(a)  to affect, in a manner prejudicial to any person (other than the State or an authority of the State), the rights of that person existing before the date of its publication, or
(b)  to impose liabilities on any person (other than the State or an authority of the State) in respect of anything done or omitted to be done before the date of its publication.
2   Application of sec 30 of Interpretation Act 1987
Except to the extent otherwise provided by this Schedule, nothing in this Schedule affects the application of section 30 of the Interpretation Act 1987.
Part 2 Provisions consequent on enactment of this Act
3   Instruments
This Act applies to instruments first executed on or after 1 July 1998, except as provided by this Schedule.
4   Provisions relating to Chapter 2 (Transactions concerning dutiable property)
(1) Dutiable transactions The duty charged by Chapter 2 is charged on dutiable transactions that occur on or after 1 July 1998, except as provided by this clause.
(2) Aggregation of dutiable transactions—sec 25 Section 25 extends to dutiable transactions at least one of which occurred before 1 July 1998 and at least one of which occurred on or after 1 July 1998 if they occurred within 12 months and the other provisions of section 25 are satisfied.
(3)  However, subclause (2) does not apply so as to aggregate transactions that occurred before 1 July 1998 and that would not have been aggregated under the law in force immediately before that date.
(4) Transfers back from a nominee—sec 56 Section 56 extends to:
(a)  a transfer of dutiable property to a trustee, and
(b)  the payment of duty on that transfer,
before 1 July 1998 if the transfer back to the transferor occurs on or after 1 July 1998.
(5) Property passing to beneficiaries—sec 57 Without limiting clause 13, the reference in section 57 (2) (a) (i) to duty charged by this Act includes a reference to duty charged by the Stamp Duties Act 1920.
(6) Cancelled contracts—sec 50 Section 50 extends to an agreement that was entered into before 1 July 1998 and that was rescinded or annulled on or after that date.
(7) Break-up of marriages and de facto relationships—sec 68 Section 68 (4) extends to a payment of ad valorem duty made before 1 July 1998 under the Stamp Duties Act 1920.
5   Provisions relating to Chapter 3 (Certain transactions treated as transfers)
(1) Acquisitions The duty that is charged by Chapter 3 is charged on an acquisition that occurs on or after 1 July 1998, except as provided by this clause.
(2) How duty is charged on relevant acquisitions—sec 118 In section 118:
(a)  a reference to a period of 3 years is a reference to any such period ending on or after 1 July 1998, and
(b)  a reference to duty paid under this Act includes a reference to duty paid under the Stamp Duties Act 1920, and
(c)  a reference to duty paid under that section includes a reference to duty paid under Division 30 of Part 3 of that Act.
(3)  However, subclause (2) does not apply so as to aggregate interests that were acquired before 1 July 1998 and that would not have been aggregated under the law in force immediately before that date.
6   Provisions relating to Chapter 4 (Marketable securities—on-market transfers (Broker provisions))
(1) Imposition of duty The duty charged by Chapter 4 is charged on sales and transfers of marketable securities, and on associated transactions as referred to in section 145 (1) (d), that take place on or after 5 July 1998, except as provided by this clause.
(2) Additional duty on marketable securities held otherwise than for short terms—sec 155 Section 155 extends to purchases and sales made before 5 July 1998 if the liability to pay duty under that section arises on or after that date.
7   Provisions relating to Chapter 5 (Lease instruments)
(1) Lease instruments The duty charged by Chapter 5 is charged on a lease instrument that is first executed on or after 1 July 1998, except as provided by this clause.
(2) Variations of lease instruments The duty charged by Chapter 5 extends to a lease instrument that is first executed before 1 July 1998 and a variation of which on or after that date increases the cost of the lease.
(3) Reassessment of duty—early termination—sec 177 Section 177 extends to a lease instrument that is terminated on or after 1 July 1998 if duty in respect of the lease instrument was paid before 1 July 1998.
(4) Reassessment of duty—reduction of cost—sec 178 Section 178 extends to a lease instrument that is varied on or after 1 July 1998 so as to reduce the total cost of the lease if duty in respect of the lease instrument was paid before 1 July 1998.
8   Provisions relating to Chapter 6 (Hire of goods)
(1) Imposition of duty The duty charged by Chapter 6 is charged on a hire of goods that is entered into on or after 1 July 1998.
(2) Approved persons A person who, immediately before 1 July 1998, is an approved person under section 74F of the Stamp Duties Act 1920 is taken to be registered under Part 2 of Chapter 6.
9   Provision relating to Chapter 7 (Mortgages)
The duty charged by Chapter 7 is charged on a mortgage that is first executed on or after 1 July 1998.
Note—
However, see the provisions consequent on the enactment of the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2002 in Part 11.
10   Provisions relating to Chapter 8 (Insurance)
(1) Imposition of duty The duty charged by Chapter 8 is charged on:
(a)  the amount of a premium paid in relation to a contract that effects general insurance, or
(b)  a policy of life insurance or a life insurance rider,
if the contract, policy or life insurance rider is effected or renewed on or after 1 July 1998.
(2) Registered persons A person who, immediately before 1 July 1998, is a registered person under section 88A of the Stamp Duties Act 1920 is taken to be registered under Part 3 of Chapter 8.
(3) Undertakings given by certain persons A person in respect of whom an undertaking has effect under section 88E of the Stamp Duties Act 1920 immediately before 1 July 1998 is taken to have an approval under Division 2 of Part 6 of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
11   Provision relating to Chapter 9 (Motor vehicle registration)
The duty charged by Chapter 9 is charged on:
(a)  an application to register a motor vehicle made on or after 1 July 1998, and
(b)  an application to register a motor vehicle made before 1 July 1998 in respect of which a certificate of registration is issued on or after that date.
12   Provision relating to Chapter 12 (Miscellaneous)
Section 293 extends to an application for a refund of duty that was paid under the Stamp Duties Act 1920 before 1 July 1998.
13   Duty paid under the Stamp Duties Act 1920
If an assessment or reassessment of duty under this Act is required to take into consideration another amount of duty paid, a reference in this Act to duty includes a reference to duty within the meaning of the Stamp Duties Act 1920 that has been paid in accordance with the provisions of that Act.
14   Stamping under the Stamp Duties Act 1920
An instrument is duly stamped for the purposes of this Act if, immediately before 1 July 1998, it was duly stamped for the purposes of the Stamp Duties Act 1920.
15   Exemptions from duty under the Stamp Duties Act 1920
If, by a provision of an Act other than the Stamp Duties Act 1920, a transaction or instrument was not chargeable with stamp duty under the Stamp Duties Act 1920 immediately before 1 July 1998, the transaction or instrument is not chargeable with duty under this Act, unless the contrary intention appears.
Part 3 Provisions consequent on enactment of Property (Relationships) Legislation Amendment Act 1999
16   Saving of certain transactions and acquisitions
An amendment made to this Act by the Property (Relationships) Legislation Amendment Act 1999 does not apply to or in respect of a transaction entered into, or an interest acquired, before the amendment took effect.
Part 4 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 1999
17   Managed investment schemes—novation of contracts
(1)  This clause applies to a transaction entered into or an instrument executed by a responsible entity to replace a transaction entered into or an instrument executed by a body holding the office of trustee or representative and management company who has retired from that office to enable an undertaking to become a managed investment scheme.
(2)  This clause applies only to transactions that occur and instruments that are executed in relation to a managed investment scheme after the commencement of Chapter 5C of the Corporations Law and:
(a)  within the period of 2 years starting on that commencement, or
(b)  before the date on which the scheme became a registered scheme within the meaning of Division 11 of Part 11.2 of the Corporations Law (as continued in effect by section 1408 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth),
whichever first occurs.
(3)  Despite the other provisions of this Act, a transaction or instrument to which this clause applies is chargeable with duty in accordance with this clause.
(4)  The amount of duty chargeable in respect of the transaction or instrument is:
(a)  the amount of duty that would be chargeable in respect of the transaction or instrument but for this clause, less the amount of duty paid (under this Act or the Stamp Duties Act 1920) in relation to the transaction or instrument that is being replaced, or
(b)  $10,
whichever is the greater.
18   Managed investment schemes—transactions entered into by custodians
(1)  This clause applies to a transaction entered into or an instrument executed by a custodian of a responsible entity, or by a custodian of a responsible entity and the responsible entity, to replace a transaction entered into or an instrument executed by a body holding the office of trustee or representative and management company who has retired from that office to enable an undertaking to become a managed investment scheme.
(2)  This clause applies only to transactions that occur and instruments that are executed in relation to a managed investment scheme on or after 1 July 1999 and before:
(a)  1 July 2000, or
(b)  the date on which the scheme became a registered scheme within the meaning of Division 11 of Part 11.2 of the Corporations Law (as continued in effect by section 1408 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth),
whichever first occurs.
(3)  Despite the other provisions of this Act, a transaction or instrument to which this clause applies is chargeable with duty in accordance with this clause.
(4)  The amount of duty chargeable in respect of the transaction or instrument is:
(a)  the amount of duty that would be chargeable in respect of the transaction or instrument but for this clause, less the amount of duty paid (under this Act or the Stamp Duties Act 1920) in relation to the transaction or instrument that is being replaced, or
(b)  $10,
whichever is the greater.
Part 5 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment Act 1999
19   “Off the plan” purchases
(1)  Section 49A, as in force immediately before 1 January 2000, continues to apply in respect of any off the plan purchase agreement that was stamped “interim stamp only” under that section before that date.
(2)  Section 49A, as substituted by the State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment Act 1999, extends to any off the plan purchase agreement executed before 1 January 2000 in respect of which no duty had been paid by that date.
Part 6 Provisions consequent on enactment of Intergovernmental Agreement Implementation (GST) Act 2000
20   Application of Act to transfers and agreements before 1 July 2001
(1)  This Act, as in force immediately before 1 July 2001, continues to apply in respect of a transaction involving marketable securities that occurred before 1 July 2001 as if this Act had not been amended by the Intergovernmental Agreement Implementation (GST) Act 2000.
(2)  In particular:
(a)  until 1 July 2001, a marketable security that is quoted on the Australian Stock Exchange or a recognised stock exchange continues to be dutiable property and Chapter 2 of this Act, as in force immediately before 1 July 2001, continues to apply to a dutiable transaction involving such a marketable security that occurred before 1 July 2001, and
(b)  Chapter 4 of this Act, as in force immediately before 1 July 2001, continues to apply to a sale or purchase of marketable securities, or an associated transaction with a broker in New South Wales, that was effected before 1 July 2001 in the same way as it applied before the repeal of that Chapter by the Intergovernmental Agreement Implementation (GST) Act 2000.
(3)  However, section 48 (1), as in force immediately before its repeal by the Intergovernmental Agreement Implementation (GST) Act 2000, does not apply in respect of an instrument of transfer, or an agreement for the transfer of marketable securities, that is not completed by an SCH-regulated transfer before 1 July 2001.
Part 7 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2000
21   Insurance duty
The amendments made to section 234 (1) by the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2000 have effect only in relation to premiums paid on or after 23 May 2000 for contracts of insurance and renewals of contracts of insurance that take effect after 1 October 2000.
Part 8 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2001
22   Transfers between trustees and custodians of superannuation funds or trusts
The amendments made to section 62 by the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2001 apply to transactions that occur on or after the date of commencement of those amendments.
23   Changes to “First Home Plus” scheme
The amendments made to Part 8 by the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2001 apply to transactions that occur and instruments that are executed on or after the date of commencement of those amendments.
Part 9 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment (No 2) Act 2001
24   Financial agreements
A reference in section 65 (11), 68 (1) (b) (i), 119 (1) (e) (i) or 267 (6) (a) to a financial agreement made under section 90B, 90C or 90D of the Family Law Act 1975 of the Commonwealth extends to a financial agreement made under any of those provisions of the Family Law Act 1975 of the Commonwealth before the date of assent to the State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment (No 2) Act 2001.
25   Transfers to index trusts
(1)  For the purposes of section 66 (9) of this Act, as in force immediately before its repeal by the Intergovernmental Agreement Implementation (GST) Act 2000 on 1 July 2001, the definition of index trust, as set out in the Dictionary to this Act immediately before 1 July 2001, is taken to have included the following bodies, on and from the date specified below in relation to the body concerned:
(a)  Index Shares Fund—2 March 2001,
(b)  streetTRACKS50 exchange traded fund—1 April 2001,
(c)  Barclays Australian Listed Property Index Fund—3 May 2001.
(2)  Accordingly, the exemption formerly provided for by section 66 (9) is taken to have extended to those bodies on and from the date specified in relation to the body concerned in subclause (1).
Note—
The exemption related to transfers of marketable securities to an index trust in exchange for units in the trust. The exemption was repealed as a consequence of the abolition of duty on transfers of quoted marketable securities.
(3)  Anything done by or on behalf of the Chief Commissioner before the commencement of this clause, that would have been validly done had this clause been in force at the time that it was done, is validated.
26   Abolition of use of adhesive stamps
(1)  A licence issued under section 291, before its repeal by the State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment (No 2) Act 2001, is taken to be cancelled on the repeal of that section, unless sooner cancelled by the Chief Commissioner.
(2)  A person must not sell or deal in adhesive stamps issued by or on behalf of the Chief Commissioner for use under section 290.
Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units.
(3)  Subclause (2) takes effect on 1 January 2002.
Part 10 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Amendment (Budget) Act 2002
27   Insurance duty
(1)  Sections 233 and 234 as substituted by the State Revenue Legislation Amendment (Budget) Act 2002 have effect only in relation to premiums paid on or after 4 June 2002 for contracts of insurance and renewals of contracts of insurance that take effect on or after 1 August 2002.
(2)  Despite section 253, the Chief Commissioner may, having regard to the substitution of sections 233 and 234 by the State Revenue Legislation Amendment (Budget) Act 2002, determine the categories of premiums to be shown in the form of a return required to be lodged under that section on or before 21 June 2002 or a subsequent month.
Part 11 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2002
28   Definitions
In this Part:
amendment date means the date of commencement of Schedule 1 [23] to the amending Act.
29   Application of section 50A
Section 50A, as inserted by the amending Act, applies only in respect of a transfer of dutiable property that is effected by a written instrument first executed on or after the commencement of that section.
30   Application of mortgage duty amendments
(1)  Subject to clause 9, an amendment to Chapter 7 made by the amending Act extends to any mortgage (within the meaning of section 205, as amended by the amending Act) first executed before the commencement of the amendment if an advance or further advance is made (as referred to in section 210) in respect of the mortgage (or a mortgage package that includes that mortgage) on or after the commencement of the amendment.
(2)  Nothing in this clause makes duty chargeable in respect of a mortgage referred to in section 225 (2) or 226 (2) (c) on the making of an advance or further advance, if the mortgage was first executed before 1 January 1999.
31   Mortgage duty provisions extend to some pre-1 July 1998 securities
(1)  Despite clause 9, the duty charged by Chapter 7 is also charged on a security by way of a mortgage or charge first executed on or after 1 January 1975 and before 1 July 1998 that, if it had been first executed on or after the amendment date, would be a mortgage (within the meaning of section 205), but only as provided for by this clause.
(2)  A mortgage or charge referred to in subclause (1) becomes liable to duty under Chapter 7 on the making of an advance or further advance as referred to in section 210, if the advance or further advance is made on or after the amendment date.
Note—
The Stamp Duties Act 1920 provides that that Act does not apply in respect of any such further advances.
(3)  The amount of duty chargeable in respect of any such advance is to be determined as if references in that Chapter to duty, in relation to the mortgage or charge, include references to duty charged under the Stamp Duties Act 1920.
(4)  Nothing in this clause makes duty chargeable in respect of:
(a)  a mortgage referred to in section 225 (2) or 226 (2) (c), or
(b)  an advance of a kind referred to in section 206 (b), that is secured by a mortgage or charge first executed before 23 November 1994, or
(c)  a contingent liability of a kind referred to in section 215 secured by a mortgage or charge first executed before 1 January 1991.
32   Saving of orders under section 308
Any order made under section 308 (1) and in force immediately before section 308 was replaced by the amending Act is taken, on that replacement, to have been made under section 308 (3).
Part 12 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2003
33   Changes to section 226
The imposition, payment and recovery of duty under this Act before the date of assent to the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2003 is taken to have been validly done to the extent that it would have been validly done had that Act been in force at the time that it was done.
Part 13 Provisions consequent on enactment of Duties Amendment (Land Rich) Act 2003
34   Meaning of “commencement date”
In this Part, commencement date means the date on which Part 2 of Chapter 3, as substituted by the Duties Amendment (Land Rich) Act 2003, commenced.
35   Acquisition of interests in private unit trust schemes
(1)  This clause applies only to landholders that are private unit trust schemes.
(2)  Words and expressions used in this clause have the same meanings as in Part 2 of Chapter 3.
(3)  If:
(a)  a person who made an acquisition in a landholder before the commencement date makes a relevant acquisition in the landholder after the commencement date, and
(b)  the aggregation of the relevant interests would entitle the person, in the event of the distribution of all the property of the landholder immediately after the later or latest acquisition was made, to 20% or more of the property distributed but less than 50% of that property,
duty is chargeable under section 118 only in respect of the relevant acquisition that occurred after the commencement date.
36   Exempt acquisitions
An acquisition by a person before the commencement date of an interest in:
(a)  a private unit trust scheme, or
(b)  a wholesale unit trust scheme,
that was a public unit trust scheme immediately before the commencement date is an exempt acquisition.
Part 14 Provisions consequent on enactment of State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment Act 2003
37   Collateral mortgages
Section 218B, as amended by the State Revenue Legislation Further Amendment Act 2003, extends to a mortgage on which minimum duty of $10 was paid before the commencement of the amendments if an advance or a further advance is made after that commencement as referred to in section 218B (1A).
Part 15 State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2004—provisions consequent on changes to First Home Plus
38   Application of changes to scheme
(1)  Division 1 of Part 8 of Chapter 2, and section 221, as in force immediately before 4 April 2004, continue to apply in respect of the following transactions or instruments:
(a)  agreements for sale or transfer entered into on or after 1 July 2000 but before 4 April 2004,
(b)  transfers that occur on or after 1 July 2000 but before 4 April 2004,
(c)  transfers that occur on or after 4 April 2004 that are made in conformity with an agreement for sale or transfer referred to in paragraph (a),
(d)  mortgages over land the subject of those agreements or transfers.
(2)  Sections 71, 73 and 76, as in force immediately before 4 April 2004, continue to apply in respect of the following transactions or instruments:
(a)  agreements for sale or transfer entered into on or after 4 April 2004 but before 1 July 2004,
(b)  transfers that occur on or after 4 April 2004 but before 1 July 2004,
(c)  transfers that occur on or after 4 April 2004 that are made in conformity with an agreement for sale or transfer referred to in paragraph (a),
(d)  mortgages over land the subject of those agreements or transfers.
(3)  Section 76A, as inserted by the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2004, does not apply in respect of a transaction or instrument referred to in subclause (2).
Part 16 State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2004—provisions consequent on amendments relating to premium property duty
39   Application of amendments
(1)  Sections 32A–32C, as inserted by the State Revenue Legislation Amendment Act 2004, apply in respect of any liability for duty charged by Chapter 2 that arises on or after the commencement of Schedule 3 to that Act.
Note—
See section 12. Liability fo